Despite the ease of lockdown in the country, the prices of household items continue to trend upwards, as traders across Lagos markets have once again lamented the sustained decline in patronage. This is according to the latest Household Market Survey conducted by Nairalytics, the research arm of Nairametrics.
The persistent increase in the price of food items across major markets in Lagos State continues to hit harder on consumers, as local and foreign rice, tomatoes, pepper, flour amongst others, recorded significant surges in their prices.
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According to the latest report, a 50kg bag of Mama Gold flour that was initially sold for an average of N11,575, now sells for an average of N16,500 – a 42.6% increase. Also, a 50kg bag of Mama Gold rice now sells for an average of N28,875, as against N24,375 recorded two weeks ago.
The survey further shows that a big bag of pepper increased by 23.1%, to sell for an average of N16,000, compared to an initial average of N13,000. A big basket of round-shaped tomatoes, now sells for an average of N12,000.
The report contains information on items that witnessed price increase, price decrease, as well as information on special markets, and insights.
Items that witnessed price increase
Listed below are the items that recorded significant price increase:
- A 50kg bag of Honeywell flour increased by 24.7%, from an initial average of N11,525 to sell for N14,375, while Mama Gold brand sells for an average of N16,500.
- A 50kg bag of Dangote flour now sells for an average of N14,333, compared to N11,067 recorded a fortnight ago.
- A big bag of pepper that was initially sold for an average of N13,000, now sells for an average of N16,000 – a 23.1% increase.
- A big basket of round shaped tomatoes increased by 9.1% to sell for an average of N12,000, compared to an initial average of N11,000.
- The cost of a big basket of oval shaped tomatoes spiked by 14.3%, from an initial average of N7,000 to sell for an average of N8,000.
- A 50kg bag of Mama Gold rice now sells for an average of N28,875, from an initial average of N24,375 – a 18.5% increase.
- A big bag of brown beans increased by 8.6%, from an initial average of N30,375, to sell for an average of N33,000.
- A 5-litre gallon of vegetable oil that was sold for an average of N2,525 two weeks ago, now sells for N2,750 – 8.91% increase.
- A bag of bush mango seeds (Ogbono) increased by 5% to sell for an average of N105,000. It was initially sold for an average of N100,000.
Items that witnessed price decrease
Some of the items that recorded slight decrease in prices include:
- A 50kg bag of garri (Ijebu) that reduced by 5.31%, to sell for an average of N13,375, compared to an initial average of N14,125.
- A big basket of sweet potatoes that was initially sold for an average of N18,000, now sells for N14,000 – a 22.2% decrease.
- A 5-litre gallon of Kings oil now sells for an average of N3,000, as against N3,050 recorded last month.
- A big bag of dry onions reduced marginally by 2.11%, to sell for an average of N34,750, compared to N35,500 recorded two weeks ago.
- A big bag of new onions now sells for an average of N25,500, a 1.92% reduction, compared to an initial average of N26,000.
Items that maintained initial prices
Items whose prices remained the same, compared to two weeks ago include:
- A crate of egg which continues to sell for an average of N1,200, same as recorded in the previous report.
- A medium-sized basket of round shaped tomatoes continues to sell for an average of N7,000.
- A 50kg bag of beans (Oloyin) sells for an average of N20,375.
- A 400g tin of Peak Powdered Milk sells for an average of N1,200, while 900g still sells for an average of N2,363.
- The various sizes of cartons of noodles maintained their initial prices – 305g Indomie (N3,150), 210g Indomie (N3,200), and 100g Chikki (N2,150).
- 500g and 900g Milo tins still sell for N1,038 and N2,125 on average respectively across the four markets.
- A carton of Golden Penny Pasta sells for an average of N4,325.
Nairalytics had reported two weeks earlier, that prices of major food items such as rice, beans, pepper, and other items recorded significant increase. This was partly attributed to seasonal fluctuations and supply chain bottlenecks caused by the COVID-19 induced lockdown.
In the latest increase, traders decried the sudden jump in price of flour. Flour, which is a necessity for the production of items like bread, cakes, and confectioneries, recorded a significant spike, as a 50kg bag of flour witnessed a 29.5% increase in price.
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An interview with a trader at Oyingbo market revealed that customers have become disgruntled with the persistent increase in prices of most food items, as it has become a cause for worry to the traders, “We are worried about this continued increase in price of food, as some of our customers now decide to buy less due to the price increment, while others just take a walk,” She said.
She further revealed, “Bakeries have now increased the price of bread, as the increase in price of flour has affected their already declining profits.”
Below are the prices of various brands of rice sighted at Daleko market:
Mama Gold (10kg) – N4,500; Royal Stallion (50kg) – N29,000; Rice Master (10kg) – N5,000; Mama Gold (50kg) – N29,000; Caprice (50kg) – N29,000; Mama’s Pride(50kg) – N24,500; Umza (50kg) – N24,500; Labana (50kg) – N25,000; Alamzat (50kg) – N23,500; Big Bull (50kg) – N25,000; Mama’s Choice (50kg) – N24,000.
Major tomato traders at Mushin market, during the week, blamed the increase of tomatoes on the fact that, the season for the oval shaped tomatoes is coming to an end. According to Mrs. Jamiu, “Very soon, oval shaped tomatoes will no more be available in the market, as its season is almost over.”
Nairametrics, earlier reported that a small basket of oval shaped tomatoes was sold for an average of N800 at Mushin market last month. However, it has doubled in price, and now sells for an average of N1,700.
Mrs. Olaoluwa, who also sells at Mushin market, shared a contrary opinion. She attributed the increase in price of major food items including tomatoes to the approaching festivity.
“As the year is coming to an end, it is normal for prices of items in Nigeria to jack up, it is just hitting harder this year because of the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic.” She said
When Nairalytics Research visited Daleko market, Mrs. Oladayo, reiterated that the Federal Government’s decision to restrict importation of rice, is the major cause of the increase in price of rice. According to her, Nigeria is not able to produce enough rice that can circulate across the country, hence the unavoidable scarcity.
She reiterated that the stony rice being sold in the markets also affects the prices of the commodity, as most consumers who do not wish to buy the inferior quality, will have to pay more for neater brands of rice.
|Items||Brand||Unit||MUSHIN (10/09/2020)||DALEKO (10/09/2020)||OYINGBO (10/09/2020)||MILE 12 (10/09/2020)||Average||MUSHIN (27/08/2020)||DALEKO (27/08/2020)||OYINGBO (27/08/2020)||MILE 12 (27/08/2020)||Average|
|Bag of Rice||Basmati||5kg||NA||NA||NA||NA||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|Bag of Rice||Mama Gold||10kg||NA||4000||4500||5000||4500||NA||4000||4500||4700||4400|
|Bag of Rice||Royal Stallion||50Kg||30000||NA||29000||31000||30000||30000||NA||29000||29000||29333.333333333|
|Bag of Rice||Rice Master||10kg||4000||NA||4500||4250||4000||NA||4000||4000|
|Bag of Rice||Mama Gold||50kg||29500||29000||29000||28000||28875||25000||23500||25000||24000||24375|
|Bag of Rice||Caprice||50kg||30000||NA||29000||30000||29666.666666667||30000||NA||29000||29000||29333.333333333|
|Bag of Rice||Mama's Pride||50kg||25000||24000||25000||25000||24750||25000||24000||23000||24000||24000|
|Bag of Rice||Falcon||25kg||NA||NA||NA||NA||NA||NA|
|Bag of Beans||Oloyin||50kg||20000||19500||20000||22000||20375||20000||19500||20000||22000||20375|
|Bag of Beans||White||50kg||30000||30000||35000||32000||31750||30000||29500||35000||32000||31625|
|Bag of Beans||Brown||>50kg||32000||34000||35000||31000||33000||27000||29500||35000||30000||30375|
|Tuber of Yam||Abuja||1 Big Size Tuber||1000||900||1000||1000||975||1000||900||900||800||900|
|Tuber of Yam||Abuja||1 Medium Size Tuber||600||800||650||800||712.5||600||800||500||800||675|
|Carton of Noodles||Indomie||305g (Belle full)||3200||3100||3200||3100||3150||3200||3100||3200||3100||3150|
|Carton of Noodles||Indomie||210g (Hungry man)||3200||3200||3200||3200||3200||3200||3200||3200||3200||3200|
|Carton of Noodles||Chikki||100g||2200||2200||2100||2100||2150||2200||2200||2100||2100||2150|
|Carton of Noodles||Minimie||70g||2100||1650||1700||1650||1775||2100||1650||1700||1650||1775|
|Carton of Noodles||Golden Penny||70g||1700||1400||1400||1400||1475||1700||1400||1400||1400||1475|
|Bag of Garri||Ijebu||50kg||14000||13500||13000||13000||13375||14000||14000||14000||14500||14125|
|Bag of Garri||White||50kg||13000||12500||12500||12500||12625||13000||11500||13000||12000||12375|
|Bag of Garri||Yellow||50kg||12500||13000||12000||13000||12625||11500||12500||12000||12000||12000|
|Basket of Potato||Sweet||Big Basket||14000||14000||20000||16000||18000|
|Basket of Potato||Sweet||Small Basket||700||700||700||700||600||650|
|Basket of Potato||sweet||Smallest Basket||400||250||325||400||200||300|
|Basket of Potato||Irish||Biggest Basket||33000||28000||30500||33000||28000||30500|
|Basket of Potato||Irish||Small Basket||2500||2500||2500||2500|
|Basket of Potato||Irish||Smallest Basket||1700||1500||1600||1700||1500||1600|
|Packet of Pasta||Golden Penny||500g||4400||4400||4300||4200||4325||4400||4400||4300||4200||4325|
|Packet of Pasta||Dangote||500g||4100||4100||4200||4100||4125||4100||4100||4200||4100||4125|
|Packet of Pasta||Power (1 pc)||500g||220||220||220||220||220||220||220||220||220||220|
|Packet of Pasta||Bonita (1 pc)||500g||200||200||230||220||212.5||200||200||230||220||212.5|
|Gallon of Palm Oil||Local||5 Litres||2700||2300||2300||2400||2425||2700||2300||2300||2400||2425|
|Gallon of Palm Oil||Local||25 Litres||12000||11500||12500||13000||12250||12000||11500||12500||12500||12125|
|Gallon of Vegetable Oil||Local||5 Litres||2700||2500||2300||3500||2750||2700||2500||2300||2600||2525|
|Gallon of Vegetable Oil||Local||25 Litres||14000||13500||13500||14800||13950||14000||13500||13500||14000||13750|
|Gallon of Vegetable Oil||Kings||5 Litres||3200||3000||3000||2800||3000||3200||3000||3000||3000||3050|
|Gallon of Vegetable Oil||Wesson||5 Litres||4500||3900||3900||4300||4150||4500||3900||3900||3900||4050|
|Gallon of Vegetable Oil||Mamador||3.8 Litres||2500||2450||2500||2800||2562.5||2500||2450||2500||2400||2462.5|
|Gallon of Vegetable Oil||Power||3 Litres||1900||1800||1800||2200||1925||1900||1800||1800||1800||1825|
|Bunch of Plantain||Plantain||1 Bunch||500||500||500||600||525||500||500||500||500||500|
|Bag of Flour||Dangote||50kg||13500||15000||14500||14333.333333333||11200||11000||11000||11066.666666667|
|Bag of Flour||Honey well||50Kg||14500||13500||14500||15000||14375||12500||11200||11200||11200||11525|
|Bag of Flour||Mama Gold||50kg||16000||16500||16000||17500||16500||13000||11300||11000||11000||11575|
|Milk||Peak Powdered (Tin)||400g||1200||1200||1200||1200||1200||1200||1200||1200||1200||1200|
|Milk||Peak milk (Refill)||500g||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000|
|Milk||Dano Powdered (Tin)||500g||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000||1000|
|Milk||Three Crown (Refill)||380g||700||700||750||700||712.5||700||700||750||700||712.5|
|Milk||Loya Powdered (Tin)||400g||1000||1000||1050||1016.6666666667||1000||1000||1050||1016.6666666667|
|Cocoa Beverages||Milo (Tin)||500g||1000||1100||1050||1000||1037.5||1000||1100||1050||1000||1037.5|
|Cocoa Beverages||Milo (Tin)||900g||2200||2100||2100||2100||2125||2200||2100||2100||2100||2125|
|Cocoa Beverages||Milo Refill||500g||1000||900||900||900||925||1000||900||900||900||925|
|Cocoa Beverages||Bournvita Refill||500g||1000||950||900||950||1000||950||900||950|
|Cocoa Beverages||Bournvita (Plastic)||900g||2000||2000||2000||2000||2000||2000||2000||2000|
|Cocoa Beverages||Ovaltine Refill||500g||800||850||850||833.33333333333||800||850||850||833.33333333333|
|Tea||Lipton Yellow label||52g||300||290||300||300||297.5||300||290||300||300||297.5|
|Sugar||St' Loius Sugar(Cube)||500g||500||550||550||550||537.5||500||550||550||550||537.5|
|Sugar||Golden Penny Sugar (cube)||500g||300||350||350||400||350||300||350||350||400||350|
|Bottled Water (Refill)||Cway||Refill||600||600||650||600||612.5||600||600||650||600||612.5|
|Juice||5 Alive||1 litre||550||550||550||600||562.5||550||550||550||600||562.5|
|Tomatoes||Big Basket||round shaped||12000||12000||11000||11000|
|Tomatoes||Medium Basket||round shaped||7000||7000||7000||7000|
|Tomatoes||Small Basket||round shaped||5500||5500||5500||5500|
|Tomatoes||Big Basket||Oval Shaped||8000||8000||7000||7000|
|Tomatoes||Small Basket||Oval Shaped||5500||5500||5000||5000|
|Fish||Kote (Horse Mackerel)||1 big Fish||600||600||550||650||600||600||600||550||500||562.5|
|Fish||Titus (Mackerel)||1 big Fish||600||550||550||750||612.5||600||550||550||600||575|
|Onions||Big bag||Dry Onions||35000||34500||34750||35000||36000||35500|
|Onions||Big bag||New Onions||25000||26000||25500||26000||26000|
|Bush mango seed||(Ogbono)||1 big bag||105000||105000||100000||100000|
|Frozen food||Full chicken||Carton||13000||13000||13000||13000||12500||12700||13000||12733.333333333|
|Frozen food||Chicken lap||Carton||13000||13000|
About Nairametrics Food Price Survey
Nairametrics Food Price Watch, is a bi-weekly Household Market Survey that covers the prices of major food items in Nigeria, with emphasis on five major markets in Lagos – Mushin market, Daleko market, Oyingbo market, Idi-Oro market, and Mile 12 market.