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Financial Literacy

How To Monetize Old Share Certificates and Locate Missing Stocks

Are you one of those people with dozens of share certificates and dividend warrants stashed in a drawer or safe in your house? Let’s teach you how to make them useful again.

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Are you one of those people with dozens of share certificates and dividend warrants stashed in a drawer or safe in your house? Perhaps it was handed to you by your father or grandfather, or maybe it is even yours and you don’t know what to do with it? Maybe you are currently based outside Nigeria and wondering what has become of all the shares you bought during the stock market boom and how you can track it considering that it may have had a rebound following the ensuing crash?

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On today’s article, we will attempt to explore what to do with share certificates and how you can track stocks you may have lost years ago.

What are share certificates?

Share certificates are physical evidence of your ownership of shares in a private, public or quoted company. For quoted companies, they are typically issued during Initial Public Offerings (IPO’s) or Public Offerings. Until recently, such offerings were strictly accompanied with share certificates which often arrive months after the offers are closed.

How Can I Make Use of them?

Share certificates can be used in several ways. You can use it as a collateral for a loan of the underlying shares is worth a lot. You can also monetize it by selling part or all of the shares listed in the top right or left corner of the share certificate

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How Do I Monetize My Share Certificate?

To monetize your share certificate, you will have to open a stock brokerage account if you do not already have one. You hand over the certificates’ to your stockbroker and instruct them to convert the shares into tradable stocks, a process called Dematerialization. Once the share certificates are dematerialized, it enters the database of the Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS) and you can now sell it.

[Read Also: How to use profits to determine what stock to buy]

What if the shares is not in my name?

This is not an uncommon phenomenon, seeing as people sometimes buy shares in the name of their children or loved ones. In that instance, if the person is a minor then you will have to open an account for the person which you will manage on their behalf. If the person is above 18 then you may have to obtain their consent to manage the shares on their behalf. If you bought the shares in a family name, then there will have to be a joint account opened or a trustee mandated to manage the shares.

What if the company no longer exists?

That is a possibility. However, some companies may no longer exist in their previous forms because they have transformed into other companies either through name changes, mergers, or a takeover. If that is the case, then all you need to do is go online do a search in order to locate the name of the registrars of the company.

If the company no longer exists because it has been liquidated, then you can also contact the registrar who will link you up to the liquidator in the event that they were able to recover some funds for shareholders.

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Am I sure the shares have value?

Quoted Shares, provided they exist have a market value. To determine the value of quoted shares you can go to the website of the Nigerian Stock Exchange and download daily stock prices. You can also get that in the website of the CSCS. Once you determine the price, multiply it by the number of shares on your share certificate and you can easily determine the value.

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Is it possible I have shares unbeknownst to me?

A lot of people loose share certificates either through post or undelivered mails. It could also be that it was stolen or just missing. Some could also have gotten a bonus issue but are unaware of this. Whatever, the case it you can recover these lost shares by going to the registrar of the company. You can also mandate your stockbroker to check with the CSCS as the shares may have been lodged with them especially if it was an e-bonus or is already dematerialized.

I don’t know what happened to all my shares since the crash?

Don’t worry you are not alone in this. The first thing you should do is try to locate your CSCS number which is given to everyone who trades in shares. You can also then contact your stockbroker and ask that they give you your statement from inception till date. If you do not remember who your stockbroker is then approach a new one with your CSCS number and ask that they locate your portfolio. You may have to register with them as well before this service is rendered.

[Read Also: What Is A Stock Split and How It Affects You]

What if I am living broad?

If you are living abroad and don’t have access to a stockbroker, just go to the website of the CSCS and click on their contact to get their details and give them a call, you can also click on their product and services portal and follow the prompts. Once you register with them after paying some fees, you will be able to view all stocks bought in your name irrespective of the stockbrokers including their current value.

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Nairametrics is Nigeria's top business news and financial analysis website. We focus on providing resources that help small businesses and retail investors make better investing decisions. Nairametrics is updated daily by a team of professionals. Post updated as "Nairametrics" are published by our Editorial Board.

14 Comments

14 Comments

  1. SIDNEY PASCAL IMHANSOLOEVA

    February 19, 2014 at 3:06 am

    I NEED TO TRADE ALL MY SHARES CAN SOMEONE ADVISE ME ON WHAT TO DO?

    SIDNEY PASCAL IMHANSOLOEVA
    Sales Manager
    PRIME EDGE NIGERIA LIMITED
    sidney.pascal@prime.edge-ng.com
    http://www.prime.edge-ng.com

    • Ugodre

      February 19, 2014 at 6:47 am

      I thought the article answered your question already. Pls read again. Regards

  2. Mrs Grace M. Ogunmoyede

    February 25, 2014 at 8:55 am

    This is a great relieve to me. The problem now is how I can get my share certificate in Dangote and how to register my share certificate of sterling bank. Thanks, I appreciate this.

    • Ugodre

      February 25, 2014 at 8:45 pm

      Dangote Cement Registrar is United Securities Limited. Give your stockbroker the Sterling Bank Share Certificates

    • Conrad Maduagwu

      April 23, 2020 at 11:51 am

      I have shares in Access Bank but they have decided to wipe away my money onth pretence that my signature is irregular. My stock broker City code ha intervened severally on my behalf to no avail. Outside signature, they have my other data but are adamant.

  3. Mosope

    August 29, 2016 at 9:18 am

    is it possible to claim my late grandfather’s dividends if i am in possession of his share certificate? If yes, How?

  4. Anonymous

    March 3, 2017 at 9:52 am

    thankx…….i bought share certificate with benue cement industry but ibwas told dangote now owns the company please i want to sell the certificate how am i going to go about it……..? please i need your help

  5. Emmanuel michael

    March 3, 2017 at 9:56 am

    hi please i bought share certificate with benue cement industry years back but now i was told dangote now owns the company……please i need to sell my share now how do i go about it

  6. Anonymous

    April 13, 2017 at 7:05 am

    can anyone recommend a good stock broker to assist sell my share certificate?

  7. Muotune Frank i

    July 12, 2017 at 3:58 pm

    I bought spring bank shares 2003, after that I registered CSCS Account with the No. C4507948 since then I have not heard any thing at all, what will I do somebody help me my name Muotune Ifeanyi F

  8. Ayomikun

    January 20, 2018 at 1:30 pm

    Please I bought oando shares and at a point in time I had a friend in cash craft who helped in getting a cscs number which I lost. Now I have lost the friends contact and I have never collected in cash my dividend only as postal letters obtaining cheques and bonus certificate. I have never cashed the cheque bcoz I don’t have a current account. I want to monetise now all my dividend and if possible sell all the shares

  9. Mathrew

    June 28, 2019 at 11:25 am

    Nice write up, could help those who have lost hope on their old shares certificate

  10. Yekini Oyetunji Ojo

    July 1, 2019 at 5:10 pm

    How can I sell some of my shares?.
    I used different names to purchase these shares.
    Hope that can’t be any problem to sell it.,?.

  11. Unity onavwa

    February 4, 2020 at 10:02 am

    Comment: how can i covert my oceaniic bank share to eco bank share.

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Billionaire Watch

Want to be like Warren Buffet, Michael Phelps? Here are their secrets

The distinctiveness among Buffet, Dangote, Ovia, Phelps, Bolt, Musk, is not what they do, but how they do it and how often they do it.

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Warren Buffett

Michael Phelps won 22 Olympic medals (18 gold), how did he do it? Well, he trained and trained and trained, then he ate and ate and ate every day. He was also blessed with natural attributes i.e., he was tall.

So, wait, if I am tall and eat, and train, I can also win 18 gold medals? No! but stay with me.

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Warren Buffet likes to invest. He reads research reports, likes numbers and is always looking a discount deal on great stocks. Ok. So, if I am good with numbers, research buy great stocks I will become as rich as Warren Buffet? Well, maybe not as rich but you will earn more from your investments. The distinctiveness among Phelps, Bolt, Buffet, Musk, Dangote, and Ovia, is not what they do, but how they do it and how often they do it.

READ ALSO: Investing in Cryptocurrencies during this economic shutdown; here’s your need to know

Let’s look at an Olympic swimmer like Michael Phelps. When Michael was eight, he wrote out his goals; he wrote, “I would like to make the Olympics,” then listed his time goals for the various races i.e. breaststroke, freestyle etc. At the age of eight, this future Olympian had visualized his goals, written them down, and put a date for accomplishing them.

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When seeking to create a financial plan, it is impossible to achieve success without visualizing out a goal on paper. Imagine creating an investment plan without any idea of a retirement date or income or rates of return. It’s impossible without a clear road map to determine how much to save and invest for five years. During his teenage years, he trained “every single day, 365 days a year, Sundays, Christmas and Thanksgiving days included… and twice on his birthdays,” says his coach, Bob Bowman.

If an investor saved N1.00 every day for 5 years at 0%, that saver would have N1,826.00 What if those savings increased to N5.00 and were invested at just 5% annually? Then the savings pot will become N10,373.04. Yes, inflation will erode the value after 5 years, but applying a 13% inflation rate, the saver still has a real saving of N5,170.14.

READ MORE: Top 10 risks Nigerian businesses will face in 2020/2021 – Report 

So, the second lesson we take from Olympic champions is to start early, save, and then invest constantly. Micheal Phelps is a swimmer, a sport for endurance and speed. What do endurance athletes like swimmers and marathon runners eat? Food rich in carbohydrates; they need the carbs to fuel the massive amount of energy they expend during their sports. Phelps, for instance, for breakfast eats as many as 12,000 calories prior to his races. His breakfast consists of “three fried-egg sandwiches, three chocolate chip pancakes, a five-egg omelette, three sugar-coated slices of French toast, and a bowl of grits.”

What does a sprinter like Bolt eat? Not calories but lean protein, eggs, meat, fish, dairy. Protein allows muscles to recover and develop after sprinting, which causes minute damages to muscle fibres that can be easily converted to energy. So, two different Olympic champions, each multiple gold medal winners, but because of their different sports, they eat very differently to achieve a different objective.

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Similarly, in investing, each investor is different, bond investors have instruments that have 30-year durations as opposed to stock traders who may be looking to buy and flip a stock in hours. What is key is to invest according to a stated objective and risk profile.

Patricia

Where the investor has a longer endurance factor to risk, meaning the investor can accommodate volatility in his earning, that investor will be comfortable investing on equities. Equities are higher-risk investments and can lose all invested capital but can also gain 100%.

However, where the investor has a lower risk endurance, then the investor will fill his plate with lean risk asset classes like sovereign bonds which offer lower volatility to stock and deliver a fixed return, but suffer if interest rates rise.

Thus, our third lesson from the Olympians, the food each investor eats, is a function of his individual sport. Where the investors have lower risk, his asset allocation diet is different. Each investor must tailor his asset allocation to his objectives and investment goals.

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Investment Tips

Proxy Voting: Making Your Voice Heard Inspite of COVID-19

Proxy voting is a process where one person chooses another to represent him or her in casting a vote on his or her behalf.

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Proxy Voting: Making Your Voice Heard Inspite of COVID 19

One of the privileges of owning shares in a company is the ability to attend the shareholders’ meetings and vote on important issues about the company. In most cases, such issues touch on dividend declaration, election and/or reelection of directors, authorization to fix independent auditors’ remunerations, and the election of members of the audit committee, among others.

It has been observed that shareholders love to attend such annual general meetings in person for the pride of place it provides, as well as the social status it bequeaths to the attendees in addition to the souvenirs they receive during such meetings.

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Unfortunately, that era of a social event involving the physical gathering of shareholders seems to be going extinct, thanks to COVID-19.  However, in spite of the devastating effects of COVID-19, and the changes it is bringing to our social life, shareholders can still make their voices heard during non-physical shareholders’ or annual general meetings. This they can do using proxy votes.

What is Proxy Voting: Proxy voting is a process where one person chooses another to represent him or her in casting a vote on his or her behalf. Proxy voting has not been more important than in the present COVID-19 times. In reaction to the pandemic, proxy voting is being used in areas outside corporate governance. For example, the US House of Representatives is pushing for proxy voting as a means of getting things done in the house. In a proposal released by the House Speaker, Nancy Pelosi, US lawmakers would be allowed to cast votes for their colleagues who are not in the Capitol in person. That underscores the advantage and the increasing importance of proxy voting.

Nigerian Companies and Proxy Votes:  Proxy voting is not new in Nigeria, especially among Nigerian companies. Whether it has been effectively used or taken advantage of is another question. However, Nigeria’s Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) has been proactive and forthright in its quest to ensure that companies in Nigeria and Nigerian shareholders alike, take advantage of the proxy voting process in keeping with the social distancing rules put in place by various governments to curb the menacing COVID-19. The CAC has therefore asked companies to take advantage of “S.230 CAMA on the use of proxies in holding their Annual General Meetings.”

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(READ MORE: IMF, World Bank to hold virtual meetings over Coronavirus epidemic)

In line with the availability of the proxy voting process as a way to give every shareholder a voice and the encouragement and enablement from the CAC, many companies in Nigeria are complying with the advice. A visit to the website of the Nigeria Stock Exchange indicates that all the 30 companies that notified the public about their annual general meetings via the Nigeria Stock Exchange, since April 1, 2020, included notices or indications of the need for proxy votes in such notifications. Many of them even included links to live-stream the events, for those who would like to participate online.

Proxy Voting: Making Your Voice Heard Inspite of COVID 19

Brace for Change: There is no doubt that COVID-19 has changed and will continue to change the way certain things are done. From the look of things, proxy voting may become the new normal in corporate governance and conduct of shareholders Annual General Meetings.

Shareholders, big and small, should start getting used to voting by proxy, especially those who have not been doing so in the past. It is only by so doing that you will make your voice heard, in the affairs of the company in which you have worked so hard to invest in.

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Patricia
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Coronavirus

COVID-19 reveals that many Nigerians have no emergency savings

The playout of events following the lockdowns resulting from the ongoing COVID 19 pandemic shows that Nigerians do not have emergency savings

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Though we are still grappling with the effects  of COVID-19, it may not be too early to begin to take stock and find out what we did well during the pandemic and what we should have done better.

Almost everyone’s radar has been on the ill-preparedness or lack of appropriate response by the government, with little or no time for an inward look at ourselves.

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The type of government we have in Nigeria should not have left anyone surprised at their response to the pandemic, especially when it came to the welfare of the populace. What do you expect from a government that is dysfunctional, at best?

With such government, it is time for Nigerians to begin to watch out for themselves and prepare for the unforeseen, like the times we are in currently. The playout of events following the lockdowns caused by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic shows that Nigerians do not have emergency savings.

According to a recent publication from one of the national dailies, “Barely one month of a lockdown of Abuja, Lagos and Ogun state, millions of Nigerians had become stricken with hunger. Many could not bear an extension of the movement restrictions.” The ensuing protests were indicative of the fact that many Nigerians were living off their daily incomes with no savings to fall back on.

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High Poverty Level

Many may have asked how they could save without having funds, to begin with. Agreed, the level of poverty is high in Nigeria; however, people should know that having savings is not a luxury, but a necessity. It does not have to be large, but putting aside something, no matter how small on a regular basis goes a long way in times of emergency.

I have seen images of Nigerians who surprised themselves and others with how much they saved over time in their piggy banks. There is no hard and fast rule of how much one should have in emergency funds, but there seems to be an agreement among financial analysts and planners that having the equivalent of 6 months’ expenses in your emergency savings account is the ideal.

The author of the book “Richest Man in Babylon” stated it clearly that if you do not save, it means that you have paid everyone else but yourself.

How to Start Saving

Pay yourself first: In line with the instructions in “The Richest Man in Babylon,” when you receive your monthly salary or collect that sales proceed from your business, “pay yourself first” by saving at least 10% of your collections or salary. For the salary earner, set up a direct deposit account where the money would be taken out of your pay directly into a bank savings account. By so doing, you are forced to save.

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(READ MORE: If you experience these signs then know your salary is not enough)

Patricia

Cultivate the savings habit: Just as spontaneous buying is a habit, form the habit of saving. Do not see saving as putting aside the remnants (if any) after all your expenses. If that is your attitude to savings, then you fall into the group that pays everyone else but themselves.

One thing is certain; as long as you have the money, there will always be something that is going to demand that money from you.

 

Remind yourself to save: If you are a salary earner who does not want to set up a direct deposit from your paycheck or you are a businessman or woman of any means, you can set up a savings reminder around the time you receive your salary or around your peak business time.

One website that can help you with this is here. With this, you can send an email to yourself to be delivered around the time you expect to receive your pay or business income, reminding yourself to save. Just like you set an alarm on your mobile phone, you can do so with a reminder to save.

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Start Small ASAP: The Bible says that if you are not faithful with small things, how can you be faithful with larger things. You do not need millions to start saving, all you need is the will, the determination, and consistency. So, start small and start now, but be consistent.

Reduce your Expenses: As already noted, one of the reasons that people do not save is because their expenses keep increasing, even when income sources are shrinking. If you find yourself in that situation (and you surely will, at one point or the other), cut down on your expenses and make them fall in line with trends in your income. Avoid spontaneous, emotional and flamboyant buying. Buy out of need, not out of want.

(READ MORE: Between saving, investing, speculating, trading & gambling)

Why It Seems Difficult to Save: To a whole lot of people, it is difficult to save because they live in the now. This is what financial psychologists call scarcity of attention. This scarcity of attention stops people from seeing what is really important and makes them see the urgent current expenses they need to cover.

5 Money Mistakes You Might be Making, COVID 19 Shows that Many Nigerians have No Emergency Savings

One reason why it is difficult to save is that while the expenses keep rising (out of increased need and inflation), sources of income keep shrinking or stagnating. The good thing however, is that we have the option to shrink our expenses in line with shrinkages in our income, but often times, we do not choose to do that. That is where the inability to save starts from.

Conclusion: If there is any lesson, we learned from the sudden outbreak of COVID-19, it is and should be that emergencies happen, and efforts should be made to cushion the financial impact of such emergencies by preparing for them in advance through emergency savings.


 

Written by  Uchenna Ndimele uchenna@mutualfundsnigeria.com

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