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Marketing expenses have cut into this MFB’s profit

NPF Microfinance Bank Plc (Formerly NPF Community Bank Ltd) was incorporated on 19th May, 1993.

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A sharp rise in administrative and general expenses have led to a sharp fall in profit before tax of NPF Microfinance Bank. NPF is Nairametrics stock pick for the week.

About the bank 

NPF Microfinance Bank Plc (Formerly NPF Community Bank Ltd) was incorporated on 19th May, 1993.

The bank provides banking services to both serving and retired officers and men of Nigeria Police Force, its ancillary institutions and the general banking public.

NPF Microfinance Bank was listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange on the 1st of December, 2010.

Recent results

Results for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, show that gross earnings increased from N2.5 billion in 2017 to N2.7 billion in 2018. Profit before tax, however, dipped from N747 million in 2017 to N487 million in 2018.

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Pricing

Current Share Price: N1.53
Year High: N2.12
Year Low: N1.25
Year to Date: 22.40%
One Year Return: 24.34%

Valuation

NPF Microfinance Bank is currently trading at a price earnings ratio of 9.45 times earnings. This is slightly higher than the 9.3 times earnings which is the average PE ratio on the Nigerian Stock Exchange.

Price Outlook

Possibilities of the stock going up at this time are quite low. The stock is highly illiquid, and most often trades in a narrow band. The stock is currently trading 22.4% above its year low of N1.25.

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Outlook 

Q3 2018 results showed a marked decline due to a spike in administrative and general expenses which rose from N603 million in 2017 to N847 million in 2018.

The rise in costs was driven largely by marketing expenses which went up from N63 million in 2017 to N144 million in 2018. Directors’ remuneration also rose from N65 million in 2017 to N106 million in 2018.

The firm will most likely retain its N0.17 dividend, as 9M 2018 earnings per share is N0.21 as against N0.33 recorded in 2017. Full year results would provide more clarity concerning whether the elevated costs were a one-time occurrence or a new norm.

Onome Ohwovoriole has a degree in Economics and Statistics from the University of Benin and prior to joining Nairametrics in December 2016 as Lead Analyst had stints in Publishing, Automobile Services, Entertainment and Leadership Training. He covers companies in the Nigerian corporate space, especially those listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE). He also has a keen interest in new frontiers like Cryptocurrencies and Fintech. In his spare time, he loves to read books on finance, fiction as well as keep up with happenings in the world of international diplomacy. You can contact him via [email protected]

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Commodities

Crude oil prices close lower W/W, oil traders wary

Both oil contracts suffered heavy losses as reports from U.S oil rig count gained up to 211 from last week’s level of 205.

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Brent crude crashes 5%, oil storage capacity almost full,Brent crude oil surges to $31.55, oil demand picks up

Crude oil prices ended W/W on a bearish note. The slide is significantly attributed to the soft demand in gasoline, as COVID-19 restrictions in certain emerged markets began to take its toll on crude oil demand.

  • New York-traded West Texas Intermediate futures settled at $39.85 per barrel. For the week, West Texas Intermediate dropped 2.5%.
  • Not forgetting the British traded oil contract, Brent crude settled at $41.77.
  • Both oil contracts suffered heavy losses as reports from U.S oil rig count gained up to 211 from last week’s level of 205.
  • Oil rigs, indicators of future production have steadily climbed since the week ended Sept 4, when they stood at 180.

READ: OPEC predicts a deeper drop in global oil demand, based on serious coronavirus challenges

Adding to the weight on the market were estimates that Libyan oil output, mostly offline since January, had risen to 500,000 barrels per day and will likely grow further by October end.

In an explanatory note to Nairametrics, Stephen Innes, Chief Global Market Strategist at Axi, gave key insights on moves made by OPEC+ to keep pricing in check, as the virus negatively affects the fragile energy market.

READ: U.S dollar posts best monthly gains in 14 months

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“One would have to assume OPEC+ decision will depend on the price/curve shape outcome for November. Traders remain unwavering that OPEC will continue to defend the downside for oil prices via a more calibrated monthly market evaluation and inventory management approach.

“OPEC hopes to tighten near-term balances push spot prices higher than ‘forward prices’, the elusive backwardation, encouraging inventory draws.

READ: Oil prices drop, currently on anemic demand

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“My view is until this unambiguously occurs, OPEC will cover the markets back. Positively for OPEC compliance concerns, all the push pump-happy members appear to follow the compensation principles.”

Explore Data on the Nairametrics Research Website 

What to expect

In the days ahead, crude oil prices are expected to be range-bound, as oil traders are now focusing on the most important election coming up in the world’s largest economy in about two weeks’ time. That said, crude oil prices will continue to be influenced by the outcome of the newly registered COVID-19 vaccine.

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Cryptocurrency

Rich Bitcoin investor moved $175 million worth of BTC for just $0.84

An anonymous whale recently transferred 13,242 BTC worth $175.1 million for a fee of just $0.84.

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Whales transfer Bitcoins at an alarming rate, BTC whale moves 10,250 BTC valued at $95,000,000

One of the richest Bitcoin investors known is suddenly moving his crypto fortune.

An anonymous whale recently transferred 13,242 BTC worth $175.1 million for a fee of just $0.84. The transfer was first reported by a whale-watching bot known as Whale Alert.

READ: Ripple owners say XRP will be worth $100

Businesses and individuals are fast adopting Bitcoin on the bias that it’s virtually cheap to transfer any amount of funds, and doesn’t exhibit stringent capital controls on outflows, relatively high transaction costs, and inflexible exchange rate system prevalent in many global financial systems.

Why is this happening?

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Popularly known hedge fund manager and Billionaire, Paul Tudor Jones, recently had been bullish on bitcoin, calling it the best inflation hedge you can find.

READ: Bitcoin robbers transfer part of Bitcoin loot worth $1.4 billion

“I like bitcoin even more now than I did then. I think we are in the first inning of bitcoin and it’s got a long way to go,” Jones said on CNBC’s Squawk Box on Thursday.

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He first revealed his bitcoin investment in May and on Thursday, he said he holds a “small single-digit investment” in the cryptocurrency.

The widely respected trader believes the huge quantitative easing program from the Federal Reserve is setting the stage for inflation to make a grand comeback.

READ: Crypto: Why Tether became a U.S. dollar replacement for many ChineseCrypto: Why Tether became a U.S. dollar replacement for many Chinese

“The reason I recommended bitcoin is because it was one of the menus of inflation trades, like gold, like TIPS breakevens, like copper, like being a long yield curve and I came to the conclusion that bitcoin was going to be the best inflation trade,” Jones said.

Jens Ischebeck, a renowned Fintech publisher, in a note shared with Nairametrics, gave vital insights on why Africans are fast adopting crypto and the advantages that crypto-assets bring

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READ: CBN gives up on its policy of attracting dollars

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“Most African citizens have started shifting their hopes to the use of crypto, to escape numerous constraints faced with the traditional money transfer services, including cost, speed, and inconveniences.”

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Cryptocurrency

The definitive Cryptocurrency tax guide for 2020

When it comes to cryptocurrency, it is hard to know when taxes are owed and how to pay them.

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Investors flock to US dollar, Gold, Bitcoin, as Global Stocks record heavy sell-offs, Twitter Poll: Bitcoin price expected to reach $100,000 by 2021, cybercriminals, What it will take Bitcoin to hit $100,000?

Anyone who wants to buy Bitcoin should know that the coins will be taxable. There are no exceptions to this rule, and the IRS will go after delinquent taxpayers.

However, the IRS is one of the most difficult federal bureaucracies to deal with. When it comes to cryptocurrency, it is hard to know when taxes are owed and how to pay them. This guide contains essential information to help cryptocurrency owners, or potential owners, who do not know how to get the tax reporting season on the right track.

READ: Withholding Tax: Beginners’ Guide For Small Businesses in Nigeria

READ: FG apologizes, says Self-Certification directive is not for everyone

How Do Cryptocurrency Taxes Work?

The tax authority views crypto coins like Bitcoin or Ether as digital assets that represent value and act as the exchange means. When it comes to charging taxes, it is treated as property. Charges on whatever cryptocurrency is owned are based on the amount of gross income that one gains from crypto coins.

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For crypto coins to be taxable, the owner must have dominion and control of it. If a trader receives a coin and can execute trades, they have dominion and control. If the owner has cryptocurrency in a wallet, but they are not able to trade, sell, buy, or exchange it, they do not have control or dominion over the coins. In this case, cryptocurrency cannot be taxed.

READ: Nigeria generates N1.29 trillion from taxes in Q2 2020, surpasses target

Here is a real-life example. (1) Brian received one unit of cryptocurrency worth $40 on June 1st, 2020. The transaction is recorded in the distributed ledger, and Brian is able to buy, sell, and trade the cryptocurrency. This means that Brian received $40 of gross income. That amount is taxable. However, if Brian receives the same amount of cryptocurrency, but for whatever reason, he cannot use it, that cryptocurrency is not taxable because he does not control it.

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There are instances when cryptocurrency is not taxed. Transferring cryptocurrency from one exchange to another is not taxable. Purchases are also not taxable. Gifts of cryptocurrency are not counted as income; however, if they later produce income, that income is taxable. Also, if cryptocurrency is received as part of an inheritance to satisfy an heir’s right to an estate’s income, it is treated as income from the property and is taxable.

READ: Presco Plc projects N24.53 billion turnover in Q4 2020

Are Cryptocurrency Losses Tax-Deductible?

As with trading stocks, losses incurred by trading cryptocurrency must be reported to the tax authority. It can then provide relief based on those losses in the form of a tax refund. Taxpayers are allowed to deduct $3,000 per year or $1,500 for those who are married and file separately. For example, someone who loses $6,000 in 2020 can make two $3,000 deductions for two consecutive years to cover the losses.

READ: Shoprite reports sales of $161.4 million from Nigeria

How to File Cryptocurrency Taxes

All income derived from cryptocurrency must be reported. In 2019, the IRS included a question in Form 1040 asking taxpayers about income derived from cryptocurrency. Taxpayers who have profited from cryptocurrency should answer “yes.” Cryptocurrency owners must also file an IRS 8949 capital gains and losses report.

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READ: Anti-virus creator, John David McAfee charged for U.S tax evasion

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The best way to file taxes accurately is to hire a professional to do it. Several firms specialize in tax preparation and filing, such as H&R Block. There is also TaxBit, which is tax preparation software uniquely designed for taxpayers who own cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency owners can also hire a private accountant to assist with tax reporting and filing.

READ: Tax – Expenses Allowable For Deduction From Profit In Nigeria

Will the IRS Call Me if There is a Discrepancy in My Taxes?

The IRS will contact anyone they believe owes them money. Typically, the IRS will contact cryptocurrency owners if they failed to file IRS form 8949 for reporting gains or losses. The IRS has created a team to search the blockchain for delinquent taxpayers. Anyone who has not reported their gains or losses will be audited. Taxpayers who are audited should seek the assistance of a tax attorney. An attorney can work on the taxpayer’s behalf to resolve the dispute and possibly reduce the amount owed.

The IRS will send a notice to anyone it plans to audit. This notice will contain the taxpayer’s identifying number, a return address, a phone number, and information about why the taxpayer was contacted. Anyone who receives such a letter should contact the IRS to find out if this is a legitimate audit or attempt to collect taxes. Such notices may be an attempt at fraud. If fraud is suspected, inform the IRS and do not speak to them or police, especially the FBI, without an attorney present.

Closing Thoughts on the IRS and Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency traders must do everything they can to remain IRS-compliant. The main things to do in order to stay off their radar are to file form 1040 every tax season and form 8949 for reporting gains and losses.

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