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Debt Securities

Nigeria’s total public debt stock increased by N2.381 trillion in 3 months

The Debt Management Office revealed that Nigeria’s debt stock increased by N2.381 trillion.

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President Buhari not to blame for increase in debt – DMO DG

Nigeria’s Total Public Debt Stock stood at N31.009 trillion as of June 30, 2020. The disclosure was contained in a press release by the Debt Management Office (DMO), on September 9, 2020.

The data shows that the Total Public Debt Stock which comprises the Debt Stock of the Federal Government, the 36 State Governments, and the Federal Capital Territory, increased by N2.381 trillion within 3 months when compared with the N28.628 trillion recorded on March 31, 2020.

READ: BOOM: Nigeria’s total debt portfolio hits at N27.4 Trillion

The N2.381 trillion increase was accounted for by the $3.36 billion Budget Support Loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), New Domestic Borrowing to finance the Revised 2020 Appropriation Act including the issuance of the N162.557 billion Sukuk bond, and Promissory Notes issued to settle Claims of Exporters.

Backstory: It will be recalled that the 2020 Appropriation Act had to be revised due to the adverse impact of COVID-19 on the Government’s revenues, and the increased expenditure needs on health and economic stimulus amongst others.

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READ: Debt Servicing: Nigeria pays $1.12 billion to World Bank, others in 10-month 

What to expect

According to the Debt Management Office, the Public Debt Stock is expected to grow, as the balance of the New Domestic Borrowing is raised, and expected disbursement is made by the World Bank, African Development Bank, and the Islamic Development Bank, which were arranged to finance the 2020 Budget.

Explore Economic and Financial Data on our Nairalytics Website

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Additional Promissory Notes are also expected to be issued before the year ends. This and New Borrowings by State Governments are expected to increase the Public Debt Stock.

Chike Olisah is a graduate of accountancy with over 15 years working experience in the financial service sector. He has worked in research and marketing departments of three top commercial banks. Chike is a senior member of the Nairametrics Editorial Team. You may contact him via his email- [email protected]

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Companies

NB Plc to raise additional N20 billion from its N100 billion Commercial Paper

Nigerian Breweries has announced the continuation of its N100 billion Commercial Paper (CP) Issuance Programme.

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dividend, Nigerian Breweries reports reduced profits for first three quarters of 2019 , Analysis: Nigeria Breweries, the glory days are gone, Nigerian Breweries to raise additional N20 billion from its N100 billion CP programme

Nigerian Breweries has announced the continuation of its N100 billion Commercial Paper (CP) Issuance Programme in a bid to raise up to N20 billion to support its short term funding needs. The company has launched Series 9 and 10 of the programme for this purpose.

This information was disclosed in a notification signed by the Company’s Secretary, Uaboi G. Agbebaku, and sent to the Nigerian Stock Exchange.

The notification reads;

“[Nigerian Breweries Plc] is pleased to inform the Nigerian Stock Exchange and the investing public of the continuation of its “CP” (Commercial Paper) programme with the launch of Series 9 and 10 of the programme.

“Series 9 of the Commercial Paper programme would be for a tenor of 180 days, while Series 10 would be for 270 days. However, the launch of the CP opens today 23rd October 2020.”

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(READ MORE:Nigerian Breweries stock up by 58% since August )

What you should know

According to data obtained from Financial Market Dealers Quote (FMDQ), Nigerian Breweries has raised up to N90.12 billion since the start of the year.

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  • N52.76 billion was raised from Series 6 between February 12 to November 6, 2020.
  • N13.03 billion was raised from Series 7 from April 15 to October 14, 2020.
  • N24.33 billion was raised from Series 8 from April 15 to January 8, 2021.
  • The recent issuance of the Series 9 and 10 CP will bring the total funds raised to N110.12 billion.

Why it matters

  • The CP will help the company navigate through the recent impact of COVID-19 and other trade disruptions.
  • The programme will strengthen the balance sheet of the company, and enable the brewer to execute its plans while delivering value to customers and creating wealth for shareholders,
  • In like manner, the CP programme is expected to provide opportunities for non-equity investors to invest in the company and support its cost management initiatives.

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Debt Securities

Commercial Paper value appreciates by N243 billion YOY, hits N539.8 billion in H1, 2020

Commercial Paper value appreciated by 81.9% to N539.8 billion in 45 issuances as of H1, 2020.

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Commercial Paper value appreciates by N243 billion YOY, hits N539.8 billion in H1, 2020, Financial literacy campaign in Nigeria, Securities and Exchange Commission, National Insurance Commission, Dantata Success & Profitable Company

Commercial Paper value hits N539.8 billion as of June 2020, as the value appreciated by 81.9% from N296.8 billion in 44 issuances as of H1, 2019 to N539.8 billion in 45 issuances as of H1, 2020. This is according to a recent report by PWC titled, “Nigeria Capital Market Update.”

READ: CBN invests over N120 billion on 320,000 farmers across CTG within four years

As regards industry spread, the financial services sector accounted for 32% of the proceeds raised as of H1 2020, followed by the consumer goods sector representing 26% of total proceeds. ICT raised 19% and Industrial goods contributed 18%.

READ: Zenith Bank’s Profit After Tax in H1,2020 rises by 16.8% to N103.8 billion

In terms of yearly appreciation, Commercial Paper value has maintained an upward trend, recording N114 billion as of the end of 2016, N221 billion in 2017, N402 billion in 2018, and N540 billion in H1, 2020.

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What this means

Activities in the Commercial Paper market maintained its upward trajectory as more blue-chip companies continue to access short term funding from a diversified investor base, through the capital market and on favorable terms.

READ: TradeDepot raises $10 million in pre-Series B equity round

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What you should know

Commercial Paper is a commonly used type of unsecured, short-term debt instrument issued by corporations, typically for the financing of payroll, accounts payable and inventories, and meeting other short-term liabilities. Maturities typically last several days and rarely range longer than 270 days.

It is usually issued at a discount from face value and reflects prevailing market interest rates.

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Use Advanced Financial Calculators on Nairametrics

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Debt Securities

Nigerian Treasury Bills drop to 2% per annum

The latest data from Nigeria’s Treasury bill auction shows that Nigeria’s 364-day reduced by 2%.

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The latest data from Nigeria’s Treasury bill auction shows that Nigeria’s 364-day reduced by 2%. On the other hand, Stop rates moderated slightly for the 91-day tenors and 182-day tenors. The 91-day bills had stop rates of 1 % and 182-day bills also went by 1%.

READ: Real estate: Experts lament over challenges in the industry

At the auction, the Debt Management Office (DMO) sold N12.76 billion on the 91-day paper, N4.5 billion on the 182-day, and N107.6 billion on the 364-day bill despite huge demand from Investors.

READ: PIB; Will the jinx be broken this time around?

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READ: Safest, regulated Cryptocurrency, Arcoin backed by U.S. Treasury securities

What you need to know

Basically, when the government goes to the financial markets to raise money, it can do it by issuing two types of debt instruments – Treasury Bills and Government Bonds. Treasury bills are issued when the government needs money for a short period, while Bonds are issued when it needs debt for more than say five years.

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  • The issuance of treasury bills is also used as a mechanism to control the circulation of funds in the economy.
  • Treasury bills have a face value of a certain amount, which is what they are actually worth.
  • However, they are sold for less. For example, a bill may be worth N10,000, but you would buy it for N9,600.
  • Every bill has a specified maturity date, which is when you receive the money back.
  • The government then pays you the full price of the bill (in this case N10,000), giving you the opportunity to earn N400 from your investment. The amount that you earn is considered as the interest, or your payment for lending money to the government.
  • The difference between the value of the bill and the amount you pay for it is called the discount rate and it is set as a percentage.

READ: Where to invest your N5m to N500m safely and securely

READ: National Assembly approves Federal Government’s plan to borrow $11 billion in 2021

What they are saying

Peter Omoregie, CFA, Head Proprietary Trading at CardinalStone Partners Limited, in a phone interview with Nairametrics, explained why investors oversubscribed Nigeria’s Treasury bills in spite of low rates.

“The CBN continues with de-leveraging its balance sheet and favoring its growth policies over the attraction of FPI money, which is good for businesses and the country at large. Surprisingly, we had a huge subscription on the long end at these low rates. The local institutional investors are addicted to Tbills like a junkie on cocaine, they don’t know how or when to stop.”

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READ: Real Estate Developers express fear over selection process of CBN’s N200 billion Housing Fund

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READ: COVID-19: How CBN policies helped prevent the collapse of the Nigerian economy – Oscar Onyema

Why this matters

The massive disparity between the subscriptions and the offers recorded suggests investors are willing to earn a negative real return, compared to the higher risk in other assets such as stocks and real estate. Basically, the CBN sells T-bills on a bi-weekly basis to investors and it is one of the safest investments available. Interests are paid upfront and the principal paid in full upon maturity.

Explore Data on the Nairametrics Research Website

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