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CBN debits banks N216.1 billion for CRR compliance

Among the 26 banks affected by the latest debits are regular “victims”.

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CRR Debits, #EndSARS: We were not hacked - CBN

Information reaching Nairametrics from reliable sources reveals the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has debited 26 banks the sum of N216.1 billion as part of its CRR (Cash Reserve Ratio) compliance requirement.

Recall, Nairametrics reported two weeks ago that the apex bank debited banks about N459.7 billion for the same reason.The latest CRR debit is coming ahead of the CBN’s foreign exchange auction. A trader, who earlier spoke to Nairametrics on condition of anonymity, revealed that this has become a tradition.

Because they don’t want banks coming with huge demands to the FX auction, what they do is that a day before the FX sales, they debit the banks so that the naira you have available is small and you cannot put them under pressure because of your FX demands,” the source said.

READ MORE: Nigerians now seeing CBN Intervention funds as audio money

Among the 26 banks whose cash reserves were debited earlier today are regular “victims”, including Access Bank Plc, Guaranty Trust Bank Plc, and Zenith Bank Plc. See the full list below.

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  • Access Bank Plc: N5 billion
  • Citibank: N11 billion
  • Coronation Merchant Bank: N2 billion
  • Ecobank: N9 billion
  • FBN Merchant Bank: N2.5 billion
  • Fidelity Bank Plc: N5 billion
  • First Bank of Nigeria Ltd: N15 billion
  • FCMB: N15.5 billion
  • FSDH: N251.2 million
  • Globus Bank: N1 billion
  • GTBank: N25 billion
  • Heritage Bank Plc: N1.5 billion
  • Keystone Bank Limited: N1.4 billion
  • Nova Merchant Bank Ltd: N6 billion
  • Providus Bank: N1.2 billion
  • Rand Merchant Bank: N335.5 million
  • Polaris Bank Ltd: N6 billion
  • Stanbic IBTC: N30 billion
  • Standard Chartered Bank: N10 billion
  • Sterling Bank Plc: N3.3 billion
  • SunTrust Bank: N683.9 million
  • Titan Trust Bank: N500 million
  • Union Bank of Nigeria Plc: N8 billion
  • Unity Bank Plc: N9 billion
  • Wema Bank Plc: N567.7 million
  • Zenith Bank Plc: N46.3 billion

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Understanding CRR: The cash reserve requirement is the minimum amount banks are expected to retain with the Central Bank of Nigeria from customer deposits. In January, the CRR was increased by 5% to 27.5%  by the CBN Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) who explained that the decision was intended to address monetary-induced inflation whilst retaining the benefits from the CBN’s LDR policy.

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Emmanuel is a professional writer and business journalist, with interests covering Banking & Finance, Mergers and Acquisitions, Corporate Profiles, Brand Communication, Fintech, and MSMEs. He initially joined Nairametrics as an all-round Business Analyst, but later began focusing on and covering the financial services sector. He has also held various leadership roles, including Senior Editor, QAQC Lead, and Deputy Managing Editor. Emmanuel holds an M.Sc in International Relations from the University of Ibadan, graduating with Distinction. He also graduated with a Second Class Honours (Upper Division) from the Department of Philosophy & Logic, University of Ibadan. If you have a scoop for him, you may contact him via his email- [email protected] You may also contact him through various social media platforms, preferably LinkedIn and Twitter.

2 Comments

2 Comments

  1. Lawson

    June 19, 2020 at 4:43 pm

    Was unity bank debited twice, they occured twice on your list.

  2. Yusuf

    June 19, 2020 at 9:04 pm

    Mr Emmanuel abara,why the charges differ. Example, Zenith bank has been charge highest ?

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Financial Services

CBN to drive implementation of zero balance account opening in banks

The CBN has urged the DMBs to allow zero balance for the opening of new accounts.

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CBN Vs NESG: Waving the white flag for the benefit of Nigerians, Exchange Rate Unification: CBN devalues official rate to N380/$1, Nigerian banks have written off N1.9 trillion impaired loans in past 4 years, CBN sandbox operations, Stirling Trust Company Limited

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has urged the Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) to allow zero balance for the opening of new accounts, as part of the efforts to promote greater financial inclusion across the country.

In addition, the banks are also expected to simplify their account opening processes, while adhering to Know-Your-Customer (KYC) requirements in the push towards financial inclusion.

READ: This is where PSB, CBN got it all wrong

READ: CRR: Banks suffer N917.5 billion debits in latest CBN action

This disclosure was made in the Monetary, Credit, Foreign Trade and Exchange Policy Guidelines for 2020/2021 fiscal year, which was issued by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

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While stating that these measures are part of the efforts to encourage banks to intensify deposit mobilization during the 2020/2021 fiscal years, the apex bank also encouraged banks to develop new products that would provide greater access to credit.

READ: Nigeria @ 60: The Banking Sector and the Nigerian economy 

A part of the report reads, “As part of its effort towards promoting greater financial inclusion in the country, the bank shall continue to encourage banks to intensify deposit mobilization during the 2020/2021 fiscal years. Accordingly, banks shall allow zero balances for opening new bank accounts and simplify their account opening processes, while adhering to Know-Your-Customer requirements.

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READ: Lagos Rail Mass Transit: House of Assembly approves N153 billion for construction

“Banks are also encouraged to develop new products that would provide greater access to credit.”

In addition, the apex bank said that the Shared Agency Network Expansion Facility (SANEF), which was established to enhance the provision of financial services access points in under-served and unserved locations and drive financial inclusion through agent banking, would continue in the 2020/2021 fiscal years.

READ: CBN launches framework for advancing women’s financial inclusion in Nigeria

It states that banks, mobile money operators, and super-agents would continue to render returns in the prescribed formats and frequency to the CBN.

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Exclusives

CRR: Banks suffer N917.5 billion debits in latest CBN action

The central bank debited Nigerian banks N917.5 billion last week in its latest CRR action.

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CRR: Banks suffer N917.5 billion debits in latest CBN action

Nigerian banks suffered a total of N917.5 billion in new CRR debits from the Central Bank of Nigeria. Reliable sources inform Nairalytics Research that the latest debits occurred in the week ended October 23rd, 2020.

The cash reserve requirement is the minimum amount banks are expected to leave retained with the Central Bank of Nigeria from customer deposits. In January, the CRR was increased by 5% to 27.5% by the CBN Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) who explained that the decision was intended to address monetary-induced inflation whilst retaining the benefits from the CBN’s LDR policy.

READ: CBN says 17 banks to restructure over 32,000 loans

CRR Debits for Nigerian Banks.
Nairalytics Data

READ: Union Bank suffers N188 billion in CRR debits as at June 2020

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From the data, Zenith Bank topped the list with N285 billion followed by UBA with N160 billion. The rest of the FUGAZ, Access, FBN, and GTB were debited N140 billion, N95 billion, and GTB N55 billion respectively. The FUGAZ also suffered a N1.9 trillion debit in CRR sequesters in the second quarter of 2020 (April – June) alone.

READ: Nigeria’s forex devaluation timeline – 2020

Nigeria’s central bank has since 2019 debited Nigerian banks a chunk of their deposits as part of a mutually inclusive cash reserve requirement (CRR) and Loan to Deposit Ratio policy that is targeted at coercing banks to lend more to the private sector.

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READ: CBN reviews minimum interest rates on savings deposit to 1.25%

Last month, Nairametrics reported that the CBN now holds a total of N6.57 trillion in CRR debits from the nation’s top 5 banks a whopping 43% higher than the N4.58 trillion held in March and more than double the N3.5 trillion CRR debits as of December 2020. CRR debits in the third quarter of 2020 will be revealed when banks release their results in the coming days and weeks.

READ: Nigeria’s telecom sector posts double digit growth of 18.1%, manufacturing, others contract

Meffynomincs: CBN under the leadership of Godwin Emefiele has deployed several heterodox policies as it strives to stimulate the economy and manage the exchange rate crisis in the absence of strong fiscal support.

  • Interest rates on fixed deposits and money market instruments have fallen to single digits despite the galloping inflation rate.
  • Last month, the CBN monetary policy committee admitted it was no longer combating inflation but will direct its policies towards stimulating lending to the private sector hoping this will spur local production.
  • This policy has placed banks in the crosshairs with the Apex bank exposing them to CRR debits if they cannot use customer deposits to spur lending.

 

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ENDSARS

#EndSARS: Access Bank announces N50 billion interest-free facility for businesses

Access Bank Nigeria Plc has announced plans to offer N50billion interest-free credit facility to individuals and businesses. 

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Access Bank Plc, Nigeria's Creative Industry needs urgent financing from commercial banks to bridge unemployment gaps - Herbert Wigwe

Access Bank Nigeria Plc. has announced N50 billion in support of Nigerians through interest-free loans and grants to support communities, the youths, and micro, small and medium-sized businesses.

READ: Access Bank gets regulatory approval to become a Holding Company

READ: Banks lay-off 2,477 staff during lock-down

This information was disclosed by the bank through its official LinkedIn page. 

The bank’s official statement read thus,

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“Now more than ever, we remain committed to our purpose of impacting lives positively. In light of the recent occurrences, we will be supporting Nigerian businesses with 50 Billion Naira interest-free loans and grants. Watch this space for more information.”

READ: Access, GTBank, two others pay PWC & EY N1.5 billion as Audit fees in H1 2020 

Why it matters

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The impact of the pandemic, coupled with the hijacked #EndSARS protests that led to the looting of businesses and destruction of properties has thrown so many Nigerians into debts.

READ: $70 billion per annum will be needed to tackle pandemic induced poverty – World Bank

READ: WTO DG: US, EU divided over Nigeria’s Okonjo-Iweala and South Korea’s Yoo

This show of support from Access Bank will help alleviate and stimulate economic activities, as well as produce many positive multiplier effects on the economy.

READ: #EndSARS: Popular hacking group, Anonymous allegedly hacks Nigerian Govt. websites

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