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Debt Securities

9 TIPS to KNOW when NOT to INVEST

9 TIPS to KNOW when NOT to INVEST

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when NOT to INVEST

Every now and then we hear financial experts like me (just joking) advice people to invest money regularly and not spend all the time. In most cases, experts will advice that you invest more and save less if you are to attain financial freedom. But should one really invest all the time? Will the world come to an end if I do not invest? I do believe investing is good for everyone, however there are certain times when investing should just be kept aside.

1. When You cannot afford a Three Square Meal

3 SQUARE MEAL

We have often read of people making several sacrifices in life just to attain an investment goal. Some sleep in their car, sell their houses, forfeit their jobs etc. However, you hardly hear anyone saying they went on a hunger strike just to attain an investment goal. It is certainly fool hardy when you have to starve yourself just because you want to put that extra money you would have used in eating a decent meal in an investment that is yet to yield a dime.

2. When You have a Health Problem

SICK AND HOSPITALISED

It certainly doesn’t make any sense investing cash you would otherwise use to cater for yourself when you are sick or have a major health setback. Your health is certainly not an opportunity cost to an investment no matter how viable. You want to be healthy enough to execute your dreams and not end up with a deteriorating health and yet see the investment remain a dream.  Investments is not wealth rather Health is Wealth.

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[Read Also: Difference between FGN Savings and Treasury Bills]

3. When someone Dear to You is in Need

NEEDY FRIEND

There are times when we have people dear to us who have  needs that (in all fairness) supersede our personal goals.

It could be that they have a health challenge or even a financial need to avoid bankruptcy.

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How does one explain sacrificing a sick wife or child in a bid to pursue an investment goal no matter how viable?

4. When You haven’t paid your Children’s school fees

School children

Imaging telling your child “Daddy can’t pay your school fees because he has to buy some stocks?” It makes no sense sacrificing your children’s education for an investment goal. They are mutually exclusive investments and shouldn’t even be thought of as substitutes.

The most important investment is the education and welfare of your kids no matter what.

5. When You have a Debt to pay

DEBT

How many times do we see debtors giving us excuses to repay their debts despite seeing them making significant investments in other areas. You have someone owing you money and telling you he does not have the cash to pay now, yet they end up buying new assets. The same attitude is sometimes seen in companies who amass huge debts in the claim that they are investing.

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Whilst it is okay to borrow to invest if the returns are higher than interest rates, it makes no sense investing when you have debts to repay.

6. When You cannot Afford to pay your Bills

PAY BILLS

It is strange when I hear a lot of people with huge bills boasts about their investment achievements. How do you claim to be an investor and yet you are unable to pay your electricity bills, water bills, phone bills  etc. Does it make sense owing a supplier for months even though you end up spending money investing in new businesses or assets?

Investments should wait until you have cleared your bills and not the other way round. It is part of being financially prudent.

[Read More: A guide to how Mutual Funds work in Nigeria]

7. When You haven’t saved for the rainy day

RAINY DAYS

Life always presents us with ups and downs. It is inevitable that one day we will face a sudden financial challenge. It could be to bury a loved one, to celebrate a loved one, to cater for an urgent financial need etc. Sometimes when this urgency shows up we are not financially prepared and may not be able to liquidate our investments quickly enough to meet such challenges.

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It is therefore important to stash away some part of our cash or return on investment in a fund specially designated for rainy days.

8. When the stock market is bullish

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After the stock market crash of 2008/2009 I learnt a bitter lesson in investing: DO NOT INVEST WHEN THE MARKET IS BULLISH. A Bullish market is basically when the market indices are constantly up indicating an upswing in the price of equities. Whilst not totally bad for the stock market to have price appreciation, the problem however is that bullish markets always create a band wagon effect that ostensibly creates an artificial price valuation.

Equities become too expensive and quality stocks with great prices become scarce. It is often better to wait on the sidelines at times like that, rather than buy expensive stocks.

9. When Interest Rates are low

interest rate

In Nigeria, investing in the money market can be an unfair proposition when interest rates are just too low and below inflation. For most of 2011 and 2012 treasury bills and government bonds had double digit above inflation yields which were favourable for investments. However, when the rates, especially fixed deposits are below 8%per annum investing in such products present negative yields.

When interest rates are low, alternative higher yielding assets can be explored. It is however important to weigh the risk as well. If the risk in investing in alternative markets are too high for you, then, just stick to safer money market instruments no matter the yield.

[Read Also: Differences between an Angel Investor and a Venture Capitalist explained!]

Ugo Obi-chukwu "Ugodre" is a chartered accountant with over 16 years experience in financial management, corporate finance and financial analysis. He is also a retail investor and a personal finance advocate with over a decade experience investing in the Nigerian stock market. Ugo is the founder/Publisher of Nairametrics and blogs regularly on the website.

1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Afrikan Eagle

    February 10, 2020 at 1:33 pm

    “When interest rates are low, alternative higher yielding assets can be explored. ”
    Please what are these alternatives? It will be good to know. Thank you!

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Debt Securities

DMO takes advantage of MPR cut, allots a total of N103.81 billion

Debt Management Office of Nigeria (DMO) has issued a total of N103.81 billion worth of bonds.

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President Buhari not to blame for increase in debt – DMO DG

In a swift response to the MPC rate cut, the Debt Management Office of Nigeria (DMO) has issued a total of N103.81 billion worth of bonds, which is about 71.59% of the total amount offered. The allotted amount comprises of N66.97 billion, N25.43billion, N6.81 billion, N4.60 billion respectively, for the 10, 15, 25, and 30-year tenors.

Recall that DMO had earlier announced its offering of the Federal Government bond worth N145 billion. The auctioning of the offer took place on September 23, 2020, and it was oversubscribed by N215.22 billion.

According to recent data by the Debt Management Office, verified by Nairametrics; out of the 78, 71,57,104 total bids for the bonds; 50, 13, 7, and 6 bids were successful.

(READ MORE:Nigerian Treasury Bills plunge to 3.39% per annum)

The average yield fell by 7bps to 7.21%, as the yield at the mid-end of the curve contracted the most 13bps to 7.31%. In the short and long end, yields fell by 1bps and 7bps to 4.16% and 9.57% respectively.

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READ: DMO reacts to alleged N1.08 billion corruption scandal rocking the agency

The bond auctioned was oversubscribed by 2.48 times. Bid to cover ratio was highest on the 30-year bond by 35.64 times, offered at 8.92% per annum. The 6-year, 15-year, 25-year, and 30-year bonds were offered at 6%, 8.52%, 8.9%, and 8.94% as against 6.70%, 9.35%, 9.75%, and 9.90% at the previous auction.

READ: DMO discloses facts about Chinese loans to Nigeria, states terms of the loans

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Analysts expect the relatively quiet trend to persist tomorrow, as the bulk of the attention will be skewed towards the bond auction.

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Debt Securities

United Capital Plc lists N10 billion fixed rate bonds

United Capital Plc has listed its N10bn, 5 Year 12.5% Senior Unsecured Fixed Rate Series I Bonds.

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United Capital Asset Management explains mutual funds’ positive performance

Today, September 22, 2020, the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) announced the listing of United Capital Plc’s N10 billion, 5 year senior unsecured fixed-rate series bonds due 2025, with a 12.5% interest.

In a statement made available on the NSE website, and signed by Godstime Iwenekhai, Head, Listings Regulation, the medium-term bond will be issued as part of the N30 billion Debt Issuance Programme.

The subscription for the offer will last for twelve (12) days, as the offer will open on the 4th of May, 2020, and close on the 15th of May, 2020.

READ: UBA Plc H1’2020 results, a true reflection of its rightsizing decision? 

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READ: Some experts are uncertain of what to expect from money markets in H2 2020

Summary of the offer

  • Issuer: United Capital Plc
  • Offer date: 28th of May, 2020
  • Maturity date: 28th of May, 2025.
  • Units of sale: 10,000,000
  • Price: N1000 per units offered
  • Coupon rate: 12.5%

Redemption: Semi-annually, and payable in arrears on 28th November and 28th May of each year, up to and including the Maturity Date.

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READ: Savannah Petroleum secures $5 million initial tranche loan

Note: Senior unsecured bonds are a non-convertible corporate bond, that is not subordinated to any other unsecured indebtedness of the related issuer. Hence, it guarantees bondholders a quick payout in cases of default. While a fixed rate bond is a long-term bond, with an already specified coupon rate (Interest).

United Capital Plc, is a leading African financial and investment banking group, providing bespoke value-added service to its client. The firm was incorporated in Nigeria on March 14, 2004.

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Debt Securities

Nigerian Treasury Bill falls to 3.05% per annum

The DMO sold N2 billion on the 91-day paper and N8.385 billion on the 182-day.

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Implications of the new CBN stance on treasury bill sale to individuals, Nigerian Treasury Bills Market Witnessed Bullish Run on High Liquidity Last week

The latest data from the Treasury bill auctions concluded today revealed that Nigeria’s 364-day tenor dropped to 3.05%. On the other hand, Stop rates printed lower for the 91-day tenor at 1.09% and 182-day tenor, which went for 1.5%.

At the Treasury bill auction, the Debt Management Office sold N2 billion on the 91-day paper, N8.385 billion on the 182-day, and N148.361 billion on the 364-day bills.

Ladi Bello, a treasury dealer at Nigeria’s Tier 1 bank in a phone chat interview with Nairametrics, spoke on the just-concluded auction.

“At the Primary Market Auction conducted by the DMO yesterday, N159bn was rolled-over across the standard maturities on offer with demand skewed towards the new 1-Yr paper.

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“Stop rates on the short and mid-tenured maturities closed marginally lower than the preceding auction at 1.09% (↓1bps) and 1.50% (↓5bps) respectively, while the 1-Year paper remained unchanged at 3.05%,” Bello said.

Quick facts: The massive disparity between the subscriptions and the offers recorded suggests investors are willing to earn a negative real return, compared to the higher risk in other assets such as stocks and real estate.

Temitope Busari CFA, a leading investment professional in a note to Nairametrics also spoke on the low-interest rates the Federal Government of Nigeria was borrowing with. She said;

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“Yesterday’s Treasury bills stop rates were not far off from expectation and yields will likely continue southwards in the near to medium term.

“Additionally, we might see increased pressure on the short-end of the curve due to the dearth of instruments in the market versus excess liquidity.

“Technically, it’s more beneficial for the Government to borrow at the current levels to enhance our chances of recovery post-pandemic recession. Anecdotally speaking, the current interest rate regime is deemed punitive for savers, considering inflation is currently at 13.22%.”

(READ MORE: Nigerian Treasury Bills plunge to 3.39% per annum)

Basically, the CBN sells T-bills on a bi-weekly basis to investors and it is one of the safest investments available. Interests are paid upfront, with the principal paid in full upon maturity.

Understanding Treasury Bills: Basically, when the government goes to the financial market to raise money, it can do it by issuing two types of debt instruments – treasury bills and government bonds.

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Treasury bills are issued when the government needs money for a short period, while bonds are issued when it needs debt for more than, say five years. The issuance of treasury bills is also used as a mechanism to control the circulation of funds in the economy.

Treasury bills have a face value of a certain amount, which is what they are actually worth. However, they are sold for less. For example, a bill may be worth N10,000, but you would buy it for N9,600. Every bill has a specified maturity date, which is when you receive the money back.

The government then pays you the full price of the bill (in this case N10,000), giving you the opportunity to earn N400 from your investment. The amount that you earn is considered as the interest, or your payment for lending your money to the government.

The difference between the value of the bill and the amount you pay for it is called the discount rate and is set as a percentage.

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