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Markets

MTN Nigeria leads the watchlist once more

@mtnng takes the first place in stocks to watch in this week’s trading on the @nsecontact following a request for information on its listing by the EFCC

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investors on NSE, Stock to watch this week, Airtel Africa

Stocks to watch this week comprises the top gainers and losers of the previous week, as well as companies that will be having corporate actions this week.

Stocks to watch is not a Buy/Sell/Hold list.

MTN Nigeria

MTN Nigeria tops the watchlist for the second week running  by virtue of a notice released last Saturday, that it had received a letter from the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) requesting for information pertaining to its listing on the Nigerian Stock Exchange.

The news could lead to a decline in the company’s share price, as the telco has an ongoing case with the Office of the Attorney General of the Federation.

Thomas Wyatt Plc

Thomas Wyatt Plc takes the second spot this week, having led the gainers for last week. The stock gained 29.03% last week and is up by over 70% year to date. Investors at this point, may decide to sell down some of their holdings and cash their profits.

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Consolidated Hallmark Insurance Plc

Consolidated Hallmark Insurance Plc was the worst performing stock last week, hence a spot on this week’s watchlist. The stock declined by 20.69% last week, and could either rebound or fall further, depending on investor sentiments.

Courteville Business Solutions Plc et al

Courteville Business Solutions Plc, Nestle Nigeria Plc, Portland Paints and Products Plc, Livestock Feeds Plc and May & Baker Plc, all have a joint spot this week, due to their Annual General Meetings holding this week.

Presco Plc

Presco Plc maintains a spot in the week’s watchlist for the second week running, as the company is yet to release its audited results for the 2018 financial year and first quarter ended March 2019.

In a notice sent to the NSE, the firm had stated that it would do so on or before the 31st of May, 2019.

Unity Kapital Assurance Plc

Unity Kapital Assurance Plc makes a rare appearance in Nairametrics’ watchlist. The company last week released its full year 2018 audited results, and could thus release first quarter 2019 results in due time.

Ikeja Hotel Plc 

Ikeja Hotel Plc takes a place in this week’s watchlist as the company will be holding a Facts Behind the Figures presentation at the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) this week.

International Breweries Plc

International Breweries Plc rounds up the stocks on this week’s watchlist, as the company is yet to release its results for the financial year ended December 2018.

While the company did not give any specific date, the results are way overdue.

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Onome Ohwovoriole has a degree in Economics and Statistics from the University of Benin and prior to joining Nairametrics in December 2016 as Lead Analyst had stints in Publishing, Automobile Services, Entertainment and Leadership Training.He covers companies in the Nigerian corporate space, especially those listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE).He also has a keen interest in new frontiers like Cryptocurrencies and Fintech. In his spare time, he loves to read books on finance, fiction as well as keep up with happenings in the world of international diplomacy.You can contact him via [email protected]

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Funds Management

SEC publishes new Crowd Funding Regulations limiting investment to 10% of income

SEC Nigeria recently published new rules intended to regulate crowdfunding.

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How to build a profitable Mutual Fund Portfolio

The Securities and Exchange Commission, SEC, has issued updated guidelines and rules governing the operation of Crowd Funding activities in Nigeria.

This follows an exposure draft issued in May 2020 as reported by Nairametrics.

Key Highlights of the new SEC regulations

  • SEC introduced Crowd Funding Intermediaries who will facilitate crowdfunding transactions such as offer for sale of securities or instruments through its portal.
  • This means anyone seeking to raise money through a crowdfunding service will have to go through a Crowd Funding Intermediary (CFI).
  • Thus, a fundraiser (the initiator of the fund) will need to go through a CFI web portal to raise capital
  • The new rules also limit the amount retail investors can invest in a crowdfunding transaction to just 10% of their net annual income in a year.
  • This means individuals cannot invest more than 10% of their net salaries in crowdfunding activities. But this excludes High Networth Individuals who do not have limits.

Information contained in the regulation highlights 

In summary, this is SEC Nigeria’s attempt to provide a framework around who can participate in crowdfunding issuances, drive increased transparency around Crowdfunding issues AND create more accountability to investors.

Specifically, the new rules specify the following four (4) participants in a crowdfunding issuance.

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  • Fundraiser, Crowd-Funding Intermediary, Investors, and Custodians.
  • There is also a provision for applications for a self-regulatory trade association to facilitate Crowdfunding supervision.

Definitions of the participants per the new rule

  • Fundraiser: refers to the originator, maker, or obligor of the investment instrument to be issued pursuant to these Rules.
  • Crowdfunding Intermediary (CFI): An entity organized and registered as a corporation to facilitate transactions involving the offer or sale of securities or investment instruments through a Crowdfunding Portal (CFP);
  • Investors: As defined by the act; relates to end takers of the instruments and products from the crowdfunding issue. The SEC attempts to differentiate between High-net-worth individuals, Retail Investors, and Qualified Institutional Investors.
  • Custodians are the banks who will hold the funds contributed on behalf of the parties.

Requirements

The four categories of participants specified in the rule are required to register with the SEC for purposes of taking part in Crowd Funding activities. Whereby the SEC will approve or reject registration requests depending on the eligibility criteria as outlined in the new rules on Crowdfunding.

The eligibility criteria vary by participant type. As an example,

  • Fundraisers must be entities incorporated in Nigeria and have been in operation for at least two years. Or have technical partners who meet the 2-year operating track record requirement.
  • Crowdfunding Intermediaries have a lot more onerous set of requirements for registration. This is because these intermediaries are the core participants saddled with creating and operating crowdfunding portals (i.e., Platforms/marketplace for the crowdfunding issue).
  • Notably, both the Crowdfunding intermediaries and the actual Crowdfunding platforms need to be registered.
  • Custodians: As the name implies will facilitate the aggregation of funds deposited and only release to the Fundraiser subject to the criteria of each issuance being met.

Workflow highlights for each Crowd Funding issuance

  • The workflow highlights for each crowdfunding issue include
  • Fundraisers need to engage a Crowdfunding Intermediary (CFIs) to facilitate the pooling of funds from investors via the approved Crowdfunding Portals (CFPs).
  • These CFIs will ensure that there are sufficient disclosures by Fundraisers to Investors about the purpose and use of funds.

Notably the new rules prohibit misleading information to investors.

  • The amounts being raised will be safe kept at a Custodian for the duration of the fund-raising window and released to the Fundraiser subject to meeting criteria.
  • Crowdfunding Intermediaries and the Portals are required to provide a plethora of information to both SEC and Investors. The portals also help ensure compliance with approved guidelines (e.g. not exceeding target amounts approved for each issuance)

In conclusion,

  • The new rule on Crowdfunding is a welcome development. Specifically, the introduction of technology portals to enhance disclosures about funds should bring more transparency into the sector and facilitate investor due diligence.
  • Furthermore, the introduction of eligibility criteria for the various participants should serve to increase accountability whereby Fundraisers will need to provide increased levels of assurance with regards to the use of funds whilst Crowdfunding intermediaries will be keen to facilitate investor due diligence as they seek to protect their reputation and prevent censure from the SEC.
  • One observation however is that the new SEC rule is not explicit about the issue of recovering investor funds in the event of registered entities failing. This may explain why the SEC is keen to differentiate between classes of investors (i.e. High-net-worth, Institutional investor, and Retail investor) and then further require that retail investors, who are arguably the most vulnerable to financial shocks, do not invest more than 10% of their annual income in these schemes.

Download New SEC Nigeria Guidelines for Crowdfunding

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Cryptocurrency

$70 billion lost in Crypto market amid rising U.S dollar

Other leading crypto assets including Ethereum, Cardano, Litcoin, Chainlink, Polkadot, and Stellar lost more than 8% in value.

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The crypto market just lost about $70 billion, as significant selling pressure from crypto sellers pushed the value of cryptocurrencies lower across the market spectrum amid the rising U.S dollar and some profit-taking.

  • The global crypto market value is $930.47 billion, a 5.61% decrease over the last day.
  • The U.S dollar was fired up as it recorded impressive gains at the Tuesday trading session in London taking into account some investors are fast becoming jittery on rising COVID-19 caseloads globally.
  • At press time, the U.S. Dollar Index that tracks the greenback against a basket of major currencies ticked up by 0.20% to 90.555

At the time of drafting this report, about $70 billion in value was virtually wiped out, taking into account the flagship crypto, Bitcoin, the dominant player in the crypto market, lost as much as $2,000, according to data retrieved from Coin360.

  • The total crypto market volume over the last 24 hours is $131.42 billion, which amounts to a 2.07% increase.
  • The total volume in DeFi is currently $15.68 billion, 11.93% of the total crypto market 24-hour volume.
  • The volume of all stable coins is now $105.17 Billion, which is 80.03% of the total crypto market 24-hour volume.
    Bitcoin’s price is currently $31,398.04.
  • Bitcoin’s dominance is currently 62.74%, a decrease of 0.01% over the day.

Other leading crypto assets including Ethereum, Cardano, Litcoin, Chainlink, Polkadot, and Stellar lost more than 8% in value.

Crypto experts interviewed by Nairametrics are saying that a market correction was long overdue after the overextended bullish move.

The bearish trend prevailing at the bitcoin market is largely attributed to a significant amount of profit-taking in play, coupled with the strong rebound in the U.S dollar

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Funds Management

Understanding how Mutual Funds and ETFs work in Nigeria

This article sets to answer all your questions about Mutual Funds and Exchange Traded Funds.

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Nine Mutual funds that joined the league of mutual funds in 2019, Nigeria’s best performing mutual funds in 2019, SEC clarifies new rules for mutual funds, sets new deadline for compliance 

Mutual Funds (MF) and Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are amongst the fastest growing asset classes in Nigeria. Broadly they are both classified as Collectives Schemes and are similar in many aspects yet are also different in operations.

Mutual Funds (MF) have been in existence for a long time. Mutual Funds are pools of funds created with the intent to pooling funds from various investors and buying assets. MF allows those investors to own the wide range of assets that the MF own, thus achieving diversification with a lower cost.

Dutch merchant, Adriaan van Ketwich is credited with the first investment trust in 1774 under the name “unity creates strength”. The first mutual fund to include bonds and shares was the Wellington Fund which was set up in 1929.

Nigeria’s oldest mutual fund, the Chapel Hill Denham Paramount Equity Fund has been in operation since 1991. The Security and Exchange Commission published the Nigerian Net Asset Valuation (NAV) Summary Report which found that there are 106 mutual funds in Nigeria with a total asset value of $3,714,013,444.

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are a more recent asset class in Nigeria. (ETFs) are securities that track the performance of an index or basket of assets. There are about 12 listed ETFs on the Nigerian Stock Exchange

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What are Mutual Funds and ETFs?

Think of mutual funds as a savings pot where you and your friends save excess cash and subsequently invest that entire savings in a specific way, maybe to buy a cow for Christmas. Imagine if your group of friends decided to allow everyone in your town to join your investing club and contribute to buying cows. The funds then become so larger that you employ an asset manager to oversee the administration of the cows, and you simply create a company that will also offer cows, goats, and lambs. Thus, contributors can join your club and receive goat, lamb, and cow meat without having to buy actual cows or goats.

This is exactly how mutual funds work. A company like Stanbic IBTC creates an investment fund just like those friends, but instead of cows, they invest in bonds, money markets, equity, and other financial instruments. By buying shares in just that StanbicIBTC fund, you own a part of whatever the fund owns. This is s cheaper way for you to participate in the broad market, without having to buy every single investment.

Are Mutual Funds similar to ETFs?

In similarities, both offer investors a low-cost way to diversify holdings by selecting specific sectors, geographical regions, or risk profiles. For example, both MF and ETFs allow investors to buy country-specific investments e.g., the Vertiva Griffin 30 EFT and the Global X MSCI Nigeria ETF that invests in only Nigerian equity.

How do they differ?

In terms of differences, MF cannot be traded during the trading, an investor must wait for the close of business to calculate the Net Asset Value of the mutual fund and then place an order to buy or sell. ETFs on the other hand allow trading during the day.

Why buy collective schemes, why not invest directly?

The collective investment schemes have been embraced by Nigerians because of their greater promise of yield and diversification. These funds have offered retail investors the ability to earn a higher return on mostly money market investment, much higher than placing funds in banks. This preference for collective schemes has also been highlighted by the fall in yields offered by the risk-free Federal Government binds.

About 69% percent of the total assets of mutual funds are invested in money market funds. 9% in Eurobond funds, 7% in bond funds. In simple terms, by investing with others in a fund, the individual investor can access investment management which increases his chances to gain superior returns.

The future for ETFs and Mutual Funds

These asset classes will continue to grow in AuM as investors become more sophisticated and price-conscious. ETFs, especially Index ETFs offer sales commissions at a fraction of the brokerage cost. Also, FinTech’s automation of the asset allocation process has allowed more fund options to match individual choices.

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