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Currencies

Exchange rate gains at NAFEX as external reserves loses almost $1 billion in less than a month

Nigeria’s external reserve has lost $1 billion in the last 23 days.

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Thursday 18th February 2021: The exchange rate between the naira and the dollar appreciated closing at N407.80/$1 at the NAFEX (I&E Window) where forex is traded officially. This is as Nigeria’s external reserve loses $994 million in 23 days.

Key Highlights

  • The naira sold as high as N424.15/$1 during intra-day trading
  • Naira closed against the US Dollar at N407.80/$1, representing a 0.54% gain when compared to the N410/$1 recorded at the end of trade on Wednesday, February 17, 2021. This also represents the eight straight trading day the Naira closed in the N400/$1 region.
  • At the parallel market where forex is traded unofficially, the naira appreciated marginally closing at N477/$1 on Thursday, February 18, representing a 0.21% gain when compared to the N478/$1 that it closed on the previous trading day
  • Also, Nigeria’s external reserves lost $124 million in 3 days as it fell to $35.633 billion as of February 15, 2021, from $35.757 billion as of February 12, 2021, according to data from CBN. The exchange rate has now lost $1 billion in less than a month.

READ: NAFEX exchange rate closes N400/$1 as crude oil prices maintains hot streak

Trading at the official NAFEX window

The Naira appreciated against the dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window on Thursday, closing at N407.80/$1. This represents a N2.20 gain when compared with the N410/$1 that it closed on the previous trading day.

  • The opening indicative rate closed at N407.13 to a dollar on Thursday. This represents a 37 kobo drop when compared to N406.76 to a dollar that was recorded the previous trading day on Wednesday, February 17, 2021.
  • An exchange rate of N424.15 to a dollar was the highest rate during intra-day trading before it closed at N407.80 to a dollar. It also sold for as low as N390/$1 during intra-day trading.
  • Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window rose by 53.7% on Thursday, February 18, 2021.
  • According to the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ, forex turnover increased from $40.79 million on Wednesday, February 17, 2021, to $62.69 million on Thursday, February 18, 2021.

READ: Nigeria’s external reserve drop by $261 million in 15 days, oil firms to sell forex to CBN 

Cryptocurrency Watch

The world’s largest cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, reached a new record high as it crossed the $52,000 mark, gaining 8.30% over the last 24 hours.

  • This was just a day after bitcoin topped $51,000 as it traded at $52,130
  • Bitcoin’s current market capitalization is over $972 billion, while the entire crypto market capitalization accounts for more than $1.5 trillion presently.
  • The new high extends a bull run for bitcoin that began last October.
  • The latest surge is coming up after JP Morgan analysts publishes a note saying that the current price appears unsustainable. They said that this year’s price surge has been more influenced by speculative flows.
  • A single bitcoin now trades for N21.22 million up 1.8% while Etherum trades for N739k up 5.6%.

READ: World Bank says Nigerian banks are at risk of being destabilised by COVID-19

Oil price reverses earlier gains but still above $63 mark

Brent crude oil price hit $63.75, on Thursday evening, as oil prices retreated from earlier gains to trade lower just afternoon on Thursday.

  • The severe winter storms continued to move east, leaving at least 20 people and millions without electricity from Texas to New England.
  • Earlier in the day, oil prices went higher after the Energy Information Administration reported crude oil inventories in the United States had shed 7.3 million barrels in the week to February 12.
  • The American Petroleum Institute had a day earlier seen the crude oil inventories down 5.8 million barrels for the week to February 12.
  • The rise in oil prices this week, have been supported by the disruptions to oil production and refineries that the severe winter weather caused in Texas.
  • The International Energy Agency (IEA) expects that a recovery in global oil demand would outstrip production in the second half of the year, prompting even quicker inventory draws
  • Meanwhile, WTI Crude closed at $60.41 (-0.73), Bonny Light $62.48 (+0.62), and OPEC Basket $62.48 (-0.12).

READ: LCCI, MAN task CBN to review Nigeria’s foreign exchange policies

Nigeria’s external reserve dips despite rallying oil prices

  • The external reserve continued its downward slide to close at $35.527 billion as of February 17, 2021.
  • This represents a decline of 0.15% compared to $35.580 billion as of 16th February 2021.
  • The foreign reserve has been on a steady decline since the 25th of January 2021, losing a total of $994 million to date.
  • The exchange rate has now lost $1 billion in less than a month dropping from $36.5 billion as of January 25th, 2021.

 

Chike Olisah is a graduate of accountancy with over 15 years working experience in the financial service sector. He has worked in research and marketing departments of three top commercial banks. Chike is a senior member of the Nairametrics Editorial Team. You may contact him via his email- [email protected]

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Currencies

Exchange rate gains at NAFEX window as external reserve plunges further

Naira appreciated against the US Dollar on Monday to close at N409.2 to a dollar as Nigeria’s external reserve loses an additional $36.65 million.

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Monday 1st March 2021: The exchange rate between the naira and the US Dollar closed at N409.2/$1 at the Investors and Exporters window.

Naira appreciated against the US Dollar on Monday as it closed at N409.2 to a dollar at the NAFEX window, representing a 0.26% gain when compared to N410.25 recorded on the previous trading day.

Meanwhile, the exchange rate remained stable in the parallel market at N482/$1 on Monday after enduring a depreciation of N2 last week Friday from N480/$1 recorded on the previous day.

Also, forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window decreased by 35% from $37.49 million recorded on Friday to $24.38 million on Monday, 1st March 2021.

Trading at the official NAFEX window

The Naira gained against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Monday to close at N409.2/$1. This represents a N1.05 gain when compared to N10.25 recorded on the previous trading day.

  • The opening indicative rate closed at N409.3 to a dollar on Monday. This represents a 6 kobo gain when compared to N409.24/$1 recorded on Friday.
  • Also, an exchange rate of N415 to a dollar was the highest rate during intra-day trading before it closed at N409.2/$1. It also sold for as low as N381/$1 during intra-day trading.
  • Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window dropped to its lowest level in over a month as it declined by 35% on Monday, March 1, 2021.
  • According to the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ, forex turnover decreased from $37.49  million recorded on Friday, February 26, 2021, to $24.38 million on Monday, March 1, 2021.

Cryptocurrency watch

The world’s largest cryptocurrency, Bitcoin gained significantly on Monday to close at $49,629.33 compared to its previous closing of $43,165.78.

  • The highly volatile digital asset has risen 76.2% from the year’s low of $27,734 recorded on the 4th of January 2021.
  • The world’s biggest and best-known cryptocurrency has however fallen by 16.3% from the year’s high of $58,354 recorded on the 21st of February 2021.
  • Meanwhile, Ether ETH=BTSP, the coin linked to the ethereum blockchain network, rose by 8.74% to $1,546.06 on Monday, adding $124.29 to its previous close.

Oil price decline

Brent Crude oil dipped $0.73 on Monday to close at $63.96 representing a 1.13% decline when compared to $64.42 recorded on the previous trading day.

  • Although oil prices had rallied earlier in the day after the U.S House passed the stimulus package of $1.9 trillion and another COVID-19 vaccine was approved for use in the United States.
  • The progress in the stimulus package approved by the House on Saturday after weeks of impasses lifted the sentiment on the oil market on Monday before recording a downturn later in the day to close negative.
  • Meanwhile, Analysts are expecting next week’s meeting of OPEC and its allies to result in more supply returning to the market as the oil prices rally over $60 per barrel.
  • WTI Crude closed at $60.04 (-0.99%), OPEC Basket (-1.61%), Bonny Light (-0.58%), and Natural Gas (+0.04%).

External reserve dips to lowest in two months

Nigeria’s external reserve declined by 0.1% to stand at $35.1 billion as of February 246h 2021 compared to $35.14 billion recorded as of 25th of February.

  • This represents the lowest external reserve position Nigeria has recorded in two-months when it stood at $34.98 billion as of 24, December 2020.
  • It is also worth noting that Nigeria lost over $1.2 billion in external reserves in the month of February.
  • According to data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), external reserves declined from $36.3 billion as of 29th of January 2021 to $35.1 billion as of 26th of February 2021.
  • The decline in Nigeria’s external reserve has persisted in the month of February, despite rallying oil prices in the month. This is a cause for worry, as Nigeria will hope to boost its reserve in order to meet up with its accumulated needs, hindered by the crash in oil prices earlier in 2020.

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Currencies

Naira falls across forex markets as CBN suggests official rate has been adjusted

The Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Friday closing at N410.25/$1.

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Naira-Dollars, Exchange rate falls at black market as forex liquidity declines by 89.8%

The exchange rate between the naira and the US Dollar depreciated to close at N410.25/$1 at the Investors and Exporters (NAFEX) window, where forex is traded officially. This is as the CBN Governor has suggested that the official exchange rate has been devalued.

Similarly, at the parallel market where forex is traded unofficially, the naira depreciated closing at N482/$1 on Friday, February 26. This represents 0.42% drop when compared to the N480/$1 that it closed on the previous trading day.

However, forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window decreased by 79.3% from $212.43 million recorded on Wednesday to $43.97 million on Thursday 25th February 2021.

READ: Naira strengthens at NAFEX window despite 79.3% drop in dollar supply

Trading at the official NAFEX window

The Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Friday closing at N410.25/$1. This represents a 0.39% drop when compared to N408.67/$1 recorded on Thursday, February 25, 2021.

  • The opening indicative rate closed at N409.24 to a dollar on Friday. This represents an 8 kobo drop when compared to N409.16/$1 recorded on Thursday.
  • Also, an exchange rate of N415 to a dollar was the highest rate during intra-day trading before it closed at N410.25/$1. It also sold for as low as N392/$1 during intra-day trading.
  • Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window dropped by 14.7% on Friday, February 26, 2021.
  • According to the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ, forex turnover decreased from $43.97 million recorded on Thursday, February 25, 2021, to $37.49 million on Friday, February 26, 2021.

READ: World’s largest oil producer loses four million barrels per day

Cryptocurrency watch

The world’s largest cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, dropped 6.39% to close at $43,165.78 on Sunday, losing $2,944.20 from its previous close.

  • Bitcoin has lost 26% from the year’s high of $58,354.14 on February 21, when it went up amid increasing confidence that it will become a mainstream investment and payments vehicle.
  • A quick recap of bitcoin’s worst weekly performance since March 2020, shows that the week’s high volatility was not caused by one factor. It was largely triggered by an overheated derivatives market as traders rushed to exit leveraged bets that had accumulated.
  • Further drops had coincided with a sell-off in the broader stock market due to rising concerns over surging bond yields, which might reduce the attraction for riskier assets like cryptocurrencies.
  • Etherium dropped 8.88% to close at $1,329.46 on Sunday, losing $129.57 from its previous close.
  • Meanwhile, Nigeria’s Vice President, Yemi Osibanjo, while disagreeing with the CBN on its recent ban on cryptocurrencies, called for crypto regulation knowing fully well the role it plays in the global financial ecosystem. Osibanjo advised CBN and SEC to create a regulatory road map for cryptocurrencies.

READ: How Nigeria can make more money from Oil?

Oil price dip marginally on account of pullbacks

Brent crude oil price closed at $64.42 per barrel, dropping $1.69, the WTI Crude closed at $61.50 per barrel, dropping $2.03, OPEC Basket closed at $65.42, gaining $1.42 while the Bonny Light closed at $64.33 per barrel, dropping $1.20.

  • These forecasts have called for an increase in crude oil supply in response to prices climbing above the pre-pandemic level.
  • Analysts are also expecting that next week’s meeting of OPEC and its allies will result in more supply returning to the market.
  • U.S. crude oil production fell in December to an average 11.063 million barrels per day, when compared to the average of 12.8 million barrels per day that was achieved in December 2019, according to the Energy Information Administration’s latest monthly report.
  • U.S. crude oil production fell an average of 58,000 barrels per day, the EIA said on Friday.

The steady decline in external reserves

Nigeria’s external has declined by 0.15% to stand at $35.17 billion as of February 24th 2021 compared to $35.23 recorded as of 23rd February.

  • This indicates that Nigeria has lost a total of $1.13 billion in external reserve positive in the month of February.
  • According to data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), external reserves declined from $36.3 billion as of 29th of January 2021 to $35.17 billion as of 24th of February.
  • It is however worth noting that the decline in Nigeria’s external reserve has persisted despite a sharp increase in global crude oil prices as it is currently over $64 per barrel from $55.04 recorded as at the end of January.

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