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Nigeria’s total foreign trade drops to N6.24 trillion in Q2 2020, export plunges by 52%

Total import for the period stood at N4.02 trillion while total export was N2.22 trillion.

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Nigeria's foreign trade drops to N6.24 trillion, trade balance hits N1.8 trillion deficit in Q2 2020, Nigeria's current account worsens

Nigeria’s total foreign trade (import and export) drops by 27.46% year on year in Q2 2020, when compared to N8.61 trillion recorded in the corresponding quarter (Q2) of 2019. This is according to the latest foreign trade report, released by the National Bureau of Statistics.

According to the report, Nigeria’s total export during the quarter nosedived by 51.7% to stand at N2.22 trillion, a significant fall when compared to N4.59 trillion recorded in Q2 2019 and N4.08 trillion recorded in the previous quarter.

The report also showed that Nigeria’s total foreign trade recorded a decrease of 27.3% when compared to N8.59 trillion recorded in previous quarter (Q1 2020). A decline, which is a reflection of the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

READ: Dangote Cement posts N126.41 billion profit in H1 2020

Key Highlights

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  • The value of total trade fell sharply by 27.30% in Q2 2020 compared to Q1, 2020 and 27.46% compared to Q2 2019
  • The value of total imports dropped by 10.69% in Q2 2020 against the level recorded in Q1 2020 but increased by 0.39% year-on-year
  • Imported Agricultural goods rose in value by 59.01% in Q2 2020 compared to Q1 2020 and 66.28% compared to the corresponding quarter in 2019.
  • Total exports dipped by 45.64% when compared to Q1 2020 and 51.73% as against N4.6 trillion recorded in Q2 2019.
  • Agricultural goods export also dropped 38.2% in Q2,2020 compared to Q1, 2020 but rose 6.3% year-on-year.

READ: UPDATED: Nigeria received $1.29 billion capital inflows in Q2 2020, down by 78.6%

 

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Export plunges further as trade balance hits N1.8 trillion deficit

Nigeria has recorded a third consecutive decline in the value of total export during the quarter, declined by 45.64% and 51.73% compared to N4.08 trillion recorded in Q1 2020 and N4.59 trillion recorded in Q2 2019 respectively.

  • Crude oil exports accounted for 70% (N1.55 trillion) of the total value of exports in Q2 2020.
  • Also, Crude oil exports decreased in value by 47.2% in Q2 2020 compared to Q1 2020 and 60.5% year-on-year.
  • Further checks by Nairametrics, shows that the latest crude oil export is the lowest recorded in the past four years. The last time a lower value was recorded was in Q2 2016 (N1.49 trillion).
  • In Q2 2020, a third streak of negative trade balance was recorded, stood at (N1.8 trillion).
  • Manufactured goods export decreased in value by 42.8% in Q2 2020 against the level recorded in Q1 2020 but increased 139.6% compared with the corresponding quarter in 2019.
  • Analysis of export by Region revealed that Nigeria exported most products to Europe (N976.5billion or 44%), followed by Asia (N734.1billion or 33.08%), Africa (N401.4billion or 18.1%), America (N105.8billion or 4.8%) and Oceania (N1.7billion or 0.08%).
  • Within Africa, goods worth N149.3billion were exported to ECOWAS member states.
  • All regions recorded declines in the value of exported goods during the quarter, although China and Japan each recorded increased export activity.

READ ALSO: Nigerian Banks issue N3.3 trillion in new loans in June 2020

How it affects Nigeria’s economy

The latest report gives a full reflection of the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and how travel and movement restrictions placed by various countries of the world has affected Nigeria’s international trade.

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  • The decline in crude oil exports will affect Nigeria’s revenue as the Nigeria is still largely an oil-dependent economy.
  • Meanwhile, the report reveals that Nigeria is importing more than it is exporting, giving that the federal government closed land borders in 2019 in order to discourage importation. Although, a further plunge in trade balance puts the policy under serious scrutiny.
  • It should be noted that the significant decline in most activities is attributed to the lockdown procedures put in place by the government and restrictions placed on international travel by most countries.

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Economy & Politics

Gov. Makinde presents N266 billion budget to Oyo State House of Assembly

Governor Seyi Makinde has presented a ₦266.64billion budget proposal to the Oyo State House of Assembly.

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The Oyo State Governor, Seyi Makinde, presented the Budget Proposal for the 2021 Fiscal Year to the Oyo State House of Assembly. The total budgeted sum is ₦266.64billion, with education expected to receive N56.35billion – 21% of the budget and a rise from N12 billion budgeted in 2019.

This was disclosed by Governor Makinde in a social media post on Monday.

According to NAN, Mr. Makinde disclosed on social media that the ‘Budget of Continued Consolidation’ was prepared with input from stakeholders in all seven geopolitical zones of the state.

The total budgeted sum is ₦266.64billion The Recurrent Expenditure is ₦136.26billion, while the Capital Expenditure is ₦130.38billion. We are again, aiming for at least 70% implementation of the budget,” he said.

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The News Agency of Nigeria also disclosed that infrastructure spending in the budget would be N46.06billion – representing 17.27% of the total budget and an increase of N33.66 billion over that of last year.

Other sectors include Agriculture which represents 3.6% valued at N9.58billion and Healthcare taking 4.9% of the budget with an N13.29billion allocation.

(READ MORE: #EndSARS: Nothing wrong with social media bill – Ali Ndume)

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The Governor disclosed that Oyo has reduced its infrastructure deficit and made improvements in the areas of healthcare, education, and others.

We have been able to lower our infrastructural deficit, make improvements in healthcare delivery, improve the quality of education, and achieve milestones in our security systems,” he said.

He also added that the state had recorded a 26% increase in IGR at N25.6 billion and hopes to increase IGR to over N100 billion for the 2021 budget.

As of September, we had recorded an IGR of N25.6 billion. And using the half-year figures, it represented a 26.4% increase in IGR year-on-year. Oyo State’s IGR is presently about 32% of actual aggregate revenue.

“We still have not achieved a total dependence on the state’s income outside of the federal allocation to fund the budget. Slowly, but surely, we are getting there.

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“For the 2021 budget, our plan is to increase our annual IGR to N102.82billion. We hope to achieve this by widening the tax net to bring in more taxpayers into the system,”  he added.

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Economy & Politics

Restructuting: Plans must pass through legal process from the National Assembly – Tambuwal

Tambuwal has insisted that plans to restructure Nigeria and the Constitution must pass through due process from the National Assembly.

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The Governor of Sokoto State and Former House of Reps Speaker, Aminu Tambuwal, has said that any plan to restructure Nigeria and the Constitution must pass through legal due process from the National Assembly.

Tambuwal disclosed this at a plenary session of the 26th Nigerian Economic Summit, titled: “Building partnerships for resilience” in Abuja on Monday.

Tambuwal warned that Nigeria must learn from mistakes 0f 2015 when the last attempt to amend Nigeria’s constitution was rejected after the first reading.

He added that any plan to restructure must be done after amending the constitution, which must pass through the assembly.

“As it were at the moment, whatever you are going to do about the constitution, has been prescribed by the constitution and how you are going to do it.

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“The constitution has prescribed how a word in that constitution is going to be amended.

“Except of course we are saying we are going to jettison the National Assembly and the State Assemblies in getting it done, which is not possible,” he said.

“So you cannot go outside of the constitution to amend the constitution. We better come to terms with this realization and to come together and agree on how best we can work together to achieve what the nation desires,” he added.

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What you should know 

The agitations from the October protests in Nigeria have revived talks about restructuring in Nigeria. Earlier this month, the Governors of Ekiti and Kaduna State, Kayode Fayemi and Nasi El-Rufai argued that restructuring was a means to end Nigeria’s economic troubles.

“In essence, our desire to build a more perfect union should be anchored on the principle of devolution of powers – that is, re-allocation of powers and resources to the country’s federating units.

“The reasons for this are not far-fetched. First, long years of military rule have produced an over-concentration of powers and resources at the centre to the detriment of the states. Two, the 1999 Constitution, as has been argued by several observers, was hurriedly put together by the departing military authority and was not a product of sufficient inclusiveness.

“All points considered, the fiscal burden of maintaining a largely inefficient and over-bloated bureaucracy is a metaphor for shooting oneself on the foot,” Fayemi said.

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Economy & Politics

Nigeria to exit recession by first quarter of 2021

The Minister of Finance has said that Nigeria will exit the economic recession by the first quarter of 2021.

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The Minister for Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs. Zainab Ahmed, on Monday, November 23, 2020, said the country will exit recession by the first quarter of 2021 as the Nigerian government is working towards reversing the declining economic trend in the country.

According to Channels Television, this disclosure was made by Mrs. Zainab Ahmed while speaking on the latest GDP figures released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) about the current recession in the country at the ongoing 26th Nigerian Economic Summit, organized by the Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG) and the Federal Ministry of Finance, Budget, and National Planning.

The Finance Minister said the COVID-19-induced recession followed the pattern across the world, where many countries had entered an economic recession.

Ahmed said, “Nigeria is not alone in this, but I will say that Nigeria has outperformed all of these economies in terms of the record of a negative growth.”

The country’s economy posted a second consecutive negative growth, contracting by 3.62% in the third quarter. This negative growth is much better than the 6.01% that was earlier forecasted by the NBS.

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Also at the Economic Summit, Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, emphasized that the government is committed to working in synergy with the private sector to foster equitable growth and underpin national development.

The 26th Nigerian Economic Summit focuses on building resilient partnerships for Nigeria’s households, businesses, and the general economy.

What you should know

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It can be recalled that on Saturday, NBS announced that the country had entered its second recession in 5 years in the third quarter of this year, as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) fell for the second consecutive quarter.

According to figures released by the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics (NBS), cumulative Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the first nine months of 2020, therefore, stood at -2.48%, just as it recorded a -6.10% in the second quarter.

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