If Nigeria is to make up for the infrastructural deficit in the country, the government should consider resorting to bonds rather than loans for infrastructural financing.
Structuring all transactions in a local currency, rather than dollars, would help to drive infrastructural development at a greater speed.
These were some of the suggestions made by Mr. Bolaji Balogun, Chief Executive Officer, Chapel Hill Denham, while speaking on the theme: “Financing Infrastructure Development in Nigeria – Challenges, Opportunities and the Way Forward,” at the virtual Financial System Strategy (FSS) 2020 Pension Sector Second Quarter Forum.
Balogun noted that driving infrastructural development would start by creating an enabling environment and embracing private capital.
“Only if investment in infrastructure grows from 15% to 18% a year, we can reach 8% economic growth,” he said.
He advised that structuring the financing through the capital markets to ensure that the transactions are bankable, and the costs reflect reality.
Balogun noted that the country would experience a boost in financial inclusion, improvement in the balance of trade, long-term macro, and price stability with a well-developed infrastructure.
Other gains of well-developed infrastructure, according to him, are greater production competitiveness, enhanced housing, significant import substitution, and robust pensions.
Mr. Effiok Ekpenyong, Head, Investment Management Department, Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), in his presentation, stated that the capital market apex regulator has existing regulations and guidelines that would help participants in infrastructure development.
He also called for collaboration among the agencies to remove regulatory bottlenecks and build capacity for the country to achieve expected growth and development.
(READ MORE: Meet Dr. Lamido Yuguda, the new SEC DG)
Crowdfunding for infrastructure
In his presentation, Mr. Chinua Azubuike, Chief Executive Officer, InfraCredit, called for crowdfunding domestic credit and public-private partnerships for infrastructural development.
This was in line with an earlier presentation from Mr. Chidi Izuwah, Director-General, Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission (ICRC), who stated that the government alone cannot provide the needed infrastructure for economic growth and development.
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Also speaking at the online forum, Mr. Farouk Aminu, Head, Investment Services Department, National Pension Commission, stressed the need for creating infrastructure instruments that would attract Pension Fund Administrators (PFAs) to the market.
He opined that the diversification of investment products would boost PFAs participation in infrastructure development, thus hastening Nigeria’s infrastructural development.
How fund managers can help in period of low yield
With inflation holding steady, the low yields end up translating to negative returns.
It is often said that he who must find gold, must dig deeper because such is not found on the surface. With the current trends in interest rate, yield has become like gold, and those that must find it, should dig deeper than they have done before. It is no longer news that yield in traditional asset classes is approaching historically low levels. Indeed, yields are so low that yielder hunters are literally stuck. In one of my last pieces, I noted that the low yield had driven pension funds to the point of abandoning treasury bills as an asset class. The picture gets scarier and disheartening when viewed in real terms. With inflation holding steady, the low yields end up translating to negative returns when discounted for inflation.
Now that Treasury bills seem to be out of the question due to sub-zero yields, what can investors turn to? Here are a few things that investors could think of doing;
Invest in Money Market Funds: Money market funds have been the darling asset class for most Nigerians, due to their conservative nature and the fact that money market funds seem to be much easier to understand. The present low yield in the World market is also affecting money market funds but they still remain much higher than what is obtainable from Treasury Bills. Unfortunately, a great majority of fund managers do not have the yield of their money market funds on display when I visited their websites, below is a list of the prevailing money market yields in Nigeria for those that could be gleaned from the various website:
It may pay to shop around for yield as different funds present with different yields, as can be seen from the table above.
Fund Managers to the Rescue: One of the implications, if not the major implication of the ultra-low interest rate is that investors in yield driven asset classes, like money market funds, will either make minimal returns or no returns at all, especially when inflation is factored in. Unfortunately, most of these money market funds pay fees to the fund managers. To help the situation, it is time for fund managers to reduce or waive some of the fixed fees they charge investors like management fees. Investors should, therefore, ask fund managers for a renegotiation of the fee structure in such a way that the burden of low-interest rate is shared between the fund managers and the investors. Fund managers in places like the US are already doing this.
Loss Carryforward Provisions: Another way that investors can manage this situation is for them to ask fund managers to insert loss carry-forward provisions into the mutual fund agreement or prospectus. A loss carryforward provision is one which states that the fund manager does not get paid any incentive fee unless and until the fund attains its last known highest asset value. By having loss carryforward provisions, investors are afforded the time to recoup on losses before being charged further incentive fees.
Look for High Dividend Yield Stocks: Though stock investment remains riskier than money market funds and fixed income fund investments, in a low yield environment, it may pay to look for and invest in high dividend stocks that have a history of regular and consistent dividend payments.
Warning: Nothing in this article should be taken as investment advice and the author should not be held liable for using it as such.
Naira weakens as forex turnover falls by 88%
The opening indicative rate was N387.32 to a dollar on Wednesday.
Forex turnover fell by 88% on Wednesday at the I&E window weakening the exchange rate to N386.76/$1. The exchange rate at the black market however remained flat at N461/$1 for the third consecutive day this week.
NAFEX: The naira depreciated against the dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window on Wednesday, closing at N386.75 to a dollar, compared to the N386.50 that was reported on Tuesday, July 7, representing a 25 kobo drop. This is as traders continue to mull over CBN’s adjustment of the exchange rate at the SMIS window. The opening indicative rate was N387.32 to a dollar on Wednesday. This represents a 14 kobo drop when compared to the N387.18 to a dollar that was recorded on Tuesday.
Parallel Market: At the black market where forex is traded unofficially, the naira remained stable as it closed at N461 to a dollar on Wednesday which was the same rate that it exchanged on Tuesday.
Nigeria maintains multiple exchange rates comprising the CBN official rate, the BDC rates, SMIS and the NAFEX (I&E window). Nairametrics reported last week that the government has set plans in motion to unify the multiple exchange rates in line with requirements from the World Bank. Nigeria is seeking a world bank loan of up to $3 billion.
Meanwhile, forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window recorded a decline on Wednesday, July 8, 2020, as it dropped by 88.4% day on day, a huge decline from the figure that it achieved on Tuesday at the foreign exchange market. This is according to data from the FMDQOTC, an exchange where forex is traded by foreign investors and exporters.
According to the data tracked by Nairametrics, forex turnover decreased from $103.37 million on Tuesday, July 7, 2020, to $11.96 million on Wednesday, July 8, 2020, representing an 88.4% drop on a day-to-day basis. This is a reversal from the decent turnover that was recorded the previous day and is a far cry from the $200 million mark that was achieved in January and last week.
Nairametrics reported on Wednesday that the CBN official rate has been adjusted from N360 to a dollar to N381 to a dollar as reflected on the website of the FMDQ. However, the official rate quoted on the website of the CBN remains at N360/$1.
According to Reuters, “the naira eased 5.5% on the official market on Tuesday, after the central bank sold dollars to lenders at a lower rate, bowing to pressure from international lenders to unify its multiple exchange rates.” Reuters also reported “the naira eased to 380.50 in off-market trades, from 360.50 close on Monday” quoting sources from traders.
Nairametrics cannot confirm if the latest adjustment is reflective of the SMIS rates or if the central bank has now taken a bold step towards unification and adjusted its official rate. Reuters claims it’s a move to “unify the exchange rate”.
What this means: Unifying the Naira around the NAFEX rate is effectively another round of devaluation. If this is carried out and forex liquidity improves, then it could lead to an exchange rate strengthen in the parallel market just like it occurred in 2017.
The parallel market rate is currently N461/$1 and could converge to the NAFEX rate meaning those who bought above the NAFEX rate could lose money if they sell.
There are now 13,173 BTC millionaires around the world
As the transaction number in BTC market records high, the number of dollars invested increases
As of now, there are 13,173 BTC millionaires, or addresses containing greater than $1 million value of Bitcoin.
Recall that the wealth of many BTC investors have grown exponentially at the BTC market, as holders of more than 1000 BTCs or more referred to as whales have been increasing at a steady pace after BTC recent halving,
In addition, as transaction numbers in BTCs market keep hitting record highs, the number of dollars that buyers invested in $BTC just made a new all-time high. This suggests that something big is about to happen in the flagship cryptocurrency market.
The momentum in BTCs market has been gaining a steady pace since a report released by America’s most valuable bank, JP Morgan Chase, showed Bitcoin as a store of value asset.
READ MORE: There Are Now 1800 BTC Whales
“Though the [bitcoin] bubble collapsed as dramatically as it inflated, BTC has rarely traded below the cost of production, including the very disorderly conditions that prevailed in March,” said JPMorgan experts in a report led by the head of U.S. interest rate derivatives strategy, Joshua Younger and cross-asset research analyst, Nikolaos Panigirtzoglou.
Meanwhile, the flagship currency had remained above the $9,000 support level in several weeks, data from Coinmarketcap shows that BTC has a market capitalization of about $173.2 billion dollar with a daily trading volume standing at $18.78 billion.
Quick fact; BTC is a completely decentralized digital crypto-asset, unlike fiat currencies that you can hold in your physically there is no central authority or centralized payment system controlling BTC. Bitcoin operates in a peer-to-peer network that allows any individual in the world to send and receive Bitcoin without any middleman (like a bank, central bank or payment processor).