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Business News

Dangote, MTN, Industrial stocks lead bears to pull market’s indicators

… as the All-share Index declined further by -1.06% to close at 23,695.90 index points.

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market's, Bears clawing down on the naira, hits N425 to $1

The Nigerian stock market was bearish today, as the All-share Index declined further by -1.06% to close at 23,695.90 index points. Market capitalization also dropped by 1.06% to close at N12.349 trillion, as YTD loss stood at 11.83%.

Likewise, activity level decreased, as the volume and value traded fell by 24.85% and 5.35% as investors exchanged 155.74 million units of shares valued at N1.67 billion in 4,005 deals.

FBNH finished as the most active in today’s trading to boost market turnover by 27.8 million units of shares, while GUARANTY was the most traded stock by value at N314.69million. Market sentiment, as measured by market breadth, was negative with 15 losers against 13 gainers.

The depreciation in the ASI was largely driven by the Industrial Index losing 1.84% on the back of selloffs in DANGCEM (-4.33%) and BUACEMENT (-0.94%). Insurance (-0.63%), Banking (-0.26%) and Consumer Goods (-0.02%) indices all closed in the red, while the Oil & Gas index closed flat.

READ MORE: Asteroids hit hard on Nigerian top stocks, investors lose N161billion

Top gainers

NEIMETH up 10.00% to close at N0.66; NPFMCRFBK up 9.76% to close at N1.35; ETERNA up 9.44% to close at N2.55; CILEASING up 6.25% to close at N5.1, and MAYBAKER up 3.88% to close at N2.68.

Top losers

CAVERTON down 10.00% to close at N2.43; ARBICO 9.73% to close at N2.32; DANGCEM down 4.33% to close at N143.5; BUACEMENT down 0.94% to close at N31.6; and MTNN down 0.36% to close at N111.6.

READ MORE: Vitafoam Nigeria Plc announces closed period for Q1 2020 result

Outlook

Selloffs increased momentum among blue-chip stocks, as profit-taking from the last two sessions increased in. However, Nairametrics advises on picking stocks with good underlying fundamentals, such as those showing high dividend yield, though caution should be taken when making such decisions.

Olumide Adesina is a France-born Nigerian. He is a Certified Investment Trader, with more than 15 years of working expertise in Investment trading. Message Olumide on Twitter @tokunboadesina. He is a Member of the Chartered Financial Analyst Society.

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Business

How FG can implement blockchain technology for efficient service delivery

Blockchain technology is an efficient and cheaper platform for governance as it curbs middlemen and bureaucratic channels, makes processes more effective and adequately reduces fraud.

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KPMG, PwC, Blockchain technology expected to tackle Africa’s challenges across multiple industries

A report on the Nigerian budget by BugIT last week revealed that Nigeria’s 2021 budget had 316 duplicated capital projects totalling N39.5 billion, a 14% increase to the security sector allocation with no audit done in 5 years and many others.

Other discrepancies discovered in the report include ZERO audit records of the N10.02 trillion received by the security sector between 2015 and 2021, a total of 117 federal agencies received allocations for “Security Votes” worth N24.3 billion despite many of these agencies already having allocations for “Security Charges” to cover each agency’s security needs, etc. These figures show that the government is permitting multiple leakages in its budget despite falling crude oil revenues and rising debt to revenue ratio.

The damning report was a catalyst for Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) to petition President Muhammadu Buhari to probe the reported N39.5 billion duplicated and mysterious projects inserted into the 2021 budget.

The Election problem

Nigeria also lacks transparency in her electoral process resulting in voter apathy, rigging and other forms of electoral fraud, post-election violence, and post-election litigations. The ugly situation is not lost on the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) which has called for better use of technology in the conduct of elections, stating that the introduction of technology would enhance the credibility of elections in Nigeria. The electoral umpire has also alluded to working with the National Assembly to introduce reforms to Nigeria’s Electoral Act.

“There is a need to introduce further technology to enhance the credibility of the elections that we are going to conduct in 2023. That explains why INEC intends to introduce new technology in the revalidation of register, that we have been putting in place since 2010-2011. The way forward is to introduce technology and ensure the register is credible and 2023 elections reflect this credibility and that election are better,” INEC said.

Can Blockchain offer this technology for transparent service delivery?

According to euromoney.com, a blockchain is essentially a digital ledger of transactions that is duplicated and distributed across the entire network of computer systems on the blockchain. Each block in the chain contains a number of transactions, and every time a new transaction occurs on the blockchain, a record of that transaction is added to every participant’s ledger.

The decentralised database managed by multiple participants makes blockchain technology a system that is difficult to change, hack, falsify or defraud.

In 2018, Sierra Leone became the first country in West Africa to conduct an election with the aid of the Blockchain, recording votes at 70% of the polling to the blockchain, a first of its kind to prevent electoral fraud.

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Sierra Leone wishes to create an environment of trust with the voters in a contentious election, especially looking at how the election will be publicly viewed post-election. By using blockchain as a means to immutably record ballots and results, the country hopes to create legitimacy around the election and reduce fall-out from opposition parties,” the developer, Agora said in a statement.

“Blockchain is the only technology that has been created which can provide an end-to-end verifiable and fully-transparent voting solution for the future” they added.

Perhaps, Blockchain is proof that it may indeed be possible to “ innovate to prosperity” using technology, especially in low trust societies like Nigeria bedevilled with poor public accounting and electoral processes.

This position is supported in a report by Northwestern University, citing that Blockchain’s smart contracts can improve efficiency in emerging markets like Nigeria.

“Blockchain technology has the potential to eliminate one of the most significant barriers to economic growth through private business transactions in developing countries—lack of trust,” the report said.

“Developing countries often lack effective or transparent institutions and are frequently plagued with corruption that weakens substantially their level of security in economic transactions.

First, because blockchain uses an open architecture, all transactions are publicly accessible, immutable, and verifiable by anyone. This helps to eliminate corruption and fraud from the transaction. Second, because all smart contract transactions are recorded along a blockchain and cannot be modified ex-post, a permanent and publicly accessible ledger is available to shed any doubt about payments or other transactions throughout the process. And third, because blockchain systems are automated, security in the enforcement mechanism is all but guaranteed. For instance, failure to deliver goods by a set time will automatically trigger a default clause that transmits payment of liquidated damages to the injured party without the intervention of a judge or arbitrator,” the report added.

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Basically, the report suggests that if the Nigerian government pursues a policy on total efficiency in service delivery, blockchain could be the best alternative for the nation as it reduces corruption and fraud in multiple government sectors.

Olumide Adesina, a financial market analyst and Yahoo Finance Contributor says implementing a blockchain-driven service delivery model would make governance cheaper and reduce corruption.

“A blockchain is simply a digital ledger that records information on the network in such a way that it is almost impossible to forge, hack and manipulate despite being open source,” he said.

“This is an efficient and cheaper platform for governance as it curbs middlemen and bureaucratic channels, makes processes more effective and adequately reduces fraud,” he added.

Would the CBN’s crypto ban affect blockchain’s use in governance?

“The CBN ban has little or no effect on the blockchain, as its statutory powers only excluded Nigerian financial institutions from relating to Crypto Exchanges and platforms,” Adesina said.

Bottomline

The report of over N39 billion in duplicate expenses shows that even in a period of revenue decline, the government is struggling with curbing corruption in various sectors. The implementation of technology-backed solutions will not only save the nation from resource pilfering and wastage, but it will also be vital in electing credible government officials to oversee proper, efficient service delivery and governance.

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Corporate Press Releases

Asharami Energy’s graduate program targets future Upstream experts

Application for the program kicks off on Friday, 7th May 2021 and closes on Monday, 17th May 2021.

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Asharami Energy, a Sahara Group Upstream company, has commenced its 2021 Graduate Trainee Program that is geared towards enhancing the sustainability and future of the sector through training of exceptional young talent.

Henry Menkiti, Chief Operating Officer, Asharami Energy, said the widely sought-after program has been instrumental to the transformation of young engineers and others professionals into top talent across the value chain at Sahara Group. “At the heart of our operations lies unrivaled engineering expertise that is driven by innovation, responsible engineering, and an unwavering commitment to improvements aligned with global environmental, social and Corporate governance standards. The Graduate Trainee Program is for enthusiastic and future thinking individuals desirous of becoming future leaders in the oil and gas sector,” he said.

Ivie Imasogie-Adigun, Group Head, HR at Sahara Group said the program resonates with Sahara’s human capital transformation strategy aimed at building a leading, nimble and agile organisation for optimal performance.

Imasogie-Adigun said the program gives graduate trainees exposure to top-level responsibility early in their careers, with ample opportunity to hone their potential across the Upstream value chain. “Sahara’s Graduate Trainee Programs are deliberately innovative and disruptive as we are always ahead on the curve of making a difference. The program has over the years produced outstanding business leaders at Sahara and I enjoin graduates to apply for an opportunity to commence their journey towards excellence in the Upstream sector. ”

Application for the program kicks off on Friday, 7th May 2021 and closes on Monday, 17th May 2021. It is open to candidates with a Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering, Applied & Social Sciences with a minimum of Second-Class Honors (Upper Division) and NYSC discharge certificate. Applicants can follow Sahara Group on twitter and Instagram @iamsaharagroup for more information on the Graduate Trainee Programs.

Asharami Energy is one Africa’s leading independent Exploration and Production (E&P) Companies with a diverse portfolio of 8 (eight) oil and gas assets in prolific basins across Africa. Asharami Energy Limited and Sahara Energy Fields Holdings UK Limited are the entities at the forefront of Sahara’s upstream operations.

These assets are at various stages of development ranging from exploratory fields to mature producing fields with huge potential for positive returns.

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