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Quoted Companies post N4.2 trillion combined profits since 2015

Listed companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange posted a combined profit after tax of about N4.2 trillion between 2015 and 2018.

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stock, shares, Equity Market down by 0.6% on Monday, Quoted Companies post N4.2 trillion combined profits since 2015, Stockbrokers in Lagos are shifting focus to commodities as stocks underperform, Stock Market gains N204 billion, as effects of OMO restriction kicks in , Penalties: NSE makes over N143.6 million from banks, real sector in 2019 , These companies could soon be delisted from the Nigerian Stock Exchange , C&I Leasing, Oando, UBA, two others top gainers chart on Wednesday, 2020 Nigerian Equities Outlook: Breaking the Jinx?, LASACO, AIICO lead gainers on Wednesday, as bourse dips 0.91% , MTN, Zenith, GTBank lead actively traded stocks on Thursday , Equities: Bearish trades cost the Stock Market N403.02 billion in one week, Blue chips outperform, as All-Share Index up by 9.2% since OMO ban 

Listed companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange posted a combined profit after tax of about N4.2 trillion between 2015 and 2018. The companies also reported tax expenses of about N804.7 billion during the 4-year period. Total revenues during this period were also N36.8 trillion. Nigeria’s President Buhari has been in office since 2015 and presided over the economy during this period.

The data looks at results released over the last 4 quarters for publicly listed companies on the Nigerian Stock Exchange for the combined years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. Some of the increase in revenues recorded over the period was also a result of new listing and not necessarily due to organic growth. This is the breakdown;

Total returns
Quoted Companies results between 2015 - 2018.

Quoted Companies results between 2015 – 2018.

What this means: Over the last 4 years, Nigeria has suffered a drastic recession that reduced growth to an average of 2% per annum. The inflation rate has remained doggedly at double digits, while interest rates remain very high. Government revenues have also fallen significantly during the period and are now accompanied by rising debts and debt service to revenue ratio. Despite strong economic head and tailwinds, it appears that Nigerian companies have continued to perform against all odds and grow their topline revenues.

Important to note that the Nigerian Stock Exchange market capitalization of N13 trillion is about 10% of GDP and does not account for non-listed companies as well as the informal sector. However, it is an important barometer for how the economy has faired over the first 4 years of the Buhari Administration. Because the data is based on revenues from listed companies an important metric to gauge performance will be the profit margin. The data shows profit margin has risen from 10% in 2015 to 15% in 2018. This means companies have kept a higher percentage of their revenues as profits.

[READ MORE: 5 Nigerian companies with a combined market value of 5% of Nigeria’s GDP]

Annual returns

2015: Companies reported a combined profit of N728.5 billion out of a revenue of N7.6 trillion, representing a 9.6% profit margin. Revenue was dominated by the Consumer Goods and Financial Services sector with a combined N4.9 trillion. As expected banks led the way. COnglomerates continue to struggle, keeping just 1% of revenues as profits. We also see recorded losses for the ICT, OIL ad Gas and Services Sectors, in line with negative GDP recorded over the same period.

Quoted Companies results for the 2015 Financial Year.

Quoted Companies results for the 2015 Financial Year.

2016: This was the year Nigeria got into a crushing recession. Profit was N727.5 billion and revenues, N8.7 trillion. The total profit margin dropped to 8%. Despite the recession, Nigerian banks earned N4 trillion growing by over N400 billion year on year and accounting for much of the revenues. The construction and real estate sector joined the ICT, Oil and Gas and services sectors in recording losses.

Quoted Companies results for the 2016 Financial Year

Quoted Companies results for the 2016 Financial Year

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2017: Nigeria got out of recession in 2017. During the year, companies reported a total turnover of N9.59 trillion and profits of N1.1 trillion. The profit margin was 12%. Agriculture and Financial services led the way with double-digit margins. The Agricultural sector is dominated by the likes of Okomu Oil and Presco Plc.

As Nigerian climbed out of recession, Conglomerates and the Natural Resources sector joined the ICT sector with losses. We also observed that the Oil and Gas sector reported an 8% profit margin as global oil prices picked up.

Quoted Companies results for the 2017 Financial Year

Quoted Companies results for the 2017 Financial Year

2018: Profit margin improved to N15% at the end of the financial year, with profits rising to N1.6 trillion. Total revenues also hit and crossed the N1 trillion mark, closing at about N10.8 trillion for the year under review. The banking sector alone contributed N4.1 trillion of the revenues in gross earnings. They also reported a profit margin of 21%. The industrial goods sector, dominated by Dangote Cement, also reported a profit margin of 30%.

Only the real estate sector and services reported losses during the year. The sector also posted revenues of just N201.8 billion from N147 billion in 2015 indicative of how poor growth has been for a sector typically pivotal to economic growth in many countries. The Agricultural Sector also reported an impressive 25% profit margin as Okomu Oil and Presco benefit from the government’s agro policies.

Quoted Companies results for the 2018 Financial Year

Quoted Companies results for the 2018 Financial Year

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[READ ALSO: Some important tips for companies in view of Customer Service Week 2019]

The Future of Nigerian Stock Exchange

At a revenue of N10.8 trillion, Nigerian stocks revenue to GDP is about 8%, one of the lowest in the world. Stocks also have a market cap of about N13 trillion, just 20% more than its revenue (1.2x). Stocks are also priced 8x earnings based on combined profits of N1.6 trillion. We expect revenues for 2019 to be significantly higher with the listing of MTN and Airtel which could boost revenue by over N1.5 trillion.

The Nigerian Stock Exchange has struggled to attract multinationals and large corporations over the years relying on government moral suasion to achieve major listings. For example to major IOC is listed on the country’s bourse while local startups that have achieved maturity stages will rather list abroad than list in Nigeria. Jumia for example, listed on the NYSE and Interswitch is expected to list on the London Exchange. Several reasons for the lack of significant listing is mainly attributed to how shallow the stock market has been over the years.

Retail investor participation is at multi-year lows and the ever reliant foreign investors have reduced their exposure to Nigeria due to its economic policies. Company list on stock markets if they believe their valuations can be rightly priced and can attract significant liquidity and capital whenever they need to. Some analysts believe it could be incredibly onerous to raise as much as $1 billion in equities through the Nigerian Stock Exchange.

Nairametrics Research team tracks, collates, maintains and manages a rich database of macro-economic and micro-economic data from Nigeria and Africa. Our analysts share some of the data collated on Nairametrics, using formats such as docs, tables and charts etc. The team also publishes research based analysis as articles on a regular basis.

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Merger, Tax incentive boosts BUA Cement FY 2019 result

BUA Cement Plc recently released financials reveal a 47.5% increase in revenues of N175.52 billion up from N119 billion in 2018.

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BUA Cement gives succour to host communities in Edo

One of the industries set to experience the downsides of the Covid-19 pandemic is the construction industry. Given the slowdown in construction activities as a result of the lockdowns and constrained economic activities, the reasons are not farfetched.

Prior to the outbreak of the pandemic, Globe Newswire had predicted an accelerated growth pace of the global construction industry from 2.6% in 2019 to 3.1% in 2020. This growth has now been revised to 0.5%. What is even more daunting is that the revised growth rate is based on the assumption that the outbreak will be contained across all major markets by the end of the second quarter of 2020.

It is only after that (including freedom of movement in H2 2020) that events could facilitate reverting to the normal course of activities to foster businesses in the industry like BUA Cement or those that depend on it to restart activities.

Nigeria’s third-largest cement company, BUA Cement Plc, however, still has its 2019 victories in order. Involved in the manufacturing and sales of cement, BUA Cement has 3 major subsidiaries and plants in Northern and Southern Nigeria.

(READ MORE:Update: BUA Cement Plc lists N1.18 trillion shares on NSE)

With a market capitalisation of N1.18 trillion ($3.3 billion), BUA is the third most capitalised company on the NSE. Its recently released financials reveal a 47.5% increase in revenues of N175.52 billion up from N119 billion in 2018.

Kalambaina Cement Line 2, BUA Group, Kalambaina Cement, CCNN, Merger, Tax Incentive Boost BUA Cement FY 2019 Results

The company’s profits also increased by 69.1% from N39.17 billion in 2018 to N66.24 billion in 2019. Core operating performance was strong, and this was supported by strong cement sales in the domestic market, impairment writes back, and other income.

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The main reason for the company’s increased earnings is from the cost synergy and increased revenue as a result of the merger that took place between CCNN Plc and Obu Cement Company Limited.

There was also a striking jump in its income statement on its tax for the year. For FY 2019, it incurred a tax expense of N5.6 billion, in comparison to the N24.9 billion tax credit it received in FY 2018.

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This was as a result of a reversal of previous tax provision made on Obu Line 1; it received approvals for an extension of the company’s pioneer status on Obu line-1 and Kalambaina line-2 in February 2020, to leave effective tax rate at just over 8% in 2019. The pioneer status will help the company save funds that will otherwise have been spent on higher taxes.

(READ MORE:Dangote Cement to access more debt funding)

BUA reported an impressive FY’19 result. Its performance shows the growing strength of the company and its increasing market share. On the back of the strong performance, management declared an N1.75 dividend per share that translates to a dividend yield of 5.5% on current prices.

Cash flow position was also robust with a strong closing cash balance – from N2.8 billion in 2018 to N15.6 billion as at year ended 2019. The company’s growth, as well as the impact of its merger, present a great buy opportunity of the highly capitalized, low-cost stock. As of today when the market closed (21st May) its share price stood at N35.60 from a 52-week range of N27.6 and N41.

READ ALSO: COVID-19: Best and worst case scenarios for the Nigerian economy

What we see is a great growth stock further heightened by the population expansion and increased urbanization. However, we expect the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic to be felt from the Q1 results of the company.

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The industry could slow down for the year as the level of commercial construction also slows down. Yet the best part of holding stocks like this is that even with stalled operations for a period, a resurgence will always emerge.

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Analysis: Airtel Nigeria is winning where it matters

Airtel has left no stones unturned in ensuring that its provisions are top-shelf – subscribers to the network, of course will have their own ideas.  

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Analysis: Airtel Nigeria is winning where it matters.

Airtel might have won our hearts over with internet-war adverts starring our favourite tribal in-laws, but its fundamentals are what will make us the bucks that keep us happy. Airtel Africa Ltd is a subsidiary of Indian telecoms group, Bharti Airtel Ltd; the group has left no stones unturned in ensuring that its provision of prepaid plans, credit transfers, mobile internet services, messaging, roaming facilities and more, are top-shelf – subscribers to the network, of course, will have their own ideas.

Since last year when Airtel Nigeria became the second telecommunication company in Nigeria listed on the NSE, the company has experienced a steady level of growth. With a presence in 14 African countries, the group’s strength lies in its diversity with stronger companies mitigating the poor performances of others.

Performance Overview: Airtel Africa 

Airtel Africa’s report for the year ended March 2020, revenue jumped by 10.9% from $3.1 billion at the year ended 2019 to $3.4 billion in 2020. The consolidated profit before tax also jumped by 71.8% from $348 million in 2019 to $598 million in 2020. However, profit for the period dropped by 4.23% with earnings of $408 million in 2020 from the $426 million it had earned in 2019. A reason for this is the tax figure that moved from a credit of $78 million in 2019 to tax payments as high as $190 million in 2020. Total assets also jumped by 2.41% from 2019’s value of $9.1 billion to $9.3 billion in 2020 primarily as a result of their acquisition of more property, plant, and equipment (PPE). The total customer base grew by 9.3% to 99.7 million for the year ended.

Full Report here.

Revenue growth of 10.9% was driven by double-digit growth in Nigeria and East Africa. However, the rest of its African operations experienced a decline in revenue. Its success in Nigeria is especially commendable, considering the fact that the company lost more than 100,000 subscribers in Nigeria between December 2019 and January 2020. Raghunath Mandava, Chief Executive Officer, remarked that the results which were in line with the group’s expectations, “are clear evidence of the effectiveness of our strategy across Voice, Data and Mobile Money.”

(READ MORE: NCDC and NNPC-IPPG reinforce #TakeResponsibility theme with multi-lingual campaign)

Behind The Numbers – Nigeria

Airtel Nigeria’s performance indicates the company is making the right calls in a very competitive industry. Nigerians are fickle when it comes to data and voice but will spend if the service is right. The company grew its data revenue by a whopping 58% to $435 million a sign that its strategy to focus on data is working. Voice Revenues for the year was up 15% to $850 million. In total, Airtel Nigeria’s revenue was up 24.4% to $1.37 billion. Ebitda margin, a number closely watched by foreign investors 54.2% from 49% a year earlier. Operating profit for the year ended also jumped by 52.6% for the year from 2019 and 32.4% from Q1 2019. Total customer base in Nigeria also grew by 12.5%.

Regulation forces Airtel Africa to initiate shares listing in Malawi , Analysis: Airtel Nigeria is winning where it matters.

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Nigeria is surely critical to Airtel Africa’s future seeing that it contributes about one-third of its revenue. Recent results thus indicate it is winning where it matters most and it must continue to stay this way if it desires to survive a brutal post-COVID-19 2020. Telcos are expected to be among the winners as Nigerians rely more on data to work remotely but there are other players in this game. Concerning the impact of the pandemic, he explained that at the time of the approval of the Group Financial Statements, the group has not experienced any material impact arising from the impact of COVID-19 on its business.

On cash flows…

The group has also taken measures to enhance its liquidity. The CEO explained that it is moving its focus to enhance liquidity towards meeting possible contingencies.

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“Having considered business performance, free cash flows, liquidity expectation for the next 12 months together with its other existing drawn and undrawn facilities, the group cancelled the remaining USD 1.2 billion New Airtel Africa Facility. As part of this evaluation, the group has further considered committed facilities of USD 814 million as of date authorisation of financial statements, which should take care of the group’s cash flow requirement under both base and reasonable worst-case scenarios.”

To this end, they have put in the required strategies to preserve its cash as its cash and cash equivalents, consequently, jumped by 19.1%.

(READ MORE: COVID-19: MTN says it has put strict measures in place to preserve resources)

Buying opportunity

Investors looking at this impressive result will be wondering if this portends a buying opportunity. Airtel Nigeria closed at N298 on Friday and has remained at this price for about a month. The stock is quite illiquid and is not readily available to buy.

It’s the price to earnings ratio of 4.56x makes it quite attractive. Further highlighting this opportunity is its price-to-book ratio which is as low as 0.5273, suggesting that the stock could be undervalued. Whether it is available to be bought, is anyone’s guess.

 

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Analysis: Nestlé strong but exposed.

Being a market leader is great, but in times of economic despair, it can quickly turn you into prey.

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Why Nestle Nigeria’s return remains strong - EFG Hermes, Nestle Nigeria Plc appoints new Director, Nestle Plc: FY 2019 Revenue beats estimate; but profit underperforms, GTB, Zenith Bank, & Nestle emerge as Renaissance Capital’s top stock picks

With about six decades of being the choice companion for families within Nigeria and the diaspora, Nestlé Nigeria Plc has positioned itself as one of the largest food and beverage companies on the continent. Owing to the expansive growth of Nigeria’s population – one projected to reach 300 million by the year 2030, as well as the growing middle class, the FMCG sector has a very positive outlook.

Consequently, Nestle’s leadership in the industry and its huge market size expectedly gives it a huge advantage. However, with the global economy barely racing against the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, even the brimming FMCG sector will experience its own level of disruption.

Nestle’s recently released Q1 2020 financials reveal a revenue decline of 0.9%, as it dropped to a marginal ₦70.33 billion from the ₦70.97 billion turnover it garnered in Q1 2019. The profit before tax also experienced an 8.7% drop while the profit after tax had a 12.84% drop, both yielding ₦17.5 billion and ₦11.2 billion respectively, for the first quarter of this year. This is predominantly owing to its increased losses from its overseas activities.

READ ALSO: Italy to invest in Nigeria’s agric sector

The company procures all of its raw materials on a commercial basis from overseas and local suppliers; consequently, the percentage of its supplies dependent on international suppliers had a negative impact on its Q1 2020 financials. Its profits were plagued by a foreign exchange loss of ₦154.7 million from ₦18.9 million, an even higher loss of 720.6%. While the company did not disclose the value of its export revenue, we believe it too might have suffered from reduced exportation in the latter part of the quarter.

The group has since been taking on expansionary projects, such as its launch of a second beverage production plant in Ogun State in February of 2018. The company, on a continuous basis, explores the use of local raw materials in its production processes, contributing its own quota to the Nigerian economy.

READ MORE: Polaris Bank’s profit rises to N26.2 billion from N2.8 billion

Just last week, Nestlé’s stocks went up 2.56% to close at ₦1000, a price it still currently holds today after markets closed. Its price to earnings ratio is 18 and its earnings per share (EPS) of 55.54, signal an investor sentiment of confidence. However, its high price to book ratio of 13.9865 reveals that the company is slightly overvalued and its price of ₦1000 makes it attractive primarily to institutional investors that can afford to purchase large volumes of the stock enough to benefit from its steady growth in value. The company had proposed a dividend payout of ₦45 per share. This also comes after paying ₦25 per share interim dividends earlier. Its dividend yield at the time of writing this is 7%, further heightening the possibilities for the income investor.

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While the company has strong fundamentals governed predominantly by its position as a market leader, its years of experience, and its existence in the FMCG sector, it too might not have a smooth sail in the coming quarter. Its overseas business from both the supply and the demand sides are expected to experience a further decline, ultimately resulting in an even lower relative turnover and lower earnings.

READ MORE: Cadbury Nigeria reports N638.9 million profit for Q1 2020

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We also expect the decline in average disposable income of Nigerians from loss of jobs and an overall wariness of the economic impact of the pandemic, to further drive down turnover; however, sound operational efficiencies and cost control/ profit strategies by the group could ease the burden. The company fundamentals remain strong but its exposure to consumer disposable income remains a major concern. There is always a cheaper alternative and when your pocket empties your choice for cheaper substitutes swells.

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