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Debt Securities

How to invest in treasury bills even if you don’t have N50 million

How to invest in treasury bills even if you don’t have N50 million

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Treasury, bills, calendar, Central Bank

Nairametrics| The Federal Government in March 2017 increased the minimum amount required to partake in its biweekly treasury bills auction from N10,000 to N50 million. This announcement means, retail investors can no longer participate in the primary market for treasury bills.

In place of treasury bills, the government introduced the FGN Savings bonds, which offers smaller investable sums but unfortunately does not offer the same lucrative yield as the Treasury Bills. The FGN Savings bond also has a longer tenor being that it is two years and three years, compared to treasury bills that has a maximum tenor of 364 days (one year).

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FGN Savings, is also a bond and includes risk of being priced lower assuming you wish to invest in the short-term and sell before the tenor expires. Treasury bills are easier and a simpler form of investing, thus its popularity.

We explained the difference between the FGN Savings bond and treasury bills in the article.

With this new directive, most Nigerians without the financial muscle to invest in treasury bills, find themselves in a state of quagmire. But there is a way out.

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How to invest

Fortunately, you can still afford investing in treasury bills if you do not have up to N50 million. This is because Banks have designed products that pool funds from customers, which they can then use to invest in treasury bills.

[Read more: Nigerian Treasury Bills: Learn everything about Tbills]

How it works

  • Banks can pool small sums of money from their customers into a portfolio that is at least more than the minimum required N50 million.
  • Funds are pooled in line with the tenors three months, nine months and one year respectively.
  • The funds once pooled are invested under a collective fund, owned by the banks on behalf of investors in the pool.
  • They then apply to bid for treasury bills through the Central Bank of Nigeria.
  • Interest earned from the fund is shared equally to all fund contributors based on their individual contributions.
  • For example, if you invested N100,000 in a pool that invested in a 364 day treasury bill that pays 18% interest rate, the bank will pay you N18,000 as your gross interest earned. If your friend also invested in that same pool, but invested N2 million, your friend will get N260,000.
  • Banks will typically charge a fee for this service. The amount charged ranges from bank to bank, so you will have to confirm with your bank what the fee is.

[Read Also: How to choose between investing in bond funds, money market funds or savings bonds]

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How do I apply

  • Approach your bank and ask to invest in treasury bills using the pool option
  • They will give you a form and you will fill the amount that you wish to invest.
  • You will also indicate whether you want to buy in the primary or secondary market. They work differently (see explanation below)
  • You will give the bank an authority to debit your account and give the bank fiduciary responsibility invest the fund on your behalf
  • Once done, you submit the form and await a debit alert
  • The next alert you will receive will be a credit alert. If your investment was successful (that is, your pool qualified for subscription via the CBN), you will get an alert of the interest payment. This usually occurs within 3 days of the conclusion of the bid.
  • If your bid was unsuccessful, you will also receive an alert, this time with the full amount invested net any fees or charges from the bank. You will not get interest because your pool’s subscription was unsuccessful.

[Calculate Treasury Bills]

Primary bid

  • Primary bids occur when the bank includes your investment in a pool that is buying treasury bills directly from the CBN.
  • In a primary bid, you buy directly from the CBN via your bank’s pool, for a 91 days, 182 days or 364 days auction.
  • If you decide not to hold to maturity, you can sell your right in the pool to another investor.
  • However, you forfeit interest not earned to your buyer.

Secondary bid

  • You can also invest in treasury bills by buying from the bank or someone in a pool who is not willing to stay through the end of the tenor of an auction.
  • In this bid, you can get between 90 days and 364 days. It can be 60 days, 75 days, 107 days etc. Just whatever is left of the tenor in the pool you bought into.
  • Banks keep records of all buyers, so they are good at working these things out.
  • You can also sell, if you do not want to wait out the investment.

[Read Also: Official: Nigerian Treasury bills calendar for September – November 2019]

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Patricia

Ugo Obi-chukwu "Ugodre" is a chartered accountant with over 16 years experience in financial management, corporate finance and financial analysis. He is also a retail investor and a personal finance advocate with over a decade experience investing in the Nigerian stock market. Ugo is the founder/Publisher of Nairametrics and blogs regularly on the website.

9 Comments

9 Comments

  1. teingo

    May 11, 2017 at 3:02 pm

    I would like to know how interest rates are computed. Assuming one buys for 3 or 6 months tenor, how does the one year interest rate apply? Will it be the same amount for 3, 6, 9 & 12 months temors or the interest for one year has to be pro rated to the number of months?

  2. teingo

    May 11, 2017 at 7:11 pm

    Assuming Treasury bill is bought via secondary mkt will interest be the same?

  3. Anonymous

    May 14, 2017 at 10:40 pm

    Most commercial banks keep customers fund for too long before investing it in T.Bills. The story is that they bid but did not scale through. They earn float income on the funds.

  4. TUNDE OKE

    June 20, 2017 at 12:08 pm

    Honestly I appreciate you works and comments both online and on radio.
    Cheers

  5. Oladele Ebenezer

    June 19, 2018 at 4:59 pm

    what happens to my T-Bills investment if the commercial bank that helped purchased from secondary market collapsed

  6. Anonymous

    July 26, 2019 at 6:29 pm

    can I apply with 100k

    • Alfred Akuki

      July 26, 2019 at 9:37 pm

      Some banks do accept N100,000 as the minimum for their pooling system for Treasury Bills, so, that is a YES!

  7. Bolaji

    October 15, 2019 at 11:16 pm

    If Iinstructed an Investment Manager which is not a commercial bank to invest my money in treasury bill, how can I be sure that the firm truly invest my money in Treasury bill and not something else with high risk?

  8. Okodugha Odion

    December 29, 2019 at 6:22 pm

    Can a #100,000 be used for my investment on T-bill?

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Debt Securities

FMDQ admits Axxela funding of N11.5 billion bond on its platform

FMDQ explained that Axxela Funding 1 PLC is a special purpose vehicle incorporated by Axxela Limited.

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AFEX to partner with FMDQ and Dubai Commodities Exchange

The FMDQ Group, through its subsidiary, FMDQ Security Exchange Limited, has admitted the Axxela Funding 1 PLC N11.50 billion Series 1 Bond on its platform.

According to News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), this was disclosed by the FMDQ Group in a statement that was issued on Thursday, July 9, 2020, in Lagos.

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The statement explained that FMDQ admitted the N11.5 billion Series 1 Bond, which is under the Axxela Funding N50 billion bond programme on its platform.

FMDQ explained that Axxela Funding 1 PLC is a special purpose vehicle (SPV) incorporated by Axxela Limited to raise funds through the issuance of debt securities in the domestic capital market.

READ MORE: Nigeria’s Capital Market: Equities, ETFs, Bonds and Beyond

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According to the statement, “Axxela Limited, owned by Helios Investment Partners, is a natural gas shipping company on the West African Gas Pipeline, providing unique energy solutions with presence in Nigeria and gas export operations in neighbouring West African countries.

“The admittance of the Axxela bond is testament to the opportunities which the Nigeria Debt Market Capital (DCM) avails to corporates in diverse business areas and further, to the potential of the market to support stakeholders effectively even as they carry on their activities in the face of the pandemic.

“The Axxela bond, by its listing on FMDQ, shall be admitted onto the FMDQ Daily Quotations List; thus, promoting the much-needed transparency for investors and providing a credible basis for portfolio valuation daily.

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“Also, through the global visibility which the FMDQ website and systems guarantee, the corporate profile of the issuer is raised even further ahead of tapping into other opportunities in the Nigerian capital market.”

READ ALSO: NSE’s Oscar Onyema urges market operators to explore opportunities in Finance Act

The FMDQ in its statement revealed that the Nigerian Debt Capital Market plays an important role in the efficient mobilization and allocation of resources in the economy. Despite the impact of the current economic crisis, the market had continued to effectively support corporate firms looking to expand their business operations.

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Therefore, the FMDQ, in its role as a market organizer of the Nigerian Debt Capital Market, amongst others, has continued to provide stakeholders in the Nigerian capital market with a credible and robust platform for capital access, risk management and transfer of value.

This means that Axxela Series 1 Funding will have the opportunity to global visibility through FMDQ Exchange’s website and systems.

The Series 1 bond would be included in FMDQ Daily Quotations List, in order to ensure and maintain information transparency.

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Debt Securities

Covid-19: Companies raise N222 billion in capital during lockdown

Corporate organizations successfully raised at least N222.6 billion from the 24th of March till date.

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Covid-19: SBM Intel lists out industries that may be out of business post Coronavirus

The COVID-19 pandemic is unarguably the greatest disruption of recent times. Not only has the world been faced with the existence of a real-life plague, but its impact has also been felt across industries, economies, markets, and more. Yet, corporate organizations successfully raised at least N222.6 billion from the 24th of March till date, covering the toughest periods of the economic impact of the pandemic itself as well as the pandemic-induced lockdown.

Across the world, businesses and companies alike have sought out ways to curb the menace that is the pandemic through the introduction of cost-cutting measures to withstand the storm. However, in the midst of this, an array of companies have also sought out ways to raise finance to ensure their sustainability while also leveraging the relatively cheap opportunity to raise capital.

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READ ALSO: NSE promotes gold as viable option in the current investment landscape

Increase in Listing

Data from the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) reveals corporate bodies and the government have raised capital and facilitated secondary market trading activities worth over N1.8 trillion. A number of securities have also been listed on FMDQ. Methods used cut across Rights Issues, private placements, bond listings, etc., and they have been supposedly geared towards supporting working capital needs of the organizations, facilitating business expansion and more.

Listings over the period include; LAPO Microfinance Bank’s bond worth N6.2 Billion, NewGold ETF valued at N7 Billion, UACN Property Development Plc’s N16 Billion Rights Issue, Dangote Cement Plc’s bond worth N100 Billion, FBNQuest Merchant Bank’s Series-1 N5Bn Bond, Flour Mills’ N30 Billion Series 13 & 14 Commercial Paper programme, Primero BRT Securitisation SPV Plc bond worth N16.1Bn Bond, and the Golden Guinea Breweries Plc’s private placement of N1.2 Billion. Also listed are MTN Nigeria Communications plc’s proposed series of N50 billion and Transcorp Hotel’s N10 billion Rights Issue.

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In addition to this, several Government Bonds worth over N797 Billion have also been listed within the past few months. Other companies have also listed capital financial issues include Guinness Nigeria (N5 billion) and United Capital (N20 billion) through commercial papers, also offering low-interest rates to suit the overall trajectory of the economy.

READ MORE: Lafarge Africa hits 5 year low as NSE ends week in the red

The amounts raised

Of the various amounts listed over the same period, Flour Mills has raised N7 billion. FBNQuest Merchant Bank’s 5 billion issuance was 2.3 times oversubscribed but news reports are not clear as to how much was actually received; UACN Property Development raised N16 billion; Dangote Cement was 1.5 times oversubscribed, raising N155 billion; The Golden Guinea Breweries, Primero BRT Securitisation SPV, and NewGold ETF were all 100% subscribed at  N1.2 billion, N16.1 billion, and N7 billion respectively. United Capital raised N5.3 billion in Commercial paper issuance and N10 billion in its Series 1 Bond issuance, and LAPO Microfinance is ongoing. This brings the total amount raised in the period to at least, N222.6 billion.

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The attraction with raising capital in a COVID-19 era

The pandemic has brought about the world’s worst statistics and Nigeria is no exception with rising inflation juxtaposed with lower-than-normal interest rates – and that appears to be the catch. A common phenomenon across these bond listings is that many have been oversubscribed despite COVID-19 headwinds. In other words, with very limited opportunities available across markets, investors have rushed at many of these bonds at their comparatively low coupon rates. Given that these investments are locked at fixed interest rates, companies now have the opportunity to piggyback growth strategies on affordable capital raising. With investors, on the other hand, grappling for opportunities to shield their funds from inflation, the situation appears to take the semblance of a win-win situation.

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Debt Securities

Why interest rates on treasury bills, bonds crashed

The yoyo between debt and equity is likely to ensue as uncertainty remains in the forex market.

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Why interest rates on treasury bills, bonds crashed

The Nigerian debt market has been faced with a series of challenges, most of which were triggered by the worst pandemic recorded in human history Its prospects in attracting foreign portfolio investors were dampened as macros on Nigeria’s economy revealed a downtrend in the market, and this trend has only worsened in the past months. 

The fixed income market sustained its downward trajectory for the third consecutive month in June 2020 largely driven by excess liquidity as well as an overall scarcity of instruments in the market. Reports from several analysts indicate the demand for fixed income securities has increased considerably over the last 6 months driving down interest rates earned by investors. 

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Victor Silas an Investment analyst told Nairametrics about the OMO bills liquidity for the month of June. He said“For June, fixed income rates were liquidity-driven following the ban of locals from OMO and limited investment outlets. OMO bills maturities are creating more liquidity for locals and it is finding its way to the bond market and Treasury bill.   

READ MORE: How to invest in uncertain times

“The 2050 trading below 11% yield and the 364-day Treasury bill closing at 3.4%. It just tells you there are a lot of liquidity concerns for locals.” 

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Most foreign portfolio investors based abroad are staying out of naira debt dominated securities; this shows that Nigeria’s debt markets are now controlled by local investors.  

Nigeria attracted just $67.9 million in Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) inflow for the month of April 2020, the lowest inflow recorded this year. A cursory look at the Central Bank data shows that FPI sharply reversed from $2.30 billion at the beginning of the year (January) to just $67.9 million inflow in April 2020. Nigeria like most emerging markets relies heavily on foreign portfolio investments to shore up its external reserves and manage its exchange rate position.   

Portfolio inflow into money market instruments fell from N1.6 billion and N1.4 billion in January and February respectively to just N229 billion and N49 million in April and May respectivelyOn the flip side, those that still have their investment stuck in Nigeria, have stayed away from any other type of investment except money market instruments such as bonds and treasury bills.  Most of the investors are waiting patiently for the central bank to fund their dollar purchase so they can exit. 

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READ MORE: Nigeria’s pension contributors add N100billion to pension asset

Issuers Market 

Emmanuel Orji Emerging Market/ Fixed Income Trader, COMERCIO PARTNERS spoke to Nairametrics on the performance of fixed income securities in June. He said;  

“Subsequently, the unexpected reduced sale at the June bond auction of NGN100 billion as against the NGN150 billion originally offered further strengthened the aggressive bullish run in the bond market.  

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“The bond auction closed relatively strong as a result, with a bid to cover ratio of 3.6x and rates declining by 120bps, 70bps, and 45bps to print at 8.00%, 11.00%, and 12.15% across the 3-year, 5-year, and 30-year maturities respectively.  Note: BPS refers to basis points, a financial term for percentages. 100 basis point is equal to 1%. 

READ ALSO: Nigeria’s foreign debt has breached a 15-year trigger

“As a result, yields for the benchmark securities monitored declined across all maturities on a month-on-month basis, with yields of the sovereign bonds with 3-year, 5-year, 10-year and 20-year maturities declining by 332 bps, 138 bps, 96 bps, and 138 bps to close at 5.64%, 7.13%, 9.76%, and 10.05% respectively.  

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“Given the amount of idle PFA cash sitting in bank placement (c. NGN1.5 trillion) and the sudden weakness in demand for equities, we expect the buying interest to persist in the near term, which should drive yields lower in the bonds market.”  

Nigerian fiscal stakeholders have resorted to borrowing domestically as opposed to seeking for funds abroad, another effect of the pandemic. This is expected to lead to an increase in the yields of FGN bonds in the short and mid-term horizon as the inward plan to seek funds locally intensifies. 

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Where this leaves equities  

Concomitantly, the equities market benefitted from the apparent thirst for asset yielding investments in recent months. As yields for safer investment fell, investors shifted to the equities market taking advantage of the earning season often market by dividend payouts. Most stocks paid dividend yields in double digits following the stock market crash in March 2020.  

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But by June the market sell-offs ensued with investors moving funds out to secure stakes in corporate debt securities. The yoyo between debt and equity is likely to ensue as uncertainty remains in the forex market and the country’s stimulus plans.  

Some retail investors who spoke to Nairametrics insist they have abandoned the Nigerian Stock Market preferring to trade in cryptocurrencies or US stocks. The proliferation of intech supported investing apps has made cross border investing easier providing access to market far beyond the shores of Nigeria. 

 

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