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Thanks to the public backlash that heralded the Federal Government’s plan to establish Rural Grazing Area (RUGA) settlements for Fulani herdsmen, President Muhammadu Buhari announced, yesterday, that the plan is hereby suspended.

Why was there ever the need for RUGA? 

The Government’s decision to introduce the RUGA settlement initiative was informed by the seemingly endless dispute between Fulani cattle herdsmen and farmers. As you may well know, the dispute has caused the deaths of thousands of Nigerians.

In defense of the RUGA, the Presidency had promised that the initiative will bring about a drastic reduction in the conflict between herders and farmers. RUGA was also envisaged to boost animal production. But despite these positives, many Nigerians were not quite happy with the move. Little wonder the initiative was met with widespread condemnation. Some Nigerians even alleged that the initiative is a preconceived attempt to “Islmatise” some parts of the country.

President Buhari and his cattle in Daura
President Buhari in Daura

A “No-Good” Policy

Without a doubt, there is a pressing need to amicably resolve the farmers versus herdsmen problem once and for all. However, Nairametrics believes that the RUGA move by the Buhari-led Federal Government could not possibly have been the best solution. This is mainly because the initiative does not make any economic sense. Below are some of the economic blunder the RUGA initiative could have triggered.

[READ FURTHER: REVEALED: Why some states may not get World Bank’s $700 million]

1. First of all, the billions of naira worth of “investments”: Note that the Presidency had earlier made it clear that the National Livestock Transformation Plan (NLTP) which was introduced in June 2018, is not the same as RUGA.

  • The NLTP is a whopping N170 billion initiative by the Federal Government to champion ranching as the way forward for cattle rearing in the country. While this is already huge, more billions will go into RUGA.
  • The billions will be assessed by cattle herders as they are expected to be registered with a cooperative for the purpose of the ranching schemes.
  • Note that according to the Presidency, 13 States are already in the process of implementation of NTLP to transform the livestock production system in Nigeria along a market-oriented value chain while ensuring an atmosphere of peace and justice.

2. Too expensive for the Government to fund: According to statements recently released by the Permanent Secretary of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Mohammed Umar, RUGA settlements have already started springing up. A total of 11 states have so far been designated as pilot states.

  • These states include Sokoto, Adamawa, Nasarawa, Kaduna, Kogi, Taraba, Katsina, Plateau, Kebbi, Zamfara, and Niger.
  • As stated by the Presidency, the RUGA settlement initiative would secure land from “willing states” to build schools, clinics, houses, and other infrastructure which would facilitate the nomads’ settlement in those locations.
  • To say the least, the plan is for these RUGA locations to become mini towns. Providing these facilities will obviously gulp billions of the country’s already depleting revenue.

3. No clear-cut pathway to investment recovery: It is unclear how the Government intended to recoup the billions of naira worth of investments that would have been made if the RUGA initiative had been implemented. In other words, this could as well have been another socialist initiative, characterised by  “Jamboree” money splashing by the Government.

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4. The threat of increased insecurity: There is the probability that the implementation of the RUGA initiative could eventually encourage insecurity. This is because as herdsmen increasingly multiply within communities, the possibility of friction between indigenes and immigrant herdsmen abounds.

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In other words, full-blown conflicts may ensue in some states, especially those whose citizens are were gearing up to vehemently resist the Federal Government’s attempt to secure the states’ lands for herders’ settlements. The sovereignty of states’ lands resides in the state governments who can choose to allocate such lands to the Federal Government.

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In Conclusion…

RUGA’s suspension is a move in the right direction. The Federal Government of Nigeria should probably consider learning a few things from other countries around the world who, through very strategic private sector participation, have been able to turn around their Agric sectors. Typical examples as regards cattle production are Brazil, Israel, Singapore, and Australia.

  • Brazil, for instance, is the world’s highest cattle producer with 1.46 billion herds.
  • Singapore tactfully introduced measures to stop open grazing which has ultimately resulted in the modernization of the country’s cattle industry.
  • Also, Israel is reputed to have the highest milk yield per cow, all thanks to the cutting edge techniques it adopts.

In order for any country to truly diversify its economy, the need to fully engage the private sector can never be undermined. Therefore, it is high time private sector investors are encouraged to tap into the opportunities offered by the cattle industry. The Government’s role here should be to regulate.




  1. The main issue here IS THIS GOVT HAVE A MAJOR ISSUE OF TRUST AND THE NEXT IS TRUST AND ANOTHER IS TRUST,before this ruga IDEA,i did read that this govt will fund this herdmen like they did with small-scale farmer..i thought the govt will give those herdsmen some money to buys some land for their ranching just like Mr buhari,he does have a ranch or not he have have about 189 cows in Daura
    Now no matter,how noble this ruga idea will become,people are kicking against,and the next major issue no herdsman was arrested for any killing,nobody was brought to justice.THIS GOVT IS BRINGING AND CREATING THIS NEW PROBLEM FOR THEMSELVES
    Now we have vigilantes in Taraba and Benue State doing this freelancing killing against herdsmen and their cattle.now this reversal of killing is being done as vegenance,instead of the govt nipping this killing in the bud,they grew into this bigger problem for this govt


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