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BDC Operators just issued a pre-election warning about the exchange rate




Operators of the Bureau De Change in Nigeria have issued a warning about the stability of the Naira as 2019 election activities begin.

The Acting President of The Association of Bureau De Change Operators, Alhaji Gwadabe Aminu, was worried that the elections might have a negative effect on the exchange rate bringing us back to the dark days of foreign exchange volatility.

According to him, the election campaigns could trigger an exit of portfolio investors from the Nigerian Stock Exchange just like it did during the oil price crash, sending Nigeria back again into the dark days of volatility.

They also requested that the CBN includes them in the Investors Exporters window, instead of maintaining them in a different window.

“ABCON is concerned about the multiplicity of foreign exchange windows operated by the CBN and the resultant multiple exchange rate regime in the economy. Africa’s biggest economy has at least six exchange rates ranging from one for Muslim pilgrims going to Saudi Arabia, a retail rate set by licensed BDCs, a rate for foreign travel and school fees, and the official and black market rates.

“The issue of multiple rates is a thing we have been discussing with the CBN. It is not helping a lot of companies to plan. So, we are imploring the CBN who is the custodian of exchange rate management to work towards a single exchange rate that would favour the economy.

They also used the opportunity to announce the anticipated launch of their new website The website is will provide up-to-date foreign exchange rates to their customers and public in general.

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Why it matters?

Election warning

Bureau De Change operators played a major role during the forex crisis of between 2015 and 2017. Their unique role of being the supplier of forex demand for the retail end of the market gives them a first-hand insight of the state of the drivers of forex stability in the economy.

Supply and demand pressures at their end of the supply chain could determine whether it is time to start exiting the stock market and hedging with dollar purchases. We take their word seriously and will be watching this closely.

Getting on I&E Window

Integrating the BDC’s into the I&E window is, in a nutshell, floating the exchange for good since the BDC’s serves a retail market that includes small businesses that are not into foreign portfolio or direct investing or imports as required by the CBN. Currently, the exchange rate at the BDC segment is fixed at N364/$1 with the CBN basically being the sole supplier.

This segment also serves travellers on business and personal trips. Adding this window to the I&E list means Nigerians and small business will be exposed to the forces of demand and supply when it comes to forex purchases and will not be directly subsidised by the CBN. By being subjected to the forces of demand and supply, the exchange rate might rise in the short-term and perhaps stabilise in the long-term as the market matures. It could also mean new regulations being issued by the CBN that guide how this market operates.

Chances of this happening? Very slim, so far as Godwin Emefiele is still at the helm at the CBN and Buhari is still president. They are also not under pressure considering that the external reserve is rising and exchange rate stability has been achieved for over a year. Add to the fact that oil prices have been on the rise.

Naija BDC

Searches for exchange rate rose dramatically during the exchange rate crisis as Nigerians sought for arbitrage opportunities. The gave birth to a number of parallel market exchange rate websites which relied on rates provided by black market operators. Nairametrics also publishes a daily exchange rate tracker.


Nairametrics is Nigeria's top business news and financial analysis website. We focus on providing resources that help small businesses and retail investors make better investing decisions. Nairametrics is updated daily by a team of professionals. Post updated as "Nairametrics" are published by our Editorial Board.

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Economy & Politics

BREAKING: CBN reduces MPR from 12.5% to 11.5%

The Governor of the CBN has announced the reduction of MPR from 12.5% to 11.5%.



CBN Vs NESG: Waving the white flag for the benefit of Nigerians, Exchange Rate Unification: CBN devalues official rate to N380/$1, Nigerian banks have written off N1.9 trillion impaired loans in past 4 years, CBN sandbox operations, Stirling Trust Company Limited

The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has voted to reduce the Monetary policy rate (MPR) from 12.5% to 11.5%. This was disclosed by Governor, CBN, Godwin Emefiele while reading the communique at the end of the MPC meeting on Tuesday.

The committee retained CRR at 27.5% stating that the recent inflationary pressures is not driven by monetary policies, rather as a result of structural policies.

Highlights of the Committee’s decision

  • Reduce the MPR by 100 basis points from 12.5% to 11.5%
  • Retain CRR at 27.5%
  • retain liquidity ratio at 30%

More details shortly …

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FG moves to clamp down on illegal fertilizer manufacturers and agro-dealers 

It is now forbidden for anyone to go into fertilizer business in Nigeria, without registering with the FISSD.



Fertilizer Producers hail FG's total ban on NPK fertilizers

The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has disclosed that anyone caught producing or merchandising adulterated fertilizers, under the new lawwill be jailed. 

This disclosure was made via the Ministry’s official Twitter handle, to the general public, and seen by Nairametrics. 

The announcement notifies the general public that the National Fertilizer Quality Control (NFQC) Act 2019, is to make sure that every farmer has good and efficient fertilizer for their farms, to boost farming harvest and output. 

The ministry reiterated that it is forbidden for anyone to go into fertilizer business in Nigeria, without registering with the Farm Inputs Support Services Department (FISSD) of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. However, anyone caught producing or merchandising adulterated fertilizers will be jailed. 

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This regulation is to address the recurring issues of the effect of substandard fertilizers on farm produceand the market proliferation of adulterated fertilizers in the country, which continues to bedevil farm outputs and harvests in the country. 

Backstory: On the 26th of August, the Permanent Secretary of Agriculture and Rural Development,  Dr. Abdulkadir Mu’azu, reaffirmed the Federal Government’s commitment towards implementing the National Fertilizer Quality Control (NFQC) Act 2019. He ensured that the fertilizer regulatory system is in place, to safeguard the interest of the farmers, as when the regulation is implemented, it will protect farmers from using adulterated fertilizers that are nutrient deficient.  

Why this matters  

This policy is important to safeguard both the interest of the farmers and the members of the public, as the initiative is expected to increase agricultural harvest and productivity, in a bid to make national food security a reality. 

The NFQC Act will safeguard interests of fertilizer enterprises, businesses and agrodealers, as it will create part of the enabling environment for private sector investment in the fertilizer industry, and protect the environment against potential dangers, that may result from market proliferation of adulterated fertilizers and the use of harmful substances in fertilizer. 

The Executive Secretary of FEPSAN, Mr. Gideon Negedu, reiterated that the new National Fertilizer Quality Control Act 2019, is a game-changer for the nation’s agricultural sector and a powerful weapon for the farmers. 

In his view, Prof. Yemi AkinseyeGeorge (SAN), said, “that the Federal Government and relevant stakeholders of the fertilizers industryhave taken the bull by the horn in enacting a robust legal framework for quality control in the country.

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Corporate Press Releases

NSE highlights retail investment opportunities in today’s Nigerian Capital Market

The Exchange in collaboration with the NISL has inaugurated the Retail Investors’ Webinar.



CEO NSE, NSE lifts suspension on Omatek Ventures’ shares, NSE launches Comic Book to boost financial literacy, NSE goes public with 2.5 billion ordinary shares in unanimous vote by the members, NSE commemorates 2020 International Women’s Day and rings the bell for gender equality, COVID-19: NSE extends time for submission of financial statements, NSE PUBLISHES GUIDANCE TO FACILITATE EFFECTIVE VIRTUAL MEETINGS FOR STAKEHOLDERS AMIDST COVID-19, NSE Hosts First-Ever Digital Closing Gong Ceremony

The Nigerian Stock Exchange (“NSE” or “The Exchange”) has expressed its commitment to redefining and improving investors’ overall experience in the Nigerian capital market, and ensuring that it remains modern, convenient and secure. This was highlighted at the inaugural edition of the Retail Investors’ Webinar hosted by The Exchange in collaboration with the Nigerian International Securities Limited (NISL) on Monday, 21 September 2020. The event, with the theme, Capital Market Investing in a Digital Age, was supported by the Chartered Institute of Stockbrokers (CIS) and the Association of Securities Dealing Houses of Nigeria (ASHON).

Speaking during the webinar, the Chief Executive Officer, NSE, Mr. Oscar N. Onyema, OON said, “Investor participation is central to the growth and sustainable development of any economy. The Exchange is, therefore, committed to facilitating conversations that will expound on the retail investment opportunities available in the capital market and the channels through which they can be accessed.  Today, our determination to develop the market and strengthen investor confidence has birthed a number of technology-driven solutions that allow investors to conveniently trade electronically in an increasing array of product offerings that includes Equities, Bonds, ETFs and other Collective Investment Schemes. We will, therefore, continue to take advantage of the vast opportunities to equip existing and potential investors with the necessary skills to effectively manage and grow the financial resources at their disposal.”

On his part, the Managing Director, Nigerian International Securities Limited (NISL), Mr. Laolu Martins said, “NSE has consistently pioneered far-reaching innovations within the Nigerian capital market, positively driving market integrity, boosting both investor confidence and market participation.” He went on to highlight the efforts of the NISL to create wealth for investors via an appropriate mix of securities using well spelt out market research to help investors meet their financial objectives. In doing so, he provided an analysis of the investment instruments available on NSE including equities, bonds, REITS, Closed-Ended Funds, ETFs, etc.

(READ MORE: Capital market operators call for the suspension of recapitalisation plans)

The event also featured a presentation on the importance of Market Data in making investment decisions by the Head, Market Services, NSE, Mr. Olufemi Balogun. It would be recalled that The Exchange recently released an upgrade to its X-DataPortal. The revamped portal has been designed to serve as a principal source for brokers, fund managers, research analysts, other professionals and non-professional participants like students and investors to get quality real-time and reference data reports for analysis, research and reporting purposes. Mr. Balogun encouraged investors at the webinar to access the information via

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The Exchange has showed its clear determination to ensure that investors have a better understanding and appreciation of investment products offered in the Nigerian capital market in its efforts to become Africa’s preferred Exchange hub. The upswing in market activities in Q2:2020 is a testament to the resilience of the market as a result of concerted efforts of The Exchange. As at the end of August 2020, the NSE All Share Index had recorded an 18.9% increase from its position at the end of March, 2020. In addition, the market also witnessed a growth in the percentage value of equity transactions contributed by retail investors, currently at 29% from the 21.8% recorded in 2018 and 24.72% recorded in 2019.    

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