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Explained: Bank Charges, Fees & Interest Rates approved by the CBN

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CBN Gov Godiwn Emefiele

Explaining The New Bank Charges, Lending And Deposit Rates Announced By The CBN

The Central Bank on Nigeria released a new set of guidelines to charges by banks and other financial institutions last April. The new charges are effective May 1 2017.

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Here are the key things you need to know about these charges. (You can download the guidelines by following the link above, and then read through with the explanations below.)

Interest on deposits (Page 6)

  • Banks are mandated to pay an interest of not less than 30% of the monetary policy rate for any cash on savings deposits.
  • This translates to about 4.2% per annum considering that the MPR as at March 2017 was 16%
  • The MPR is the rate at which banks borrow money from the CBN.
  • For deposits held as collateral, the bank will pay a negotiable interest rate subject to a minimum of 30% of MPR.
  • This means, if you take a loan from a bank and use your cash deposits as collateral, the bank will pay you a minimum of 30% of MPR , which is 4.2%.

Interest rates and lending fees (Page 7,8 &9)

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  • For local currency loans, the CBN says interest rates are negotiable but should reflect MPR.
  • Thus, when banks want to charge you interest rate on loans it should be MPR plus XX%.
  • Banks are also mandated to notify their customers 10 business days in advance whenever there is a rate change.
  • For mortgage refinancing, the CBN says rates are negotiable subject to a maximum of MPR plus 5%
  • This means those seeking mortgage loans can expect to pay at least 19%, based on the current MPR of 14%.
  • For defaulters, the CBN places a maximum of 1% flat per month of unpaid amount in addition to charging current rate of interest on outstanding debt.
  • Management fees charged on loans is limited to a maximum of 1% of the principal amount disbursed and should be a one-off charge.
  • Facility Enhancement fee will attract a negotiable but subject to a maximum of 1% of the additional charge discharged. For example, if you collected a loan of N100m and decided to add an extra loan of N10m from the same bank under the same facility, the bank will only charge a maximum one-off fee of 1% of the N10 million.
  • Management fee and Facility Enhancement fee cannot be charged same time.
  • Management fees are only charged for all shared requests and renewal of expired facilities.
  • Restructuring fee is also negotiable but subjected to a maximum of 0.5% of the outstanding amount being restructured. It is also one-off
  • For example, if you have a loan that you want to restructure, either for a longer tenor or lower interest rate or increased facility amount, you will have to pay a restructured fee.
  • Commitment fees are also negotiable subject to a maximum of 1% on the undisbursed amount of the facility. This is also one-off
  • For example, if you obtained a facility of N100m and have been disbursed N20m from bank, based on your disbursement terms, the bank can charge you 1% for the balance N80m.

Other fees (Page 10, 12, & 17)

  • Current account maintenance fee (CAMF) will be charged at a negotiable but subject to a maximum of N1 per mille when you initiate a transfer out of your account.
  • For forex transfers out of your accounts using swift, you will be charged 0.5% COT plus any other associated off shore transfer charges. Thus, if you transfer $1,000 from your domiciliary accounts, they will charge you $5.
  • Withdrawals on domiciliary accounts attract a charge of 0.05% of transaction value or $10 whichever is lower. This means they can’t charge you more than $10 for withdrawals.
  • Bank drafts still remain the same at N300 and N500 from current and savings account respectively for account holders. It is N500 plus 0.1% of draft value for non-customers
  • Banks can also charge N100 flat as processing fee for purchase and sale of treasury bills for their customers.

Electronic Banking Charges (Page 18)

  • New hardware tokens will cost a maximum of N3,500
  • While software tokens are free, banks will charge an SMS rate of not more than N4/SMS.
  • If you lost your hardware token and want it recovered, you will be expected to pay a maximum of N3,500
  • However, you bear the full cost only in the event of physical damage, loss of token or replacement after expiration
  • Electronic fund transfers will now incur a charge of N50 if below N10 million. Transfers above N10 million will also cost N50 flat.
  • RTGS transfers will cost N550.
  • Banks are allowed to charge card maintenance fees at $20 per annum (or its equivalent) for foreign currency denominated debt/credit cards.
  • Naira debit/credit cars will cost N50 monthly in card maintenance fees.
  • Banks will also charge you N1,000 one-off charge for issuance of debit cards. If you lose the card and want it replaced it will also cost N1000 one-off.

ATM Withdrawals – Page 19

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  • On-us withdrawals refers to cash withdrawals from an ATM in any of the branches of your bank
  • Not -on-us withdrawals refers to cash withdrawals using an ATM from your bank on an ATM of another bank
  • On-us withdrawals are free while not-on us withdrawals incir a charge of N65 after the third withdrawal within the same month
  • Banks are also allowed to continue to charge you not more than N4/SMS for transactions initiated by you. This is provided that you requested for this service.

This article originally appeared on Nairametrics on the 17th of April 2017.

Patricia

Nairametrics is Nigeria's top business news and financial analysis website. We focus on providing resources that help small businesses and retail investors make better investing decisions. Nairametrics is updated daily by a team of professionals. Post updated as "Nairametrics" are published by our Editorial Board.

12 Comments

12 Comments

  1. Joy

    April 27, 2017 at 11:38 am

    CBN just hit the nail on the head. All these unnecessary bank charges will now stop. Charging customer sms alert for transactions not initiated by them and all of that.

  2. TUNDE OKE

    April 27, 2017 at 2:08 pm

    Thanks for the information. Kudos

  3. Fifi

    April 27, 2017 at 5:24 pm

    Thanks for this info

  4. Osaretin Giegbefumwen

    April 28, 2017 at 1:44 pm

    this information is heartwarming and timely i must say. i hope some banks will not go about playing on peoples ignorance because everybody will have access to this information. all hands must be on deck and act accordingly irrespective of the status of the customer.

  5. cyril

    April 29, 2017 at 4:47 am

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  6. Dapo

    April 30, 2017 at 6:48 am

    CBN did not tell us what to do or who to report infractions to in case of any. CBN should take a queue from NCC ie communication commission. Tx

  7. Pingback: Highlights of the New CBN Guidelines for Charges by Banks and Other Financial Institutions – Legal Emperors

  8. Pingback: Explaining the New Bank Charges, Lending and Deposit Rates Announced by CBN | Virtue Digest

  9. anodebenze

    December 28, 2017 at 3:26 pm

    Nothing is new in Nigeria,look at the charges, the cbn authorizes those bank to their customers.if you loses your debit card,your bank will charges for replacement,and your bank will charges for maintaince fee for your debit card.
    In western countries,most of those charges bank do to their customers. ARE FREE.in Britain,even those unemployed on govt social security MONEY do have debit card,as govt pays them through their bank account or post office account.THOSE BANK IN NIGERIA, ARE HAVING IT SO EASY.no wonder there is no production in nigeria

  10. Davict

    July 2, 2018 at 8:56 am

    Good morning, is it allowed for the bank to still charge Account maintenance fee on an overdraft account in which they also charge interest?

  11. Fubata Hope

    December 12, 2018 at 4:04 am

    What will be the COT charge for transferring five million naira from my account to another

  12. Adlove

    January 24, 2019 at 9:05 am

    Nice write up, however how can someone report banks if they violate the above charges. You can also check my blog for tips kingala.com.ng

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Coronavirus

COVID-19 Update in Nigeria

On the 14th of July 2020, 463 new confirmed cases and 10 deaths were recorded in Nigeria.

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The spread of novel Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) in Nigeria continues to record significant increase as the latest statistics provided by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control reveal Nigeria now has 33,616 confirmed cases.

On the 14th of July 2020, 463 new confirmed cases and 10 deaths were recorded in Nigeria, having carried out a total daily test of 3,015 samples across the country.

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To date, 33,616 cases have been confirmed, 13,792 cases have been discharged and 754 deaths have been recorded in 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory. A total of 186,309 tests have been carried out as of July 14th, 2020 compared to 183,294 tests a day earlier.

COVID-19 Case Updates- 14th July 2020,

  • Total Number of Cases – 33,616
  • Total Number Discharged – 13,792
  • Total Deaths – 754
  • Total Tests Carried out – 186,309

According to the NCDC, the 463 new cases were reported from 17 states- Lagos (128), Kwara (92), Enugu (39), Delta (33), Edo (29), Plateau (28), Kaduna (23), Oyo (15), Ogun (14), Osun (14), FCT (12), Ondo (9), Rivers (9), Abia (8), Bayelsa (5), Ekiti (3), Borno (2).

Meanwhile, the latest numbers bring Lagos state total confirmed cases to 12,711, followed by Abuja (2,687), Oyo (1,882), Edo (1,807), Rivers (1,397),  Delta (1,392), Kano (1,314), Ogun (1,105),  Kaduna (1,039), Ondo (747), Katsina (669), Ebonyi (616), Borno (593), Plateau (571), Gombe (533), Bauchi (521), Enugu (515), Kwara (422), Abia (413),  Imo (399).

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Jigawa state has recorded 321 cases, Bayelsa (318), Osun (276), Nasarawa (252), Sokoto (153), Akwa Ibom and Niger (145),  Benue (126), Adamawa (110), Anambra (101), Kebbi (87), Zamfara (76), Ekiti (66), Yobe (62), Taraba (30), Cross River (10) while Kogi state has recorded 5 cases only.

 

READ ALSO: COVID-19: Western diplomats warn of disease explosion, poor handling by government

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Lock Down and Curfew

In a move to combat the spread of the pandemic disease, President Muhammadu Buhari directed the cessation of all movements in Lagos and the FCT for an initial period of 14 days, which took effect from 11 pm on Monday, 30th March 2020.

The movement restriction, which was extended by another two-weeks period, has been partially put on hold with some businesses commencing operations from May 4. On April 27th, 2020, Nigeria’s President, Muhammadu Buhari declared an overnight curfew from 8 pm to 6 am across the country, as part of new measures to contain the spread of the COVID-19. This comes along with the phased and gradual easing of lockdown measures in FCT, Lagos, and Ogun States, which took effect from Saturday, 2nd May 2020, at 9 am.

On Monday, 29th June 2020 the federal government extended the second phase of the eased lockdown by 4 weeks and approved interstate movement outside curfew hours with effect from July 1, 2020.

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READ ALSO: Bill Gates says Trump’s WHO funding suspension is dangerous

DateConfirmed caseNew casesTotal deathsNew deathsTotal recoveryActive casesCritical cases
July 14, 2020336164637541013792190707
July 13, 202033153595744413671187387
July 12, 2020325585717401613447183717
July 11, 2020319876647241513103181607
July 10, 2020313235757092012795178197
July 9, 202030748499689512546175137
July 8, 2020302494606841512373171927
July 7, 2020297895036691512108170127
July 6, 202029286575654911828168047
July 5, 2020287115446451111665164017
July 4, 202028167603634611462160717
July 3, 2020275644546281211069158677
July 2, 2020271106266161310801156937
July 1, 2020264847906031310152157297
June 30, 202025694561590179746153587
June 29, 20202513356657389402151587
June 28, 20202486749056579007149957
June 27, 20202407777955848625148947
June 26, 20202329868455458253144917
June 25, 20202261459454977822142437
June 24, 20202202064954297613138657
June 23, 20202137145253387338135007
June 22, 20202091967552577109132857
June 21, 202020242436518126879128477
June 20, 202019808661506196718125847
June 19, 202019147667487126581120797
June 18, 20201848074547566307116987
June 17, 202017735587469145967112997
June 16, 202017148490455315623110707
June 15, 20201665857342445349108857
June 14, 202016085403420135220104457
June 13, 20201568250140785101101747
June 12, 20201518162739912489198917
June 11, 2020145546813875449496737
June 10, 20201387340938217435191407
June 9, 2020134646633654420688937
June 8, 2020128013153617404084007
June 7, 20201248626035412395981737
June 6, 2020122333893429382680657
June 5, 20201184432833310369678157
June 4, 2020115163503238353576467
June 3, 2020111663483151332975227
June 2, 20201081924131415323972667
June 1, 20201057841629912312271579
May 31, 20201016230728714300768687
May 30, 2020985555327312285667267
May 29, 202093023872612269763447
May 28, 202089151822595259260647
May 27, 202087333892545250159787
May 26, 2020834427624916238557107
May 25, 202080682292337231155247
May 24, 202078393132265226353607
May 23, 202075262652210217451317
May 22, 2020726124522110200750337
May 21, 2020701633921111190748987
May 20, 202066772842008184046377
May 19, 202064012261921173444757
May 18, 202061752161919164443407
May 17, 202059593881826159441837
May 16, 202056211761765147239737
May 15, 202054452881713132039544
May 14, 202051621931683118038154
May 13, 202049711841646107037374
May 12, 20204787146158695936704
May 11, 202046412421521090235894
May 10, 202043992481421777834794
May 9, 202041512391271174532784
May 8, 202039123861181067931154
May 7, 20203526381108460128184
May 6, 20203145195104553425071
May 5, 2020295014899548123704
May 4, 2020280224594641722912
May 3, 2020255817088240020702
May 2, 20202388220861735119522
May 1, 20202170238691035117512
April 30, 2020193220459731715562
April 29, 2020172819652730713692
April 28, 2020153219545425512322
April 27, 20201337644102559942
April 26, 20201273914152399942
April 25, 20201182873632229252
April 24, 202010951143312088552
April 23, 20209811083231977532
April 22, 2020873912931976482
April 21, 20207821172631975602
April 20, 2020665382311884662
April 19, 2020627862221704362
April 18, 2020541482021663562
April 17, 2020493511841593172
April 16, 2020442351311522772
April 15, 2020407341211282672
April 14, 202037330111992632
April 13, 202034320100912422
April 12, 20203235100852282
April 11, 202031813103702382
April 10, 20203051770582402
April 9, 20202881471512302
April 8, 20202742260442262
April 7, 20202541661442042
April 6, 2020238650351982
April 5, 20202321851331942
April 4, 2020214540251850
April 3, 20202092542251800
April 2, 20201841020201620
April 1, 2020174352091630
March 31, 202013982091280
March 30, 2020131202181210
March 29, 2020111221031070
March 28, 20208919103850
March 27, 2020705103660
March 26, 20206514102620
March 25, 2020517102480
March 24, 2020444102410
March 23, 20204010112370
March 22, 2020308002280
March 21, 20202210001210
March 20, 2020124001110
March 19, 20208000170
March 18, 20208500170
March 17, 20203100030
March 16, 20202000020
March 15, 20202000020
March 14, 20202000020
March 13, 20202000020
March 12, 20202000020
March 11, 20202000020
March 10, 20202000020
March 9, 20202100020
March 8, 20201000010
March 7, 20201000010
March 6, 20201000010
March 5, 20201000010
March 4, 20201000010
March 3, 20201000010
March 2, 20201000010
March 1, 20201000010
February 29, 20201000010
February 28, 20201100010

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Patricia
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Best Mutual Funds in Nigeria

These are the best mutual funds in Nigeria to invest in based on performance.

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Best Mutual Funds in Nigeria

Mutual Funds are a great form of investing especially if you are a passive investor. According to data from the Security and Exchange Commission, Nigeria has about 107 Mutual Funds cut across several Fund Types. Here is a breakdown of the Fund Types available for investors according to SEC.

TYPES Number
BOND FUNDS 9
EQUITY BASED FUNDS 13
ETHICAL FUNDS 6
EXCHANGE TRADED FUNDS 10
FIXED INCOME FUNDS 21
INFRASTRUCTURE FUND 1
MIXED FUNDS 21
MONEY MARKET FUNDS 23
REAL ESTATE FUNDS 3
TOTAL 107

To determine the best performing Funds, we looked at the Fund Prices as of the last business day in December 2019 and compared to the fund prices as of the last trading day of June 2020. These are the top 5. We also included profiles of the funds as described in their websites.

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Explore useful research data from Nairametrics on Nairalytics


New Gold ETF

Vetiva’s The NewGold Exchange Traded Fund (NewGold) is an Exchange Traded Fund that was listed on The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) in December 2011. It tracks the price of gold and offers institutional and retail investors the opportunity to invest in a listed instrument (structured as a debenture) that is fully backed by gold bullion. Each NewGold security is equivalent to approximately 1/100 ounces of real gold bullion held in a secured stockpile of gold bullion. All gold is kept in the form of London Gold Delivery Bars and Good Delivery Standards are prescribed by LBMA.

December 27th

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Fund Price – N5,220

June 26th

Fund Price – N8,000

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Return –  53.3%

Ranking – First

Commentary: Gold prices have been on the up since the Covid-19 pandemic took hold of the global economy. Investors are uncertain and as history shows gold prices are always up during market uncertainty. If you are looking for protective investment in times of uncertainty then this is the best performing fund so far.

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READ ALSO: FOCUS: These companies aren’t generating wealth for shareholders


FBN Nigeria Smart Beta Equity Fund

FBNH owned The FBN Nigeria Smart Beta Equity Fund is a pure equity fund that invests money predominantly in a portfolio of Nigerian companies, using a rigorous, research-based and tested evaluation system.

The fund provides long-term capital preservation by investing at least 75% of the fund’s assets (excluding cash and cash equivalents) in a diversified portfolio of high-quality companies listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. In order to manage liquidity, the fund may also invest up to 25% in short-term money market instruments and deposits with financial institutions.

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December 27th

Fund Price – N129.17

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June 26th

Fund Price – N197.29

Return –  52.7%

Ranking – Second

Commentary: For a fund that is predominantly focused on equities, this a pretty much impressive performance by all standards. For example, the NSE All-Share Index is down 9.8% year to date. If you are worried about investing in stocks and don’t have the heart for it and you are looking for a mutual fund, then this is the best performing fund out there.

READ ALSO: How to build a portfolio fit for 22nd Century


Vantage Balanced Fund

Investment One’s Vantage Balance Fund (launched in 2002) is a fund focused on long term capital appreciation, which is achieved by maintaining a flexible diversified portfolio of equities, fixed income, money market, and real estate investments. Assets are high-quality equity instruments quoted on The NSE while the bond issuers have an investment-grade rating from a credit rating agency registered by SEC.

December 27th

Fund Price – N2.21

June 26th

Fund Price – N2.87

Return –  29.9%

Ranking – Third

Commentary: This is a Mixed fund as it invests in a diverse pool of assets. Interesting to note that the managers of this fund also have an Equity-Based Fund, a Dollar Fund, and a Fixed Income Fund. But none of them come close to the Balanced Fund. If you are looking for a portfolio with a good mix of investment assets then this is the best performing as of June 2020.

READ ALSO: Why interest rates on treasury bills, bonds crashed


Legacy USD Bond Fund

FCMB Asset Management Owned Legacy USD Bond Fund (launched in 2018) is a SEC-registered US Dollar-denominated Collective Investment Scheme, structured as a high-yield mutual fund. The Fund seeks to generate stable income over the long-term. Legacy USD Bond Fund invests in credit-rated US Dollar-denominated fixed income securities issued by the Nigerian Government, Supranational bodies, and Corporate entities.

December 27th

Fund Price – N306.5

June 26th

Fund Price – N360.5

Return –  24.4%

Ranking – Fourth

Commentary: The Legacy Bond Fund is the best performing mutual fund if you are looking for dollar-denominated fixed-income debt securities like Eurobonds. At 24.4% they seem to be holding bonds with good yields and market values respectively. Apart from the Bond Fund, managers of the Legacy Bond Fund also manage a Fixed Income Fund, a Money Market Fund and an Equity Fund. If you are looking to invest in Eurobonds then this mutual fund is the best performing.


Vantage Dollar Fund

Investment One’s Vantage Dollar Fund (launched in 2018) is a SEC registered open-ended Unit Trust Scheme in Nigeria. The Fund seeks to provide investors with a bias for Dollar-denominated securities access to such securities, which ordinarily would be inaccessible to them by virtue of the minimum amount typically required to make such investments. It will invest primarily in Corporate and Sovereign Eurobonds.

December 27th

Fund Price – N401.02

June 26th

Fund Price – N469.2

Return –  17.0%

Ranking – Fifth

Commentary: This is the second dollar mutual fund on the list and the second from Investment One to make the list of best 5. It appears they have a hang on fund management. Dollar Mutual funds are a great source of investments and it is great to see another in the top 5. Thus, if you want another option, then this is one you can also go for. 


Bubbling Under: The following funds make up the rest of the top 5 on our list and in descending order.

6. AIICO Balanced Fund
7. VI ETF
8. Coronation Fixed Income Fund
9. CEAT Fixed Income Fund
10. United Capital Euro Bond Fund

Patricia
Continue Reading

Cryptocurrency

How to become a successful Bitcoin trader

Major steps that are needed if you want to become a successful BTC trader.

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BTC Whales, Bitcoin is scarce, entities, individuals hold for long term

A BTC trader is simply an individual who seeks gains from differential changes in the market price of BTCs. The main objective the BTC trader has in mind is buying prices alow and selling when the flagship currency gains higher. BTC trading can thus be very lucrative and has become one of the fastest-growing careers in the financial spectrum. 

Data obtained from a leading BTC analytic firm, Coinmarketcap showed that the market capitalization of BTC currently stands at over $170 billion. This further illustrates that in 2013 BTC moved from $13.30 to its present-day value of over $9000, meaning that early bird BTC traders had gained over 67,600% since it began. 

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Consequently, this article will show major steps that are needed if you want to become a successful BTC trader. 

Explore Research Data From Nairametrics by Visiting Nairalytics

Self-Control & Discipline  

Adebayo Juwon, an FTX consultant for Africa, spoke to Nairametrics in an exclusive interview, explaining in detail the need for a BTC trader to be very disciplined and have a security-conscious mindset. He said; 

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“Firstly I must note that trading is not for everyone, to be a successful crypto trader, self-discipline is a prerequisite to achieving one’s goal. The crypto market is very much volatile than what the traditional traders are used to, hence more risk and reward. 

“A crypto trader must be security conscious; you’re responsible for your account security in the crypto ecosystem, as hackers are preying on whose account is less secured.” 

READ ALSO: CBN provides guidelines to address credit, liquidity risks, others  

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Risk Management 

A successful BTC trader must be able to understand the relationship between reward and risk management. This entails high understanding levels about the degree of randomness in BTC market and the risk involved in taking such risk. As a successful BTC trader, you are required to understand when its best to trade BTC as market conditions change from time to time. 

Adebayo Juwon, FTX consultant for Africa also added vital points on why a BTC trader should never ignore risk management. He said; 

“Also, to be a successful crypto trader, one must have good risk management in place, in a highly volatile market your profits can be zapped away in minutes. Risk comes in different ways in the crypto market, there are lots of scam projects with the good marketing team, they tend to attract investors also, it’s very important to do your own research in the crypto space, and rely less on market sentiment.” 

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READ MORE: Tether mints 80,000,000 USDT to unknown wallets within 24 hours

Timing 

Recall that some days ago Nairametrics, revealed the best time many BTC traders prefer to take their trading positions in the BTC market, thus preferring to trade around the American trading session because of the high price swings that occur at the start of New York stock market trading time -about 2.30 pm GMT. This means there were higher chances of making more money at the start of  American trading sessions than other trading sessions (London and Asian trading session).  

 

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Basic fundamental and Technical analysis skills 

Every successful BTC trader must keep track of macro fundamentals going around the BTC community because such information more often determines the market price of Bitcoin.  Either rumours or news have exponential effects on the BTC market and often create lucrative trading opportunities. 

Chris Ani, a professional BTC trader in a phone chat interview explained to Nairametrics in detail, the major attribute every successful BTC trader must possess, including the need to have basic trading skills. He said; 

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 “To prevent yourself from becoming a slave to the market, you must be trading small enough size on your trades that you are not emotionally attached to them. Trading opportunities wait for no one. 

“You have no idea when and where they will appear. Whenever they appear, you have to be ready with your trading plan.  You must also master technical and fundamental analysis and most importantly the one that works for me, understand the seasons and market structure so as to know when to trade, allow big wins run, or rather exit the market in order not to lose your money.” 

Finally, it’s very important to understand that no matter how good you get at BTC trading, you will often make mistakes and lose money. Always remember, trades that go bad are part of what will make you successful in the long term. Success in BTC trading simply means you are winning more relatively than losing. 

 

Patricia
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