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Funds Management

Nigeria’s pension asset dips N51.3 billion in February 2021

Nigeria’s pension asset fell to its lowest position in four months, lost N51.3 billion in February 2021

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Nigerian Pension funds, 2019 pension fund performance ranking

Nigeria’s total pension assets lost a total of N51.3 billion to stand at N12.25 trillion in the month of February 2021. This is according to the monthly pension report released by the Nigerian Pension Commission.

According to data compiled by Nairametrics Research, Nigeria’s pension assets fell to their lowest position in four months, characterized by the decline in bond prices, and profit-taking activities in the Nigerian equity market.

READ: Best Pension Funds in Nigeria for the month of February 2021

Highlights

  • The total pension asset declined by 0.42% from N12.29 trillion recorded as of January 2021 to N12.25 trillion in February 2021.
  • Federal Government bonds stood at N7.34 trillion, accounting for 59.6% of the total pension asset under management.
  • Also, local money market securities, which stood at N1.62 trillion as of February 2021, accounted for 13.4% of the gross asset for the period under review.
  • Mutual funds recorded a decline of 1.3% to stand at N158.96 billion from N162.1 billion recorded in the previous month.
  • However, treasury bills increased by 5.5% from N670.34 billion recorded as of the last day of January 2021 to N676.91 billion at the end of February 2021.

READ: How foreign exchange risks and others affect the Nigerian pension industry 

A cursory look at the data revealed that the pension asset had reduced by N6.93 billion in the previous month, before losing N51.28 billion in the period under review.

As of February 2021, RSA Fund II accounted for 43.82% of the total pension asset, as it stood at N5.37 trillion, followed by Fund III with N3.16 trillion (25.79%), and CPFAs at N1.47 trillion (11.98%).

Why the decline?

While responding to questions regarding the recent decline in pension fund assets, Oguche Agudah, the CEO of Pension Fund Operators Association of Nigeria (PenOp), stated that it was due to the decline in prices of fixed securities.

  • He, however, called on pension contributors to increase their contributions as that would guaranty more funds. He also called on employers in the private and government sector to remit due pension contributions.
  • Commenting on the reasons for the loss, Mrs Amaka Andy-Azike, the head of branding and communication of PenOp, stated that the losses are however unrealized losses and would have recovered in the month of March as the yield of government securities continues to trend upward.
  • She, therefore, called on pension contributors to be calm as there was no cause for worry. Mrs Amaka also reiterated that the pension scheme prioritises secured investments rather than riskier instruments that could yield higher returns.
  • Nairametrics had reported that Nigerian Pension Fund Administrators across the different fund types, dipped significantly in the month of February 2021 as only 22% of the funds recorded positive growth in the month.

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Funds Management

Nigeria’s Best performing Mutual Funds in Q1 2021

The Net Asset Value of the listed Nigerian Mutual Funds dipped by 4.01% in Q1 2021

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Best Mutual Funds in Nigeria

Mutual Funds in Nigeria recorded a bearish performance in the first quarter of 2021 as only 25 funds posted positive growth in the review month against 59 declines while 34 funds remained flat in March.

Mutual funds have been considered as a good alternative investment opportunity, particularly for retail investors because it gives them access to diversified and professionally managed portfolios at a low price.

However, data obtained from the Security and Exchange Commission revealed that on average, the 118 listed funds as of 31st March 2021, dipped by 1.91%, having recorded a similar decline in the month of February.

  • Also, the net asset value declined by 4.01% from N1.57 trillion as of 31st December 2020 to N1.51 trillion as of 1st April 2021.
  • This is could be partly attributed to the bearish performance recorded in the Nigerian Stock Exchange market as data from the NSE showed that the All-Share Index dipped by 3.63% year to date as of April 1, 2021.
  • A comparison of the performance of the fund types indicated that despite the fall in total net asset value in Q1 2021, Bond funds grew by +14.82%, Ethical funds by +12.95%, Fixed income funds by +12.91%.
  • Real estate funds and infrastructure funds grew marginally by +0.69% and +0.43% respectively. Other funds recorded losses with the money market funds recording the highest loss of -20.68%.

Nairametrics tracked the performance of these mutual funds by comparing the fund prices as of 31st December 2020 with the fund prices as of 1st of April 2021.

Below were the top-performing mutual funds in Q1 2021. We also highlighted their performance in terms of changes in net asset value and included profiles of the funds as described on their websites.


ARM Ethical Fund – Asset & Resources Mgt. Company Ltd. (Ethical Funds)

The ARM Ethical Fund is suitable for Islamic investors who want long-term capital growth by investing strictly according to the principles of Islamic finance and ethical values. The Fund invests only in investments screened by a Shari’ah Advisory Board.

It invests in equities, real estates, and other investments that do not involve interest-bearing transactions.

December 31st, 2020

Fund Price – N35.46

April 1st, 2021

Fund Price – N36.55

Return – 3.06%

Ranking – Fifth

Commentary: The ARM Ethical Fund was the fifth-best performing fund in the first quarter of the year. The unit price appreciated by 3.06% while the net assets value increased by 3.15% from N358.96 million as of 31st December 2020 to N370.27 million as of 1st April 2021.

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Vantage Dollar Fund – Investment One Funds Management (Fixed Income Fund)

Vantage Dollar Fund is an open-ended Unit Trust Scheme by Investment One Funds. The Fund seeks to provide investors with a bias for Dollar-denominated securities and access to such securities, which ordinarily would be inaccessible to them by virtue of the minimum amount typically required to make such investments.

December 31st, 2020

Fund PriceN502.90

April 1st, 2021

Fund PriceN518.95

Return – 3.19%

Ranking – Fourth

Commentary: The Ventage Dollar fund performed as the fourth-best performing fund in the first quarter of the year. The unit price appreciated by 3.19% while the net assets value declined by -2.97% from N1.85 billion as of December 31st, 2020 to N1.79 billion as of April 1st 2021.

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FSDH Dollar Fund – FSDH Asset Management Ltd. (Fixed Income Funds)

This is an open-ended mutual fund that invests in US Dollar denominated Fixed Income Securities issued by Nigerian Sovereign and Corporate Entities. The objective of the fund is to provide customers with the opportunity to invest in dollar-denominated instruments.

The minimum amount required to invest in the fund is $1,000.

December 31st, 2020

Fund Price – N415.10

April 1st, 2021

Fund Price – N431.44

Return – 3.94%

Ranking – Third

Commentary: The FSDH Dollar Fund was the third best performing fund in the first quarter of the year. The unit price appreciated by 3.94% while the net assets value increased by 41.99% from N846.27 million as of December 31st, 2020 to N1.2 billion as of April 1st 2021.


FBNQuest Asset Management Limited – Institutional (Bond Funds)

The FBN Nigeria Eurobond (USD) designed for institutional investors is also invested in US Dollar-denominated debt instruments issued by the Nigerian government and reputable corporate institutions and managed by FBNQuest Asset Management Limited.

To begin investment as an institutional investor, a minimum of $100,000 is required for a minimum tenor of 180 days.

December 31st, 2020

Fund Price – N49,283.56

April 1st, 2021

Fund Price – N51,682.31

Return – 4.86%

Ranking – Second

Commentary: The FBNQuest Asset Management Limited bond funds created for institutional investors was the second best performing fund in the first quarter of the year. The unit price appreciated by 4.86% while the net assets value increased by 5.69% from N571.01 million as of December 31st, 2020 to N603.51 million as of April 1st 2021.


FBNQuest Asset Management Limited – Retail (Bond Funds)

The FBN Nigeria Eurobond is a fixed income mutual fund that invests in the US Dollar-denominated debt instruments issued by the Nigerian government and reputable corporate institutions. Investments can be made into this fund by both retail and institutional investors.

To get started as a retail investor, a minimum investment of $2,500 is required and the minimum holding period is 180 days.

December 31st, 2020

Fund Price – N49,346.65

April 1st, 2021

Fund Price – N51,751.89

Return – 4.87%

Ranking – First

Commentary: The FBNQuest Asset Management Limited bond funds created for retail investors was the First best performing fund in the first quarter of the year. The unit price appreciated by 4.87% while the net assets value increased by 18.29% from N4.57 billion as of December 31st, 2020 to N5.41 billion as of April 1st 2021.


Bubbling under

  • Legacy Equity Fund – 1.95%
  • PACAM Equity Fund – 1.81%
  • Stanbic IBTC Shariah Fixed Income Fund – 1.66%
  • AVA GAM Fixed income Dollar Fund – 1.65%
  • United Capital Fixed – 1.51%

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Funds Management

Best Pension Funds in Nigeria for the month of March 2021

Nigerian Pension Fund administrators in the month of March 2021, recovered from the downturn recorded in February to post marginal growth.

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Pension plan participation among Nigerians increases

Nigerian pension funds asset recorded tepid growth in the month of March, recovering marginally from the negative growth recorded in the previous month, as 81.25% of the total funds recorded positive growth against 22% recorded in February.

This is according to data tracked by Nairalytics Research on the fund performances of Nigerian Pension Funds Administrators.

A cursory look at the data revealed that the RSA Fund IV on average performed the best in March, followed by RSA Fund III, while RSA Fund I remained flat in the review month.

Nairametrics considered the prices of the different RSA funds as of 28th February 2021 and compared them with the prices as of the last day of March (31st March 2021).

READ: Pension asset increases to N9.33 trillion – PenCom

Below is a list of the best-performing funds in March


RSA Fund I

This fund has the highest allocation of risky or variable income instruments and participation is strictly upon a formal request from a contributor. The RSA Fund I is suitable for people who want to invest in high-risk instruments with higher rewards. Hence, contributors who are 50 years and above cannot apply to be moved into this fund.

According to available data 9 of the funds recorded positive growth in the month under review, as against 1 recorded in the previous month.

First position: Crusader Sterling Pensions Limited

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  • March return: 0.68%

Second position: ARM Pension Managers Limited

  • March return: 0.52%

Third position: FCMB Pensions Limited

  • March return: 0.44%

Others on the list of gainers include; Premium Pension Limited, Trustfund Pensions Plc, Pensions Alliance Limited, Stanbic IBTC Pension Managers, NPF Pensions Limited, and Sigma Pensions Limited.

It is noteworthy that Investment One Pension Managers and Veritas Glanvills Pensions were not included in the analysis, as their information could not be obtained, as at the time of writing this article. Considering the aggregate performance of the fund, it stood flat at 0%.

READ: NLPC, Investment One and OAK PFAs generate highest ROI in three RSA funds for 11 months


RSA Fund II

This fund is balanced and suitable for middle-aged contributors as well as those with a medium risk appetite. It is designed to be less risky with reduced allocation to variable income instruments compared to Fund I. The age requirement for participation is 49 years and below.

First position: Crusader Sterling Pensions Limited

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  • March return: 0.65%

Second position: FCMB Pensions Limited

  • March return: 0.63%

Third position: ARM Pension Managers Limited

  • March return: 0.6%

Others on the list, which recorded positive growth in the month of March include; Leadway Pensure PFA, Nigerian University Pension Management, Trustfund Pensions, Pensions Alliance, Sigma Pensions Limited, Stanbic IBTC, and Radix Pension Fund Managers.

Of the 20 funds considered in the analysis, 16 recorded positive growth in value, representing 80% of the total. Meanwhile, it is noteworthy that as with the case in the RSA fund I category, Investment One Pension Managers and Veritas Glanvills Pensions, were not included.

The aggregate performance of the RSA Fund II, stood at 0.29% in March 2021.


RSA Fund III

This is a conservative fund that is designed for contributors close to retirement and contributors with a low-risk appetite. It is suited for contributors between the ages of 50 and 60 years. However, younger contributors may opt to participate in this fund category.

First position: APT Pension Fund Managers Limited

  • March return: 1.17%

Second position: Crusader Sterling Pensions Limited

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  • March return: 0.73%

Third position: Pensions Alliance Limited

  • March return: 0.66%

In this category of funds, all the pension funds posted positive growth in the month of March, with the exception of Investment One and Veritas Glanvills, which were not included in the analysis. The aggregate RSA Fund III, appreciated by 0.47% in March 2021.


RSA Fund IV

The RSA Fund IV is exclusively for retirees. In the month of February, of all 22 Pension Fund Administrators, 10 of them recorded positive growth. However, they were all marginal growth of less than 1%.

First position: Pensions Alliance Limited

  • March return: 0.74%

Second position: First Guarantee Pension Limited

  • March return: 0.74%

Third position: Crusader Sterling pensions Limited

  • March return: 0.71%

Similarly, as witnessed in the RSA Fund III category all but AIICO Pension Managers recorded positive growth in March 2021, a recovery compared to the previous month. In terms of the aggregate performance, RSA Fund IV grew by 0.5% in the month under review.

According to the monthly report from the National Pension Commission, the total Pension Fund assets declined in the month of February 2021 from N12.3 trillion recorded as of 31st January 2021 to N12.25 trillion. This could be attributed to the bearish performance of the various funds in February 2021.

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