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Energy

Abia State residents paid highest price for petrol in February 2021 – NBS

The national average price/litre for petrol in Nigeria was N166.24 in February 2021.

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IPMAN, FG inaugurates task force to check fuel consumption in the country  

The National Bureau of Statistics has revealed that Abia State residents paid the highest price for petrol for the month of February 2021 at N180 per litre, while Osun state residents paid the lowest daily average at N162.91 per litre.

The NBS was also revealed that the average price of Kerosene increased by N5.25 to N355.80 per litre.

This was disclosed by the NBS CEO, Dr. Yemi Kale in the recently published February 2021 Petrol/PMS Price Watch and February 2021 Kerosene Price Watch report on Saturday.

READ: Fuel prices: Information Minister defends President Buhari’s comparison of Saudi with Nigeria

On kerosene the NBS said:

  • The national average price/litre was N355.80 in February 2021
  • The highest average price was sold in Taraba (N448.33), Benue (N447.50), Ebonyi (N435.00)
  • The highest average price was sold in Bayelsa (N206.94), Yobe (N297.28), Zamfara (N305.13)

On Premium Motor Spirit (petrol):

  • The national average price/litre was N166.24 in February 2021.
  • States with the highest average prices were Abia (N180.00), Kogi (N175.82), Kebbi (N173.o7).
  • States with the lowest average prices were Osun (N162.91), Nassarawa (N163.08) and Katsina (N163.25).

READ: Price Watch: Nigerians paid less for Kerosene in January 2021

Liquefied petroleum cooking gas:

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  • The average price for 12.5kg refilling was sold at N4363.51.
  • States with the highest prices: Sokoto (N4884.04) Cross river (N4853.57) and Bauchi( N4682.5).
  • States with the lowest prices: Zamfara ( N3754.25) Kaduna (N3858.33) Katsina (N3988.99).

What you should know 

  • Recall Nairametrics reported last week that The Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency, (PPPRA)  bowed to pressure after deleting an earlier published template announcing that the new price of petrol has reached N212.6 per litre.

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Energy

Carbon Tax: A market-based alternative to carbon emissions in Nigeria

A carbon tax is a way to have users of carbon fuels pay for the climate damage caused by releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

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climate, Understanding Carbon Credits and Carbon Offset market

Fossil Fuel is hurting us. It is an undeniable truth. I have heard in many conversations more often than not a very solid support for the fossil industry. Rather simple conversations on its perils and disadvantages always end with resignation by the other party that “fossil has come to stay.”

While not doubting that premise, I rather believe a lot can be done to limit the harmful effect of what is here to stay with us. A lot can be said about how beneficial fossil fuel is to the economy and how it is initially cheaper and more available but, in truth, the harms still exists.

Sadly, these harms are more than good. The clarion call to stop these emissions has been on for a very long time, but the reality remains the attention span of the larger consumer population is very very short when it comes to that discourse.

I would say, the essence and need for us to look to further means to mitigate the harm from fossil fuel is not just for a cleaner environment but also for an environment to still exist. The constant clamour for a change in our perspective is not just for the growth of the alternative sector but also a struggle for survival, because we will all lose if we do not stop.

Now, since we have declared to ourselves that we wouldn’t stop, it only makes sense if we can effectively checkmate how we continue with fossil, adopt Carbon Capture techniques and in an attempt to make sure no one goes overboard, impose fines on the amount on those that burn beyond their limit and on fossil that enters the country. This is a concept that, rather thankfully, already exists. Carbon Tax.

A carbon tax is a fee imposed on the burning of carbon-based fuels (coal, oil, gas). A carbon tax is a way — the only way, really — to have users of carbon fuels pay for the climate damage caused by releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

It is a market-based alternative that helps the government reduce the carbon footprint and also allows them make money as a government when there is a breach of this solemn oath to stay in check. In Nigeria, The Carbon Tax Act came into force on 1 June 2019. The carbon tax was designed to apply to direct emissions in the following categories as specified in the National Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulations:

  • Fuel combustion, which relates to emissions released from fuel combustion activities;
  • Fugitive emissions from fuels, which relates to emissions mainly released from the extraction, production, processing, and distribution of fossil fuels; and
  • Industrial processes emissions, which relates to emissions released from the consumption of carbonates and the use of fuels as feedstock or as carbon reductants, and the emission of synthetic gases in particular cases.

It is trite to say that this entire scheme is altogether ineffective and barely surviving. It is sad to note because there are numerous benefits to Carbon Tax. The advantages of doing this asides still having a healthy civilization in the next 100 years are numerous. First, it would be creating a very profitable system of revenue for the government. Here, the government will not need to spend much on the initial cost of having this revenue stream in place. Aside from the need to establish an agency to enforce the limits and payment of fines and the adequate system of calculating and verifying the amount consumed, the expenses on the government is almost Zero. This agency unlike many others in this country will be more active than idle, considering the existence of various fossil burning industries in Nigeria and being largely oil-dependent.

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Secondly, this would help Nigeria join the global effort to reduce the carbon footprint and in turn put Nigeria on the good pages of the global community as a contributor to green energy. This will birth a host of benefits for the Nigerian Community and also assist the domestic green energy advocates.

Furthermore, this system will help to promote the alternative energy industry. The renewable energy industry will from this initiative be able to sufficiently measure the actual impact of their activities on the environment and the economy as well as challenge the growth of new innovations to grow it. The campaigns will no longer be dependent on cancelling out the large emissions killing the environment since more revenue now streams for the government from them, but to the actual direct benefits of renewable energy.

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This alternative will also assist the government in assessing the benefits of reducing emissions and growing the renewable energy industry. The implementation of this will serve as a step for the assessment and understanding of the dynamics, policies and funding needed for the full inevitable integration of Green Energy.

The advantages are numerous and as such need Carbon Taxing to be revived in the country. In all sincerity to the dynamics of Nigerian politics and due respect to our exalted government, it is almost too easy for these things to be put in place seeing they will also have a fresh channel to loot from while saving our dear lives and making the air cleaner. A Win-Win for all the parties involved.

 

Stanbic 728 x 90

Written by Ude Fortune Chiziterem

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Business

PIB: FG adds more terms to bill to attract more investors – Report

The FG has made some changes to the PIB in a bid to attract more investors to Nigeria’s oil and gas sector.

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The Nigerian government has added some changes to the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) which includes the reduction of hydrocarbon tax to 30% for converted leases, down from 42.5% in its original bill plan, in a bid to attract more investors to Nigeria’s oil and gas sector.

This was disclosed by Reuters in an exclusive report on Friday, which cited people close to drafting the bill and revealed a letter from interested oil companies.

The report disclosed that the Bill was expected to be passed in May, and would have some later stage changes such as:

  • Lowering of royalties for new production from deepwater oilfields to 5% from 7.5% and boosting the production level that triggers higher royalties from 15,000 barrels per day (bpd) to 50,000 bpd.
  • For onshore and shallow water oilfields, it will reduce the hydrocarbon tax to 30% for converted leases, down from 42.5% in the original bill.
  •  NNPC’s assets and liabilities will be transferred to a limited liability corporation, which will enable oil companies receive debt owed by NNPC.

The report revealed that oil executives in their letter urged for more changes regarding gas and fiscal term stability, stating that “terms are not sufficiently competitive to stimulate the desired new investments.”

What you should know 

Recall Nairametrics reported in December 2020 that the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Timipre Sylva, revealed that the much anticipated Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) would include provisions for lower taxes to sustain stable investments in Nigeria’s oil sector.

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