The Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva, announced that Nigeria’s cooking gas storage capacity has increased to 69,968MT. He revealed this while inaugurating the 8,400 MT capacity Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) terminal in Kirikiri, Lagos, built by Techno Oil.
According to NANS report, Chief Timipre Sylva, who was represented by Dr Musa Zaki, Deputy Director, Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR), commended the company on this great milestone, both in its operation and in meeting the national aspiration. He said that with the inauguration of this facility, there are now 12 LPG depots in the country, with a total storage capacity of 69,698MT.
The Minister explained that 2020 is a year in which the national economy was planned for expansion with the abundant natural gas resources of the country. He emphasized that with the 8,400MT automated terminal, the company was no doubt set to provide end to end solution in the domestic LPG industry.
According to him, the great milestone reached by the company is in line with the national aspiration of deepening LPG (cooking gas) in the country and that the LPG gas terminal will facilitate job and wealth creation by reducing deforestation and greenhouse emissions and promoting domestic gas value chain development in the nation.
However, the LPG terminal is expected to pivot Lagos State and Nigeria at large to a gas-powered economy, which would offer an array of economic and environmental benefits to its residents. The terminal is expected to generate up to 2,000 jobs in the months ahead.
What they are saying
Chief Timipre Sylva said, “The commissioning of this facility is definitely a good contribution to the two aspirations mentioned above in addition to environment protection, job, and wealth creation by reducing deforestation and greenhouse emissions and promoting domestic gas value chain development.
“With the inauguration of this facility, there are now 12 LPG depots in the country, with a total storage capacity of 69,698MT. However, the Nigerian LPG market is still not saturated, there are huge opportunities for further investments in the entire domestic gas value chain.
“These include gas processing, transportation and distribution, storage, retail, manufacturing of equipment and provision of services.
Commenting on the milestone, Mrs. Nkechi Obi, the Group Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Techno Oil, said,
“We plead with the government to provide funding to industrialists in building key facilities such as the one being commissioned. The government should consider reactivating its butanization plants and also building new ones across the country to guarantee LPG availability nationwide.
“Similarly, it is also time for the government to embark on a media campaign to sensitize the populace on the benefits of LPG over other cooking fuels. More so, government agencies and regulatory bodies should enforce the rules to sanitize the space for a safe and profitable business environment.
“We remain thankful to the Lagos State government for being a worthy host by providing the much appreciated conducive environment for our business to thrive. This is yet another of our numerous projects that is being hosted in Lagos; we thank you from the bottom of our heart.”
How Nigeria can make more money from Oil?
Nigeria hedging its oil can create additional revenue needed for the country to rebalance its reserves
Crude oil still remains a major source of revenue for Nigeria despite a tumultuous 2020 for oil prices. The commodity contributes 90% of our export earnings and will still be a major revenue generator for the foreseeable future.
With this in mind, it is high time Nigeria explores other forms of revenues that can be derived from oil. 200 million Nigerians cannot be catered for with the proceeds of a country that has a production capacity of 1.4 – 1.9 million barrels per day (depending on the quota with OPEC). In contrast, Saudi Arabia has a production capacity of 11 million barrels per day and a population of 30 million.
This article does not only relate to the issue of macroeconomic stabilization, but highlights if the Nigerian government can make use of financial instruments ‘hedging’ to diversify and provide the government with added flexibility and additional tools to make more revenue.
Most countries who do not partake in this hedging programme, either have lower costs of production like Saudi Arabia and Russia, or do not want to take the risks associated with the programme.
Case Study: Mexico
Last year, when oil prices crashed and entered negative digits, Countries dependent on oil were adversely affected by the crash. But somehow, Mexico for the fourth time, cashed about $2.5 billion from its oil hedge program.
For over two decades, Mexico has guaranteed oil revenue via options contracts purchased from oil companies and Wall Street investment banks. Mexico’s hedging experiences of its oil exports is often used as an example for other countries to follow.
In 2009, after the financial global crisis, Mexico made $5.089 billion from it’s hedging position. In 2014, when oil prices plummeted and countries reliant on high oil prices were affected, Mexico was “unbothered”. The Ministry of Finance had purchased put options with one year maturity to hedge 228 million barrels of oil, about 28 percent of production, at a strike price of US$ 76.4 per barrel — US$ 31.1 above the actual average oil price in 2015. Mexico earned $6.4 billion from that hedge. In 2016, Mexico earned $2.7 billion from its hedging.
Since Mexico began running the hedge program in 2001, it has made a profit of $2.4 billion — payouts brought in $14.1 billion while the costs of running the programme cost $11.7 billion in fees to banks and brokers.
Last year, people argued that Mexico’s hard stance during the OPEC+ talks in April is directly related to the fact that it had a hedging programme in place. I must add that hedging gives you an edge in the markets but It’s far more technical, risky and in a few cases profitable. Sources within the NNPC say that the Nigerian government has not executed a hedging program yet.
So how does this programme work?
Mexico, a big exporter of oil and a member of OPEC, hedge their oil against declines that may occur in the market. Take for example, last year as a result of the pandemic and an unsuccessful OPEC meeting due to Russia and Saudi Arabia’s oil supply war, oil prices dropped to negative digits.
A government like Mexico, who hedges their oil with trading schemes would have been benefited from the drop. In this case, for every drop below the “strike price” (A strike price is the set price at which an oil derivative contract can be bought or sold when it is exercised) revenue is being made.
Hedging works both ways. It depends on who the hedger is. In the case above, Mexico is an exporter of oil, so it hedges against drop in prices. However, a country like Egypt, which announced it had executed its own hedging programme last year is a net importer of oil. Primarily, it hedges against the rise in prices. As oil prices rise, Egypt generates money despite naturally preferring low prices as an importer.
Additionally, the downstream sector needs to improve. This is another avenue Nigeria can take to make more money from Oil. The Nigerian downstream sector which involves petroleum product refining, storing, marketing and distribution has much room for development and can improve the fortunes of the millions of Nigerians. Oil accounts for 9% of Nigeria’s GDP and if we look at that, it’s very minimal if we take into context how important Oil is to our economy.
As I wrote in the earlier premise, this is not as straightforward as it sounds. There are insurance premiums to consider (the cost of the hedging programme), timing of the execution and general oil market outlook to examine.
For example, it appears that investors are going long on oil. All commodity analysts and banks are also favouring high oil prices as a result of vaccine availability and global supply cuts. Goldman Sachs forecasts oil to be $70 by Q2 2021 and Morgan Stanley also sees Oil at $70 by the third quarter. It would be highly risky to hedge against declining prices in this environment. (Recall prices going in the opposite direction doesn’t favor the hedger).
A hedged economy might create additional revenue needed for the country to rebalance its reserves.
PS. I am willing to discuss further with interested stakeholders on the possibility of carrying hedging operations for Nigeria.
Dapo-Thomas Opeoluwa is an Investment Banker and Energy analyst. He holds a degree in MSc. International Business, Banking and Finance from the University of Dundee and also holds a B.Sc in Economics from Redeemers University. As an Oil Analyst at Nairametrics, he focuses mostly on the energy sector, fundamentals for oil prices and analysis behind every market move. Opeoluwa is also experienced in the areas of politics, business consultancy, and investments. You may contact him via his email- [email protected]
NERC to review 2018 Meter Asset Provider Regulations, calls for stakeholders’ comments
NERC commenced the process of reviewing the Meter Asset Provider Regulations 2018 to end the perennial challenges with estimated billing in Nigeria.
The Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) has commenced the process of reviewing the Meter Asset Provider Regulations 2018 to end the seemingly perennial challenges with estimated billing in Nigeria.
This was disclosed by NERC via it’s Twitter handle on Wednesday.
It tweeted, “@nercng is in the process of reviewing the Meter Asset Provider Regulations 2018. The link below is for the consultation for comments from stakeholders and members of the public.”
@nercng is in the process of reviewing the Meter Asset Provider Regulations 2018. The link below is for the consultation for comments from stakeholders and members of the public. @MobilePunch @THISDAYLIVE @daily_trust @ProfOsinbajo @GuardianNigeria https://t.co/uHTeUa4dvS
— NERC Nigeria (@NERCNG) February 24, 2021
What you should know
- In December 2017, in its bid to end the seemingly perennial challenges with estimated billing in Nigeria, NERC released the Draft Meter Asset Provider Regulations 2017 (“Draft Regulations”).
- Thereafter, following extensive consideration of comments from and reactions to the Draft Regulations, as received from relevant stakeholders, the Board of NERC eventually approved the updated Draft Regulations.
- Consequently, on March 8, 2018, the Meter Asset Provider Regulations 2018 (“MAP Regulations”) was finally issued under the common seal of NERC and became effective as the governing framework for the metering of electricity consumption in the NESI.
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