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Currencies

Exchange rate maintains stability as BDCs expect another dollar supply from CBN

The Naira remained stable against the dollar to close at N458/$1 on Wednesday.

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Naira strengthens at forex market despite significant drop in dollar supply, Exchange rate gains at the black market as FX Turnover rises over 1000%.

Nigeria’s exchange rate at the NAFEX window maintained its stability against the dollar to close at N386/$1 during intraday trading on Wednesday, October 7.

Also, the naira remained stable against the dollar for a second consecutive trading day, closing at N458/$1 at the parallel market on Wednesday, October 7, 2020, as the Bureau De Change Operators await another round of dollar allocation from the Central Bank of Nigeria.

READ: BDC operators reveal the major challenge with resumed sales of forex by CBN

Parallel market: At the black market where forex is traded unofficially, the Naira remained stable against the dollar to close at N458/$1 on Wednesday, according to information from Abokifx, a prominent FX tracking website. This was the same rate that it was exchanged for on Tuesday, October 6.

Current developments

  • The local currency has strengthened by about 7.8% within the last one week at the black market, as the CBN introduced some measures targeted at exporters and importers, in order to try to boost the supply of dollars in the foreign exchange market, and reduce the high demand for forex by traders.
  • The CBN has sold over $450 million to BDCs since the resumed forex sales on Monday, September 7, 2020. This was expected to inject more liquidity to the retail end of the foreign exchange market and discourage hoarding and speculation.
  • However, the exchange rate against the dollar has failed to sustain the initial gains made, after the CBN announced plans to provide liquidity.
  • BDC operators have urged the apex bank to reconsider the margin allowed for the currency traders, as it was inadequate to meet their expenses.
  • We also noted that forex traders monitored during the previous week, appeared to hoard forex, as they anticipated further depreciation in the market.
  • There has been a drop in speculative buying of foreign exchange, although demand backlog by manufacturers and foreign investors still puts pressure, and creates a volatile situation in the foreign exchange market.

READ: Magu probe: New facts suggest case is about re-looting of previously stolen funds

NAFEX: The Naira remained stable against the dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window on Wednesday, closing at N386/$1.

  • This was the same rate that it exchanged for on Tuesday, October 6.
  • The opening indicative rate was N386 to a dollar on Wednesday. This represents a 42 kobo gain when compared to the N386.42 that was recorded on Tuesday.
  • The N386 to a dollar is the highest rate during intraday trading. It also sold for as low as N384/$1 during intraday trading

READ: Bureaux De Change operators warn against proposed VAT increment 

Forex turnover: Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window, maintained some level of stability on Wednesday, October 7, 2020.

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  • According to the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ, forex turnover rose marginally from $58.24 million on Tuesday, October 6, 2020, to $58.52 million on Wednesday, October 7, 2020.
  • The CBN had in the past few weeks moved to clear the huge backlog of foreign exchange demand, especially by foreign investors wishing to repatriate back their funds.
  • The drop in forex supply reinforces the volatility of the foreign exchange market. The supply of dollars has been on a decline for months due to low oil prices and the absence of foreign capital inflow into the country.
  • The average daily forex sale for last week was about $169.93 million, which represents a huge increase from the $34.5 million that was recorded the previous week.
  • Total forex trading at the NAFEX window in the month of August was about $857 million, compared to $937 million in July.

READ: CBN injects fresh $51.8m into FX Markets

The President of Association of Bureau De Change Operators (ABCON), Aminu Gwadebe, said that the BDCs are a major factor in the stability of the exchange rate. He said the BDCs remain the only threat to hoarding and speculation.

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Chike Olisah is a graduate of accountancy with over 15 years working experience in the financial service sector. He has worked in research and marketing departments of three top commercial banks. Chike is a senior member of the Nairametrics Editorial Team. You may contact him via his email- [email protected]

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    Currencies

    Naira falls at NAFEX window as Bitcoin rises above $63,000, an all-time record high

    Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the NAFEX window on Tuesday to close at N411/$1.

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    Naira stabilizes at black market as CBN continues its intervention in forex market

    Tuesday,13th April 2021: The exchange rate between Naira and the US Dollar closed at N411/1$ in the Importers and Exporters window, where forex is traded officially.

    Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the NAFEX window on Tuesday to close at N411/$1. This represents a 0.31% drop when compared to N409.75/$1 recorded on Monday, as the world’s largest cryptocurrency, Bitcoin hits an all-time high rising above $63,000.

    Meanwhile, the naira remained stable against the dollar at the parallel market on Tuesday, 13th April 2021 to close at N482 to a dollar, the same rate that was recorded on Monday, April 12, 2021.

    READ: Naira gains at NAFEX window despite 26.2% drop in dollar supply

    Trading at the official NAFEX window

    Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Tuesday to close at N411 to a dollar. This represents a N1.25 drop when compared to N409.75/$1 recorded on Monday, 12th April 2021.

    • The opening indicative rate closed at N409.58 to a dollar on Tuesday. This represents a N1.30 gain when compared to N410.88/$1 recorded on Monday.
    • Also, an exchange rate of N436.81 to a dollar was the highest rate recorded during intra-day trading before it closed at N411/$1. It also sold for as low as N400/$1 during intra-day trading.
    • Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window rose by 18.04% on Tuesday, 13th April 2021.
    • A cursory look at the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ showed that forex turnover increased from $45.35 million recorded on Monday, April 12, 2021, to $53.53 million on Tuesday, April 13, 2021.

    READ: Exchange rate weakens as external reserve records first growth in 36 days

    Cryptocurrency watch

    The world’s most popular digital currency, bitcoin, hit an all-time high above the $63,000 mark, extending its 2021 rally to new heights a day before Coinbase’s share listing in the United States.

    • Bitcoin closed at $63, 625.50 with several analysts feeling bullish, with price targets at $70,000 or higher by next month.
    • Risks remain, as some analysts choose to wait for confirmation of the breakout in price charts, especially as bullish positioning reaches extreme levels in the futures market.
    • The world’s biggest cryptocurrency, which has growing mainstream acceptance as an investment and a means of payment, rose by over 5% on Tuesday. Smaller rival Ethereum also reached a record high of $2,336.75.
    • Major firms including BNY Mellon, Mastercard Inc and Tesla Inc are among those to have embraced or invested in cryptocurrencies.
    • The digital currency has been widely adopted by many, replacing gold as the global digital-reserve asset.
    • Meanwhile, exchange tokens, such as Binance Coin, are seeing their value rise ahead of Coinbase’s public debut as well. Binance Coin, known as BNB, rose 23% on Monday, according to CoinMarketCap.com. Huobi Token and KuCoin Token, among others, also gained.

    Oil price gain

    Brent crude oil price rose on Tuesday as it closed at $64.08 per barrel, indicating a 1.68% increase compared to $63.02 recorded at the close of trade on Monday on signs of US inventory drawdown.

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    • Oil extended gains in Asian trading after an industry report pointed to another decline in US crude stockpiles that followed an upbeat assessment of the demand outlook from OPEC.
    • The American Petroleum Institute (API) on Tuesday reported a draw in crude oil inventories of 3.608 million barrels for the week ending April 9. Analysts had predicted a draw of 2.889 million barrels for the week.
    • OPEC boosted its consumption forecast for this year and predicted the market recovery will continue.
    • The latest data from the Energy Information Administration says that while inventories of crude oil are falling, U.S. oil production slipped from 11 million BPD to 10.9 million BPD during the week ending April 2.
    • Brent Crude closed at $64.08 (+0.64%), WTI Crude closed at $60.62 indicating 0.73% gain, Bonny Light, $62.56 (+0.58%), OPEC Basket (+0.52%) to close at $61.46 while Natural gas rose by 0.23% to close at $2,625

    External reserve

    Nigeria’s external reserve gained $102 million on Monday, 12th April 2021 to close at $35.138 billion, being the highest external reserve position recorded in over a month.

    • This indicates a 0.29% increase when compared to $35.036 billion recorded on Friday, 9th April 2021.
    • It also represents an increase in the country’s external reserve position for the 15th consecutive day, having endured a significant downturn earlier in the year. Nigeria’s reserve has added a total of about $722 million in 15 days.
    • This recent increase in Nigeria’s external reserve could however be attributed to the increase in crude oil prices recorded earlier in March before the recent bearish trade in the crude market.
    • It could be attributed to the possible increase in diaspora remittance as the CBN offers incentives for every unit of a dollar received in Nigeria from diaspora remittance.
    • The external reserve is likely to get a further boost, as the Federal Government recently announced plans to issue $500 million Eurobonds for 2021.

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    Currencies

    Naira gains at black market as external reserves increases by $620 million in 2 weeks

    The opening indicative rate closed at N410.88 to a dollar on Monday.

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    on

    Naira’s true worth,Naira gains on the dollar for the first time since March, Naira forwards hit record high as it crashes to N420/dollar in the parallel market, Naira hits N500 to $1 at the forward market, Naira hits N509 to the dollar at forwards market, demand for the U.S dollar climbs up, Naira hits $387.35 to $1 at currency spot market , Naira sells at N456, Nigeria’s Foreign Reserves drop by over $3 billion in Q1 2020, Investors and Exporters (I&E) window, Naira gains against the dollar, CBN close in on currency speculators

    Monday,12th April 2021: The naira appreciated against the dollar at the parallel market on Monday, 12th April 2021 to close at N482 to a dollar. This represents a N3 gain when compared to the N485/$1 that was recorded on Friday, April 9, 2021.

    Meanwhile, the exchange rate between Naira and the US Dollar closed at N409.75/1$ in the Importers and Exporters window, where forex is traded officially.

    Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the NAFEX window on Monday to close at N409.75/$1. This represents a 0.18% drop when compared to N409/$1 recorded on Friday, as the country’s external reserve increased by $620 million in 2 weeks.

    READ: Naira strengthens at NAFEX window as bitcoin slumps to $52k

    Trading at the official NAFEX window

    Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Monday to close at N409.75 to a dollar. This represents a 75 kobo drop when compared to N409/$1 recorded on Friday, 9th April 2021.

    • The opening indicative rate closed at N410.88 to a dollar on Monday. This represents a N1.09 drop when compared to N409.79/$1 recorded on Friday.
    • Also, an exchange rate of N420 to a dollar was the highest rate recorded during intra-day trading before it closed at N409.75/$1. It also sold for as low as N400/$1 during intra-day trading.
    • Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window dropped by 17.9% on Monday, 12th April 2021.
    • A cursory look at the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ showed that forex turnover declined from $55.21 million recorded on Friday, April 9, 2021, to $45.35 million on Monday, April 12, 2021.

    READ: Naira appreciates at NAFEX as Nigeria’s external reserve is set to get a boost

    Cryptocurrency watch

    The world’s most popular digital currency, bitcoin, rose by as much as 2.6% to $61,229 on Monday, nearing an all-time high as bullish sentiment gathered steam ahead of listing by the largest US cryptocurrency exchange.

    • The cryptocurrency is up almost nine times in the past year, a return that towers above that of more familiar assets like equities or bullion.
    • Against the backdrop of Wall Street’s growing embrace of crypto, the direct listing of digital-token exchange Coinbase Global Inc. is generating a lot of interest.
    • Coinbase is moving towards a $100 billion valuation as it is due to go public on the Nasdaq on April 14, the first listing of its kind for a major cryptocurrency company and a test of investor appetite for other start-ups in the sector.
    • The digital currency has been widely adopted by many, replacing gold as the global digital-reserve asset.
    • Meanwhile, exchange tokens, such as Binance Coin, are seeing their value rise ahead of Coinbase’s public debut as well. Binance Coin, known as BNB, rose 23% on Monday, according to CoinMarketCap.com. Huobi Token and KuCoin Token, among others, also gained.

    READ: Best performing mining, industrial and consumer goods stocks from last week

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    Oil price gain

    Brent crude oil price rose on Monday evening as it closed at $63.34 per barrel, indicating a 0.51% increase compared to $63.02 recorded at the close of trade on Sunday on expectations of strong economic recovery.

    • Oil prices recorded an increase early on Monday, with WTI Crude topping $60 a barrel for the first time in a week after the Federal Reserve Chairman, Jerome Powell, said that the outlook on the U.S. economy had brightened substantially.
    • A weaker U.S. dollar also added to investors’ appetite for crude, while another claim from the Yemeni rebel group, the Houthis that they had targeted oil facilities of Aramco in Saudi Arabia further supported prices.
    • Saxo Bank analysts said that the prospect for stronger economic growth helped to offset the impact of a resurgent coronavirus just as OPEC+ prepares to ease production cuts.
    • Brent Crude closed at $63.34 (+0.09%), WTI Crude closed at $59.75 indicating 0.08% gain, Bonny Light, $62.20 (+1.06%), OPEC Basket (-0.13%) to close at $61.14 while Natural gas dropped by 0.27% to close at $2.554.

    External reserve

    Nigeria’s external reserve gained $30 million on Friday, 9th April 2021 to close at $35.036 billion, being the highest external reserve position recorded in over a month.

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    • This indicates a 0.09% increase when compared to $35.006 billion recorded on Thursday, 8th April 2021.
    • It also represents an increase in the country’s external reserve position for the 14th consecutive day, having endured a significant downturn earlier in the year. Nigeria’s reserve has added a total of about $620 million in 14 days.
    • This recent increase in Nigeria’s external reserve could however be attributed to the increase in crude oil prices recorded earlier in March before the recent bearish trade in the crude market.
    • It could be attributed to the possible increase in diaspora remittance as the CBN offers incentives for every unit of a dollar received in Nigeria from diaspora remittance.
    • The external reserve is likely to get a further boost, as the Federal Government recently announced plans to issue $500 million Eurobonds for 2021.

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