The Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) has made available detailed information to guide taxpayers and the general public on rates payable as stamp duty.
The disclosure was made in a public statement by the Director Communications and liaison Department of the FIRS, Abdullahi Ahmad, on Tuesday July 21, 2020.
Ahmad noted that the clarification was made following several requests by taxpayers who want to know about the current administration of Stamp Duties Act in the country.
According to News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), Ahmad stated that the clarification guide was contained in a Public Notice signed by Executive Chairman of FIRS, Mr Muhammad Nami, and was published on the official website of FIRS, www.firs.gov.ng.
Nami was quoted as saying, “stamp duty is a tax payable in respect of dutiable instrument as provided under the Stamp Duties Act, CAP S8, LFN 2004 (as amended).
“Such instruments include Agreements, Contracts, Receipts, Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), Promissory notes, Insurance policies and others stipulated in the Schedule to the Stamp Duties Act.
“Stamp Duty is chargeable on both physical and electronic instruments in two ways i.e. Ad-valorem, where duty payable is a percentage of the consideration on an instrument; or Flat Rate, where a fixed sum is chargeable irrespective of the consideration on dutiable instrument or document.”
Going further, Nami listed at least 50 types of transactions that are eligible for stamp duty deductions.
Some of the listed chargeable transactions include bank deposit or transfer, loan agreement, Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) related to land, sales agreement, will, tenancy/lease agreement and all receipts.
The FIRS boss while making the clarification noted that the recently inaugurated FIRS Adhesive Stamp was not the same as postage stamp which is administered by NIPOST for the purposes of delivery of items and documents.
According to Nami, “The burden of payment of stamp duties whether fixed or ad-valorem is that of the beneficiaries of a contract, or Money Deposit Banks’ customers who transfer an amount of N10,000 and above from his account to another customer’s account.
“It is the responsibility of Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs), Money Deposit Banks (MDBs), Companies, Landlords, Executors, among others to ensure that service providers, contractors and tenants pay stamp duties due on agreements, receipts and other dutiable instruments
“Failure to deduct or remit stamp duties into the Federal or State Stamp Duties Account attracts relevant penalties and interest as stipulated in the Stamp Duties Act, Cap S8, LFN 2004 (as amended).”
A public notice by FIRS, seems to put paid to the controversy/tussle between the service and NIPOST on who should rightly collect stamp duty on behalf of the government.
The public notice reiterates the powers of the FIRS to collect stamp duties on dutiable instruments where such instruments are executed between a company and an individual, group or body of individuals, in line with section 4(1) of the Stamp Duties Act as amended by the Finance Act.