One of the problems that are prevalent in Nigeria is that of paucity of data. Though that problem still bedevils the Nigerian mutual fund industry, the Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) has been doing its best to publish, as often as it can, a compilation of the Net Asset Values of Nigerian mutual funds.
One way to judge the health of an industry like the mutual fund industry is to look at the trends of fund flows into and out of the industry. In one of my recent pieces, I pointed out that the state of the industry seemed to be strong, and judging by how much investors poured into the industry in 2019, the state of the industry seems to be even stronger.
Another way to judge the health of the industry is to look at its growth in terms of the number of funds, especially number of new funds, launched within a review period or year. Due to lack of alternative facts, our analysis is based solely on the publications by the Security and Exchange Commission. Based on the SEC NAV Summary reports, we can comfortably say that Nine new funds were added to the list of active mutual funds in Nigeria in 2019.
That is a slight improvement over the 8 new funds that were added in 2018, but nothing compared with the 16 new funds added in 2017. Be that as it may, the fact that the industry added more funds, with none going into extinction, is quite commendable and a mark of growth. Here are the newcomers in 2019.
Vantage Dollar Fund and Vantage Equity Income Fund
Vantage Dollar fund is a Eurobond fund, being denominated in US Dollar. It is a product of InvestmentOne Fund management. Though the fund opened for issue on April 23 2018, closing on June 1, 2018, it did not get listed in the SEC report until sometime in 2019, making it a newcomer in 2019. Its current asset value is N1.8 billion and the fund generated about N78 million in gains in 2019. InvestmentOne also launched the Vantage Equity Income Fund.
That brings to 6, the number of funds being managed by InvestmentOne Asset Management, giving it a total asset under management of N21.6 billion.
- Another newcomer in 2019 is the IBTC Shariah Fixed Income Fund. The Fund is an “open-ended unit trust scheme that invests in Shariah-Compliant fixed income securities and investment products that are permissible under Shariah principles.” A product of Stanbic IBTC Asset Management, the fund was valued at N1.5 billion by the end of 2019 and generated an estimated N54.6 million in gains also in 2019. With that, the number of funds under the management of Stanbic IBTC Asset Management company now comes to 14, with total asset undermanagement of N478.2 billion as at the end of 2019.
- PACAM Eurobond fund and PACAM Equity Fund also made it to the list of newcomers in 2019. Though PACAM Eurobond fund is said to be Eurobond fund, at least by nomenclature, the fund manager’s website says that the fund invests in “Fixed Income instruments such as FGN Bonds, Sub National Bonds, Corporate Bonds and other investment-grade Fixed income instruments giving investor’s opportunity to invest in secure and high yielding Bonds offered by Federal and State Governments of Nigeria and large Corporates.” The launch of the two funds brings to 5, the number of funds being managed by PACAM Asset Management company, bringing its asset under management, AUM, to N1.56 billion.
- Lead Balanced fund also got enlisted in the SEC NAV Summary Report for the first time in 2019. A product of Lead Asset Management, the fund is an Open-Ended Fund authorized and registered in Nigeria as a Unit Trust Scheme. Aimed at achieving capital appreciation by holding long-term positions in different asset classes and provide regular income streams for unit holders, Lead Balanced fund was valued at N475 million at the end of 2019, after making about N10.57 million in gains. Lead Asset management now manages 2 funds with combined AUM of N566 million.
- Legacy Money Market: Not wanting to be undone by other asset managers, First City Asset Management launched its Legacy Money Market fund, to bring the funds under its management to 4, and total asset under its management to N20.5 billion.
- Growth & Development Asset Management Limited also debuted in the Nigerian mutual fund industry with its GDL Money market fund, an open-ended mutual fund that invests in a broadly diversified portfolio of short-term, high-quality money market securities such as Treasury Bills, Commercial Papers, Bankers Acceptances and Certificate of Deposits issued by rated banks in Nigeria. With that, Growth & Development Asset Management Limited, GDL, gets set to make its mark in the industry with its current AUM of N896 million.
- FSDH Treasury Bill Fund: 2019 saw what could be known as Nigeria’s first and only Treasury Bill fund, with the launch of FSDH Treasury Bill Fund by FSDH Asset Management. Though a money market fund by its characteristics, the FSDH Treasury Bill Fund “provides investors with the opportunity to invest in a range of Treasury Bills across different tenors” in Nigeria. That brings the number of funds being managed by FSDH Asset Management to 4 and its total asset under management stood at N44 billion as at the end of 2019.
[READ ALSO: How to build a profitable Mutual Fund Portfolio)
There is no doubt that the Nigerian mutual fund environment is still evolving and a fertile ground for innovation and product development. A lot of progress has been made, and a lot more needs to be made. One area that is yearning for attention is the area of fund of funds. We are watching to see who launches the first fund of funds in Nigeria.
Nigerian government spends equivalent of 83% of revenue to service debt in 2020
The Federal Government of Nigeria achieved a debt service to revenue ratio of 83% in 2020.
The Federal Government of Nigeria achieved a debt service to revenue ratio of 83% in 2020. This is according to the information contained in the budget implementation report of the government for the year ended December 2020.
According to the data seen by Nairametrics, total revenue earned in 2020 was N3.93 trillion representing a 27% drop from the target revenues of N5.365 trillion. However, debt service for the year was a sum of N3.26 trillion or 82.9% of revenue.
Nigeria’s debt service cost of N3.26 trillion has now dwarfed the N1.7 trillion spent on capital expenditure of N1.7 trillion incurred in 2020. This is also the highest debt service paid by the Federal Government since we started tracking this data in 2009.
The total public debt (External and Domestic) balance carried by Nigeria as of September 2020 stood at N32.22 trillion ($84.57 billion). Included in the total debt is a domestic debt of about N15.8 trillion.
What this means: Nigeria’s debt to GDP ratio is estimated at about 22%, one of the lowest in the world and much below what is obtainable in most emerging markets.
- However, the challenge has always been the debt service to revenue ratio, a metric that reveals whether the government is generating enough revenues to pay down its debts as they mature.
- Since the first recession experienced in 2016, Nigeria has struggled with higher debt service to revenue ratio as revenues slid in direct correlation with the fall in oil prices.
- Nigeria’s government spent about N2.45 trillion in debt service in 2019 out of total revenue of N4.1 trillion or 59.6% debt service to revenue ratio.
- At 83%, 2020 ranks as the highest debt service to revenue ratio we have incurred. Before now it was 2017 with 61.6%.
Breakdown of what debts were serviced
The following amount was spent on debt service during the year
- To service domestic debt, the government spent N1.755 trillion in 2020 as against a budget of N1.87 trillion.
- For foreign debts, a sum of N553 billion was spent against a target budget of N805.47 billion. The drop here is likely a result of lower interest rates on foreign borrowing as well as very limited borrowing from the foreign debt market during the year.
- The government only contributed N4.58 billion into its sinking fund instead of the budgeted N272.9 billion.
- The sinking fund is required to set aside funds that will be used to pay down on other loans such as bonds when they mature in the future.
- Finally, a sum of N912.57 trillion was spent on servicing CBN’s loans, granted via its Ways and Means provisions.
- Nairametrics reported last week that a total sum of N2.8 trillion was extended by the CBN to the FG as Ways and Means.
What happens next: In 2021, the government projects a debt service of N3.1 trillion against revenue of N6.6 trillion or a debt service to revenue ratio of 46.9%.
- The government plans to spend N4.3 trillion on capital expenditure during the year.
Top 10 African tech companies and capital raised in 2020
These are the top 10 tech companies and the capital they raised in 2020.
These are the top 10 rankings of the highest fundraisers for 2020.
The startup provides digital payments infrastructure and services which enable global merchants, payment service providers, and pan-African banks to accept and process payments across various channels.
It raised a $35M Series-B round led by US venture capital firms Greycroft and eVentures in January 2020. The funding was invested in technology and business development to grow market share in the countries it operates in.
The startup offers cross-border P2P payments services across 7 African countries. It raised $30m in a Series B funding round in November 2020 led by Ribbit Capital, an American based VC firm that invests in early-stage startups.
The funding was used to improve its products to include API payments solutions, crypto-currency trading options, and investment services and also expand its markets.
The startup is equalizing precision medicine by including underrepresented Africans in global genomics research. It raised $15M in a Series A funding round in April 2020 led by Adjuvant Capital – a life sciences fund backed by the International Finance Corporation, Novartis, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
These new funds will be used to address the gap that exists in precision medicine for people on the African continent.
The startup is a one-stop app for all your financial needs. Aella makes it super easy for anyone to borrow, invest, and make payments. It secured a $10 million debt financing round from a Singaporean company – HQ Financial Group.
The new capital raised from Singapore is expected to facilitate the credit company’s effort to provide financial inclusion to many more of the people who are currently unbanked across Nigeria, West Africa, and other emerging markets.
The startup has become the leading provider of full-service technology solutions for healthcare stakeholders in Africa. It raised a $10 million Series A round in April 2020.
Global Ventures and Africa Healthcare Master fund (AAIC) co-led the investment round. Helium plans to use the latest funding round to hire and expand to North and East Africa, including Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, and Morocco.
The startup provides a full banking service on your smartphone. It secured a US$10 million seed round in November 2020 – the biggest seed round ever to be raised in Africa, led by Target Global with participation from Entrée Capital and SBI Investment.
The funding will be used to help accelerate its growth plans and keep up with customer demand. Specifically, funds will be used for key hires, product development, and to expand operations across Africa.
The startup is a Nigerian B2B eCommerce company that utilizes an end-to-end distribution platform aimed at connecting the world’s top consumer goods companies directly to retailers in Africa.
It raised $10-million in a pre-Series B equity round co-led by Partech, International Finance Corporation, Women Entrepreneurs Finance Initiative (We-Fi), and MSA Capital in July 2020.
The new investment will enable Trade Depot to continue connecting international brands with small businesses in Nigeria, expand into other African cities, launch a suite of financial products, and credit facilities aimed at supporting its retailers.
The startup is helping governments and businesses make good on the promise of healthcare in the fastest-growing parts of the world by making the pharmaceutical supply chain radically simple, affordable, and easily accessible.
It raised a $3.6 million Series A round in March 2020, led by Blue Haven Initiative, with investors including Newtown Partners via the Imperial Venture Fund and Accion Venture Lab.
The investment will be used to scale Shelf Life expansion throughout Nigeria and Kenya, as well as the development of additional services for Shelf Life clients and their patients.
The startup connects suppliers to hospitals and pharmacies directly to make the pharmaceutical supply chain more efficient. The health start-up raised $3.5M in a seed funding round in December 2020. It will use this funding to expand to other African countries.
the company is an automotive technology company that aims to build solutions for the African market. It raised $3.4 million in pre-seed funding round in November 2020, co-led by TLcom Capital and 4DX with inclusion from Golden Palm Investments, Lateral Capital, Kepple Africa Ventures.
Autoochek will use the investment to grow its Nigerian and Ghanaian markets, invest in its tech, and grow its team.
Despite the ravaging impact of Covid-19, Nigerian tech start-ups raised millions of dollars in funding. We hope to see more investors in the first quarter of 2021.
FG receives N144 billion in dividends from NLNG in 2020
NLNG, paid the Federal Government a dividend of N188 billion in the fiscal year ended December 2020.
Nigeria Liquified Natural Gas Company, NLNG, paid the Federal Government a dividend of N144 billion in the fiscal year ended December 2020.
This is according to the information contained in the Ministry of Finance Budget implementation report for the period of January 2020 to December 2020 and presented by the Minister for Finance Dr. Zainab Ahmed.
During the year, the Federal Government budgeted a sum of N80.3 billion as its share of dividends from NLNG, however, the actual sum received as its share was N144 billion, N63.2 billion more or 79% higher than projected.
The year 2020 was a difficult year for the government as the fall in crude oil prices and the economic shutdown that was triggered by the Covid-19 Pandemic dented projections and ravaged revenues.
NLNG Dividend Bliss
The dividend received from NLNG was a major bright spot in the government’s revenue performance for the year.
- During the year, the government projected revenue of N5.36 trillion but only received N3.9 trillion in revenues representing a shortfall of N1.4 trillion or 27% for the year.
- The huge dividend windfall received in 2020 is a stark contrast from 2017 when Nigeria just exited a recession triggered by falling oil prices and a sharp exchange rate devaluation.
- In that year, the Federal Government’s share of dividends from Nigeria Liquefied Natural Gas (NLNG) dropped by as much as $687 million, from $1.04 billion in 2015 to $365 million in 2016, a 65% drop.
- The N144 billion received in 2020 topped the amount received from signature bonuses only N78.2 billion and complimented the N192 billion received by VAT.
- It is the most effective form of revenue generation for the government.
Back in July Nairametrics reported that the House of Representatives planned to investigate the alleged illegal withdrawal of $1.05 billion from the NLNG account by NNPC without its knowledge and appropriation.
- They had accused the NNPC of illegally tampering with the funds at the NLNG dividends account to the tune of 1.05 billion dollars thereby violating the nation’s appropriation law.
- NLNG is a company jointly owned by Nigerian owned NNPC(49%), Shell (25.6%), Total (15%), and ENI (10.4%).
- The company is located in Bonny Island and has six trains with a total capacity to process 22 million tonnes of LNG a year and as much as 5 million tonnes of natural gas liquids.
- NLNG currently accounts for about 7% of the total LNG supply in the world. Nigeria is ranked as the 4th exporter of Natural Gas in the world.
Upshots: The FG is targeting a revenue of N208 billion from NLNG as dividends in 2021. If this materializes, it will be a significant payout in dividend (in naira terms) competing with the N238.4 billion expected from VAT.
- Important to note that the recent devaluation of the naira will increase the naira value of dividends and other government revenue, as it did in 2020.
- The government also targets N6.6 trillion in revenue for the period under review.
Updated: An earlier version of this article captured the dividend as N188 billion instead of N144 billion. It has now been corrected.