The Federal Executive Council (FEC) has placed a limit on the amount that would be spent by the federal government from oil proceeds, in order to set aside more money for the Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF).
This limit was part of the policies contained in the newly approved National Policy initiative by the Ministry of Petroleum Resources.
According to a report by Thisday, a limit will be placed on the amount of oil revenue that can be spent by the Federal Government, a percentage would also go into the Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF) for future generations and funding of key infrastructure projects.
The government will explore mechanisms by which petroleum revenue can be managed for the benefit of future generations. The intention is for Nigeria to commit to two principles: To put a cap on the proportion of petroleum revenue that can be spent on current national expenditure; to put an agreed proportion of petroleum revenue into the Sovereign Wealth Fund to be used for underpinning major infrastructure projects within Nigeria, put aside or invested for the benefit of future generations, the policy states.
The SWF was launched by the Nigeria Sovereign Investment Authority (NSIA) in 2012 to keep surplus income produced from Nigeria’s excess oil reserves. Simply put, the SWF takes the portion of oil revenue that is earned by the country above the crude oil benchmark in the budget. The Nigerian Sovereign Wealth Fund is comprised of three funds:
This is maintained to cater for situations where the planned spending exceeds planned revenue by the Federal Government within a fiscal year. That is, it serves as the last resort to meet annual budget deficit where revenues from petroleum sales are less than the level anticipated and approved by the National Assembly.
Future Generations Fund
This fund is a savings fund kept by the Federal Government to build an inter-generational savings base by investing in longer term assets that generate returns to accumulate wealth for future generations of Nigerians
Nigeria Infrastructure fund
The Nigeria Infrastructure Fund was designed to cover the nation’s infrastructure gap by investing in the development of critical facilities across the country, with 10% devoted to agriculture and development projects.
Comparing SWFs among League of Oil producing Nations
In the league of other oil producing countries, Nigeria still lag behind as the fund currently holds $1.5 Billion.
On oil Joint Ventures
The policy also proposes the conversion of some oil Joint Venture (JV) operations to Production Sharing Contracts (PSCs) as part of its plan to exit the JVs by the end of 2017. A PSC does not grant ownership, but a right to a share of the revenues from the sale of oil and gas. In a PSC, the oil companies recover their capital and operating expenditure, before sharing profits with the government.
Under the new petroleum policy, the government may consider the conversion of some JVs to Production Sharing Contracts. However, such potential conversions need to meet the requirement that the historical equity capital contributions to the resource must be recognised and the risk reward profile must be significantly beneficial to the state, it noted.
On the JV cash calls, it said the challenges of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) with meeting its obligations would be addressed with the proper capitalisation of the state-run oil firm, with a structure that allows for project and balance sheet financing.
According to the new policy, the government will participate less in financing operations in the sector, except on rare occasions where it would be required to make pioneer investment to enable private investors take up huge interest going forward.
On the Niger Delta
As stated in the petroleum policy, the government will develop a Niger Delta-wide model with the intention of involving Niger Delta communities directly in infrastructure, social and petroleum developments in their local community area.
For instance, it will identify marginal fields which it may be possible to develop in partnership with local communities, with the aim of integrating them into project developments.
Another area to be explored is the setting up of community-based funds for communities as well as small equity holdings for communities in oil operations in their areas.
The Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Dr. Ibe Kachikwu, remarked that the policy defined the strategy of the government with respect to Nigeria’s oil resources and establishes the medium to long-term targets for oil reserves growth and utilisation, as well as strategies to be pursued to ensure the successful implementation of the policy in accordance with Nigeria’s national socio-economic development priorities.
Here is the exciting 2021 list of the richest football clubs in the world
Here’s Forbes 2021 list of the most valuable clubs in the world.
Billionaires are fond of investing in sports franchises. This is because there is a lot of money in it and the income stream is pretty consistent. Authoritative wealth watch magazine, Forbes yesterday released its official list of the most valuable clubs in the world.
It also gave a summary of the business side of the football world which we found quite interesting.
Nairametrics did a thorough review of the list and highlighted the parts which we believe will resonate well with our readers. Let’s get to it!
Top 10 richest clubs in 2021 by value
Tottenham hotspur comes in at the 10th position with a valuation of $2.3bn. The English club is owned by Joseph Lewis and Daniel Levy. They generated $494m last year.
Paris St Germaine comes in at 9th position with a valuation of $2.5bn. The French league 1 giants generated more money than arsenal last year. They generated $599m. PSG is owned by an investment group, Qatar Sports Investments.
Arsenal football club, another London side club comes in at 8th position with a valuation of $2.8bn. The club is solely owned by Stan Kroenke, an American Businessman who invests in sports and media. Arsenal generated $430m in 2020 making it the 8th most valuable club.
Chelsea football club comes in 7th on the list with a valuation of $3.2bn. The London side club has retained its longstanding owner Roman Abramovich, a Russian Oligarch. Chelsea generated $520m last year.
Manchester City (4bn)
Manchester City, an English club with a long history of billionaire owners comes in at 6th position. The very successful English club generated total revenue of $609m last year. The club is valued at $4bn and is owned by Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan.
Liverpool comes in 5th at a $4.1bn valuation. The English club is the second wealthiest in England with a generated revenue of $619m. The club is owned by a joint partnership between Billionaire, John Henry and Tom Werner.
Manchester United (4.2bn)
Manchester United is the wealthiest English club on the list. The club is valued at $4.2bn, taking up the 4th position on the list. The club has been owned by a Jewish business family, the Glaziers for years. They are the largest shareholders and practically own the club. They generated $643m last year.
Bayern Munchen (4.215bn)
Bayern Munchen comes in at the third position with a value of $4.215bn. The German giants have bossed the German league for years. They generated $703m last year, coming in at the 3rd position.
Real Madrid (4.75bn)
Real Madrid Fc comes in at the second position. The football club which had previously dominated this list was edged out by bitter rivals, Barcelona. Real Madrid is valued at $4.75bn and the club is also owned by the club members. Real Madrid generated $729m, the same amount of revenue as Barcelona last year.
FC Barcelona (4.76bn)
Fc Barcelona is the most valuable football club in 2021 with a market value of $4.7bn. The club sits gallantly in the first position.
The Spanish giants generated a massive $792m in revenue last year and succeeded in holding on to their key player Lionel Messi. They also edged out Real Madrid and Man Utd who have dominated this list for 16 years. FC Barcelona is owned by the club supporters. It has no major shareholder or billionaire financier. The club has over 160,000 members forming its governing body.
What you should know
- 6 of the 10 richest clubs in the world are owned by billionaires; the rest are owned by club members and an investment group.
- In the last 16 years, the world’s richest football clubs list has been topped by only two clubs – Real Madrid and Manchester United.
- Football clubs generate revenues through advertisements, sponsorship deals, jersey deals and ticket sales. These are the 4 major revenue streams of a football club.
- The top 3 teams on the list – Fc Barcelona, Real Madrid and Bayern Munchen generated a combined revenue of $2.3bn in 2020.
UBA Business Series to equip SMEs with Performance Management Strategies for Organisational Growth
UBA has been assisting with essential tips to help businesses ensure that they stay afloat and remain thriving.
As part of its commitment to support the growth and sustainability of Micro, Small and Medium-scale Enterprises (MSME) in the continent, Pan African financial Institution, United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc, is set to organise the next edition of its UBA Business Series.
The UBA Business Series which is a monthly event, is an MSME Workshop as well as a capacity-building initiative of the bank where business leaders and professionals share well-researched insights on best practices for running successful businesses, especially in the face of the difficult operating environment that dominates the African business landscape.
Through this initiative, UBA has been assisting with essential tips to help businesses re-examine their models and strategies and ensure that they stay afloat and remain thriving.
The topic for the next edition of the series is ‘ Managing Performance for Business Growth,’ and it will be held on Wednesday, April 14, 2021, via Microsoft Teams. At this session, the Managing Director, Secure ID Limited, Mrs Kofo Akinkugbe, will be sharing useful tips and insights on the key strategies of performance management to boost business growth.
Akinkugbe is the founder of SecureID Nigeria, a MasterCard, VISA and Verve certified Smartcard Personalization Bureau and Digital Technology company. She currently serves as the Managing Director/CEO, Secure Card Manufacturing, – a Smartcard manufacturing plant producing high-security identity cards and documents for the Banking, Telecoms and Public sectors across Africa and beyond.
The capacity-building event is a virtual session which is open to all – including business owners and leaders – and will be held on Wednesday, April 14th, 2021, at 2pm WAT. Interested participants can register via http://bit.ly/UBASMEWorkshopMarch2021
UBA’s Head, SME Banking, Sampson Aneke said of Akinkugbe, ‘with her vast experience garnered over the years from various sectors, she will help business owners understand how performance management strategies can be effectively implemented to ensure business growth’.
He emphasised UBA’s commitment and deep passion for small businesses, which according to him, remains the engine of any developing economy adding, “We know small businesses are the backbone of the economy in every country. In many climes, businesses with fewer than 100 employees account for 98.2% of all businesses. This no doubt captures the importance of SMEs to a thriving economy which is why UBA is committed to seeing them flourish.”
Nairametrics | Company Earnings
Access our Live Feed portal for the latest company earnings as they drop.
- Friesland Campina Wamco Nigeria Plc announces AGM, proposes dividend of N6.74 per share.
- ETI appoints Akin Dada as Group Executive, Corporate & Investment banking.
- Union Homes REIT proposes final dividend worth N465.03 million for shareholders.
- GT Bank Plc holds FY 2020 investors presentation.
- Cornerstone Insurance Plc notifies stakeholders of late submission of financial statements.