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Currencies

New CBN Circular: CBN confirms only Banks can pay IMTO dollars

CBN issues update on how dollar transfers from friends and family living abroad should be paid

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Forex: U.S dollar gains strength, global geopolitical climate worsens

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has issued an update to its recent circular on the management of remittances from diaspora Nigerians. In a circular posted on its website, the apex bank instructed banks to transfer all diaspora remittances to the domiciliary accounts of the beneficiaries or pay the customers in foreign currency.

READ: MFBs, DMBs, others get new lending limit directive from CBN

On payment of foreign transfers

  • It also clarified that the choice of how the money should be paid, whether transfer or dollar cash withdrawal is the choice of the beneficiary of the remittance.
  • The circular also instructed the IMTOs to ensure the foreign currency is deposited into their corresponding deposit money bank accounts. It also confirmed banks are to pay the dollars to the beneficiaries either via transfers to domiciliary accounts or in cash.

READ: Explained: The variables that took Nigeria’s foreign exchange reserves to $40 billion

In another circular seen by Nairametrics but issued to deposit money banks, the CBN closed all Naira ledger accounts opened specifically for the purpose of receiving IMTO (foreign transfers from diaspora Nigerians) with immediate effect.

What this means: This spew of circulars follows another one issued on Monday by the apex bank which effectively instructs banks to pay foreign remittances in dollars and no longer in naira.

READ: ‘Banks lost N15billion to fraud, cyber-crime in 2018’

  • This move has strengthened the exchange rate in the black market with the dollar selling for N470/$1 before weakening again to N480/$1 in the evening of Wednesday.
  • Analysts, including Nairametrics, believe the series of circulars by the central bank is aimed at reducing the disparity between the black market and official I&E windows.
  • According to the theory, if more Nigerians are able to sell their dollars at the rate that they want then this could create more liquidity thus reducing the exchange rate disparity.

READ: Naira crashes to N500/$1 at black market as CBN adjusts exchange rates

What you should know: Before now, inflow through IMTO such as Western Union was paid to beneficiaries in Naira. However, the CBN now wants this payment to be made in dollars.

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Chidi Emenike is a graduate of economics, a Young African Leadership Initiative Fellow and an Investment Foundations certificate holder. He worked as a graduate Teaching Assistant in the Federal College of Education Kano and is also a trained National Peer Group Educator on Financial Inclusion

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    Currencies

    Exchange rate strengthens at NAFEX as dollar supply spikes by 690%

    Naira gained against the US Dollar on Thursday to close at N409.65/$1 while dollar supply surges by 690.6%.

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    Naira stabilizes at black market as CBN continues its intervention in forex market

    Thursday, 8th April 2021: The exchange rate between Naira and the US Dollar closed at N409.65/1$ in the Importers and Exporters window, where forex is traded officially.

    Naira gained against the US Dollar on Thursday to close at N409.65/$1. This represents a 0.33% appreciation compared to N411/$1 recorded on Wednesday.

    Meanwhile, naira remained stable in the parallel market on Thursday, 8th April 2021 to close at N485 to a dollar, the same rate as maintained since last week.

    READ: Naira falls at NAFEX window despite 394% increase in dollar supply

    Trading at the official NAFEX window

    Naira appreciated against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Thursday to close at N409.65 to a dollar. This represents a N1.35k gain when compared to N4111/$1 recorded on Wednesday, 7th April 2021.

    • The opening indicative rate closed at N410.5 to a dollar on Thursday. This represents a N0.76 depreciation when compared to N409.74/$1 recorded on Wednesday.
    • Also, an exchange rate of N419 to a dollar was the highest rate recorded during intra-day trading before it closed at N409.65/$1. It also sold for as low as N394/$1 during intra-day trading.
    • Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window increased by 690.6% on Thursday, 8th April 2021.
    • A cursory look at the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ showed that forex turnover grew from $11.85 million recorded on Wednesday, April 7, 2021, to $93.69 million on Thursday, April 8, 2021.

    Cryptocurrency watch

    The world’s most popular digital currency, bitcoin recorded a 0.18% decline in value in the early hours of Friday, 9th April 2021.

    • Bitcoin was down by 0.18% to trade at $58,135 on Friday morning, bur lead compared to $36,199 recorded at the close of trade on Wednesday.
    • Meanwhile, according to a research report, bitcoin is expected to surge around 600$ to hit the $400,000 level in 2021. This has been well met as major financial institutions in the world such as Visa, Goldman Sachs, and Morgan Stanley have embraced the digitalization of money.
    • The digital currency has been widely adopted by many, replacing gold as the global digital-reserver asset.

    READ: Naira remains flat as external reserve fall to just 6 months of imports

    Oil price gain

    Brent crude oil price recorded a marginal increase on Thursday as it closed at $63.2 per barrel, indicating a 0.06% gain compared to $63.16 recorded at the close of trade on Wednesday.

    Sigma Pensions
    • Crude oil prices are beginning to record tepid growth demands are expected to increase due to revived optimism in the market as the United Kingdom has given the first vaccine to about half of its population, while the US has vaccinated about 30% of its population.
    • Crude oil prices have recorded a marginal increase during the week despite the resolve of the OPEC+ to reduce production cuts in the coming months. However, US Shale Giant have commended the OPEC+ group in bringing supply and demand back to balance.
    • Brent Crude closed at $63.2 (+0.06%), WTI Crude closed at $59.75 indicating 0.25% gain, Bonny Light, $60.6 (-2.63%), OPEC Basket (-1.06%) to close at $60.68 while Natural gas dipped by 0.12% to close at $2.519.

    External reserve

    Nigeria’s external reserve gained $1.79 million on Thursday, 8th April 2021 to close at $34.977 billion, being the highest external reserve position recorded in over a month.

    • This indicates a 0.01% increase when compared to $34.975 billion recorded on Thursday 1st April 2021.
    • This also represents an increase in the country’s external reserve position for the 12th consecutive day, having endured a significant downturn in the early parts of the year. Nigeria’s reserve has added a total of $560.5 million in 12 days.
    • This recent increase in Nigeria’s external reserve could however be attributed to the increase in crude oil prices recorded earlier in March before the recent bearish trade in the crude market.
    • It could be attributed to the possible increase in diaspora remittance as the CBN offers incentives for every unit of dollar received in Nigeria from diaspora remittance.

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    Currencies

    Exchange rate weakens to record N438/$1 during intra-day trading

    The exchange rate at NAFEX trades at N438/$1 during Intra-day trading NAFEX as forex turnover drops by 71%

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    Forex, Nafex, parallel market, exchange rate, Naira, Dollar

    Wednesday, 7th April 2021: The exchange rate between the naira and the US Dollar closed N411/$ at the Investors and Exporters window.

    The Naira depreciated against the US Dollar for the third time in a row on Wednesday, 7th of April 2021, to close at N411/$1. This represents a 0.12% decline when compared to N410.5 recorded on Tuesday.

    Despite the depreciation recorded in the I&E window, the naira remained stable in the parallel market on Wednesday to close at N485 to a dollar, the same as recorded since last week.

    Meanwhile, the dollar supply in the official exchange market dropped to its lowest in over 5 months as it declined by 71% on Wednesday to stand at $11.85 million.

    READ: Naira gains at NAFEX window despite 26.2% drop in dollar supply


    Trading at the official NAFEX window

    Naira depreciated against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Wednesday to close at N411 to a dollar. This represents a 50 kobo decline when compared to N410.5/$1 recorded on Tuesday, 6th April 2021.

    • The opening indicative rate closed at N409.74 to a dollar on Wednesday. This represents a N0.26 depreciation when compared to N409.48/$1 recorded on Tuesday.
    • Also, an exchange rate of N438 to a dollar was the highest rate recorded during intra-day trading before it closed at N411/$1. It also sold for as low as N405/$1 during intra-day trading.
    • Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window dropped by 71% on Wednesday, 6th April 2021.
    • A cursory look at the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ showed that forex turnover declined from $40.8 million recorded on Tuesday, April 6, 2021, to $11.85 million on Wednesday, April 7, 2021.

    READ: Naira gains at NAFEX window despite 26.2% drop in dollar supply


    Cryptocurrency watch

    Major crypto assets recorded a significant drop in Wednesday’s trade as the world’s most popular crypto asset, Bitcoin slumped by 3.13%, losing about $1,818.66 in a single day’s trade.

    Sigma Pensions
    • Bitcoin fell by 3.13% as of 11:00 pm on Wednesday to trade at $56,199.64
    • Also, Ethereum lost 5.56% to trade at $1,995.18, hence losing a total of $117.51.
    • Meanwhile, Nairametrics reported that the court has granted Ripple access to U.S SEC documents expressing the financial regulator’s interpretation or views about crypto assets. This saw the asset rallied in the early hours of the say.

    Oil price gain marginally

    Crude oil prices recorded a marginal gain on Wednesday to close at $63.09 (Brent Crude), representing a 0.56% gain.

    • The marginal growth in the price of crude could be attributed to the revived optimism in the market as the United Kingdom has given the first vaccine to about half of its population, while the US has vaccinated about 30% of its population.
    • Crude prices grew despite extended lockdowns in major countries in Europe as they battle with the third wave of the pandemic.
    • Brent Crude closed at $63.09 (+0.56%), WTI Crude closed at $59.77 indicating 0.74% gain, Bonny Light, $62.24 (+1.14%), OPEC Basket (-0.6%) to close at $61.33 while Natural gas grew by 2.61% to close at $2.52.

    External reserve

    Nigeria’s external reserve gained $129.8 million on Tuesday, 6th April 2021 to close at $34.98 billion, the highest single-day gain recorded in about 3 months.

    • This indicates a 0.37% increase when compared to $34.85 billion recorded on Thursday 1st April 2021.
    • This also represents the 11th consecutive increase in the country’s external reserve position having endured a significant downturn in the early parts of the year. Nigeria’s reserve has added a total of $558.8 million in 11 days.
    • This recent growth could however be attributed to the increase in crude oil prices recorded earlier in March and the possible increase in diaspora remittance as the CBN offers incentives for every unit of dollar received from diaspora remittance.
    • Nigeria will now hope for the reserve to $40 billion so as to be able to meet up with pent-up demand that had accumulated since the crash of crude oil price in 2020.

     

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