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Explained: CBN’s powers to seize bank account of criminals

The CBN expects the powers to be given to it via an amendment of the BOFIA.

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Implications of CBN's latest devaluation and FX unification, current account deficit, IMF, COVID-19, CBN OMO ban could give stocks a much-needed boost , CBN’s N132.56 billion T-bills auction records oversubscription by 327% , Nigeria pays $1.09 billion to service external debt in 9 months , Implications of the new CBN stance on treasury bill sale to individuals, Digital technology and blockchain altering conventional banking models - Emefiele  , Increasing food prices might erase chances of CBN cutting interest rate   , Customer complaint against excess/unauthorized charges hits 1, 612 - CBN , CBN moves to reduce cassava derivatives import worth $600 million  , Invest in infrastructural development - CBN Governor admonishes investors , Credit to government declines, as Credit to private sector hits N25.8 trillion, CBN sets N10 billion minimum capital for Mortgage firms, CBN sets N10 billion minimum capital for Mortgage firms , Why you should be worried about the latest drop in external reserves, CBN, Alert: CBN issues N847.4 billion treasury bills for Q1 2020 , PMI: Nigeria’s manufacturing sector gains momentum in November, CBN warns high foreign credits could collapse Nigeria’s economy, predicts high poverty, MPC Member, BVN, Fitch, Foreign excchange (Forex), Overnight rates crash after CBN’s N1.4 trillion deduction, Nigeria’s foreign reserves hit $36.57 billion; Emefiele keeps his word on defending the naira, CBN to support maize farmers, projects 12.5 million metric tons in 18 months

Reports across major news outlets in Nigeria reveal the central bank is seeking sweeping powers to freeze bank accounts “linked to criminals” in the country. It expects the powers to be given to it via an amendment of the Bank and Other Financial Institutions Act (BOFIA) of 2004.  

Powers to freeze accounts; The CBN’s Director Legal Services, Mr Kofo Salam-Alada, who made the representations at the National Assembly requested for the following;  

  • “The CBN should be able to apply to the court for orders to freeze accounts which are deemed to be linked with criminal and other civil infractions.” 
  • Apparently, the bill has passed through First and Second Readings but omitted the provisions they are seeking to include now. 

What this means: The CBN is increasingly seeing itself as not just an enforcer of monetary policy but a major stakeholder in curbing the activities of fraudsters looking to exploit the financial banking system. Thus, the CBN needs not wait for anti-corruption bodies like the EFCC to seek court orders to freeze bank accounts that they suspect of being used for fraudulent activities.  

For example, a bank account that receives a huge inflow that’s far above its average deposits over a period can be flagged by the bank coming under the radar of the CBN. This could give it major oversight over the parallel market demand for forex.  

Dormant Accounts: The CBN is also calling for a provision that will allow it to change the administration of dormant accounts in the banking sector. 

GTBank 728 x 90
  • “We propose the inclusion of provisions to improve the administration of dormant accounts in the Nigerian banking sector.”  
  • “The provisions should address such requirements as the criteria for determining dormancy, the processes for managing the funds in dormant accounts and procedure for reclaiming funds by beneficiaries.” 

What this means: It appears the CBN wants to have a more direct control over how dormant accounts are managed by banks in Nigeria. It is thought that some of the older generation banks keep tens of billions of naira in dormant account deposits that may not be reclaimed in the foreseeable future. 

Distressed Banks: The CBN also wants an amendment to the law to give it options to managing systemic crises and failed banks without seeking funding from taxpayers. 

What they are saying; 

  • “The Central Bank of Nigeria does the former (managing failed banks and bringing them back to good financial health) as provided in the BOFIA while NDIC is saddled with the latter (taking over liquidated banks and protecting depositors money) under the NDIC Act. The global best practice is to have the banking legislation empower the Financial services industry regulator to regulate banks, promote their soundness and stability superintend issuance and revocation of operating licence without recourse to any other institution; while the Deposit insurer is in charge of bank resolution activities after the revocation of the operating licence,”  
  • “There is a need to expand the options available to the CBN to resolve failing banks and manage the systemic crisis without recourse to the public treasury. In line with international best practices, we recommend the establishment of a resolution fund to pool resources for managing banking sector distress.”  
  • “We also recommend the adoption of additional resolution tools such as bail-in (ensuring that losses are absorbed by shareholders and creditors), sale of the business (allowing the resolution authority to sell all or part of the failing bank to a private acquirer) and asset separation (isolating the “bad” assets of the bank in an asset management vehicle for an orderly wind-down, if immediate liquidation is not justified in current market conditions). 

What this means: The CBN currently relies on taxpayers funds to bail out banks a policy that has been critisized in the last few years. Currently, failed banks are liquidated by the NDIC but this process means depositors still have to lose billions of naira of their deposits.

Nigerian banks also contribute a percentage of their total assets to AMCON sinking fund, which is also part of what is used to purchase eligible banking assets that are non-performing.

This bill, however, looks like they want to include an option that will allow the CBN to use the assets of the bank or its owners to “bail in” the banks rather than a bail out and also remove the bad loans from the balance sheet of the banks allowing it operate as though it is clean.  

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New Regulatory Powers: The CBN is also looking at amending its bill to give it more powers and oversight to regulate new wave of financial services firms that have emerged in recent times.

What they are saying; 

  • “Several new types of licenced institutions have entered the Nigerian Financial Services sector since the enactment of the 1991 Act. These include the non-interest banks, credit bureaux, payment system service providers, among others.”  
  • ‘There is a compelling need to introduce new provisions in the Bill to address the unique peculiarities of these institutions.” 

The National Assembly is also looking to approve the use of digital signatures through the introduction of the Electronic Transactions Bill. This will allow electronic communication to be accepted in the place of physical appearances and give validity to online contracts. 
 

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Abiola has spent about 14 years in journalism. His career has covered some top local print media like TELL Magazine, Broad Street Journal, The Point Newspaper. The Bloomberg MEI alumni has interviewed some of the most influential figures of the IMF, G-20 Summit, Pre-G20 Central Bank Governors and Finance Ministers, Critical Communication World Conference. The multiple award winner is variously trained in business and markets journalism at Lagos Business School, and Pan-Atlantic University. You may contact him via email - [email protected]

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Company Results

2020 Q2 Analysis: Conoil Plc, hanging by the thread

Conoil must stay aware and strive in Q3 to maintain a positive net cash position.

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Conoil Plc, NSE, Conoil Plc's shares, NSE suspends shares from trading shares, Conoil Plc declares dividend payment for FY 2019, announces AGM soon

A profit decline worth over N600 million within a 1-year period is more than enough to throw any concerned shareholder in a frenzy. Sadly, this is the reality for Conoil Plc, according to its latest unaudited earnings report.

The company’s Q1 2020 result seemed impressive, with about N260 million worth of profit after tax (PAT) reported. Ideally, this ought to have been a sign of good performances for the subsequent quarters of the year. Unfortunately, this hasn’t quite been the case.

The appalling nature of the second quarter (Q2) results was partly caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the recent reduction in fuel pump price by the federal government. As you may well know, the virus hit Nigeria at the start of April 2020, thereby ushering Q2 economic activities and operations into a compulsory lockdown. These notwithstanding, no one could have anticipated a revenue plunge 70% deep in the span of 6 months between Q1 and Q2.

Conoil Plc has an impressive reputation as a market leader playing in Nigeria’s downstream oil and gas sector. Due to the company’s positioning in the downstream sector, it is seldom directly affected by events in the often volatile global oil market… until now.

The Nigeria-based company was also hit hard when the federal government decided to allow market forces to determine the price of the pump in the country. The price was reduced to 125p/ltr from 145 p/ltr in late March this year. This contributed to the derisory N19.3 billion posted as Q2 revenue.

GTBank 728 x 90

The oil giant is in the business of marketing, distributing, and manufacturing under three business products, representing its operating segments. They market refined petroleum products and manufacture lubricants and household Liquified petroleum gas (LPGs) for domestic and industrial use. The three segments; White products (PMS, DPK, LPFO AGO), Lubricants, and Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), individually and respectively experienced poor turnover in Q2.

Worst quarter

Conoil’s recently released financial statement exposes arguably its worst Q2 figure in a couple of years, with Profit after tax (PAT) standing at a paltry N78.3 million. This pales significantly in comparison to Q1 PAT figure of N260 million representing a colossal 70% negative change and an 88.9% decline when compared to Q2 of 2019 with PAT of N707 million.

Revenue for the H1 peaks at N57.5 billion (although comparatively way below H1 2019 at N72 billion YoY) with Q2 Contributing a meager 16% N19.3 billion. Fundamental analysis of the financials, exposes that the sporadic shrink in turnover for Q2 could be attributable to these two major reasons. Firstly, the general lull in economic activities sponsored by the COVID-19 pandemic. This affected CONOIL’s marketable segment, halving the sales figures for white products by approximately 50% from N36.5 billion to N18 billion in Q1 & Q2 respectively. Manufactured lubricants also experienced a 7.7% dip in Q2 at N1.2 billion from N1.7 billion in Q1.  The second cause as hitherto stated was the reduction in fuel pump price N145 to N125, for the first time since 2016.

Deal book 300 x 250

The impact of such a decline in revenue is humongous. It questions the company’s ability to effectively service its debt obligations in the next quarter as well as providing adequate cover for its cost of sales and other expenses.

Investors are reputed to be ruthless pragmatics who accord more importance to the fine-prints than selling price when making purchasing decisions. Thus they often would place emphasis on the statement of cash flow as opposed to the income statement.

Conoil must stay aware and strive in Q3 to maintain a positive net cash position since Q1 & Q2 bear negative balances of N2billion and N1.2billion respectively. Negative cash flow is always a worrying omen. With current ratio for Q2 at 1.47:1 indicating the Oil giant’s relatively unconvincing ability to comfortably settle its liquidity problems if they arise.

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Currencies

Daily Parallel Market exchange rate – ₦475/$1

The US dollar closed at ₦475/US$1 in the parallel market

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Forex, NIGERIA: Daily Parallel Market, Exchange Rate

The exchange rate between the naira and the US dollar as of Thursday, August 13th 2020 closed at 475/US$1 in the parallel market. The exchange rate also closed at 475/US$1 on Wednesday 12th August 2020.

  • Naira:475
  • Dollar: $1
  • Date: August 13th, 2020

The exchange rate between the naira and the British pound sterling closed at  ₦575/₤1 on Thursday 13th August same as recorded on Wednesday 12th August 2020.

  • Naira: ₦575
  • Pounds Sterling: ₤1
  • Date: August 13th, 2020

Explore Economic Research Data From Nairametrics on Nairalytics

The exchange rate between the naira and the European euro closed at ₦530/€1 on Thursday 13th August 2020. The exchange rate also closed at ₦530/€1 on Wednesday 12th August 2020.

  • Naira: ₦530
  • Euro: €1
  • Date: August 13th, 2020

Activity: USD closed at 475/US$1 in the parallel market

GTBank 728 x 90

READ ALSO: The risk of buying Forex at black market rate of N460/$1 

DateCurrencyBuy(AM)Sell(AM)Buy(PM)Sell(PM)Volatility
8/13/2020Dollar470475
8/13/2020Pounds570575
8/13/2020Euro525530
8/12/2020Dollar470475470475Low
8/12/2020Pounds570575570575Low
8/12/2020Euro520530520530Low
8/11/2020Dollar477485477485Low
8/11/2020Pounds572584572584Low
8/11/2020Euro510523520535Low
8/10/2020Dollar477485477485Low
8/10/2020Pounds572584572584Low
8/10/2020Euro510523520535High
8/7/2020Dollar475486475486Low
8/7/2020Pounds578585578585Low
8/7/2020Euro536550536550Low
8/6/2020Dollar470480475486Low
8/6/2020Pounds575587578585Low
8/6/2020Euro534545536550Low
8/5/2020Dollar465475473483Low
8/5/2020Pounds570580575587Low
8/5/2020Euro525540532545Low
8/4/2020Dollar470480470480Low
8/4/2020Pounds560570560570Low
8/4/2020Euro520530520530Low
8/3/2020Dollar470480470480Low
8/3/2020Pounds560570560570Low
8/3/2020Euro520530520530Low
7/31/2020Dollar470480470485High
7/31/2020Pounds570582575585Low
7/31/2020Euro500520505520Low
7/30/2020Dollar470490470485High
7/30/2020Pounds550570550580High
7/30/2020Euro495520500525High
7/29/2020Dollar468475467475Low
7/29/2020Pounds575585580590Low
7/29/2020Euro530540530545Low
7/28/2020Dollar469475467475Low
7/28/2020Pounds575593580595Low
7/28/2020Euro550560540550Low
7/27/2020Dollar465473466473Low
7/27/2020Pounds570580575583Low
7/27/2020Euro510520515530Low
7/24/2020Dollar465472464472Low
7/24/2020Pounds570580572582Low
7/24/2020Euro510520505520Low
7/23/2020Dollar460472465472Low
7/23/2020Pounds565575565580Low
7/23/2020Euro510520505520Low
7/22/2020Dollar465472465472Low
7/22/2020Pounds565575560578Low
7/22/2020Euro510525510528Low
7/21/2020Dollar461472462472Low
7/21/2020Pounds560573560575Low
7/21/2020Euro498515500520Low
7/20/2020Dollar460473462473Low
7/20/2020Pounds550570555575Low
7/20/2020Euro495505500510Low
7/17/2020Dollar462470460470Low
7/17/2020Pounds560570558570Low
7/17/2020Euro490500490500Low
7/16/2020Dollar460470460470Low
7/16/2020Pounds558565560570Low
7/16/2020Euro485495485499Low
7/15/2020Dollar455465455470Low
7/15/2020Pounds560565558570Low
7/15/2020Euro485495488498Low
7/14/2020Dollar448462455470Low
7/14/2020Pounds540550557570Low
7/14/2020Euro485495489498Low
7/13/2020Dollar450460448462Low
7/13/2020Pounds540550540550Low
7/13/2020Euro485495485495Low
7/10/2020Dollar453460458465Low
7/10/2020Pounds520525550555High
7/10/2020Euro465467510520High
7/9/2020Dollar455461455463Low
7/9/2020Pounds550558550562Low
7/9/2020Euro495504498505Low
7/8/2020Dollar455461455461Low
7/8/2020Pounds550558550558Low
7/8/2020Euro495504495504Low
7/7/2020Dollar455461455461Low
7/7/2020Pounds550558550558Low
7/7/2020Euro495502495502Low
7/6/2020Dollar455462455461Low
7/6/2020Pounds550562547555Low
7/6/2020Euro495502496502Low
7/3/2020Dollar455462454461Low
7/3/2020Pounds548560550560Low
7/3/2020Euro495505495502Low
7/2/2020Dollar455462454461Low
7/2/2020Pounds548560550560Low
7/2/2020Euro495505495502Low
7/1/2020Dollar455462455462Low
7/1/2020Pounds548560548560Low
7/1/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/30/2020Dollar452460452460Low
6/30/2020Pounds547560547560Low
6/30/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/29/2020Dollar450460450460Low
6/29/2020Pounds547560547560Low
6/29/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/26/2020Dollar452457452460Low
6/26/2020Pounds547557547560Low
6/26/2020Euro490498490502Low
6/25/2020Dollar452457450455Low
6/25/2020Pounds547557547560Low
6/25/2020Euro490498490499Low
6/24/2020Dollar450460450455Low
6/24/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/24/2020Euro490495488498Low
6/23/2020Dollar450460445455Low
6/23/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/23/2020Euro490495490495Low
6/22/2020Dollar450455450455Low
6/22/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/22/2020Euro488498488498Low
6/19/2020Dollar445455445455Low
6/19/2020Pounds540553540553Low
6/19/2020Euro480490480490Low
6/18/2020Dollar445452445452Low
6/18/2020Pounds537550537550Low
6/18/2020Euro475490475490Low
6/17/2020Dollar445452445452Low
6/17/2020Pounds540553537550Low
6/17/2020Euro475490475490Low
6/16/2020Dollar440450445452Low
6/16/2020Pounds540550540553Low
6/16/2020Euro475485475490Low
6/15/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/15/2020Pounds540550540550Low
6/15/2020Euro475485475485Low
6/12/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/12/2020Pounds538550538550Low
6/12/2020Euro470485470485Low
6/11/2020Pounds538550538550Low
6/11/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/11/2020Euro470485470485Low
6/10/2020Pounds538550540553Low
6/10/2020Dollar440450445452Low
6/10/2020Euro470485475490Low
6/9/2020Pounds538550540550Low
6/9/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/9/2020Euro470485475485Low
6/8/2020Pounds540550540550Low
6/8/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/8/2020Euro475485475485Low
6/5/2020Pounds535545535545Low
6/5/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/5/2020Euro460472460472Low
6/4/2020Pounds530543530543Low
6/4/2020Dollar440447440447Low
6/4/2020Euro460470460470Low
6/3/2020Pounds530540530540Low
6/3/2020Dollar440445440445Low
6/3/2020Euro460470460470Low
6/2/2020Pounds535545535545Low
6/2/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/2/2020Euro460472460472Low
6/1/2020Pounds530543530543Low
6/1/2020Dollar440447440447Low
6/1/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/29/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/29/2020Dollar440445440445Low
5/29/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/28/2020Pounds535545535545Low
5/28/2020Dollar440450440450Low
5/28/2020Euro460472460472Low
5/27/2020Pounds530543530543Low
5/27/2020Dollar440447440447Low
5/27/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/26/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/26/2020Dollar440445440445Low
5/26/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/25/2020Pounds535545535545Low
5/25/2020Dollar440450440450Low
5/25/2020Euro460472460472Low
5/22/2020Pounds530543530543Low
5/22/2020Dollar440447440447Low
5/22/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/21/2020Pounds530545530545Low
5/21/2020Dollar450460450460Low
5/21/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/20/2020Pounds530550530550Low
5/20/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/20/2020Euro450470450470Low
5/19/2020Pounds528540528540Low
5/19/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/19/2020Euro450465450465Low
5/18/2020Pounds528540528540Low
5/18/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/18/2020Euro450465450465Low
5/15/2020Pounds530540525535Low
5/15/2020Dollar435450440455Low
5/15/2020Euro450460450465Low
5/14/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/14/2020Dollar435450435450Low
5/14/2020Euro450460450460Low
5/13/2020Pounds525535525535Low
5/13/2020Dollar430450430450Low
5/13/2020Euro440455440455Low
5/12/2020Pounds525535525535Low
5/12/2020Dollar435450435450Low
5/12/2020Euro445455445455Low
5/11/2020Pounds510530525535Low
5/11/2020Dollar430445435445Low
5/11/2020Euro440450445455Low
5/8/2020Pounds510530510530Low
5/8/2020Dollar425437430445Low
5/8/2020Euro425440440450Low
5/7/2020Pounds510530510530Low
5/7/2020Dollar425437425437Low
5/7/2020Euro425440425440Low
5/6/2020Pounds510520510520Low
5/6/2020Dollar425437425437Low
5/6/2020Euro430450430450Low
5/5/2020Pounds510525510525Low
5/5/2020Dollar410430420430Low
5/5/2020Euro425435425435Low
5/4/2020Pounds500510510525Low
5/4/2020Dollar435450410430Low
5/4/2020Euro430440425435Low
5/1/2020Pounds500510500510Low
5/1/2020Dollar435450435450Low
5/1/2020Euro430445430445Low
4/30/2020Pounds500510500510Low
4/30/2020Dollar435450435450Low
4/30/2020Euro430445430445Low
4/29/2020Pounds500520500520Low
4/29/2020Dollar440460440460Low
4/29/2020Euro450465450465Low
4/28/2020Pounds495510500520Low
4/28/2020Dollar430450440460Low
4/28/2020Euro435450435450Low
4/27/2020Pounds495510495510Low
4/27/2020Dollar430450430450Low
4/27/2020Euro435450435450Low
4/24/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/24/2020Dollar428450428450Low
4/24/2020Euro430440430440Low
4/23/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/23/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/23/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/22/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/22/2020Dollar420425420430Low
4/22/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/21/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/21/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/21/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/20/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/20/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/20/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/17/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/17/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/17/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/16/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/16/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/16/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/15/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/15/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/15/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/14/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/14/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/14/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/13/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/13/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/13/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/10/2020Pounds490505490505Low
4/10/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/10/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/9/2020Pounds490505490505Low
4/9/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/9/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/8/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/8/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/8/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/7/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/7/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/7/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/6/2020Pounds492497492497Low
4/6/2020Dollar402412402412Low
4/6/2020Euro410415410415Low
4/3/2020Pounds485490492497Low
4/3/2020Dollar400410402412Low
4/3/2020Euro410415410415Low
4/2/2020Pounds485490485490Low
4/2/2020Dollar400410400410Low
4/2/2020Euro410415410415Low
4/1/2020Pounds480485480485Low
4/1/2020Dollar395400395400Low
4/1/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/31/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/31/2020Dollar395400395400Low
3/31/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/30/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/30/2020Dollar390395395400Low
3/30/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/27/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/27/2020Dollar385390390395Low
3/27/2020Euro405410407412Low
3/26/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/26/2020Dollar385390385390Low
3/26/2020Euro405410405410Low
3/25/2020Pounds475480480485Low
3/25/2020Dollar380385385390Low
3/25/2020Euro400405405410Low
3/24/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/24/2020Dollar380385380385Low
3/24/2020Euro400405400405Low
3/23/2020Pounds474478474478Low
3/23/2020Dollar380385380385Low
3/23/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/20/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/20/2020Dollar370375365367Low
3/20/2020Euro395400395400Low
3/19/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/19/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/19/2020Euro395400395400Low
3/18/2020Pounds471475471475Low
3/18/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/18/2020Euro390395390395Low
3/17/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/17/2020Dollar375380375380Low
3/17/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/16/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/16/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/16/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/13/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/13/2020Dollar372377372377Low
3/13/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/12/2020Pounds475485490495High
3/12/2020Dollar365380375404High
3/12/2020Euro405412410420Low
3/11/2020Pounds470475475485Low
3/11/2020Dollar360366365375Low
3/11/2020Euro387403405412Low
3/10/2020Pounds468472470475Low
3/10/2020Dollar358360360362Low
3/10/2020Euro390398387403Low
3/9/2020Pounds468472468472Low
3/9/2020Dollar358360358360Low
3/9/2020Euro392398392398Low
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12/6/2019Euro400404400404Low
11/6/2019Pounds465470467471Low
11/6/2019Dollar358361359361Low
11/6/2019Euro400403399402Low
10/6/2019Pounds468472468472Low
10/6/2019Dollar358361358361Low
10/6/2019Euro404400400404Low
7/6/2019Pounds469473467471Low
7/6/2019Dollar358361358360Low
7/6/2019Euro400403398402Low
6/6/2019Pounds468472465470Low
6/6/2019Dollar358360358361Low
6/6/2019Euro398402403400Low
3/6/2019Pounds468472468472Low
3/6/2019Dollar358360358361Low
3/6/2019Euro398402398402Low
31/05/2019Pounds465470470474Low
31/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
31/05/2019Euro397402400403Low
30/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
30/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
30/05/2019Euro400403400403Low
28/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
28/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
28/05/2019Euro400403400403Low
27/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
27/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
27/05/2019Euro400403400404Low
24/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
24/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
24/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
23/05/2019Pounds470474472475Low
23/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
23/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
22/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
22/05/2019Dollar358350358360Low
22/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
21/05/2019Pounds472475472473Low
21/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
21/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
20/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
20/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
20/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
17/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
17/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
17/05/2019Euro400405400404Low
16/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
16/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
16/05/2018Euro400404400404Low
15/05/2019Pounds470475470475Low
15/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
15/05/2019Euro400404400404Low
13/05/2019Pounds470475470475Low
13/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
13/05/2019Euro400404400405Low
10/5/2019Pounds470475470475Low
10/5/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/5/2019Euro400405400405Low
9/5/2019Pounds470475470475Low
9/5/2019Dollar358360358360Low
9/5/2019Euro400405400405Low
29/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
29/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
29/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
26/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
26/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
26/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
25/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
25/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
25/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
24/04/2019Pounds470475472476Low
24/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
24/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
23/04/2019Pounds474478472476Low
23/04/2019Dollar355360358360Low
23/04/2019Euro390402400405Low
22/04/2019Pounds472476472476Low
22/04/2019Dollar357360358360Low
22/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
19/04/2019Pounds467471470475Low
19/04/2019Dollar355360357360Low
19/04/2019Euro395400402406Low
18/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
18/04/2019Dollar357360357360Low
18/04/2019Euro402406402406Low
17/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
17/04/2019Dollar357360357360Low
17/04/2019Euro402406402406Low
16/04/2019Pounds465470470475Low
16/04/2019Dollar360365357360Low
16/04/2019Euro400405402405Low

Data is collated from various black market dealers on the mainland and island of Lagos State where forex is sold. The price quoted daily on this page represents the average price obtained by our Research Team. Our prices are a guide and could be slightly different from the price you get when you eventually decide to buy or sell. This is a daily tracker and updated close of business. See table below for parallel market exchange rate dating to 2019.

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Jumia confirms COVID-19 lockdowns did not help e-commerce revenues

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Jumia is optimistic of COVID-19 boost, despite poor Q1 2020 earnings report

Africa’s leading e-commerce firm Jumia released its second-quarter earnings on Wednesday showing it incurred a loss of Eur 37.6 million (N17.1 billion) in the second quarter of 2020 despite the rampaging effect of COVID-19.

According to Jumia, it did not experience any “meaningful change in consumer behavior” following the COVID-19 induced shutdown.

READ MORE: Apapa Command’s revenue rises 10.59% to N227.3 billion in the first half of 2020 – Customs 

Contemporary views suggest e-commerce firms were one of the winners in the ensuing COVID-19 pandemic induced lockdown. However, the company reported significant challenges to its operations. Here is how Jumia responded;

  • In Nigeria and South Africa, we faced significant disruption as a result of movement restriction.
  • This disruption persisted during the early part of the second quarter of 2020, before gradually easing towards the later part of the quarter.
  • Our food delivery business, Jumia Food, which was negatively impacted by restaurant shutdowns starting mid-March, resumed normal operations in late May/early June in most cities where we operate the service.
  • Across the majority of our addressable market, we experienced no meaningful change in consumer behavior, aside from increased demand for essential and every-day products and reduced appetite for higher ticket size, discretionary purchases.
  • The nature of lockdown measures put in place consisted mostly of localized restrictions of movement and partial curfews rather than nationwide lockdowns, with the former leading to less drastic changes in consumer lifestyles and behavior than all-encompassing, nationwide lockdowns.

READ ALSO: Jumia CEOs to take salary cut, create support fund for workers

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What this means

Jumia’s revelations confirm fears that the COVID-19 lockdowns may not have positively impacted on the e-commerce sector whose business model requires that their gross merchandise volumes increase for them to improve margins.

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However, by confirming that Nigerians focussed more on essentials, the negative impact of the COVID-19 appears to be more severe than even expected.

Nigerians are perhaps also cautious about their spending, avoiding expenditures that do not speak to their immediate need such as food supplies, medicare, and utilities.

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