Connect with us
nairametrics
UBA ads

Currencies

U.S dollar pull back some gains, investors’ appetite for risk strengthens

Global investors and currency traders are predicting futuristic gains for the greenback.

Published

on

U.S dollar pull back some gains, Investors’ appetite for risk strengthens

The U.S dollar pulled back some of its gains recorded previously on Thursday morning as global investors retreated from the safe-haven currency.

The U.S. Dollar Index that monitors the American dollar against a group of other major currencies lost 0.11% to 97.040 at 5.49 am Nigerian time with an appetite for risk increases, as Global stocks continued to rally leading currency traders and investors retreating from the U.S dollar

Quick fact; The U.S. Dollar Index that tracks the American dollar against a basket of other major currencies (like the Japanese yen, British pound sterling, Swedish Krona, Euro), Individuals hoping to meet foreign exchange payment obligations, via dollar transactions to countries like Europe, and Japan, would need to pay more dollars to fulfill such transactions. 

READ ALSO: Gold price up as COVID-19 cases rise, U.S-China tensions heighten 

Stephen Innes, Chief Global Market Strategist at AxiCorp in a note to Nairametrics, wrote about the present market volatility in the currency market. He said;

GTBank 728 x 90

“If you are handling the currency hot seat these days, you likely feel tethered to the end of a very reactive Yo-Yo string as currency moves in one session are faded in the next. 

“Currencies have started the second half of the year, where they left off in the first and outside of the “risk-on risk-off” see-saw currency appetite struggled to find any meaningful catalysts. 

“With G-10 central banks at zero or below, in the absence of any significant monetary policy transmission that leaves currency traders chasing or instead guessing which countries activity data will outperform the others, which is getting enveloped around the dichotomy between current buoyant conditions and subdued future expectations striking both in consumer sentiment and in financial-market indicators.” 

READ MORE: U.S dollar stands firm, foreign exchange traders remain neutral

However, some global investors and currency traders are predicting futuristic gains for the greenback with the resurgence of the COVID-19 cases globally. There were over 10.6 million cases as of July 2, according to Johns Hopkins University data.

“If we see further spikes in coronavirus cases, I would expect both the dollar and the yen to strengthen against other currencies,” Tohru Sasaki, head of Japan market research at J.P. Morgan, told Reuters.

app

 

Olumide Adesina is a French-born Nigerian. He is a Certified Investment Trader, with more than 15 years of working expertise in Investment Trading. A member of the Chartered Financial Analyst Society. Financial Market; Yale University, Behavioral Finance; Duke University. You can follow Olumide on twitter @tokunboadesina or email [email protected]

Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Currencies

Daily Parallel Market exchange rate – ₦475/$1

The US dollar closed at ₦475/US$1 in the parallel market

Published

on

Forex, NIGERIA: Daily Parallel Market, Exchange Rate

The exchange rate between the naira and the US dollar as of Wednesday, August 12th 2020 closed at 475/US$1 in the parallel market. The exchange rate closed at 485/US$1 on Tuesday 11th August 2020.

  • Naira:475
  • Dollar: $1
  • Date: August 12th, 2020

The exchange rate between the naira and the British pound sterling closed at  ₦575/₤1 on Wednesday 12th August as against ₦584/₤1 recorded on Tuesday 11th August 2020.

  • Naira: ₦575
  • Pounds Sterling: ₤1
  • Date: August 12th, 2020

Explore Economic Research Data From Nairametrics on Nairalytics

The exchange rate between the naira and the European euro closed at ₦530/€1 on Wednesday 12th August 2020. The exchange rate also closed at ₦535/€1 on Tuesday 11th August 2020.

  • Naira: ₦530
  • Euro: €1
  • Date: August 12th, 2020

Activity: USD closed at 475/US$1 in the parallel market

GTBank 728 x 90

READ ALSO: The risk of buying Forex at black market rate of N460/$1 

DateCurrencyBuy(AM)Sell(AM)Buy(PM)Sell(PM)Volatility
08/12/2020Dollar470475470475Low
08/12/2020Pounds570575570575Low
08/12/2020Euro520530520530Low
08/11/2020Dollar477485477485Low
08/11/2020Pounds572584572584Low
08/11/2020Euro510523520535Low
08/10/2020Dollar477485477485Low
08/10/2020Pounds572584572584Low
08/10/2020Euro510523520535High
08/07/2020Dollar475486475486Low
08/07/2020Pounds578585578585Low
08/07/2020Euro536550536550Low
08/06/2020Dollar470480475486Low
08/06/2020Pounds575587578585Low
08/06/2020Euro534545536550Low
08/05/2020Dollar465475473483Low
08/05/2020Pounds570580575587Low
08/05/2020Euro525540532545Low
08/04/2020Dollar470480470480Low
08/04/2020Pounds560570560570Low
08/04/2020Euro520530520530Low
08/03/2020Dollar470480470480Low
08/03/2020Pounds560570560570Low
08/03/2020Euro520530520530Low
7/31/2020Dollar470480470485High
7/31/2020Pounds570582575585Low
7/31/2020Euro500520505520Low
7/30/2020Dollar470490470485High
7/30/2020Pounds550570550580High
7/30/2020Euro495520500525High
7/29/2020Dollar468475467475Low
7/29/2020Pounds575585580590Low
7/29/2020Euro530540530545Low
7/28/2020Dollar469475467475Low
7/28/2020Pounds575593580595Low
7/28/2020Euro550560540550Low
7/27/2020Dollar465473466473Low
7/27/2020Pounds570580575583Low
7/27/2020Euro510520515530Low
7/24/2020Dollar465472464472Low
7/24/2020Pounds570580572582Low
7/24/2020Euro510520505520Low
7/23/2020Dollar460472465472Low
7/23/2020Pounds565575565580Low
7/23/2020Euro510520505520Low
7/22/2020Dollar465472465472Low
7/22/2020Pounds565575560578Low
7/22/2020Euro510525510528Low
7/21/2020Dollar461472462472Low
7/21/2020Pounds560573560575Low
7/21/2020Euro498515500520Low
7/20/2020Dollar460473462473Low
7/20/2020Pounds550570555575Low
7/20/2020Euro495505500510Low
7/17/2020Dollar462470460470Low
7/17/2020Pounds560570558570Low
7/17/2020Euro490500490500Low
7/16/2020Dollar460470460470Low
7/16/2020Pounds558565560570Low
7/16/2020Euro485495485499Low
7/15/2020Dollar455465455470Low
7/15/2020Pounds560565558570Low
7/15/2020Euro485495488498Low
7/14/2020Dollar448462455470Low
7/14/2020Pounds540550557570Low
7/14/2020Euro485495489498Low
7/13/2020Dollar450460448462Low
7/13/2020Pounds540550540550Low
7/13/2020Euro485495485495Low
07/10/2020Dollar453460458465Low
07/10/2020Pounds520525550555High
07/10/2020Euro465467510520High
07/09/2020Dollar455461455463Low
07/09/2020Pounds550558550562Low
07/09/2020Euro495504498505Low
07/08/2020Dollar455461455461Low
07/08/2020Pounds550558550558Low
07/08/2020Euro495504495504Low
07/07/2020Dollar455461455461Low
07/07/2020Pounds550558550558Low
07/07/2020Euro495502495502Low
07/06/2020Dollar455462455461Low
07/06/2020Pounds550562547555Low
07/06/2020Euro495502496502Low
07/03/2020Dollar455462454461Low
07/03/2020Pounds548560550560Low
07/03/2020Euro495505495502Low
07/02/2020Dollar455462454461Low
07/02/2020Pounds548560550560Low
07/02/2020Euro495505495502Low
07/01/2020Dollar455462455462Low
07/01/2020Pounds548560548560Low
07/01/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/30/2020Dollar452460452460Low
6/30/2020Pounds547560547560Low
6/30/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/29/2020Dollar450460450460Low
6/29/2020Pounds547560547560Low
6/29/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/26/2020Dollar452457452460Low
6/26/2020Pounds547557547560Low
6/26/2020Euro490498490502Low
6/25/2020Dollar452457450455Low
6/25/2020Pounds547557547560Low
6/25/2020Euro490498490499Low
6/24/2020Dollar450460450455Low
6/24/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/24/2020Euro490495488498Low
6/23/2020Dollar450460445455Low
6/23/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/23/2020Euro490495490495Low
6/22/2020Dollar450455450455Low
6/22/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/22/2020Euro488498488498Low
6/19/2020Dollar445455445455Low
6/19/2020Pounds540553540553Low
6/19/2020Euro480490480490Low
6/18/2020Dollar445452445452Low
6/18/2020Pounds537550537550Low
6/18/2020Euro475490475490Low
6/17/2020Dollar445452445452Low
6/17/2020Pounds540553537550Low
6/17/2020Euro475490475490Low
6/16/2020Dollar440450445452Low
6/16/2020Pounds540550540553Low
6/16/2020Euro475485475490Low
6/15/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/15/2020Pounds540550540550Low
6/15/2020Euro475485475485Low
06/12/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/12/2020Pounds538550538550Low
06/12/2020Euro470485470485Low
06/11/2020Pounds538550538550Low
06/11/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/11/2020Euro470485470485Low
06/10/2020Pounds538550540553Low
06/10/2020Dollar440450445452Low
06/10/2020Euro470485475490Low
06/09/2020Pounds538550540550Low
06/09/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/09/2020Euro470485475485Low
06/08/2020Pounds540550540550Low
06/08/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/08/2020Euro475485475485Low
06/05/2020Pounds535545535545Low
06/05/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/05/2020Euro460472460472Low
06/04/2020Pounds530543530543Low
06/04/2020Dollar440447440447Low
06/04/2020Euro460470460470Low
06/03/2020Pounds530540530540Low
06/03/2020Dollar440445440445Low
06/03/2020Euro460470460470Low
06/02/2020Pounds535545535545Low
06/02/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/02/2020Euro460472460472Low
06/01/2020Pounds530543530543Low
06/01/2020Dollar440447440447Low
06/01/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/29/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/29/2020Dollar440445440445Low
5/29/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/28/2020Pounds535545535545Low
5/28/2020Dollar440450440450Low
5/28/2020Euro460472460472Low
5/27/2020Pounds530543530543Low
5/27/2020Dollar440447440447Low
5/27/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/26/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/26/2020Dollar440445440445Low
5/26/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/25/2020Pounds535545535545Low
5/25/2020Dollar440450440450Low
5/25/2020Euro460472460472Low
5/22/2020Pounds530543530543Low
5/22/2020Dollar440447440447Low
5/22/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/21/2020Pounds530545530545Low
5/21/2020Dollar450460450460Low
5/21/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/20/2020Pounds530550530550Low
5/20/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/20/2020Euro450470450470Low
5/19/2020Pounds528540528540Low
5/19/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/19/2020Euro450465450465Low
5/18/2020Pounds528540528540Low
5/18/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/18/2020Euro450465450465Low
5/15/2020Pounds530540525535Low
5/15/2020Dollar435450440455Low
5/15/2020Euro450460450465Low
5/14/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/14/2020Dollar435450435450Low
5/14/2020Euro450460450460Low
5/13/2020Pounds525535525535Low
5/13/2020Dollar430450430450Low
5/13/2020Euro440455440455Low
05/12/2020Pounds525535525535Low
05/12/2020Dollar435450435450Low
05/12/2020Euro445455445455Low
05/11/2020Pounds510530525535Low
05/11/2020Dollar430445435445Low
05/11/2020Euro440450445455Low
05/08/2020Pounds510530510530Low
05/08/2020Dollar425437430445Low
05/08/2020Euro425440440450Low
05/07/2020Pounds510530510530Low
05/07/2020Dollar425437425437Low
05/07/2020Euro425440425440Low
05/06/2020Pounds510520510520Low
05/06/2020Dollar425437425437Low
05/06/2020Euro430450430450Low
05/05/2020Pounds510525510525Low
05/05/2020Dollar410430420430Low
05/05/2020Euro425435425435Low
05/04/2020Pounds500510510525Low
05/04/2020Dollar435450410430Low
05/04/2020Euro430440425435Low
05/01/2020Pounds500510500510Low
05/01/2020Dollar435450435450Low
05/01/2020Euro430445430445Low
4/30/2020Pounds500510500510Low
4/30/2020Dollar435450435450Low
4/30/2020Euro430445430445Low
4/29/2020Pounds500520500520Low
4/29/2020Dollar440460440460Low
4/29/2020Euro450465450465Low
4/28/2020Pounds495510500520Low
4/28/2020Dollar430450440460Low
4/28/2020Euro435450435450Low
4/27/2020Pounds495510495510Low
4/27/2020Dollar430450430450Low
4/27/2020Euro435450435450Low
4/24/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/24/2020Dollar428450428450Low
4/24/2020Euro430440430440Low
4/23/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/23/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/23/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/22/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/22/2020Dollar420425420430Low
4/22/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/21/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/21/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/21/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/20/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/20/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/20/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/17/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/17/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/17/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/16/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/16/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/16/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/15/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/15/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/15/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/14/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/14/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/14/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/13/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/13/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/13/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/10/2020Pounds490505490505Low
04/10/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/10/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/09/2020Pounds490505490505Low
04/09/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/09/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/08/2020Pounds490500490500Low
04/08/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/08/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/07/2020Pounds490500490500Low
04/07/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/07/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/06/2020Pounds492497492497Low
04/06/2020Dollar402412402412Low
04/06/2020Euro410415410415Low
04/03/2020Pounds485490492497Low
04/03/2020Dollar400410402412Low
04/03/2020Euro410415410415Low
04/02/2020Pounds485490485490Low
04/02/2020Dollar400410400410Low
04/02/2020Euro410415410415Low
04/01/2020Pounds480485480485Low
04/01/2020Dollar395400395400Low
04/01/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/31/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/31/2020Dollar395400395400Low
3/31/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/30/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/30/2020Dollar390395395400Low
3/30/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/27/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/27/2020Dollar385390390395Low
3/27/2020Euro405410407412Low
3/26/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/26/2020Dollar385390385390Low
3/26/2020Euro405410405410Low
3/25/2020Pounds475480480485Low
3/25/2020Dollar380385385390Low
3/25/2020Euro400405405410Low
3/24/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/24/2020Dollar380385380385Low
3/24/2020Euro400405400405Low
3/23/2020Pounds474478474478Low
3/23/2020Dollar380385380385Low
3/23/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/20/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/20/2020Dollar370375365367Low
3/20/2020Euro395400395400Low
3/19/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/19/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/19/2020Euro395400395400Low
3/18/2020Pounds471475471475Low
3/18/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/18/2020Euro390395390395Low
3/17/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/17/2020Dollar375380375380Low
3/17/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/16/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/16/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/16/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/13/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/13/2020Dollar372377372377Low
3/13/2020Euro400403400403Low
03/12/2020Pounds475485490495High
03/12/2020Dollar365380375404High
03/12/2020Euro405412410420Low
03/11/2020Pounds470475475485Low
03/11/2020Dollar360366365375Low
03/11/2020Euro387403405412Low
03/10/2020Pounds468472470475Low
03/10/2020Dollar358360360362Low
03/10/2020Euro390398387403Low
03/09/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/09/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/09/2020Euro392398392398Low
03/06/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/06/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/06/2020Euro390398390398Low
03/05/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/05/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/05/2020Euro390397390397Low
03/04/2020Pounds468473468473Low
03/04/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/04/2020Euro387392387392Low
03/03/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/03/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/03/2020Euro387392387392Low
03/02/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/02/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/02/2020Euro387392387392Low
2/28/2020Pounds468472468472Low
2/28/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/28/2020Euro387392387392Low
2/27/2020Pounds467471468472Low
2/27/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/27/2020Euro386390387392Low
2/26/2020Pounds468472467471Low
2/26/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/26/2020Euro386390386390Low
2/25/2020Pounds467472468472Low
2/25/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/25/2020Euro388392386390Low
2/24/2020Pounds467472467472Low
2/24/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/24/2020Euro388392388393Low
2/21/2020Pounds467473468473Low
2/21/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/21/2020Euro388392388392Low
2/20/2020Pounds467473467473Low
2/20/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/20/2020Euro388392388392Low
2/19/2020Pounds467473467473Low
2/19/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/19/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/18/2020Pounds467473467473Low
2/18/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/18/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/17/2020Pounds469473467474Low
2/17/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/17/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/14/2020Pounds469473469473Low
2/14/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/14/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/13/2020Pounds470475470475Low
2/13/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/13/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/12/2020Pounds470475470475Low
02/12/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/12/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/11/2020Pounds470475470475Low
02/11/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/11/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/10/2020Pounds470475470475Low
02/10/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/10/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/07/2020Pounds471475471475Low
02/07/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/07/2020Euro390396392396Low
02/06/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/06/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/06/2020Euro392397392397Low
02/05/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/05/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/05/2020Euro393397393397Low
02/04/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/04/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/04/2020Euro393397393397Low
02/03/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/03/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/03/2020Euro393397393397Low
1/31/2020Pounds473476473476Low
1/31/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/31/2020Euro393397393397Low
1/30/2020Pounds472478472476Low
1/30/2020Dollar358361358360Low
1/30/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/29/2020Pounds472476472476Low
1/29/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/29/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/28/2020Pounds472476472476Low
1/28/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/28/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/27/2020Pounds473476473476Low
1/27/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/27/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/24/2020Pounds474478474478Low
1/24/2020Dollar358362358362Low
1/24/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/23/2020Pounds474478474478Low
1/23/2020Dollar358362358362Low
1/23/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/22/2020Pounds474478474478Low
1/22/2020Dollar359362359362Low
1/22/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/21/2020Pounds473477475479Low
1/21/2020Dollar360362359362Low
1/21/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/20/2020Pounds473477473477Low
1/20/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/20/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/17/2020Pounds473477473477Low
1/17/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/17/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/16/2020Pounds457480474477Low
1/16/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/16/2020Euro397403395400Low
1/15/2020Pounds475480475480Low
1/15/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/15/2020Euro397402397402Low
1/14/2020Pounds470475474480Low
1/14/2020Dollar359362360362Low
1/14/2020Euro397402397400Low
1/13/2020Pounds470477470475Low
1/13/2020Dollar359362359362Low
1/13/2020Euro397403397402Low
01/10/2020Pounds470475470475Low
01/10/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/10/2020Euro397402397402Low
01/09/2020Pounds470475470475Low
01/09/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/09/2020Euro397403397403Low
01/08/2020Pounds470475470475Low
01/08/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/08/2020Euro397403397403Low
01/07/2020Pounds470477470477Low
01/07/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/07/2020Euro397403397403Low
01/06/2020Pounds468473470477Low
01/06/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/06/2020Euro392400397403Low
01/03/2020Pounds468473468473Low
01/03/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/03/2020Euro390400390400Low
01/02/2020Pounds467473467473Low
01/02/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/02/2020Euro392400392400Low
12/24/2019Pounds468474468474Low
12/24/2019Dollar358361358361Low
12/24/2019Euro390395390395Low
12/23/2019Pounds474478474478Low
12/23/2019Dollar359362359362Low
12/23/2019Euro395400395400Low
12/20/2019Pounds474480474480Low
12/20/2019Dollar359363359363Low
12/20/2019Euro395401395401Low
12/19/2019Pounds472480472480Low
12/19/2019Dollar359363359363Low
12/19/2019Euro395401395401Low
12/18/2019Pounds472480472480Low
12/18/2019Dollar360363359363Low
12/18/2019Euro395400395400Low
12/17/2019Pounds470477472477Low
12/17/2019Dollar360363360363Low
12/17/2019Euro394398394398Low
12/16/2019Pounds470475470477Low
12/16/2019Dollar359363360363Low
12/16/2019Euro394398394398Low
12/13/2019Pounds470480470476Low
12/13/2019Dollar359362359363Low
12/13/2019Euro394398394398Low
12/12/2019Pounds464472464472Low
12/12/2019Dollar358360359361Low
12/12/2019Euro392397392397Low
12/11/2019Pounds463470464472Low
12/11/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/11/2019Euro393397392397Low
12/10/2019Pounds462468463470Low
12/10/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/10/2019Euro392397393397Low
12/09/2019Pounds462468462468Low
12/09/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/09/2019Euro392397392397Low
12/06/2019Pounds462467463468Low
12/06/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/06/2019Euro390396390396Low
12/05/2019Pounds462467462467Low
12/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/05/2019Euro390396390396Low
12/04/2019Pounds460466460466Low
12/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/04/2019Euro390396390396Low
12/03/2019Pounds460465460465Low
12/03/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/03/2019Euro390396390396Low
12/02/2019Pounds460466460465Low
12/02/2019Dollar358360358360Low
12/02/2019Euro390395390395Low
11/29/2019Pounds462466462466Low
11/29/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/29/2019Euro390395392397Low
11/28/2019Pounds462467462466Low
11/28/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/28/2019Euro390395390395Low
11/27/2019Pounds460465462467Low
11/27/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/27/2019Euro391396390395Low
11/26/2019Pounds462466462466Low
11/26/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/26/2019Euro390395390395Low
11/25/2019Pounds460465462466Low
11/25/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/25/2019Euro390398390395Low
11/22/2019Pounds460464460465Low
11/22/2019Dollar357360358360Low
11/22/2019Euro390398390398Low
11/21/2019Pounds460464460464Low
11/21/2019Dollar357360357360Low
11/21/2019Euro390397390397Low
11/20/2019Pounds460464460464Low
11/20/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/20/2019Euro390398390397Low
11/19/2019Pounds460465460464Low
11/19/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/19/2019Euro392398390398Low
11/18/2019Pounds458464460465Low
11/18/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/18/2019Euro390398392398Low
11/15/2019Pounds458464458464Low
11/15/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/15/2019Euro392398393398Low
11/14/2019Pounds458464458464Low
11/14/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/14/2019Euro390398392398Low
11/13/2019Pounds460465458464Low
11/13/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/13/2019Euro392398392398Low
11/12/2019Pounds460465460465Low
11/12/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/12/2019Euro394399394399Low
11/08/2019Pounds458463460465Low
11/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/08/2019Euro393398394400Low
11/06/2019Pounds458463458464Low
11/06/2019Dollar357360357360Low
11/06/2019Euro393400393400Low
11/05/2019Pounds458463458463Low
11/05/2019Dollar357360357360Low
11/05/2019Euro393400393400Low
11/04/2019Pounds458463458463Low
11/04/2019Dollar357360357360Low
11/04/2019Euro392400393400Low
11/01/2019Pounds458463458463Low
11/01/2019Dollar358360358360Low
11/01/2019Euro393400394400Low
10/31/2019Pounds460464458463Low
10/31/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/31/2019Euro395400393400Low
10/30/2019Pounds457463457463Low
10/30/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/30/2019Euro395400395400Low
10/29/2019Pounds457463457463Low
10/29/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/29/2019Euro395400395400Low
10/28/2019Pounds457462457463Low
10/28/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/28/2019Euro396402395400Low
10/25/2019Pounds457463457462Low
10/25/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/25/2019Euro396403396402Low
10/24/2019Pounds457462457463Low
10/24/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/24/2019Euro396403396403Low
10/23/2019Pounds457463457462Low
10/23/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/23/2019Euro397403396403Low
10/22/2019Pounds455460457463Low
10/22/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/22/2019Euro395402397403Low
10/21/2019Pounds450455450455Low
10/21/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/21/2019Euro387395390397Low
10/18/2019Pounds446453446453Low
10/18/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/18/2019Euro387393387393Low
10/17/2019Pounds445450446452Low
10/17/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/17/2019Euro387392387393Low
10/16/2019Pounds445452445450Low
10/16/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/16/2019Euro387395387392Low
10/15/2019Pounds445450445452Low
10/15/2019Dollar357360358360Low
10/15/2019Euro385390385390Low
10/14/2019Pounds445450445450Low
10/14/2019Dollar358360357360Low
10/14/2019Euro384390385390Low
10/11/2019Pounds445450445450Low
10/11/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/11/2019Euro384390384390Low
10/10/2019Pounds445450445450Low
10/10/2019Dollar357360357360Low
10/10/2019Euro386390384390Low
10/09/2019Pounds445453445450Low
10/09/2019Dollar357360357360Low
10/09/2019Euro390395386390Low
10/08/2019Pounds448453445453Low
10/08/2019Dollar357360357360Low
10/08/2019Euro390395390395Low
10/07/2019Pounds448453448453Low
10/07/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/07/2019Euro392396390395Low
10/04/2019Pounds450454448453Low
10/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/04/2019Euro392397392396Low
10/03/2019Pounds450454450454Low
10/03/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/03/2019Euro392397392397Low
10/02/2019Pounds450453450453Low
10/02/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/02/2019Euro392397392397Low
9/30/2019Pounds445450450453Low
9/30/2019Dollar358360358360Low
9/30/2019Euro392397392397Low
9/27/2019Pounds446452445450Low
9/27/2019Dollar357360358360Low
9/27/2019Euro392396392397Low
9/26/2019Pounds445450445450Low
9/26/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/26/2019Euro390395392396Low
9/25/2019Pounds444449445450Low
9/25/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/25/2019Euro390394390395Low
9/24/2019Pounds445448445449Low
9/24/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/24/2019Euro390395390395Low
9/23/2019Pounds445450445450Low
9/23/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/23/2019Euro392395392396Low
9/20/2019Pounds443446445450Low
9/20/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/20/2019Euro392395392395Low
9/19/2019Pounds442446443446Low
9/19/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/19/2019Euro390395391394Low
9/18/2019Pounds442447440446Low
9/18/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/18/2019Euro390395390395Low
9/17/2019Pounds445448444447Low
9/17/2019Dollar358360358360Low
9/17/2019Euro394398393397Low
9/16/2019Pounds445450445450Low
9/16/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/16/2019Euro394400394400Low
9/13/2019Pounds445450445450Low
9/13/2019Dollar357360357360Low
9/13/2019Euro394398394398Low
09/12/2019Pounds440445445450Low
09/12/2019Dollar357360357360Low
09/12/2019Euro393398394398Low
09/11/2019Pounds440446440446Low
09/11/2019Dollar358360358360Low
09/11/2019Euro392395392398Low
09/10/2019Pounds437450440446Low
09/10/2019Dollar356360358360Low
09/10/2019Euro388397392395Low
09/09/2019Pounds440444440445Low
09/09/2019Dollar358360358360Low
09/09/2019Euro390396390395Low
09/06/2019Pounds440444440444Low
09/06/2019Dollar358360358360Low
09/06/2019Euro392398390396Low
09/05/2019Pounds440444440444Low
09/05/2019Dollar357360358360Low
09/05/2019Euro392398392397Low
09/04/2019Pounds440443440444Low
09/04/2019Dollar357360358360Low
09/04/2019Euro392398392397Low
09/03/2019Pounds438443438443Low
09/03/2019Dollar357360357360Low
09/03/2019Euro392397392398Low
09/02/2019Pounds437445438443Low
09/02/2019Dollar357360357360Low
09/02/2019Euro391396392397Low
30/08/2019Pounds442448440445Low
30/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
30/08/2019Euro392398395398Low
29/08/2019Pounds440446442448Low
29/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
29/08/2019Euro392398392398Low
28/08/2019Pounds444450440445Low
28/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
28/08/2019Euro392396392398Low
27/08/2019Pounds444450444450Low
27/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
27/08/2019Euro394400393398Low
26/08/2019Pounds442447443448Low
26/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
26/08/2019Euro392397393397Low
23/08/2019Pounds440445440445Low
23/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
23/08/2019Euro390397390397Low
22/08/2019Pounds445450440445Low
22/08/2019Dollar357359358360Low
22/08/2019Euro393398390397Low
21/08/2019Pounds447452445450Low
21/08/2019Dollar358360357359Low
21/08/2019Euro392398393398Low
20/08/2019Pounds450455447452Low
20/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
20/08/2019Euro395400392398Low
19/08/2019Pounds450455450455Low
19/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
19/08/2019Euro395400395400Low
16/08/2019Pounds451455450455Low
16/08/2019Dollar357360358360Low
16/08/2019Euro397402395400Low
15/08/2019Pounds450455451455Low
15/08/2019Dollar357360357360Low
15/08/2019Euro398403397402Low
14/08/2019Pounds450455450455Low
14/08/2019Dollar357360357360Low
14/08/2019Euro398403398403Low
09/08/2019Pounds450455450455Low
09/08/2019Dollar357360357360Low
09/08/2019Euro398404398403Low
08/08/2019Pounds450455450455Low
08/08/2019Dollar357360357360Low
08/08/2019Euro398403398404Low
07/08/2019Pounds453458450455Low
07/08/2019Dollar357360357360Low
07/08/2019Euro398403398403Low
06/08/2019Pounds457460452458Low
06/08/2019Dollar358360357360Low
06/08/2019Euro400404400403Low
05/08/2019Pounds458462457461Low
05/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
05/08/2019Euro400405400405Low
02/08/2019Pounds458462458462Low
02/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
02/08/2019Euro400405400405Low
01/08/2019Pounds458462458462Low
01/08/2019Dollar358360358360Low
01/08/2019Euro402405402405Low
31/07/2019Pounds458463458463Low
31/07/2019Dollar358360358360Low
31/07/2019Euro403407403407Low
30/07/2019Pounds458463458463Low
30/07/2019Dollar358360358360Low
30/07/2019Euro403407403407Low
29/07/2019Pounds458461458463Low
29/07/2019Dollar358360358360Low
29/07/2019Euro402406403407Low
26/07/2019Pounds459463458461Low
26/07/2019Dollar358361358360Low
26/07/2019Euro403406401405Low
25/07/2019Pounds459463459463Low
25/07/2019Dollar358361358361Low
25/07/2019Euro403407403406Low
24/07/2019Pounds459463459463Low
24/07/2019Dollar358361358361Low
24/07/2019Euro404407403407Low
23/07/2019Pounds460464459463Low
23/07/2019Dollar359361358361Low
23/07/2019Euro406410404407Low
22/07/2019Pounds459463459463Low
22/07/2019Dollar358360359361Low
22/07/2019Euro406410406410Low
19/07/2019Pounds459463459463Low
19/07/2019Pounds358360358360Low
19/07/2019Pounds406410406410Low
18/07/2019Pounds458462459463Low
18/07/2019Dollar358360358360Low
18/07/2019Euro403407406410Low
17/07/2019Pounds458462458462Low
17/07/2019Dollar358360358360Low
17/07/2019Euro403407403407Low
16/07/2019Pounds460463458462Low
16/07/2019Dollar359361358360Low
16/07/2019Euro405408403407Low
13/07/2019Pounds460464460463Low
13/07/2019Dollar359361359361Low
13/07/2019Euro405410405408Low
12/07/2019Pounds458463460464Low
12/07/2019Dollar359361359361Low
12/07/2019Euro404407405410Low
11/07/2019Pounds458463458462Low
11/07/2019Dollar359362359361Low
11/07/2019Euro402407405410Low
10/07/2019Pounds458463458463Low
10/07/2019Dollar359361358361Low
10/07/2019Euro401406402405Low
09/07/2019Pounds458465457465Low
09/07/2019Dollar359362359362Low
09/07/2019Euro401405402405Low
08/07/2019Pounds458463460465Low
08/07/2019Dollar359362359362Low
08/07/2019Euro401405401405Low
05/07/2019Pounds458463458463Low
05/07/2019Dollar359362359362Low
05/07/2019Euro401405401405Low
04/07/2019Pounds458463458463Low
04/07/2019Dollar359362359362Low
04/07/2019Euro401405400405Low
03/07/2019Pounds458464458463Low
03/07/2019Dollar359361359362Low
03/07/2019Euro401405401405Low
02/07/2019Pounds458462458463Low
02/07/2019Dollar359361359361Low
02/07/2019Euro398402400404Low
01/07/2019Pounds458462458462Low
01/07/2019Dollar358360359361Low
01/07/2019Euro400403398403Low
28/06/2019Pounds457460457462Low
28/06/2019Dollar358360358360Low
28/06/2019Euro398402400403Low
27/06/2019Pounds458462458462Low
27/06/2019Dollar358360358360Low
27/06/2019Euro398402398402Low
26/06/2019Pounds458463458462Low
26/06/2019Dollar358360358360Low
26/06/2019Euro398402400403Low
25/06/2019Pounds458464458464Low
25/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
25/06/2019Euro400403398402Low
24/06/2019Pounds458464460465Low
24/06/2019Dollar358361359361Low
24/06/2019Euro398402398403Low
21/06/2019Pounds460465458464Low
21/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
21/06/2019Euro398402398402Low
20/06/2019Pounds460465468462Low
20/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
20/06/2019Euro398402400403Low
19/06/2019Pounds460465460465Low
19/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
19/06/2019Euro398401398402Low
18/06/2019Pounds460465462465Low
18/06/2019Dollar359361358361Low
18/06/2019Euro400403400405Low
17/06/2019Pounds462467462468Low
17/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
17/06/2019Euro400404400404Low
14/06/2019Pounds426467426467Low
14/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
14/06/2019Euro400404400404Low
13/06/2019Pounds467471462467Low
13/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
13/06/2019Euro400404400404Low
12/06/2019Pounds468471467471Low
12/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
12/06/2019Euro400404400404Low
11/06/2019Pounds465470467471Low
11/06/2019Dollar358361359361Low
11/06/2019Euro400403399402Low
10/06/2019Pounds468472468472Low
10/06/2019Dollar358361358361Low
10/06/2019Euro404400400404Low
07/06/2019Pounds469473467471Low
07/06/2019Dollar358361358360Low
07/06/2019Euro400403398402Low
06/06/2019Pounds468472465470Low
06/06/2019Dollar358360358361Low
06/06/2019Euro398402403400Low
03/06/2019Pounds468472468472Low
03/06/2019Dollar358360358361Low
03/06/2019Euro398402398402Low
31/05/2019Pounds465470470474Low
31/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
31/05/2019Euro397402400403Low
30/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
30/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
30/05/2019Euro400403400403Low
28/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
28/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
28/05/2019Euro400403400403Low
27/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
27/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
27/05/2019Euro400403400404Low
24/05/2019Pounds470474470474Low
24/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
24/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
23/05/2019Pounds470474472475Low
23/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
23/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
22/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
22/05/2019Dollar358350358360Low
22/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
21/05/2019Pounds472475472473Low
21/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
21/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
20/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
20/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
20/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
17/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
17/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
17/05/2019Euro400405400404Low
16/05/2019Pounds472475472475Low
16/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
16/05/2018Euro400404400404Low
15/05/2019Pounds470475470475Low
15/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
15/05/2019Euro400404400404Low
13/05/2019Pounds470475470475Low
13/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
13/05/2019Euro400404400405Low
10/05/2019Pounds470475470475Low
10/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
10/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
09/05/2019Pounds470475470475Low
09/05/2019Dollar358360358360Low
09/05/2019Euro400405400405Low
29/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
29/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
29/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
26/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
26/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
26/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
25/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
25/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
25/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
24/04/2019Pounds470475472476Low
24/04/2019Dollar358360358360Low
24/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
23/04/2019Pounds474478472476Low
23/04/2019Dollar355360358360Low
23/04/2019Euro390402400405Low
22/04/2019Pounds472476472476Low
22/04/2019Dollar357360358360Low
22/04/2019Euro400405400405Low
19/04/2019Pounds467471470475Low
19/04/2019Dollar355360357360Low
19/04/2019Euro395400402406Low
18/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
18/04/2019Dollar357360357360Low
18/04/2019Euro402406402406Low
17/04/2019Pounds470475470475Low
17/04/2019Dollar357360357360Low
17/04/2019Euro402406402406Low
16/04/2019Pounds465470470475Low
16/04/2019Dollar360365357360Low
16/04/2019Euro400405402405Low

Data is collated from various black market dealers on the mainland and island of Lagos State where forex is sold. The price quoted daily on this page represents the average price obtained by our Research Team. Our prices are a guide and could be slightly different from the price you get when you eventually decide to buy or sell. This is a daily tracker and updated close of business. See table below for parallel market exchange rate dating to 2019.

Continue Reading

Currencies

Exchange rate stabilizes as market adjust to new devaluation regime

The Naira remained stable again against the dollar to close at N475/$1 on Tuesday.

Published

on

FOREX, Dollar scarcity worsens as exchange rate falls to N472/$1 at black market 

Nigeria’s exchange rate at the NAFEX window remained stable to close at N385.50 during intraday trading on Tuesday, August 11, 2020. In a similar development, the exchange rate at the parallel market remained stable for a second consecutive trading day on Tuesday as it closed at N475/$1 after exchanging for as high as N485/$1.

READ ALSO: Exchange rate falls across the forex markets as CBN devalues the naira

Market Watch

Parallel Market: At the black market where forex is traded unofficially, the Naira remained stable again against the dollar to close at N475/$1 on Tuesday, according to information from Abokifx, a prominent FX tracking website. This was the same rate that it exchanged on Monday, August 10.

READ ALSO: Naira falls to N475/$1, another new low as exchange rate disparity widens

NAFEX: The Naira remained stable against the dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window on Tuesday, closing at N385.50/$1.

GTBank 728 x 90
  • This was the same rate that was reported on the last trading day, Monday, August 10.
  • The opening indicative rate was N386.20 to a dollar on Tuesday. This represents a 3 kobo drop when compared to the N386.17 to a dollar that was recorded on Monday.
  • The Naira fell to as high as N387 during intraday trading before strengthening to the closed rate of N385.50. It also sold for as low as N380/$1 during intraday trading.

Forex is sold at several prices and at different times during the day.

READ ALSO: Naira gains at the NAFEX window as market liquidity improves

Forex Turnover: Meanwhile, forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window improved significantly on Tuesday, August 11, 2020, as it rose by  705% day on day.

  • According to the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ, forex turnover rose from $3.97 million on Monday, August 10, 2020, to $31.96 million on Tuesday, August 11, 2020.
  • The forex turnover for the day although improved significantly from the previous trading day, still remained low. This just as dollar supply has remained very weak.
  • The average forex sale for last week was about $50.6 million which is an improvement on the $32 million that was recorded the previous week. FX turnover which hit a record low of $3.97 million, recorded a significant improvement but is still a far cry from the over $200 million turnover that was recorded in January.
  • Total forex trading at the NAFEX window in the month of July was $937 million compared to $875 million in June.
  • The exchange rate disparity between the official NAFEX rate and the black-market rate is still as wide as N89.5. Nigeria maintains multiple exchange rates comprising the CBN official rate, the BDC rates, SMIS, and the NAFEX (I&E window). The wide disparity between the 2 rates has created huge arbitrage opportunities for some highly connected individuals.

Download the Nairametrics News App

Exchange rate unification remains on the cards and yet to be implemented weeks after the central bank governor confirmed it will be executed.

The foreign exchange market appears to be getting used to the recent adjustment of the official exchange rate by the Central Bank of Nigeria.

app

Continue Reading

Currencies

Exchange rate stabilizes at the black market as dollar supply hits record low

The Naira remained stable against the dollar to close at N475/$1at the black market.

Published

on

Forex, Nafex, parallel market, exchange rate, Naira, Dollar

Nigeria’s exchange rate at the NAFEX window appreciated to N385.50 during intraday trading on Monday, August 10, 2020. In another development, the exchange rate at the parallel market remained stable on Monday as it closed at N475/$1 after exchanging for as high as N485/$1.

READ ALSO: MTN Nigeria declares first-ever dividend payment since going public

Market Watch

Parallel Market: At the black market where forex is traded unofficially, the Naira remained stable against the dollar to close at N475/$1 on Monday, according to information from Abokifx, a prominent FX tracking website. This was the same rate that it exchanged on Friday, August 7.

READ ALSO: Exchange rate falls across the forex markets as CBN devalues the naira

NAFEX: The Naira appreciated against the dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window on Monday, closing at N385.50/$1.

GTBank 728 x 90
  • This represents a 50 kobo gain when compared to the N386 rate close that was reported on the last trading day, Friday, August 7.
  • The opening indicative rate was N386.17 to a dollar on Monday. This represents a 62 kobo drop when compared to the N385.55 to a dollar that was recorded on Friday.
  • The Naira fell to as high as N386 during intraday trading before strengthening to the closed rate of N386. It also sold for as low as N384/$1 during intraday trading.

READ MORE: How the Coronavirus has impacted Forex trading

Forex is sold at several prices and at different times during the day.

Forex Turnover: Meanwhile, forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window recorded a massive decline on Monday, August 10, 2020, as it dropped by 95.7%  day on day.

  • According to the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ, forex turnover dropped from $92.22 million on Friday, August 7, 2020, to a record low of $3.97 million on Monday, August 10, 2020.
  • The forex turnover for the day fell to a record low after a decent supply the previous trading day. This just as dollar supply has remained very weak.
  • The average forex sale for last week was about $50.6 million which is an improvement on the $32 million that was recorded the previous week. FX turnover hit a record low of $3.97 million after a few days of decent volume and is a far cry from the over $200 million turnover that was recorded in January.
  • Total forex trading at the NAFEX window in the month of July was $937 million compared to $875 million in June.
  • The exchange rate disparity between the official NAFEX rate and the black-market rate is still as wide as N89.5. Nigeria maintains multiple exchange rates comprising the CBN official rate, the BDC rates, SMIS, and the NAFEX (I&E window). The wide disparity between the 2 rates has created huge arbitrage opportunities for some highly connected individuals.

Download the Nairametrics News App

Exchange rate unification remains on the cards and yet to be implemented weeks after the central bank governor confirmed it will be executed.

app
Continue Reading
Advertisement
Advertisement
first bank
Advertisement
Advertisement
Patricia
Advertisement
first bank
Advertisement
ccitraders
Advertisement
Heritage bank
Advertisement
beyondperception
Advertisement
devland
Advertisement
GTBank 728 x 90
Advertisement
Advertisement
financial calculator
Advertisement
Advertisement
deals book
Advertisement
app
Advertisement