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Currencies

Business leaders talk on CBN unification of the Naira 

Business leaders have given their opinions on CBN’s plan to unify the exchange rate of the Naira.

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CBN Gov Godiwn Emefiele

Just recently, the CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele revealed plans in unifying the naira’s currency exchange systems around the NAFEX rate. The Central Bank Governor said this at an Investors Conference organised by CitiBank.

Nairametrics spoke exclusively to business leaders in various fields of expertise on Nigeria’s central bank move to implement the naira’s unification, and they, in various opinions expressed their concerns. 

UBA ADS

Elile Olutimayin, ACS, Managing Director at CardinalStone Securities Limited: 

The convergence of the multiple exchange rates towards the NAFEX rate is a much welcome development and long overdue. Firstly, this would eliminate FX arbitrage, ease the dire supply of the greenback, and ensure a more transparent FX market. 

The demand for FX in the last couple of years have been more speculative than real. The multiple exchange rates have caused a lot of distortion in price, affected businesses, made planning tougher, and encouraged corruption. 

GTBank 728 x 90

A unified exchange rate has been one of the persistent requests of Foreign Investors (both FDIs and FPIs). For FPIs, who are major investors in the Nigerian capital market, the perception of an expensive Naira, as well as investor’s outlook of a struggling economy has culminated in c. N200bn worth of net outflows from the equities market in the last 18 months. We expect a unified exchange rate to trigger interest in the capital market and could help stem capital flight. 

READ MORE: 3 Crypto exchanges control about 14.3% circulating BTC supply

Engr. Debo Adejana, REDAN South-West Chairman, MD/CEO, Realty Point Limited: 

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I sincerely welcome the planned unified currency exchange rate system. In my own opinion the overall impact on businesses and to the economy as a whole will be positive. The multiple rate system we have operated for some time is not sustainable. CBN’s attempt at defending the Naira has not been successful and cannot be continued in the face of current pressing economic realities. 

Yes, the immediate effect will be a further devaluation of Naira and inflation but the eventful effect will be increased inflow of FDIs, elimination of cheap money as a result of round-tripping by the privileged few, uniformity of production cost across the board, growth in our foreign exchange reserve among other things. 

For me as a developer, we expect property prices to go up because most finishing components are imported. This can also give rise to a situation where we start to look inward for finishing materials especially for low-income housing or continue the emerging trend of delivering carcasses (shell structures) so buyers can enjoy the prerogative of finishing to their taste. 

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So, I welcome the idea. It is in fact a must-do for us at this crossroad if we want to successfully navigate this economic season.  

Tomie Balogun, The Millennial Investor and Founder of The Green Investment Club:

The plan to unify the multiple exchange rates along the NAFEX rate is long overdue. It will eliminate the recurring round-tripping or arbitrage in the market and increase overall investor confidence in the country. However, will the plan to end multiple exchange rates eliminate the FX black market?  

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The restriction list that bans forex for 41 items needs to be eliminated to achieve this. As long as there are restrictions on certain items, the traders will have no choice but to seek forex from a black market. 

While I understand the urgent need to implement the exchange rate unification, we must also consider how it will affect the everyday man who will have to pay more to buy basic goods due to restrictions. In addition to unifying the exchange rate, we need a medium to long term phased-out economic plan to support increased local production.  

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That way, they can impose tariffs on certain imports to restrict Forex demand and make importation of certain goods uneconomical. 

Olasiji Omotayo, Chief Risk Officer, in a Leading Pension Fund Administrator:  

My view is that they are telling us informally that more devaluation is coming. The official rate may be moved to the I&E level and that should put more pressure on the I&E rate too as that then becomes the floor.  

But the bigger question is whether the CBN will be able to meet market demand at that level. If otherwise, there will be no convergence but rather a further depreciation in that market However, I expect a little moderation from the parallel market as supply should improve at the I&E rate. Nigerian financial securities should benefit as naira becomes cheaper. 

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Silas Ozoya, Managing Partner, SUBA Capital: 

When I saw that update on this, I didn’t know exactly how to feel because the BDC systems create employment for a lot of people and unification might put them out of work.  

However, on the flip side, it stabilizes the market for business owners, contractors, and individuals who would now rather process naira to dollar exchange more in the bank than in the black market. This means increased revenue for banks via charges. 

 

Patricia

Olumide Adesina is a French-born Nigerian. He is a Certified Investment Trader, with more than 15 years of working expertise in Investment Trading. A member of the Chartered Financial Analyst Society. Financial Market; Yale University, Behavioral Finance; Duke University. You can follow Olumide on twitter @tokunboadesina or email [email protected]

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Currencies

Daily Parallel Market exchange rate – ₦470/$1

The US dollar stands at ₦470/US$1 in the parallel market

Published

on

Forex, NIGERIA: Daily Parallel Market, Exchange Rate

The exchange rate between the naira and the US dollar on Thursday stands at 470/US$1 in the parallel market. The exchange rate also closed at 470/$1 on Wednesday 15th July 2020.

  • Naira:470
  • Dollar: $1
  • Date: July 16th 2020

The exchange rate between the naira and the British pounds sterling also stands at  ₦565/₤1 on Thursday 16th of July as against ₦570/₤1 recorded on 15th July 2020.

UBA ADS
  • Naira: ₦565
  • Pounds Sterling: ₤1
  • Date: July 16th 2020

Explore Economic Research Data From Nairametrics on Nairalytics

The exchange rate between the naira and the European euro stands at ₦495/€1 on Thursday 16th of July 2020 The exchange rate also closed at ₦498/€1 on Wednesday 15th July 2020.

  • Naira: ₦495
  • Euro: €1
  • Date: July 16th 2020

Activity: The US dollar currently sells for an average of 470/$1.

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READ ALSO: The risk of buying Forex at black market rate of N460/$1 

Data is collated from various black market dealers on the mainland and island of Lagos State where forex is sold. The price quoted daily on this page represents the average price obtained by our Research Team. Our prices are a guide and could be slightly different from the price you get when you eventually decide to buy or sell. This is a daily tracker and updated close of business. See table below for parallel market exchange rate dating to 2019.

DateCurrencyBuy(AM)Sell(AM)Buy(PM)Sell(PM)Volatility
7/16/2020Dollar460470
7/16/2020Pounds558565
7/16/2020Euro485495
7/15/2020Dollar455465455470Low
7/15/2020Pounds560565558570Low
7/15/2020Euro485495488498Low
7/14/2020Dollar448462455470Low
7/14/2020Pounds540550557570Low
7/14/2020Euro485495489498Low
7/13/2020Dollar450460448462Low
7/13/2020Pounds540550540550Low
7/13/2020Euro485495485495Low
07/10/2020Dollar453460458465Low
07/10/2020Pounds520525550555High
07/10/2020Euro465467510520High
07/09/2020Dollar455461455463Low
07/09/2020Pounds550558550562Low
07/09/2020Euro495504498505Low
07/08/2020Dollar455461455461Low
07/08/2020Pounds550558550558Low
07/08/2020Euro495504495504Low
07/07/2020Dollar455461455461Low
07/07/2020Pounds550558550558Low
07/07/2020Euro495502495502Low
07/06/2020Dollar455462455461Low
07/06/2020Pounds550562547555Low
07/06/2020Euro495502496502Low
07/03/2020Dollar455462454461Low
07/03/2020Pounds548560550560Low
07/03/2020Euro495505495502Low
07/02/2020Dollar455462454461Low
07/02/2020Pounds548560550560Low
07/02/2020Euro495505495502Low
07/01/2020Dollar455462455462Low
07/01/2020Pounds548560548560Low
07/01/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/30/2020Dollar452460452460Low
6/30/2020Pounds547560547560Low
6/30/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/29/2020Dollar450460450460Low
6/29/2020Pounds547560547560Low
6/29/2020Euro495505495505Low
6/26/2020Dollar452457452460Low
6/26/2020Pounds547557547560Low
6/26/2020Euro490498490502Low
6/25/2020Dollar452457450455Low
6/25/2020Pounds547557547560Low
6/25/2020Euro490498490499Low
6/24/2020Dollar450460450455Low
6/24/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/24/2020Euro490495488498Low
6/23/2020Dollar450460445455Low
6/23/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/23/2020Euro490495490495Low
6/22/2020Dollar450455450455Low
6/22/2020Pounds545555545555Low
6/22/2020Euro488498488498Low
6/19/2020Dollar445455445455Low
6/19/2020Pounds540553540553Low
6/19/2020Euro480490480490Low
6/18/2020Dollar445452445452Low
6/18/2020Pounds537550537550Low
6/18/2020Euro475490475490Low
6/17/2020Dollar445452445452Low
6/17/2020Pounds540553537550Low
6/17/2020Euro475490475490Low
6/16/2020Dollar440450445452Low
6/16/2020Pounds540550540553Low
6/16/2020Euro475485475490Low
6/15/2020Dollar440450440450Low
6/15/2020Pounds540550540550Low
6/15/2020Euro475485475485Low
06/12/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/12/2020Pounds538550538550Low
06/12/2020Euro470485470485Low
06/11/2020Pounds538550538550Low
06/11/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/11/2020Euro470485470485Low
06/10/2020Pounds538550540553Low
06/10/2020Dollar440450445452Low
06/10/2020Euro470485475490Low
06/09/2020Pounds538550540550Low
06/09/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/09/2020Euro470485475485Low
06/08/2020Pounds540550540550Low
06/08/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/08/2020Euro475485475485Low
06/05/2020Pounds535545535545Low
06/05/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/05/2020Euro460472460472Low
06/04/2020Pounds530543530543Low
06/04/2020Dollar440447440447Low
06/04/2020Euro460470460470Low
06/03/2020Pounds530540530540Low
06/03/2020Dollar440445440445Low
06/03/2020Euro460470460470Low
06/02/2020Pounds535545535545Low
06/02/2020Dollar440450440450Low
06/02/2020Euro460472460472Low
06/01/2020Pounds530543530543Low
06/01/2020Dollar440447440447Low
06/01/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/29/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/29/2020Dollar440445440445Low
5/29/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/28/2020Pounds535545535545Low
5/28/2020Dollar440450440450Low
5/28/2020Euro460472460472Low
5/27/2020Pounds530543530543Low
5/27/2020Dollar440447440447Low
5/27/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/26/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/26/2020Dollar440445440445Low
5/26/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/25/2020Pounds535545535545Low
5/25/2020Dollar440450440450Low
5/25/2020Euro460472460472Low
5/22/2020Pounds530543530543Low
5/22/2020Dollar440447440447Low
5/22/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/21/2020Pounds530545530545Low
5/21/2020Dollar450460450460Low
5/21/2020Euro460470460470Low
5/20/2020Pounds530550530550Low
5/20/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/20/2020Euro450470450470Low
5/19/2020Pounds528540528540Low
5/19/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/19/2020Euro450465450465Low
5/18/2020Pounds528540528540Low
5/18/2020Dollar445460445460Low
5/18/2020Euro450465450465Low
5/15/2020Pounds530540525535Low
5/15/2020Dollar435450440455Low
5/15/2020Euro450460450465Low
5/14/2020Pounds530540530540Low
5/14/2020Dollar435450435450Low
5/14/2020Euro450460450460Low
5/13/2020Pounds525535525535Low
5/13/2020Dollar430450430450Low
5/13/2020Euro440455440455Low
05/12/2020Pounds525535525535Low
05/12/2020Dollar435450435450Low
05/12/2020Euro445455445455Low
05/11/2020Pounds510530525535Low
05/11/2020Dollar430445435445Low
05/11/2020Euro440450445455Low
05/08/2020Pounds510530510530Low
05/08/2020Dollar425437430445Low
05/08/2020Euro425440440450Low
05/07/2020Pounds510530510530Low
05/07/2020Dollar425437425437Low
05/07/2020Euro425440425440Low
05/06/2020Pounds510520510520Low
05/06/2020Dollar425437425437Low
05/06/2020Euro430450430450Low
05/05/2020Pounds510525510525Low
05/05/2020Dollar410430420430Low
05/05/2020Euro425435425435Low
05/04/2020Pounds500510510525Low
05/04/2020Dollar435450410430Low
05/04/2020Euro430440425435Low
05/01/2020Pounds500510500510Low
05/01/2020Dollar435450435450Low
05/01/2020Euro430445430445Low
4/30/2020Pounds500510500510Low
4/30/2020Dollar435450435450Low
4/30/2020Euro430445430445Low
4/29/2020Pounds500520500520Low
4/29/2020Dollar440460440460Low
4/29/2020Euro450465450465Low
4/28/2020Pounds495510500520Low
4/28/2020Dollar430450440460Low
4/28/2020Euro435450435450Low
4/27/2020Pounds495510495510Low
4/27/2020Dollar430450430450Low
4/27/2020Euro435450435450Low
4/24/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/24/2020Dollar428450428450Low
4/24/2020Euro430440430440Low
4/23/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/23/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/23/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/22/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/22/2020Dollar420425420430Low
4/22/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/21/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/21/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/21/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/20/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/20/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/20/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/17/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/17/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/17/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/16/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/16/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/16/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/15/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/15/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/15/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/14/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/14/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/14/2020Euro425435425435Low
4/13/2020Pounds490500490500Low
4/13/2020Dollar420430420430Low
4/13/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/10/2020Pounds490505490505Low
04/10/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/10/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/09/2020Pounds490505490505Low
04/09/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/09/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/08/2020Pounds490500490500Low
04/08/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/08/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/07/2020Pounds490500490500Low
04/07/2020Dollar420430420430Low
04/07/2020Euro425435425435Low
04/06/2020Pounds492497492497Low
04/06/2020Dollar402412402412Low
04/06/2020Euro410415410415Low
04/03/2020Pounds485490492497Low
04/03/2020Dollar400410402412Low
04/03/2020Euro410415410415Low
04/02/2020Pounds485490485490Low
04/02/2020Dollar400410400410Low
04/02/2020Euro410415410415Low
04/01/2020Pounds480485480485Low
04/01/2020Dollar395400395400Low
04/01/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/31/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/31/2020Dollar395400395400Low
3/31/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/30/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/30/2020Dollar390395395400Low
3/30/2020Euro407412407412Low
3/27/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/27/2020Dollar385390390395Low
3/27/2020Euro405410407412Low
3/26/2020Pounds480485480485Low
3/26/2020Dollar385390385390Low
3/26/2020Euro405410405410Low
3/25/2020Pounds475480480485Low
3/25/2020Dollar380385385390Low
3/25/2020Euro400405405410Low
3/24/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/24/2020Dollar380385380385Low
3/24/2020Euro400405400405Low
3/23/2020Pounds474478474478Low
3/23/2020Dollar380385380385Low
3/23/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/20/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/20/2020Dollar370375365367Low
3/20/2020Euro395400395400Low
3/19/2020Pounds475480475480Low
3/19/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/19/2020Euro395400395400Low
3/18/2020Pounds471475471475Low
3/18/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/18/2020Euro390395390395Low
3/17/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/17/2020Dollar375380375380Low
3/17/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/16/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/16/2020Dollar370375370375Low
3/16/2020Euro400403400403Low
3/13/2020Pounds470475470475Low
3/13/2020Dollar372377372377Low
3/13/2020Euro400403400403Low
03/12/2020Pounds475485490495High
03/12/2020Dollar365380375404High
03/12/2020Euro405412410420Low
03/11/2020Pounds470475475485Low
03/11/2020Dollar360366365375Low
03/11/2020Euro387403405412Low
03/10/2020Pounds468472470475Low
03/10/2020Dollar358360360362Low
03/10/2020Euro390398387403Low
03/09/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/09/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/09/2020Euro392398392398Low
03/06/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/06/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/06/2020Euro390398390398Low
03/05/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/05/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/05/2020Euro390397390397Low
03/04/2020Pounds468473468473Low
03/04/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/04/2020Euro387392387392Low
03/03/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/03/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/03/2020Euro387392387392Low
03/02/2020Pounds468472468472Low
03/02/2020Dollar358360358360Low
03/02/2020Euro387392387392Low
2/28/2020Pounds468472468472Low
2/28/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/28/2020Euro387392387392Low
2/27/2020Pounds467471468472Low
2/27/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/27/2020Euro386390387392Low
2/26/2020Pounds468472467471Low
2/26/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/26/2020Euro386390386390Low
2/25/2020Pounds467472468472Low
2/25/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/25/2020Euro388392386390Low
2/24/2020Pounds467472467472Low
2/24/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/24/2020Euro388392388393Low
2/21/2020Pounds467473468473Low
2/21/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/21/2020Euro388392388392Low
2/20/2020Pounds467473467473Low
2/20/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/20/2020Euro388392388392Low
2/19/2020Pounds467473467473Low
2/19/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/19/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/18/2020Pounds467473467473Low
2/18/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/18/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/17/2020Pounds469473467474Low
2/17/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/17/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/14/2020Pounds469473469473Low
2/14/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/14/2020Euro390394390394Low
2/13/2020Pounds470475470475Low
2/13/2020Dollar358360358360Low
2/13/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/12/2020Pounds470475470475Low
02/12/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/12/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/11/2020Pounds470475470475Low
02/11/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/11/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/10/2020Pounds470475470475Low
02/10/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/10/2020Euro390396390396Low
02/07/2020Pounds471475471475Low
02/07/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/07/2020Euro390396392396Low
02/06/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/06/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/06/2020Euro392397392397Low
02/05/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/05/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/05/2020Euro393397393397Low
02/04/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/04/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/04/2020Euro393397393397Low
02/03/2020Pounds473476473476Low
02/03/2020Dollar358360358360Low
02/03/2020Euro393397393397Low
1/31/2020Pounds473476473476Low
1/31/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/31/2020Euro393397393397Low
1/30/2020Pounds472478472476Low
1/30/2020Dollar358361358360Low
1/30/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/29/2020Pounds472476472476Low
1/29/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/29/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/28/2020Pounds472476472476Low
1/28/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/28/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/27/2020Pounds473476473476Low
1/27/2020Dollar358360358360Low
1/27/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/24/2020Pounds474478474478Low
1/24/2020Dollar358362358362Low
1/24/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/23/2020Pounds474478474478Low
1/23/2020Dollar358362358362Low
1/23/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/22/2020Pounds474478474478Low
1/22/2020Dollar359362359362Low
1/22/2020Euro394398394398Low
1/21/2020Pounds473477475479Low
1/21/2020Dollar360362359362Low
1/21/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/20/2020Pounds473477473477Low
1/20/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/20/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/17/2020Pounds473477473477Low
1/17/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/17/2020Euro395400395400Low
1/16/2020Pounds457480474477Low
1/16/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/16/2020Euro397403395400Low
1/15/2020Pounds475480475480Low
1/15/2020Dollar360362360362Low
1/15/2020Euro397402397402Low
1/14/2020Pounds470475474480Low
1/14/2020Dollar359362360362Low
1/14/2020Euro397402397400Low
1/13/2020Pounds470477470475Low
1/13/2020Dollar359362359362Low
1/13/2020Euro397403397402Low
01/10/2020Pounds470475470475Low
01/10/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/10/2020Euro397402397402Low
01/09/2020Pounds470475470475Low
01/09/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/09/2020Euro397403397403Low
01/08/2020Pounds470475470475Low
01/08/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/08/2020Euro397403397403Low
01/07/2020Pounds470477470477Low
01/07/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/07/2020Euro397403397403Low
01/06/2020Pounds468473470477Low
01/06/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/06/2020Euro392400397403Low
01/03/2020Pounds468473468473Low
01/03/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/03/2020Euro390400390400Low
01/02/2020Pounds467473467473Low
01/02/2020Dollar359362359362Low
01/02/2020Euro392400392400Low
12/24/2019Pounds468474468474Low
12/24/2019Dollar358361358361Low
12/24/2019Euro390395390395Low
12/23/2019Pounds474478474478Low
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Currencies

U.S dollar gains ground as currency traders turn to safe-haven asset

Analyst survey expects the dollar to weaken by about 2% to 94.1 by the second quarter of next year.

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greenback, U.S dollar rises against major currencies, U.S and China’s economic data support the dollar, U.S dollar gains ground, U.S. President Trump boosts investors’ Optimism

The American dollar gained on Thursday at London’s trading session, with global investors and currency traders turning to the safe-haven asset, thereby reversing earlier losses recorded at Asia’s trading session.

The American Dollar Index, which monitors the U.S dollar against a basket of other currencies, gained 0.03% to trade at 96.067, 06.05 GMT.

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Quick fact: The U.S. Dollar Index tracks the American currency against a basket of other major currencies (like the Japanese yen, British pound sterling, Swedish Krona, Euro). Individuals hoping to meet foreign exchange payment obligations, via dollar transactions to countries like Europe, and Japan, would need to pay fewer dollars in meeting such obligations.

However, according to an analyst survey recently compiled by Bloomberg News, the U.S dollar index is expected to weaken by about 2% to 94.1 by the second quarter of next year. It traded around the 96 levels on Thursday.

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Stephen Innes, Chief Global Market Strategist at AxiCorp in a note to Nairametrics, spoke on the greenback’s downside despite the surge in COVID-19 cases. He said:

“As for the US Fed policy, it looks like rates will be low for as far as the eye can see, and they will only raise rates when the whites of inflations eyes are visible.

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“With the Fed providing ample liquidity, equities bid into every dip. The market is seemingly ignoring an increase in Covid-19 cases. It is making for a comfortable backdrop to stay short dollars.”

Patricia
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Currencies

Naira crashes to N470/$1 as currency uncertainty worsens 

Forex  turnover rose by 44.9% while the exchange rate depreciated closing at N386.50/$1.       

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Naira crashes to N470/$1 as currency uncertainty worsens 

The exchange rate at the parallel market fell to another new 3-year lowclosing at N470/$1 on Wednesday, July 15, 2020. However, on the officially recognized NAFEX market, the forex turnover rose by 44.9% while the exchange rate depreciated closing at N386.50/$1.       

Parallel Market: At the black market where forex is traded unofficially, the Naira depreciated by N5 to a dollar to close at N470 to a dollar on Wednesday, according to information from Aboki FX a prominent FX tracking website. This is against the N465 that it exchanged on Tuesday. However, during intraday trading, Nairametrics research observed the dollar sold for as high as N470/$ and as low as N465/$1. NairametricsFX trackeralso reported a parallel market FX rate of N470/$1.  

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NAFEX:  The Naira depreciated against the dollar at the Investors and Exporters (I&E) window on Wednesday, closing at N386.50/$1, compared with the N386 that was reported on Tuesday, July 14. The opening indicative rate was N387.75to a dollar on Wednesday. This represents a 17 kobo gain when compared to the N387.92 to a dollar that was recorded on Tuesday.     

Nigeria maintains multiple exchange rates comprising the CBN official rate, the BDC rates, SMIS, and the NAFEX (I&E window). Nairametrics reported a few weeks ago that the government has set plans in motion to unify the multiple exchange rate in line with requirements from the World Bank. Nigeria is seeking a world bank loan of up to $3 billion. The country has been under pressure from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank for currency reforms.     

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Forex Turnover         

Meanwhile, forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window recorded an increaseon Wednesday, July 15, 2020, as it rose by 44.9% day on day. According to the data tracked by Nairametrics, forex turnover rosefrom $12.91million on Tuesday, July 14, 2020, to $18.71 million on Wednesday, July 15, 2020. Although there was an improvement, the low turnover reaffirms the scarcity of dollars and an indication of the liquidity pressure in the foreign exchange market. This also is a far cry from an average of $200 million recorded at major trading days during the last few weeks.       

READ ALSO: FPI and FDI drop to $68 million and $18 million respectively in April, lowest since 2016

Rate Adjustment       

Nairametrics reported last week that the CBN official rate has been adjusted from N360 to a dollar to N381 at its SMIS window where forex is sold to importers and SME’s. A note from Renaissance capital suggests that the naira might be depreciated again at the official window if the parallel market or unofficial rate continues to weaken further. As long as there are restrictions on access to dollars, businesses will continue to patronize the unofficial market to meet up with their demands.   

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Forex News: On Monday, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) had directed all authorised dealers to immediately  discontinue the processing of Forms M for maize/corn importation into the country. This directive is contained in a notice that was addressed to authorised dealers and signed by Dr O.S Nnaji, CBN’s Director in charge of Trade and Exchange Department. 

The low forex turnover can be attributed to tightened liquidity caused by low foreign exchange inflow and economic uncertainties amid the coronavirus pandemic. Although the Central Bank of Nigeria has been trying to intervene in the foreign exchange market in order to support the naira, the low foreign exchange earnings due to crash in crude oil prices have been a limiting factor.  

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