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Nigerians who earn less than minimum wage spend 95% on food – Report

Latest report released by SB Morgan (SBM) Intelligence shows that Nigerians who earn less than the newly approved N30,000 minimum wage spend 95% of their income on food consumption. 

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Food

The latest report released by SB Morgen (SBM) Intelligence shows that Nigerians who earn less than the newly approved N30,000 minimum wage spend 95% of their income on food consumption.  

According to the SBM report titled, discretionary income Nigeria, Nigerians who earn less than the minimum wage spend almost all their income on food, and this is natural as such people must find a way to fit in their expenditures into their earnings. 

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Income distribution: Specifically, the survey was conducted in July 2019 across 13 cities which include Ibadan, Suleja, Abuja, Kaduna, Kano, Jos, Makurdi, Port Harcourt, Owerri, Onitsha, Warri, Benin City and Lagos.  

READ ALSO: If you experience these signs then know your salary is not enough

  • SBM categorised the income distribution of respondents into four categories. Out of 1,633 respondents across 13 states, 7% earn more than ₦120,000 per month, while 6% of them earn nothing.  
  • The largest concentration of respondents (29%) earn wage between ₦50,000 and ₦80,000 per month.  
  • Also, a total of 71% of respondents earn their income in the 3 salary ranges that encompass ₦30,000 and ₦120,000 per month.  

Money spent on foodIt was found that 94% of those who earn nothing, presumably mainly young people, spend less than ₦30,000 a month on food, while the rest spend between ₦30,000 and ₦60,000 monthly on food.  

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  • For the Nigerians who earn less than the minimum wage, the report shows they spend less than ₦30,000 monthly on feeding. Meanwhile, 5% of them spend more than they earn on feeding. 
  • For people who earn slightly above the national minimum wage (₦30,000 to ₦50,000 monthly), 84% spend less than ₦30,000 per month on feeding, while 16% spend between ₦30,000 and ₦60,000 per month on food, that is slightly above their income.  
  • The findings also show that 74% of earners of ₦50,000 to ₦80,000 per month spend less than ₦30,000 per month on food.
  • Lastly, 62% of earners of ₦80,000 to ₦120,000 per month spend less than ₦30,000 a month on feeding.  

READ MORE: Sniper makers should be worried about NAFDAC’s “ban” on the product 

The big drop: According to SBM report, the most dramatic drop, naturally, occurs in the group of highest earners – people who earn more than ₦120,000 per month. Only 17% of them spend less than ₦30,000 on food monthly.  

  • However, none of the respondents in the category mentioned above spends more than ₦60,000 a month on food, suggesting that for an individual in Nigeria, ₦60,000 each month may be the right pressure point for a decent meal, and that the highest earners have other things to think about apart from food.  
  • It was revealed therefore that for non-food items that are susceptible to discretionary spending, most Nigerians need to earn at least above ₦60,000 to be within the addressable market. 

Spending on other items: The report shows that other items Nigerians spend on include internet, mobile phone recharge cards and clothing. Specifically, 63% of the respondents revealed that after taking care of food, they often have nothing left to spend.  

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  • Specifically, 10% of the respondents spend money on clothing, and mobile phone recharge cards to keep connected either via phone calls or on the internet.  

Reflecting on Nigeria’s housing shortage: Only 2% of the respondents spend their discretionary income (income after essential commodities) on rent. It is more likely, however, that most Nigerians do not cater for rent from their monthly income and usually find other sources that will yield sizeable lump sums, either by borrowing or by looking for alternative income sources apart from their primary sources to deal with rent and school fees.  

The conclusion: Nigeria’s true market size is really the number of people who can spend on discretionary items once they get past spending on the essential commodities, and SBM survey puts the population under 37%.  

According to SBM, the two most important policy thrusts that the government must make central to its policy planning are to reduce the cost of food in order to free up more discretionary income as well as to increase productivity and therefore the income of Nigerians 

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It is also important for government to facilitate access to credit in order to cater to bulk expenses such as rent and school fees, as well as increase the discretionary income pool. Without an increase in discretionary income, savings are unlikely to increase and therefore investable funds within the economy will remain relatively low.  

SBM concluded that it is only when discretionary income increases that Nigerians will be able to afford more products, creating the environment for new businesses to thrive.  

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Patricia

Samuel is an Analyst with over 5 years experience. Connect with him via his twitter handle

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Coronavirus

FG announces schedule for 4th evacuation flight from the USA 

The evacuees will be expected to present an original COVID-19 negative test result not older than 14.

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Nigeria sets conditions for border reopening, COVID-19: Nigerians in diaspora have not asked to be evacuated – FG, Attacks on Nigeria diplomatic residence, FG to engage Ghanaian government  

The Federal government has approved the fourth evacuation flight for Nigerians stranded in the United States of America for July 28.  

According to a statement that was signed by the Consulate General of Nigeria, the Ethiopian Airline with flight number ET509 will depart Newark Liberty International Airport, New Jersey on Tuesday 28 July 2020 by 21:15hrs and arrive Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja on Wednesday 29 July 2020 by 13:25hrs. 

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“All prospective evacuees duly registered with any of the three Nigerian missions in the USA should purchase their one-way tickets at a cost of $1250 for economy class and $2800 for business class for adult/child fare including all taxes with the usual percentage reduction for infants under 2 years,” the statement read. 

In line with the earlier announced protocols from the Nigerian Presidential Task Force on COVID-19, the evacuees will be expected to present an original COVID-19 negative test result not older than 14 days on the day of departure at the airport. 

There will also be a temperature check at the airport, and any intending evacuee with a body temperature above 38°c or any symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 will not be allowed to check-in. 

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Evacuees are also required to wear a face mask as a matter of necessity and be in possession of hand sanitizer for intermittent use during the flight, while also adhering to the instructions of the  

Furthermore, all returnees are enjoined to adhere strictly to all instructions of Port Health Services (PHS) officials and observe other entry screening protocols on arrival. 

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Hospitality & Travel

Covid-19: British High Commission to resume visa application in Nigeria

Nigerians who want to visit the UK can do so as soon as international flight operations resume.

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Covid-19: British High Commission to Resume Visa Application in Nigeria

The British High Commission in Nigeria has announced plans to resume visa processing in the country. It revealed that it will soon begin receiving visa applications from Nigerians who want to travel to the United Kingdom (UK).

This was disclosed in a public statement by the British High Commission in Abuja on Thursday, July 9, 2020.

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It said that Nigerians who want to visit the United Kingdom can do so as soon as the international flight operations resume in the country. The statement said:

“We know there are many Nigerian nationals hoping to be able to travel to the UK when flights resume, both for employment and to see family members.

“UKVI are working closely with TSL contact, our commercial partner, to reopen visa application centres that were suspended due to COVID-19. UK visa application centres are reopening in phased manner globally when it is safe to do so and when we can operate an effective service.

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“TSL contact are putting appropriate measures in place and working hard to reopen in Nigeria. We will share details of when VACs will reopen soon,”

READ MORE: US to stop issuing visa for Birth Tourism 

It can be recalled that the Federal Government had shut down the airports to both domestic and international flight operations in March as part of measures to contain the spread of the coronavirus disease.

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Following the gradual resumption of domestic flight operations, Nigerians are expecting that international flight operations might be resuming soon.

Patricia
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Commodities

Nigeria’s excess crude account falls to $72 million

Nigeria’s excess crude account has now fallen by a whopping 98% in just 5 years.

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Capital market to get more tax incentives - FG , FEC reviews Ajaokuta-Kaduna-Kano gas project contract, approves $2.571 billion, FG to reduce N1.5 trillion from 2020 budget due to coronavirus

Nigeria’s Excess Crude Account (ECA) now stands at $72 million as the country continues to grapple with an unprecedented revenue crisis not seen since the early eighties. The ECA account has now fallen by about 98% within the last 5 years.

The information on the excess crude account was revealed by the Minister of Finance, Zainab Ahmed in a National Economic Council Meeting during the week. The ECA is a savings account retained by the Federal Government and is funded by the difference between the market price of crude oil and the budgeted price of crude oil as contained in the appropriation bill.

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There were major concerns last November when it was reported that the ECA balances held just $324.5 million one of the lowest balances recorded at the time. At $72 million the ECA is in low territory highlighting the effect of the fall in crude oil prices this year. Crude oil prices have crashed to sub-zero in March and have risen back o just over $40/barrel in recent weeks. However, it still remains low from Nigeria’s previous budget benchmark.

ECA in the news

About a year ago Nairametrics reported Nigeria’s Excess Crude Account has dropped to $480 million. This is as controversy continues to trail the $1 billion military spendings which were withdrawn from Nigeria’s Excess Crude. According to the Central Bank of Nigeria’s annual report for 2018, Nigeria’s crude excess account fell from $2.45 billion in 2017 to $480 million as of December 2018.

(READ MORE:Rising COVID-19 cases in world’s biggest economy falter crude oil prices)

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Just 5 years ago (Augst 2015) the ECA stood at $2.2 billion. This was the early days of the Buhari administration. It was $3.6 billion in February 2014 one of the highest balances on record. That same month, at its monthly FAAC, the government agreed to remove fuel subsidy from its books. Fuel subsidy is currently being borne by the NNPC.

The Controversies: Last year, the federal government under President Muhammadu Buhari was accused of mismanaging the country’s Excess Crude Account especially the $1 billion reportedly spent on military equipment.

  • The National Security Adviser (NSA) retired Major General Babagana Monguno Gen. Babagana was quoted to have disclosed that he was not aware of the whereabouts or disbursement of the $1billion drawn from the ECA by the Buhari presidency in 2017 for security purposes.
  • While controversies trail the statement credited to the NSA, with many describing it as diversion of public funds, the Presidency provided some explanations.
  • Responding to the allegations, Senior Special Assistant on Media and Publicity, Garba Shehu, disclosed that various procurements had been made for the purchase of critical equipment for the Nigerian Army, the Nigerian Navy, and the Air Force, contrary to the allegations.

Nigeria’s ECA in retrospect: In Nigeria, there are two Sovereign Wealth Funds: the Excess Crude Account and the Nigeria Sovereign Investment Authority (NSIA). Note that these two are funded by the savings earned when oil prices are at peak.

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  • Hence, as a larger chunk of revenue is appropriated for ECA and NSIA, the country’s external reserves are likely to fall.
  • Note that the sovereign wealth fund was established to address the controversies surrounding the Excess Crude Account.
  • The fund is usually expected to generate revenue to meet budget shortfalls in the future, provide dedicated funding for the development of infrastructure and saves for future generations.

ECA depleted by 98% in 5 years: A closer look at the various annual reports of the Central Bank of Nigeria shows that Nigeria’s excess crude account has now fallen by a whopping 98% in just 5 years.

Patricia
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