There are a few things less annoying than hearing the same word repeatedly and being unable to make sense. That’s how it often feels for most people when it comes to cryptocurrency. People talk about how it is the next big thing or how it is the future.
Then when you attempt to understand what it is but keep seeing big sounding terms that gets you confused or disinterested. You are probably saying to yourself, this is not rocket science why does it have to be so complicated?
We have written these 7 things about cryptocurrencies you should pay attention to amidst all the jargon.
Not one person or institution controls it. Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Etherum and Litecoin removed the control of currency regulation from one person or organisation to a group of people who are anonymous. Eliminating cases on a Central Bank printing notes at the whim of a president. The creation of cryptocurrencies are controlled by people called miners, who required to solve a complex algorithm using high-powered systems before they can create a single cryptocurrency. Some cryptocurrencies have a maximum number that will ever be created. Bitcoin, for instance, will only ever have 21 million in circulation.
Cryptocurrency makes sending money faster. Using the existing system it could take 2 or 3 days to send value (money) from say Ghana to Finland, with cryptocurrency the time to send money is cut to 30 minutes or less. This eliminates inefficiencies and reduces wait times.
The way to find out if a transaction (send or receiving money) has been processed is via your bank. Cryptocurrency makes it possible for you to track and view the details of every transaction, eliminating the bank. With cryptocurrency, anyone can verify if a transaction has been completed. All you require is the transaction ID (a series of unique numbers generated for each transaction).
Think of cryptocurrency as cash, when you give someone cash you can’t get it back unless they give it back to you. Cryptocurrency works in the same way. This eliminates incidences of charge-backs i.e. a user paying for an item, disputing the transaction despite getting the item, getting the money they paid back and the merchant/business bearing the loss.
Cryptocurrency has value. Meaning you can pay for products and services with it, just like you can use dollars or naira. Imagine travelling the world and not bothering about changing to the local currency, if your debit card will work or if fear you will exhaust your spending limit.
While the number of businesses that accept cryptocurrency is still in the minority. Startups like Fliqpay are looking to close the gap by making it easy for businesses to accept cryptocurrencies as payment.
Just like the internet has eliminated communication barriers, digital currency is doing the same for finance. With cryptocurrency, no country is unreachable or too far away for you to do business with or send money to in less time and less than a quarter of the current transaction cost. Cryptocurrency is the native currency of a borderless digital world.
The price of cryptocurrencies fluctuates often. However, lies the opportunity for some people. Buy when the price is low and sell when the prices are high. In the same way, it works for people who actively trade forex and stocks. Knowing when to do this requires understanding the fundamentals of each cryptocurrency. You can also read this article on how to invest in cryptocurrency if you have a low-risk appetite. At the basic level cryptocurrency as an investment asset class works in the same way that stocks or forex do, buy low, sell high or hold.
This content is for educational purposes only. It should not be considered as financial advice. You should consult your financial advisor before deciding to store, buy or sell digital currencies.
This article is in partnership with Quidax. Quidax is a European based cryptocurrency exchange with a focus on Africa. We provide a seamless platform for users to send, receive, buy and sell cryptocurrencies using their local currencies.
ECOWAS COVID-19: Nigeria drops to 7th position in recovery rate
According to data from ECOWAS Centre for Surveillance and Disease Control, Nigeria has dropped to 7th position in recovery rate.
The ECOWAS COVID-19 daily update report, as of November 22nd, 2020, shows that Nigeria is ranked 7th on recovery rate (93.5%), 10th on death rate (CFR – case fatality ratio) at 1.76%, and 9th on active cases (4.7%) amongst the 15 member countries of the ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States).
This data can be seen on the Twitter handle of the ECOWAS Centre for Surveillance and Disease Control.
— ECOWAS Centre for Surveillance and Disease Control (@Ecowas_cdc) November 23, 2020
A week ago, as of 15th November 2020, Nigeria occupied the 6th position in recovery rate (93.7%), 9th position in CFR (1.79%) and 11th position in active cases (4.5%).
According to the report, there are 209,614 confirmed cases, 2,842 deaths, 189,917 recoveries, and 8,849 active cases in ECOWAS countries. This data represents in Africa, 9.8% of the confirmed cases, 5.7% deaths, 10.9% recovery rate and 3.3% active cases.
As regards the death rate (CFR), Liberia tops the list with 5.29%, followed by Niger 5.12% and Mali 3.41% while Guinea is the least with 0.58%.
On recovery rate, Cote D”Ivoire tops the list with 98.3%, followed by Senegal 97.5% and Ghana 97.1%, with the least coming from Mali with 71.1%.
Mali has more active COVID 19 cases with 25.5%, followed by Sierra Leone 20.9% and Togo 20.9% and with Senegal contributing the least with 0.4%.
What you should know
- As at November 22 2020, worldwide, there are 58,649,324 confirmed cases, 1,388,068 deaths and CFR of 2.3%
- In Africa, there are 2,057,029 confirmed cases, 49,412 deaths and CFR of 2.4%
- In West Africa, there are 201,614 confirmed cases, 2,842 deaths and CFR of 1.41%, with a recovery rate of 94.2%.
Naira devaluation, FX scarcity caused increase in cost of goods – Nigerian Breweries
Nigerian Breweries has revealed that Naira devaluation, FX scarcity caused increase in the cost of its goods in 2020.
The Finance Director of Nigerian Breweries Plc, Rob Kleinjan, has revealed that the increase in the brewer’s costs of goods was due to the devaluation in naira and FX scarcity, which led to the increase in the cost of inputs such as sorghum and sugar, as they are not fully produced locally.
This disclosure was made during the Nigerian Breweries’ Fact Behind Figures results presentation today.
However, Kleinjan explained that the increase in cost could not be fully attributed to currency devaluation and foreign exchange scarcity, which exerts pressure on imported input materials.
He said the increase in Nigerian Breweries’ costs of goods sold, as reported in its unaudited financial results, could also be linked to the volume of goods sold, as the company’s sales volume in Q3 increased by almost the same percentage as the cost of goods sold.
However, Mr. Kleinijan reiterated that to mitigate further losses, it was important for the company to focus on the supply chain and seek ways to mitigate price increases.
What they are saying
The Managing Director of Nigerian Breweries, Mr. Jordi Borrut, while speaking at the virtual event said:
“In 2020, the results of Nigerian Breweries were adversely impacted by COVID, VAT increase, FX devaluation and scarcity of foreign exchange. The year started with a promising 1st quarter, which was heavily impacted in Q2. The Nigerian market, however, rebounded in Q3.”
Mr. Rob Kleinjan, while explaining the factors behind the increase in Nigerian Breweries’ cost of goods sold in the first nine months of 2020, said:
“It is also clear that the increase in cost is due to the devaluation and the FX scarcity which has put pressure on our input cost. If you look into the main elements we use, which are sorghum and sugar – they are not fully produced locally, so when the currency is devalued, the prices of these inputs will soar.
“That’s why it’s important that we are focused on the supply chain, and seek for ways we can mitigate any of the price increases, because the increase in cost comes from the input prices, which come from FX scarcity.”
FG petitions CNN over investigative report on Lekki shooting, threatens action
The Federal Government has petitioned CNN over its alleged bias report on the Lekki Tollgate shooting.
The Federal Government has written a petition to the US-based Cable News Network (CNN), demanding an immediate and exhaustive investigation into its report on the Lekki Tollgate shooting, to determine its authenticity and conformity to basic standards of journalism.
The government berated CNN for its investigative report on the #EndSARS protest in Lekki area of Lagos, pointing out that the media outfit breached the most basic of the core principles of journalism – balance and fairness.
In the petition written by the Minister for Information and Culture, Lai Mohammed, to Jonathan Hawkins, VP (Communications) in CNN Centre Atlanta, Georgia; the government said that if the international media organization does not carry out its demand, it will take any action within its laws to prevent CNN from making the #EndSARS crisis worse.
According to a report from Punch, the government’s letter dated November 23, 2020, is titled “Re: How a bloody night of bullets quashed a young protest movement”.
The letter reads: “Our attention has been drawn to an ‘investigation’ by CNN, entitled ‘How a Bloody Night of Bullets Quashed a Young Protest Movement’ and aired on 18 Nov. 2020, in which the international news organization said it uncovered that Nigerian security forces opened fire on unarmed protesters at the Lekki Toll Gate in Lagos, Nigeria, during the #EndSARS protest.”
“We write to put on record that the report did not just fall short of journalistic standards, it reinforces the disinformation that is going around on the issue. It is blatantly irresponsible and it is a poor piece of journalistic work by a reputable international news organization.
“In the first instance, the report did not live up to the most basic of the core principles of journalism – balance and fairness. According to the website www.ethics.journalists.org, balance and fairness are classic buzzwords of journalism ethics: In objective journalism, stories must be balanced in the sense of attempting to present all sides of a story. Fairness means that a journalist should strive for accuracy and truth in reporting, and not slant a story that makes a reader draw the reporter’s desired conclusion.”
What you should know
It can be recalled that CNN in its investigative report broadcasted on November 18, disclosed that the Nigerian army allegedly fired live ammunition directly at unarmed protesters, who peacefully assembled at the Lekki Tollgate during the #EndSARS protests. While confirming some deaths, CNN said it spoke with over 100 protesters and family members, but didn’t speak to any government official.
In response to the Federal Government’s criticism of the report, which it described as a blatantly irresponsible and a poor piece of journalistic work, CNN insisted that it was standing by its report.