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Insufficient power supply remains the greatest business constraint in Nigeria

The survey which was carried out with a sample size of 1,050 businesses comprising of small, medium and large organisations.

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The recently released November 2018 edition of the Monthly Business Expectations Survey Report of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has revealed the seemingly obvious fact that the single most compelling factor constraining businesses in Nigeria is insufficient power supply.

The survey which was carried out with a sample size of 1,050 businesses comprising of small, medium and large organisations covering both import and export-oriented businesses identified six major impediments to Nigerian businesses.

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Insufficient power supply was the major impediment with 64.7 points followed by high interest rate with 57.9 points. Other identified constraints include unfavourable economic climate (55.1 points), financial problems (51.2 points), unclear economic laws (51.0 points), unfavourable political climate (48.6 points), access to credit (41.3 points), and insufficient demand (41.2 points). The report was, however, unclear as to what constitutes financial problems and economic laws.

Inspite of the constraining factors identified by the survey, the respondents expressed an overwhelming optimism on the microeconomic fundamentals of the country as they indicated that their outlook on volume of total order, business activity and financial conditions (working capital) remained positive during the review period.

While the respondents expected the Naira to appreciate against the Dollar and other major currencies in the coming months, they were of the view that inflation and borrowing rate would rise.

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Although unemployment rate remains high in Nigeria, the survey indicates that the respondents were optimistic that jobs would be created in the coming months with the wholesale/retail trade sectors having the highest prospects for creating jobs, followed by services (31.2 points), industrial sector (26.6 points) and construction sector with 17.5 points.

Further analysis of the survey results indicates that the services sector was more disposed to business expansion followed by wholesale/retail trade and industrial sectors with 18.8 and 8.2 index points, respectively.

Generally, in the November survey report, respondents sounded more optimistic than they did in October.

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Why is Electricity so important

The result of the survey underscores the fact that electricity is a very necessary and important ingredient required for businesses to function properly and to expand. Higher electricity costs drive business costs higher and reduce business competitiveness. This is because as costs of electricity rises, businesses look for alternative power sources like generators leading to reduced output and productivity thereby rendering them less competitive. A recent research by the World Bank finds “that power outages and deficient power infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa had a measurable negative impact on economic growth over the period of 1995−2007”. Constant and steady power supply should be one of the major focus of any politician that is wishing to get into Aso Rock and Nigerian votes should make any promise to that effect be one of the considerations for the upcoming election.

Patricia

Uchenna Ndimele is the President of Quantitative Financial Analytics Ltd. MutualfundsAfrica.com and mutualfundsnigeria.com (both Quantitative Financial Analytics company website) is a leader in supplying mutual fund information, analysis, and commentary on African mutual funds. We provide reliable fund data; and ratings information that will add value to fund managers, the media, individual investors and investment clubs.

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Macro-Economic News

Katsina State records fastest growth in mobile internet subscribers in Nigeria

Nigeria has a total of 136.2 million mobile internet subscribers as at 2020 Q1.

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Katsina State recorded a massive 41.46% jump in the number of mobile internet subscribers the fastest growth by any state in the country. This is according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics. The data focus on mobile internet subscribers via GSM phones.

Katsina state recorded 3.679 million internet subscribers in the first quarter of 2020 compared to 3.17 million and 2.6 million subscribers in the 4th quarter and 1st quarter of 2019 respectively. This represents a 15.8% jump quarter on quarter and 41.5% jump year on year. No other state comes close.

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Edo State was however second year on year recording a growth of 36.8% to 4.3 million internet subscribers. Katsina was also recorded the fastest growth quarter on quarter followed by Sokoto State.

Nigeria’s Mobile Internet Subscribers Data

According to the data from the NBS, the total number of internet subscribers in Nigeria as at the first quarter of 2020 is 136, 203, 231. This compares to 126, 078, 999 in the 4th quarter of 2019 and 116, 310, 154 in the first quarter of 2019. This represents a QoQ growth of 8.03% and year on year growth of 17.1%.

Nigeria’s commercial cities of Lagos, Rivers State, FCT and Kano also recorded growth in internet subscribers year on year.

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Lagos State 

Subscribers – 17.02 million

YoY Growth – 7.16%

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Rivers State

Subscribers – 5.12 million

YoY Growth – 9.77%

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Kano

Subscribers – 8.33 million

YoY Growth – 33.19%

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FCT

Subscribers – 6.13 million

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YoY Growth – 13.3%

Growth by Geopolitical Zones

We also observed the North West still retains the number one position in terms of internet subscribers per geopolitical zone with 46.9 million subscribers out of a total of 136.2 million in the country. The North-Eastern part of the country recorded the fastest growth of 23.3%. See below;

Internet Subscribers by Geo-Political Zones. Source: NBS/Nairametrics

 

Internat Subscribers by GSM Companies

MTN continues to lead with 57.2 million subscribers. They also grew the fastest YoY by 23%

MTN – 57,282,123
GLO – 33,871,456
AIRTEL – 36,827,677
9MOBILE – 7,762,068
Others – 459,907
Total – 136,203,231

Upshots: Internet subscriber’s growth in Nigeria continues to record double-digit growth and one of the fastest in the world. The competition for mobile data subscription is intense and could end up being a winner take all activity. As GSM companies move in search of growth, the North seems the area with the most potential for double-digit subscriber growth.

Patricia
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Energy

COVID-19: Minister of Power instructs contractors back to site as lockdown eases

The power minister gave the directive during an inspection visit to the new Gagarawa 2.

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Second largest hydropower project in Africa to finally take off after settlement of legal dispute

The Minister of Power, Sale Mamman, has asked all contractors handling power projects across the country to return back to project sites following the gradual relaxation of the lockdown by the Federal Government, due to the coronavirus pandemic.

The directive from the minister was contained in a press statement by the Special Adviser to the Minister on Media and Communications, Aaron Artimas, on Sunday, July 12, 2020, in Abuja.

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The power minister gave the directive during an inspection visit to the new Gagarawa 2 by 60 Mega Volt Amp (MVA) 132/33 Kilo Volt Sub-station being constructed by the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) in Jigawa.

Mamman, lamented the negative impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the power sector, pointing out that the sector was among the worst affected with the entire value chain directly or indirectly counting losses.

The Minister in the statement said, ‘’I can tell you that the impact of the pandemic is huge in the power sector as a real service provider. We, however, have joined the government effort to restart the economy with the easing of the lockdown and opening of the interstate road.’’

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“I direct all contractors handling power projects to return to sites and work assiduously to recover from the losses recorded during this lockdown,” he said.

Mamman said the Gagarawa Sub-station project would boost power supply in over 7 local government areas including an industrial area.

On his part, the Jigawa State Governor, Abubakar Badaru, who was part of the inspection team, commended the power minister’s effort at ensuring completion of these projects that have been on for over 20 years.

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The News agency of Nigeria (NAN), reports that the sub-station is 99% completed and has been energized.

The acting Managing Director of TCN, Suleiman Abdulaziz, who was also part of the inspection asked for speedy completion of similar sub-station across the country.

 

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Patricia
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Financial Services

How to protect your bank accounts from hackers and fraudsters

Cybercriminals have been on the prowl trying to steal, even as banks intensify efforts to warn customers.

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How to urgently protect your bank accounts

There has never been a time we should all be more concerned about the security of our bank accounts. There are too many scammers/internet fraudsters on the prowl, and they are constantly devising new sophisticated methods to steal your money.

In April this year, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) issued a fraud alert to the Nigerian public about the alarming rate of cybercrime activities in the country. According to the apex bank, cybercriminals resorted to taking advantage of the COVID-19 pandemic to defraud citizens, steal sensitive information, or gain unauthorized access into computers or mobile devices using different techniques. You may keep up with that by clicking here.

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In the weeks and months that followed CBN’s fraud alert, deposit money banks in the country have all intensified efforts at educating/encouraging their customers to become more careful and protective of their bank accounts. Numerous hands-on tips have also been emailed to these customers by the banks. In this article, we have summarised some of these tips, as you can see below:

  • Never disclose your mobile app activation code to anyone over the phone, via SMS, email, or in person. Be warned!
  • Never reveal your card number, OTP, Pin, or password to anyone over the phone, via SMS, email, or in person. Do not do this, even when the person requesting for such details claim to be from your bank’s headquarters!
  • Desist from clicking suspicious links or downloading attachments and apps from unknown sources!
  • Do not entertain unsolicited phone calls, SMS, or emails asking you personal details about yourself or asking for information about your bank accounts!
  • Again, do not fall for fraudsters’ phishing baits. They are smart and you should be ten times smarter than them!
  • Update your security software by installing the latest updates of your operating system and mobile banking app.
  • Avoid unsecured wifi!
  • Do not perform sensitive financial transactions using public wifi or networks you do not know the source. Do not let your love for free things expose you to risks!
  • Instead, use a secure connection whenever you perform online transactions.

Remember, you worked hard for your money and the economic situation in the country at the moment is hard. It would, therefore, be a shame to have your money stolen just because you were careless for a moment. This is why you must do everything possible to protect your bank accounts.

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Patricia
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