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Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Mr Godwin Emefiele, over the weekend stated that he does not see crude oil trading below $80 per barrel for the rest of 2018. But he could be wrong.

Emefiele, who was speaking to journalists in London this past Sunday, based his forecast on the impending US sanctions on Iran. According to him, “I do not expect the price to close less than $80 this year” provided the sanctions happen next month as expected.

The Iran sanctions may not have the expected effect

There are strong indications that Emefiele’s forecast will end up being wrong because the expected effect of the impending sanction will not hold. According to Bloomberg, some countries might waive the US sanction on Iran by continuing to buy crude from the Gulf Nation.

Moreover, Saudi Arabia has assured international crude buyers that it will offset any possible effect of the US November 4th sanction on Iran by tapping its “spare production capacity”.

Already, this assurance from Saudi Arabia and the possibility of waivers on the Iranian sanction have caused the price of crude to decline as much as 2.5%. Global benchmark, Brent Crude, is currently trading at about $83; less than the amount it traded last week. The price could potentially decline further in coming days; or otherwise.


Understanding the situation…

A US sanction on oil-rich Iran will reduce the availability of crude in the international market. This will, in turn, cause prices to spike. Note that the impending sanction has already caused a steady rise in crude prices, which until recently was trading below $80.

The United States Government is bent on stifling economic activities in oil-rich Iran, which it accuses of ‘meddlings’ in the Middle East.

President Trump also recently pulled out of the 2015 agreement reached during the Obama Administration with the hopes of limiting Tehran’s nuclear activities. Trump described the deal as “the worst ever made”.

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Now, his Government is trying to coerce other countries into abiding by the planned sanction, with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo disclosing on Friday that America is “studying” possible waivers of the sanction.

Back to Emefiele’s forecast…

Even if the US sanction on Iran takes place on November 4th as expected, some countries and non-state actors may not abide by it. In order words, the OPEC member could continue to find a market for its crude. Moreover, Saudi Arabia has promised offset any likely effect crude shortage.

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Altogether, the recent rally in crude prices may not persist. If anything, there might even be a price decline as we have already above, which could even fall below $80 against Dr Emefiele’s expectation.


Meanwhile, Nigeria needs the price of oil to remain high. This is because the country’s economy is largely dependent on foreign exchange earned through crude exportation.


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