Energy-exporting countries, including Nigeria, could see about 2.25 per cent loss in economic growth annually from 2015 to 2017, compared to 2012 to 2014, due to the sharp decline in commodity (oil) prices over the past year, according to the 2015 World Economic Outlook by the International Monetary Fund.
“With a weak outlook for commodity prices, particularly for energy and metals, growth in commodity-exporting emerging and developing economies could slow further over the next few years,” the IMF stated.
It said an overall “weak” commodity price outlook would reduce the economic growth of all commodity exporters by roughly one per cent annually over that time.
The IMF stated in the report, “In exporters of energy commodities, the drag is estimated to be even larger – about 2.25 percentage points on average”.
“Commodity-exporting economies are at a difficult juncture. Global commodity prices have declined sharply over the past three years, and output growth has slowed considerably among commodity-exporting emerging market and developing economies.”
In the study, the IMF argued that a variety of “cyclical and structural factors” were contributing to the growth slowdown, while other factors, including reduced government spending and policy changes, had lessened the impact of the global commodity downswing.
The IMF noted that policymakers must be realistic about growth potential in commodity-exporting economies, adding that the decline in potential growth could amplify the ongoing economic slowdown.