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Debt Securities

Nigerian Treasury Bills falls to 3.75% per annum 

The T-bill rates at today’s auction rates on the short, mid tenors and long-term declined lower.

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The latest data from Nigeria’s Treasury bill auctions today shows that Nigeria’s 364-day reduced from 4.02% to 3.75%. On the other hand, Stop rates moderated slightly for the 91day tenors and 182-day tenors, the 91-day bills had stop rates of 1.8% and 182-day bills went for 2.04%.

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At the auction, the Debt Management Office sold N2 billion on the 91-day paper, N2 billion on the 182-day, and N10.6 billion on the 364-day bill despite huge demand from Investors.

Michael Nwakalor, Macroeconomist at CardinalStone Research, in a phone chat interview with Nairametrics explained why investors oversubscribed Nigeria’s Treasury bills. He said;

“The T-bill rates at today’s auction rates on the short, mid tenors and long-term declined lower. With subscription almost six times the offered amount, demand for short-dated notes remains popular in the relatively illiquid market as some investors opt to stay short amid uncertainties shrouding various macroeconomic variables.”

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Why this matters: The massive disparity between the subscriptions and the offers recorded suggests investors are willing to earn a negative real return, compared to the higher risk in other assets such as stocks and real estate.

Basically, the CBN sells T-bills on a bi-weekly basis to investors and it is one of the safest investments available. Interests are paid upfront and the principal paid in full upon maturity.

Understanding Treasury Bills: Basically, when the government goes to the financial market to raise money, it can do it by issuing two types of debt instruments – treasury bills and government bonds.

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Treasury bills are issued when the government needs money for a short period, while bonds are issued when it needs debt for more than say five years. The issuance of treasury bills is also used as a mechanism to control the circulation of funds in the economy.

Treasury bills have a face value of a certain amount, which is what they are actually worth. However, they are sold for less. For example, a bill may be worth N10,000, but you would buy it for N9,600. Every bill has a specified maturity date, which is when you receive the money back.

The government then pays you the full price of the bill (in this case N10,000), giving you the opportunity to earn N400 from your investment. The amount that you earn is considered as the interest, or your payment for lending your money to the government. The difference between the value of the bill and the amount you pay for it is called the discount rate and is set as a percentage.

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Patricia

Olumide Adesina a French-born Nigerian, an Investment Professional at Nairametrics Financial Advocates, owners of Nairametrics.com. He is a Certified Investment Trader, with more than a decade working expertise in Investment Trading. A member of the Chartered Financial Analyst Society. Financial Market; Yale University, Behavioral Finance; Duke University. You can follow Olumide on twitter @tokunboadesina or email [email protected]

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Debt Securities

Some experts are uncertain of what to expect from money markets in H2 2020

In the meantime, liquidity in the Nigerian banking system is said to be below N100 billion

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Some experts are uncertain of what to expect from money markets in H2 2020

Money market experts are uncertain over what to expect as the second half of the year takes off. This uncertainty is specifically hovering over the treasury bills and OMO (Open Market Operations) side of the market, according to Constance Onyia, a Fixed Income Dealer with Access Bank Plc.

Speaking to CBN Africa, yesterday, about what is happening in the money markets and what to expect during the second half of the year, Onyia said the CBN’s changing strategy has made it difficult to be predictive.

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“Actually, we are expecting OMO auction tomorrow. But being that CBN’s strategy has changed (in the last two months they’ve not been rolling over all the maturities and sometimes they don’t even come for OMO), we don’t know what to expect; if there will be OMO auction tomorrow or not. And even if there’s an auction, they might no rollover everything on offer. So, we see that the strategy has changed a bit and we don’t know what to expect for the month or for the second quarter,” she said.

READ ALSO: African Development Bank to launch African Economic Outlook 2020 Supplement

Meanwhile, when the Head of Fixed Income Trading at United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc, Bankole Odusanya, was asked the same question, he said “the Debt Management Office has a calendar and what is on play is simply that the exact amount that is maturing is what they plan to offer. If we saw that they increased the amount they wanted to offer, then you could be tinkering with your pricing. So, the amount that is maturing by-weekly (on Thursdays) is what they plan to raise.”

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In the meantime, liquidity in the Nigerian banking system is said to be below N100 billion. And because this liquidity level is not excessive, experts do not expect the CBN to come in heavily with OMO maturities. As Odusanya pointed out, the amount of OMO bills by the CBN has reduced significantly over the last few weeks, even as the apex bank now relies more on Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) to control liquidity.

READ MORE: Nigerian Treasury Bills fall to 3.84% per annum

You may watch both interviews with Onyia and Odusanya by clicking here and here.

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Debt Securities

Nigerian Treasury Bills plunge to 3.39% per annum

The CBN sells T-bills on a bi-weekly basis to investors and it is one of the safest investments available.

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The latest data from the Treasury bill auctions concluded recently shows that Nigeria’s 364-day tenor fell to 3.39%. On the other hand, Stop rates printed lower for the 91-day tenor at 1.789% and 182-day tenor, which went for 1.91%.

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At the Treasury bill auction, the Debt Management Office sold N10 billion on the 91-day paper, N20 billion on the 182-day, and N58.857 billion on the 364-day bills.

Ladi Belo a treasury analyst at a Nigerian tier-1 bank told Nairametrics in a phone chat interview, commenting on the latest treasury bill auction. He said;

READ ALSO: CBN’s N154.38 billion T-bills auction over subscribed by 46% as rates fall marginally  

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“At the NTB auction that was conducted yesterday, we witnessed significant demand, especially on the new 1-Yr bill. This is still because of the exclusion of local corporates and retail investors from investing in Omo bills. As a result, the stop rates across board closed lower than the preceding auction at 1.789%, 1.91%, and 3.39% on the short, medium, and long-tenures papers, respectively. I expect these rates to go down further in the secondary market as market players try and fill their unmet demand.”

Quick facts: The massive disparity between the subscriptions and the offers recorded suggests investors are willing to earn a negative real return, compared to the higher risk in other assets such as stocks and real estate.

Basically, the CBN sells T-bills on a bi-weekly basis to investors and it is one of the safest investments available. Interests are paid upfront, with the principal paid in full upon maturity.

onebank728 x 90

READ MORE: Official: Nigerian Treasury bills calendar for Q3 2020

Understanding Treasury Bills: Basically, when the government goes to the financial market to raise money, it can do it by issuing two types of debt instruments – treasury bills and government bonds.

Treasury bills are issued when the government needs money for a short period, while bonds are issued when it needs debt for more than, say five years. The issuance of treasury bills is also used as a mechanism to control the circulation of funds in the economy.

app
GTBank 728 x 90

Treasury bills have a face value of a certain amount, which is what they are actually worth. However, they are sold for less. For example, a bill may be worth N10,000, but you would buy it for N9,600. Every bill has a specified maturity date, which is when you receive the money back.

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The government then pays you the full price of the bill (in this case N10,000), giving you the opportunity to earn N400 from your investment. The amount that you earn is considered as the interest, or your payment for lending your money to the government. The difference between the value of the bill and the amount you pay for it is called the discount rate and is set as a percentage.

Patricia
Continue Reading

Debt Securities

Telegram agrees to settle with SEC over $1.7 billion ‘unlawful’ digital coins 

 Telegram now has 30 days to pay SEC’s penalty and up to four years to pay back investors.

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Telegram agrees to settle with SEC over $1.7 billion ‘unlawful’ digital coins 

The world’s top social messaging app, Telegram has agreed to settle with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) amounting to $18.5 million over its $1.7 billion “unlawful” token sale.

As part of the agreement, Telegram must also inform the SEC should it choose to issue another digital coin within the next three years. 

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READ MORE: Facebook to pay $550 million over privacy violations lawsuit 

 The settlement between Telegram and the U.S. SEC effectively ends the months-long legal battle between the two parties, which began when the SEC sued Telegram back in Oct. 2019  

 Telegram now has “30 days to pay SEC’s penalty and up to four years to pay back investors.” 

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READ ALSO: CBN warns SMEs not to pay any fee to access its N50 billion stimulus package

 Why it matters: Telegram has already stopped the TON project. Therefore, the settlement will not have an immediate effect on Telegram’s futuristic projects. While the official TON chain is inactive, community developers and validators launched a fork of TON (called Free TON) last month. 

As we’ve previously covered, this case and settlement could have more significant implications for other SAFT raises, especially for those projects that have yet to launch. 

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