The naira traded at N388 to the dollar on Wednesday, in Nigeria’s currency spot market. This represents a price depreciation of 65 kobo from yesterday’s closing price of N387.35 to the dollar. Nigeria’s currency spot market is used by foreign investors and exporters.
The naira’s recovery has been attributed to the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s approval of Nigeria’s $3.4 billion loan request. It was further boosted by the Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN) statement last week that it had resumed the provision of foreign exchange to all commercial banks for individuals wishing to pay schools fees abroad, and small and medium businesses seeking to pay for essential imports needed to reactivate economic activities across Nigeria.
The Director, Corporate Communications, CBN, Isaac Okorafor, earlier explained that the Central Bank had all resources to meet genuine Forex users’ needs. He stated:
“With these actions, the CBN wishes to reiterate that it is adequately meeting the needs of all legitimate users, and our continued capacity to do so should not be in doubt.”
The Investors & Exporters FX Window is the market trading segment used by exporters, investors and end-users. It allows for FX trades to be made at currency exchange rates determined by current market conditions, thereby ensuring efficient pricing in the Nigerian currency market.
However, the exchange rate further depreciated at the black market, where businesses buy dollars transferred from one bank account to another. The exchange rate ranged from anything between N410 and N480, depending on who was buying or selling.
The naira had hit N460 last week at the black market (its weakest level in three years), as dollar scarcity crippled the market. Though the naira stabilized at the black market yesterday, it remained 16% lower than the official exchange rate which is pegged at N360.
U.S dollar under pressure amid rising inflation
At press time, the U.S. dollar index, which tracks the U.S dollar strength against major currencies dropped by 0.12% to trade at 90.945 points.
The greenback dropped significantly against its rivals on Tuesday as currency analysts anticipated more selling pressure on the U.S dollar despite concerns that the U.S Federal Reserve might raise rates sooner than expected.
At the time of writing this report, the U.S. dollar index, which tracks the U.S dollar strength against major currencies dropped by 0.12% to trade at 90.945 points.
Currency traders and analyst anticipate the second coming of dollar strength, might not last long with inflation picking up at record levels coupled with an unlikely aggressive approach towards tightening monetary liquidity from the U.S Apex Bank.
The U.S. Dollar Index tracks the American dollar against a basket of other major currencies (like the Japanese yen, British pound sterling, Swedish Krona, and Euro). Individuals hoping to meet foreign exchange payment obligations via dollar transactions to countries like Europe, and Japan, would need to pay more dollars in meeting such obligations.
Stephen Innes, Chief Global Market Strategist at Axi in a note to Nairametrics gave valuable insights on the macros weighing on the dollar in the near term.
“It looks very much like a textbook case of US dollar weakness as the pieces are slowly falling into place for a dollar selling trend to resume.
“A deteriorating US trade deficit, a retracement in Fed. pricing, a significant upturn in European vaccination rates and upcoming growth acceleration support the view.”
What to expect
The currency market is now turning more consensus by the day that the next recovery spurt should be relatively short-lived and are now deferring to the Fed’s “broad-based and inclusive” labour market progress to satisfy its maximum employment objective.
Naira gains at NAFEX window as oil prices make rebound
Naira gained against the US dollar on Monday 19th April 2021 to close at N410.33/$1 as crude oil prices gained.
Monday, 19th April 2021: The exchange rate between the naira and the US dollar closed at N410.33 to a dollar at the Importers and Exporters window.
Naira gained against the US dollar on Monday, 19th April 2021 to close at N410.33 to a dollar. This represents a 0.16% appreciation compared to N411/$1 recorded on Friday, 16th April 2021.
On the other hand, the naira remained stable at the parallel market, as it closed at N482/$1 on Monday, 19th April 2021. Dollar supply at the NAFEX window increased from $61.52 million to stand at $69.71 million, representing an increase of 13.3%.
Notably, crude oil posted positive growth on Monday as Brent crude grew by 0.54%, and Bonny Light gained 0.37%.
Trading at the official NAFEX window
The naira gained against the US Dollar at the Investors and Exporters window on Monday to close at N410.33/$1. This represents a 67 kobo gain when compared to N411/$1 recorded on Friday, 16th April 2021.
- The opening indicative rate closed at N409 to a dollar on Monday. This represents a N1.13 kobo gain, compared to N410.13/$1 recorded the previous day.
- Also, an exchange rate of N437.41 to a dollar was the highest rate recorded during intra-day trading before it closed at N410.33/$1. It also sold for as low as N399/$1 during intra-day trading.
- Forex turnover at the Investor and Exporters (I&E) window improved by 13.3% on Monday, 19th April 2021.
- A cursory look at the data tracked by Nairametrics from FMDQ showed that forex turnover increased from $61.52 million recorded on Friday, April 16th, 2021, to $69.71 million on Monday.
Bitcoin continues to record a significant downturn after hitting a record high last week. The world’s most popular and sought-after digital asset, declined by 2.77% in the early hours of Tuesday to trade at $53,301.12.
- Recall that the asset had dropped by 15% on Saturday and 6.1% in the hours of Monday, 19th April 2021.
- As of 4:03 am on Tuesday, Bitcoin was trading at $53,301.12, representing $1,359 lesser than the close of trade on Sunday.
- The entire crypto market capitalisation also slumped to $1.9 trillion, from over $2 trillion market capitalisation recorded a day before.
Crude oil gains on the back of a weak dollar
Oil prices gained marginally on, 19th April 2021 to close at $67.13 per barrel, indicating a 0.54% growth when compared to $66.77 recorded on Sunday.
- The increase was attributed to a weaker US Dollar on Monday, as prices of major crude oil products recorded marginal growth across board.
- The weaker U.S. dollar supported oil prices on Monday as it makes oil cheaper to buy for holders of other currencies. The gains were however limited due to the third wave of the covid-19 pandemic in India.
- Brent Crude closed at $67.13 (+0.54%), WTI Crude closed at $63.48 indicating 0.54% gain, Bonny Light, $65.25 (+0.24%), OPEC Basket (+0.73%) to close at $65.21 while Natural gas also grew by 2.16% to close at $2.738.
Nigeria’s external reserve increased by 0.08% on Friday, 16th April 2021 to stand at $35.25 billion.
- This represents the 19th consecutive increase in Nigeria’s external reserve position, which has gained about $838.3 million since 18th March 2021, about a month ago.
- Nigeria’s external reserve has received a consistent boost in recent times on the back of the increase in the price of crude oil and the CBN’s policy to pay Nigerians for any unit of dollar received from the diaspora.
- Nigeria will hope for this increase to continue, as it will help the country to meet its accumulated obligations that have been hampered by the advent of the pandemic in the country.
Nairametrics | Company Earnings
Access our Live Feed portal for the latest company earnings as they drop.
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