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SBM Jollof Index reveals how Covid-19 has forced food items to skyrocket

The SBM Jollof Index for Q1 2020, which was recently released, has shown that Nigerians are spending more on food items amid the Coronavirus lockdown.

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SBM Jollof Index

The SBM Jollof Index for Q1 2020 has shown that Nigerians are being forced to spend more on essential food items, due to the Coronavirus pandemic and subsequent lockdowns that ensued.

According to the report, the prices of both local and foreign rice spiked in Abuja, Anambra, Calabar, and Lagos state after President Muhammadu Buhari declared lockdowns in some parts of the county. The lockdowns brought about panic buying by many Nigerian consumers, thereby causing the prices of those food items to skyrocket.

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A bag of foreign rice, which initially sold for an average of N26,000 at Wuse market in Abuja, had spiked by 7.69% to N28,000 by March ending. The report also noted that there was an 8.11% increase in the price of local rice which went up from an average of N18,500 to N20,000. Note that these dramatic price increases have also been attributed to the disruption of the supply chain. This is because the big markets in Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt are all closed, thereby forcing stores to source for goods directly from the hinterland.

(READ FURTHER: KPMG Nigeria outlines the impacts of a Twin Shock on Nigeria)

The prices of other commodities such as garri and tomatoes also increased by 122% in Ibadan, 100% in Anambra, and 114% in Port Harcourt, as itemized in the report. Some parts of the report said:

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“In the seventeen quarters in which we have compiled the Jollof Index, it is clear that the Coronavirus pandemic represents the single most disruptive determinant affecting food prices in the country. While prices followed an upwind, but mostly gentle trend, the month if March was very different. In anticipation of a shutdown as a result of the Covid-19 epidemic, the extent of panic buying by Nigerian consumers was clearly observed in the significant rises of such products as garri, rice, and tomatoes all across the surveyed markets, including a 122% increase in Ibadan, a 100% increase in Anambra, and 114% in Port Harcourt.”

It is worth noting that the SMB Jollof Index had earlier experienced a spike in August 2019, as a result of the border closure policy. But the spike stabilized overtime, as Nigerians gradually adjusted to locally-made products. Unfortunately, the pandemic has changed everything, albeit for the worst.

In the meantime, there are concerns over further increases in the prices of essential food items. This is because the pandemic seems to be getting worse by the day, with no immediate end in sight. To this end, consumers are advised to brace themselves for what is yet to come.

About the SBM Jollof Index: The report, which is compiled and published on a monthly by SBM Intelligence, tracks the prices of food items, particularly the main ingredients used in preparing a pot of Jollof rice for a hypothetical family of five. Jollof rice was selected as the focus of the research because of its near unrivaled distinction of being a delicacy in virtually every part of Nigeria. SBM Intelligence said it believes that the index can give a true representation of Nigeria’s inflationary trends.

You may download the SBM Jollof Index by clicking here.

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Business

China will not accept any Microsoft-TikTok deal

Trump had raised security concerns about TikTok’s entry into the United States.

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China will not accept any Microsoft-TikTok deal, Microsoft acquires CyberX to beef cybersecurity 

China has vowed to fight against the US’ desperate attempt to force Chinese technology firm, ByteDance, (TikTok parent’s company) into selling the company’s US operations to Microsoft.

An editorial piece on China Daily Newspaper, which is state-owned, was straight to the point when it declared that the “US administration’s smash and grab of TikTok will not be taken lying down.” The piece then went ahead to describe America’s moves against TikTok as a “theft” and said the government would respond in due course.

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READ MORE: Microsoft acquires CyberX to beef cybersecurity 

“After vowing to ban the popular short-video sharing app TikTok in the United States on Friday, the White House is reportedly weighing the advantages of allowing Microsoft to purchase its US operations. Such shilly-shallying is a tactic the US administration employed during the trade deal negotiations with China,” the editorial explained.

Why the Chinese are angry: Some hours ago, President Donald Trump gave the world’s most valuable software maker (Microsoft), tactical approval to go ahead with the acquisition of TikTok. Consequently, China, through its state-backed paper, disclosed that it had “plenty of ways to respond if Trump’s administration carries out its planned smash and grab.”

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READ ALSO: Microsoft shares fall, despite impressive Q2 2020

The Backstory: Recall that Nairametrics reported that the world’s biggest software maker, Microsoft, was in talks with ByteDance, the Chinese owners of TikTok, over a possible acquisition of its US operation.

The offer by Microsoft seems to be an escalation of President Trump’s recent attacks on TikTok and other Chinese tech startups. President Trump, in June, had raised security concerns about TikTok’s entry into the world’s largest economy.

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Edo, Rivers, Ondo, Katsina, 17 others attract zero investment in 4 months

Lagos topped the list of states that attracted investments during the period under consideration.

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Ekiti, Jigawa, Abia, 10 others record no investment in 2019

About 21 states in Nigeria attracted zero investments in the last 4 months according to data from the Central Bank of Nigeria.

According to data, the following states, Rivers, Ondo, Edo, Sokoto, Oyo, Abia, and Anambra recorded zero capital importation in the last 4 months. Others are Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Enugu, Imo, Kastina, Kogi, Kwara, Osun, Oyo, Yobe, and Nassarawa states.

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This information is contained in the Capital importation report obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN. The report also detailed the total amount of fresh investments attracted to the Nigerian economy during the period.

[READ MORE: States’ IGR hits N691 billion as Osun, others recorded biggest growth]

Note that most of the states that failed to attract investments during the period under review also failed to attract any investments in 2019. This means that it is either the necessary steps were not taken by the governments, or foreign investors could not find attraction in the states or the environments were simply not conducive for investment.

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Lagos outshines FCT, Niger, 5 other states

As expected, Lagos topped the list of states that attracted investments during the period under consideration. Lagos attracted the highest amount of $5.39 billion during the period. The investment inflow into the state represents over 87% of the $6.17 billion.

Lagos is followed by the Federal Capital Territory which attracted a total investment inflow of $754.01 million.

Niger State attracted a total investment inflow of $11.60 million. Sokoto State also attracted $2.50 million, while Kaduna State attracted the sum of $1.98 million and Ogun attracted $1.70 million.

Kano and Akwa Ibom states recorded investment inflow of about $700,000 and about $237,000 respectively among others.

The limited investment inflows into some of these states clearly indicate that the states are not really attractive to the investors, even before the pandemic. The Managing Partner, FA Consult, Peter Adebayo, explained that the nation’s economy is not attractive enough to pull investments to states that lack the desired viability.

“Most of the investors are scared of insurgencies in the country, though such is limited to some parts of the nation, except for the well-connected investors that are given special attention,” he said.

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Back story: Last March, Nairametrics reported that Ekiti, Kogi, Sokoto, Bayelsa, Ebonyi, Gombe, Jigawa, Abia, and five other state governments failed to attract investments in 2019.

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Business

FG reveals amount spent on school feeding program during lockdown, denies spending N13.5bn monthly

The FG said it had only spent about N523.3 million on the programme during the lockdown.

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FG reveals amount spent on school feeding program during lockdown, denies spending N13.5bn monthly, Over 20% of N-Power beneficiaries are now business owners - FG

The Federal Government has denied some media reports that it spent the sum of N13.5 billion monthly on the homegrown school feeding program across the 36 states of the federation and Abuja during the lockdown period when school children were at home.

The FG said it had only spent about N523.3 million on the school feeding program during the lockdown.

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The disclosure was made by the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development, Sadiya Farouq, during the daily briefing of the Presidential Task Force (PTF) on Covid-19, on Monday, August 3, in Abuja.

READ MORE: FG pays doctors’ N15.8 billion hazard allowance

The minister said that there had been a lot of rumours and speculations about one of the key government interventions, the Home Grown School Feeding Programme.

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She explained that the programme was modified and implemented in three states following a March 29th Presidential directive, while also stating that it was done in consultation with stakeholders.

The minister said, “It is critical at this juncture to provide details that will help puncture the tissue of lies being peddled in the public space. The provision of ‘Take Home Rations’, under the modified Home Grown School Feeding programme, was not a sole initiative of the MHADMSD.

“The ministry, in obeying the Presidential directive, went into consultations with state governments through the state Governor’s Forum, following which it was resolved that ‘take-home rations’, remained the most viable option for feeding children during the lockdown. So, it was a joint resolution of the ministry and the state governments to give out take-home rations.

READ ALSO: Nigeria to build 142 agro-processing centres

“The stakeholders also resolved that we would start with the FCT, Lagos and Ogun states, as pilot cases.”

Going further, she revealed that each take home ration was valued at N4,200 and that the figure was arrived at after proper consultation.

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The minister said that the figure was generated from data provided by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and the Central bank of Nigeria (CBN).

She said, “According to statistics from the NBS and CBN, a typical household in Nigeria has 5 to 6 members in its household, with 3 to 4 dependents. So, each household is assumed to have three children.

“Based on the original design of the Home Grown School Feeding programme, long before it was domiciled in the ministry, every child on the programme receives a meal a day. The meal costs N70 per child.

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“When you take 20 school days per month, it means a child eats food worth N1,400 per month. Three children would then eat food worth N4,200 per month and that was how we arrived at the cost of the ‘take-home ration.”

READ MORE: How Clevify is turning mobile devices into classrooms

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The Minister said that it was agreed that the federal government would provide the funding, while the various state governments would handle the implementation. She said that in order to ensure a transparent process, the government had to partner with the World Food Programme (WFP) as technical partners.

She also said that her ministry invited government agencies like the EFCC, CCB, ICPC, DSS and some NGOs to monitor the process, just as TrackaNG also monitoring and giving daily updates, thereby validating the programme.

Giving a further breakdown she disclosed that in the FCT, 29,609 households were impacted, 37,589 households in Lagos and 60,391 in Ogun, making a total of 124,589 households that benefited from the programme between May 14, and July 6.

She said, if 124,589 households received take-home rations valued at N4,200, the amount would be N523,273,800.

A media report had suggested that the Federal Government claimed it was spending the sum of N679 million daily or N13.5 billion on the school feeding program across the country even during the lockdown period when school children were at home.

Patricia
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